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                       SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
                             WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
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                                    FORM 10
 
                  GENERAL FORM FOR REGISTRATION OF SECURITIES
                      PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(B) OR (G) OF
                      THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
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                             NEW MARRIOTT MI, INC.
                 (TO BE RENAMED "MARRIOTT INTERNATIONAL, INC.")
             (EXACT NAME OF REGISTRANT AS SPECIFIED IN ITS CHARTER)
 
                DELAWARE                               52-2055918
    (STATE OR OTHER JURISDICTION OF                 (I.R.S. EMPLOYER
     INCORPORATION OR ORGANIZATION)              IDENTIFICATION NUMBER)
 
          10400 FERNWOOD ROAD
           BETHESDA, MARYLAND                            20817
    (ADDRESS OF PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE                    (ZIP CODE)
                OFFICES)
 
              REGISTRANT'S TELEPHONE NUMBER, INCLUDING AREA CODE:
                                 (301) 380-3000
 
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       SECURITIES TO BE REGISTERED PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(B) OF THE ACT:
 

                                                         NAME OF EACH EXCHANGE
                                                        ON WHICH EACH CLASS IS
      TITLE OF EACH CLASS TO BE SO REGISTERED              TO BE REGISTERED
      ---------------------------------------           -----------------------
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share...............  New York Stock Exchange

Class A Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share.......  New York Stock Exchange

Series A Junior Participating Preferred Stock Purchase
 Rights...............................................  New York Stock Exchange

 
       SECURITIES TO BE REGISTERED PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(G) OF THE ACT:
 
                                      NONE
 
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                          MARRIOTT INTERNATIONAL, INC.
 
 I. INFORMATION REQUIRED IN FORM 10 AND INCLUDED IN THE MARRIOTT INTERNATIONAL,
 INC. NOTICE OF ANNUAL MEETING AND PROXY STATEMENT FOR 1998 SPECIAL MEETING OF
                        STOCKHOLDERS ("PROXY STATEMENT")
 
                         CROSS REFERENCE SHEET BETWEEN
                      PROXY STATEMENT AND ITEMS OF FORM 10
 
ITEM NO. ITEM CAPTION LOCATION IN PROXY STATEMENT ---- ------------ --------------------------- 1 Business............................ BUSINESS AND PROPERTIES OF NEW MARRIOTT 2 Financial Information............... NEW MARRIOTT SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA; MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATION--NEW MARRIOTT 3 Properties.......................... BUSINESS AND PROPERTIES OF NEW MARRIOTT --Properties 4 Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management... SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF NEW MARRIOTT 5 Directors and Executive Officers.... MANAGEMENT OF NEW MARRIOTT --New Marriott Board of Directors; --Committees of the New Marriott Board; --Compensation of Directors; --Executive Officers 6 Executive Compensation.............. MANAGEMENT OF NEW MARRIOTT --Executive Officer Compensation 7 Certain Relationships and Related Transactions....................... CONFLICTS OF INTEREST 9 Market Price of and Dividends on the Registrant's Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters........ MARKETS AND MARKET PRICES 11 Description of Registrant's Securities to be Registered........ DESCRIPTION OF THE NEW MARRIOTT CAPITAL STOCK 12 Indemnification of Directors and LIABILITY AND INDEMNIFICATION OF Officers........................... DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS OF NEW MARRIOTT 13 Financial Statements and Supplementary Data................. NEW MARRIOTT UNAUDITED PRO FORMA COMBINED FINANCIAL DATA; INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS --New Marriott Historical Financial Statements
R-1 MARRIOTT INTERNATIONAL, INC. 10400 FERNWOOD ROAD BETHESDA, MARYLAND 20817 February 12, 1998 Dear Stockholder: You are cordially invited to attend a Special Meeting of Stockholders (the "Special Meeting") of Marriott International, Inc. (the "Company") to be held on March 17, 1998 at 10:00 a.m. at the Westfields Marriott Conference Center, 14750 Conference Center Drive, Chantilly, Virginia. Enclosed are a Notice of Special Meeting of Stockholders and a Proxy Statement relating to the Special Meeting. At the Special Meeting you will be asked to consider and vote upon a group of related proposals that provide for, among other things, the tax-free distribution (the "Spinoff") to stockholders of the Company, on a pro rata basis, of all outstanding shares of a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company ("New Marriott"). After the Spinoff, New Marriott will conduct all businesses (other than the food service and facilities management business) that were operated by the Company prior to the Spinoff, which include the lodging business (including timeshare resort development and operation), the senior living services business and the distribution services business. The food service and facilities management businesses will be retained by the Company. Immediately after the Spinoff, the Company will acquire the North American food service and facilities management operations of Sodexho Alliance, S.A. ("Sodexho") in exchange for stock of the Company, and the Company will operate the combined food service and facilities management business under its new corporate name--Sodexho Marriott Services, Inc. ("SMS"). In addition to transferring its North American operations (which the Company estimates as having a value of approximately $275 million) to the Company, Sodexho will make a $304 million cash payment to the Company, for total merger consideration of approximately $579 million. Simultaneously with the Spinoff, SMS will incur replacement indebtedness that is being arranged by Sodexho, the proceeds of which will be used to refinance certain existing indebtedness. Sodexho will own approximately 49 percent of SMS upon the consummation of these transactions, and stockholders of the Company immediately prior to the Spinoff will continue to own approximately 51 percent of SMS. Stockholders of the Company on the record date for the Spinoff will own all of the stock of New Marriott. As is the case today with the Company, approximately 19% of the New Marriott stock will be beneficially owned by directors and officers of New Marriott. Neither SMS nor New Marriott will issue fractional shares in connection with the Spinoff, and cash received in lieu of such fractional shares will be taxable to stockholders. The Company believes that New Marriott's ability to participate aggressively in the global consolidation of the lodging industry, as well as the senior living services industry within the United States, will be significantly enhanced following the Spinoff. The Company also believes that New Marriott's borrowing and investment capacity will be substantially greater after the Spinoff than the Company's is today. In furtherance of New Marriott's objective to aggressively participate in the lodging and senior living services industry consolidations, the Board of Directors has determined that New Marriott will have two classes of common stock--one class that will have one vote per share and one class that will have ten votes per share. The Board of Directors believes that this dual class equity structure will give New Marriott additional flexibility through the use of lower-voting common stock as consideration for acquisition opportunities that may be substantial in size. At the same time, New Marriott will be able to maintain one of its most important attributes--continuity in the leadership, involvement and substantial voting interests of the Marriott family. In the Spinoff, each stockholder of the Company will receive one share of each class of New Marriott common stock for each share of Company common stock that they own, thus maintaining the relative voting power of the initial stockholders of New Marriott. After careful consideration, the Board of Directors believes that the proposed Spinoff and related transactions (the "Transactions") will enhance growth opportunities for the Company's businesses. New Marriott will have a strong balance sheet and greater investment capacity to execute its growth plans and pursue strategic acquisitions. The Company's stockholders will have an ongoing interest in a strong, well focused management services company that has excellent growth prospects and will be affiliated with one of the premier management services companies in the world. We are excited about the future prospects for both New Marriott and SMS as separate public companies. THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS BELIEVES THAT THE TRANSACTIONS ARE IN THE BEST INTERESTS OF STOCKHOLDERS AND UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS THAT STOCKHOLDERS VOTE TO APPROVE THEM. You should be aware, however, that certain members of the Board may be deemed to have conflicts of interest in connection with the Transactions. Details of the proposals to be considered at the Special Meeting (the "Proposals"), as well as important information relating to the Proposals, are set forth in the accompanying Proxy Statement and should be considered carefully. Approval of the Proposals requires the affirmative vote of stockholders of the Company. The Proposal addressing the principal elements of the Transactions requires the affirmative vote of two-thirds (or 66 2/3 percent) of the total shares entitled to be voted at the Special Meeting. Other related Proposals require a majority vote. The Board of Directors considers all of the Proposals to be important to the Transactions. Accordingly, although you will vote for each Proposal separately, the effectiveness of each of the Proposals is conditioned upon the approval of all of the Proposals. Because of the significance of the Transactions to the Company, your participation in the meeting, in person or by proxy, is especially important. Please complete, sign, date and return the enclosed card promptly in the accompanying envelope, which requires no postage if mailed in the United States. You are, of course, welcome to attend the Special Meeting and vote in person, even if you have previously returned your proxy card. Sincerely yours, /s/ J.W. Marriott Jr. /s/ /William J. Shaw - ------------------------- ----------------------------- J.W. Marriott, Jr. William J. Shaw Chairman of the Board and President and Chief Operating Chief Executive Officer Officer MARRIOTT INTERNATIONAL, INC. 10400 FERNWOOD ROAD BETHESDA, MARYLAND 20817 NOTICE OF SPECIAL MEETING OF STOCKHOLDERS TO BE HELD ON MARCH 17, 1998 February 12, 1998 NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that a Special Meeting of Stockholders of Marriott International, Inc. (the "Company") will be held on March 17, 1998, at 10:00 a.m. at the Westfields Marriott Conference Center, 14750 Conference Center Drive, Chantilly, Virginia. Doors to the meeting will open at 9:30 a.m. The meeting will be conducted: 1. To consider and to vote upon several related proposals (collectively, the "Proposals") described in the accompanying Proxy Statement. THE EFFECTIVENESS OF EACH OF THE PROPOSALS IS CONDITIONED UPON THE APPROVAL OF ALL OF THE PROPOSALS. The Proposals provide for: PROPOSAL ONE . The Spinoff of New Marriott. Approval of (x) the contribution by the Company to its wholly owned subsidiary, New Marriott MI, Inc. ("New Marriott"), of all businesses of the Company other than the food service and facilities management business, and (y) a special dividend (the "Spinoff") to the holders of the Company's outstanding shares of common stock, par value $1.00 per share (the "Company Common Stock," which is referred to as "SMS Common Stock" after consummation of the Spinoff and related transactions), of all outstanding shares of capital stock of New Marriott, to be effected in accordance with the terms of a Distribution Agreement dated as of September 30, 1997, as amended, between New Marriott and the Company; . The Acquisition of Sodexho North America. Approval of (x) the acquisition by the Company (the "Acquisition" and, together with the Spinoff and related transactions, the "Transactions") of International Catering Corporation ("ICC") and Sodexho Financiere du Canada, Inc. (together, "Sodexho North America"), which are wholly owned subsidiaries of Sodexho Alliance, S.A. ("Sodexho") in the United States and Canada, respectively, and (y) the issuance by the Company of a number of shares of SMS Common Stock to Sodexho equal to approximately 49 percent of the SMS Common Stock to be outstanding after giving effect to such issuance; . Amendment of the Company's Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws. Approval of the amendment and restatement of the certificate of incorporation and bylaws of the Company, which will, among other things, (i) change the name of the Company to "Sodexho Marriott Services, Inc." (the Company is referred to as "SMS" for periods after the Spinoff), (ii) delete certain provisions that require actions of stockholders to be taken by two-thirds vote, (iii) delete certain provisions that impose restrictions on business combinations involving SMS, (iv) provide for a one-for-four reverse stock split of SMS Common Stock, (v) provide for the annual election of all directors, (vi) permit stockholder action by written consent and (vii) for three years after the Spinoff, generally prohibit any person or group of related persons from owning 50 percent or more of the SMS Common Stock; and . Amendment of New Marriott's Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws. Ratification of the amendment and restatement of the certificate of incorporation and bylaws of New Marriott, which, among other things, (i) changes the name of New Marriott to "Marriott International, Inc.," (ii) provides for two classes of common stock of New Marriott: Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, with one vote per share ("New MAR Common Stock") and Class A Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, with ten votes per share ("New MAR-A Common Stock" and together with the New MAR Common Stock, the "New Mariott Common Stock") which will be distributed effective as of the date of the Spinoff on a pro rata basis to stockholders of the Company on the record date for the Spinoff and (iii) contains provisions otherwise substantially similar to those contained in the Company's certificate of incorporation and bylaws as in effect on the date hereof; PROPOSAL TWO Ratification of Pierre Bellon, Bernard Carton, Edouard de Royere, William J. Shaw, Charles D. O'Dell, John W. Marriott III, Doctor R. Crants and Daniel J. Altobello as directors of SMS, effective upon the consummation of the Transactions; PROPOSAL THREE Ratification of Gilbert M. Grosvenor, Richard E. Marriott and Harry J. Pearce, as directors of New Marriott whose terms will expire in 1998; J.W. Marriott, Jr., W. Mitt Romney and William J. Shaw, as directors of New Marriott whose terms will expire in 1999; and Dr. Henry Cheng Kar- Shun, Floretta Dukes McKenzie, Roger W. Sant and Lawrence M. Small as directors of New Marriott whose terms will expire in 2000; PROPOSAL FOUR Ratification of the New Marriott 1998 Comprehensive Stock and Cash Incentive Plan and the reservation of 35 million shares of New MAR Common Stock and 21 million shares of New MAR-A Common Stock for issuance pursuant to such plan; PROPOSAL FIVE Ratification of the appointment of Price Waterhouse LLP as independent auditors of SMS, such appointment to be effective upon consummation of the Transactions; and PROPOSAL SIX Ratification of the appointment of Arthur Andersen LLP as independent auditors of New Marriott. 2. To transact such other business as may properly come before the meeting. Stockholders of record at the close of business on January 28, 1998 will be entitled to notice of and to vote at this meeting. THE COMPANY'S BOARD OF DIRECTORS UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS THAT STOCKHOLDERS VOTE TO APPROVE THE MATTERS TO BE CONSIDERED AT THE SPECIAL MEETING. Certain members of the Board, however, may be deemed to have conflicts of interest in connection with the Transactions. LOGO /s/ W. David Mann ----------------- W. David Mann Secretary - -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- IMPORTANT NOTICES PLEASE MARK, SIGN, DATE AND RETURN THE ENCLOSED PROXY PROMPTLY, WHETHER OR NOT YOU PLAN TO ATTEND THE SPECIAL MEETING. YOUR PROXY WILL BE REVOCABLE, EITHER IN WRITING OR BY VOTING IN PERSON AT THE SPECIAL MEETING, AT ANY TIME PRIOR TO ITS EXERCISE. PLEASE DO NOT SEND IN ANY SHARE CERTIFICATES AT THIS TIME. REFER TO THE NOTE ON THE OUTSIDE OF THE BACK COVER FOR INFORMATION ON PARKING AND DIRECTIONS. - -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- TABLE OF CONTENTS CAUTIONARY STATEMENTS....................................................... 1 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THE TRANSACTIONS................................ 2 SUMMARY..................................................................... 5 Special Meeting........................................................... 5 The Transactions.......................................................... 6 Business and Properties of SMS............................................ 7 Business and Properties of New Marriott................................... 8 Recommendation of the Company Board....................................... 8 Certain Federal Income Tax Consequences................................... 8 No Appraisal Rights....................................................... 9 Risk Factors.............................................................. 9 Conflicts of Interest..................................................... 9 Summary of Selected Historical Financial Data............................. 10 Summary of Unaudited Selected Pro Forma Financial Data.................... 11 RISK FACTORS................................................................ 12 THE SPECIAL MEETING......................................................... 19 Date, Time and Place of Special Meeting................................... 19 Matters for Consideration at Special Meeting.............................. 19 Special Meeting Record Date............................................... 20 Votes Required............................................................ 20 Voting and Revocation of Proxies.......................................... 21 Solicitation of Proxies................................................... 21 BACKGROUND AND REASONS...................................................... 22 Background of the Transactions............................................ 22 Reasons for the Recommendation of the Company Board....................... 24 Opinions of Financial Advisors............................................ 26 THE TRANSACTIONS............................................................ 35 Overview.................................................................. 35 Effect on Persons in the Transactions..................................... 36 Debt Refinancing.......................................................... 37 Certain Post-Closing Adjustments.......................................... 38 No-Shop Provisions; Termination of the Transactions ...................... 39 Termination Fees; Expenses................................................ 40 Regulatory Approvals; Other Conditions to the Transactions................ 41 Certain Covenants......................................................... 42 Arrangements Between SMS and New Marriott................................. 43 Arrangements Between SMS and Sodexho...................................... 48 Accounting Treatment...................................................... 50 No Appraisal Rights....................................................... 50 Manner of Effecting the Transactions; Book-Entry System................... 50 BUSINESS AND PROPERTIES OF SMS.............................................. 53 Description of SMS Business............................................... 53 Industry and Marketplace for SMS.......................................... 53 Market Position of SMS.................................................... 53 Competition............................................................... 54 Business and Properties of MMS............................................ 54 Business and Properties of Sodexho North America.......................... 56 BUSINESS AND PROPERTIES OF NEW MARRIOTT..................................... 58 General................................................................... 58 Employees................................................................. 58
i Properties.............................................................. 58 Lodging................................................................. 58 Contract Services....................................................... 63 SODEXHO NORTH AMERICA SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA............................. 66 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS -- SODEXHO NORTH AMERICA...................................... 67 SMS UNAUDITED PRO FORMA COMBINED FINANCIAL DATA........................... 69 Unaudited Pro Forma Combined Balance Sheet.............................. 70 Unaudited Pro Forma Combined Statement of Income........................ 71 Notes to Unaudited Pro Forma Combined Financial Data.................... 75 NEW MARRIOTT SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA...................................... 78 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS -- NEW MARRIOTT............................................... 79 NEW MARRIOTT UNAUDITED PRO FORMA COMBINED FINANCIAL DATA.................. 87 Unaudited Pro Forma Combined Balance Sheet.............................. 88 Unaudited Pro Forma Combined Statement of Income........................ 89 Notes to Unaudited Pro Forma Combined Financial Data.................... 93 MANAGEMENT OF SMS......................................................... 94 SMS Board of Directors.................................................. 94 Committees of the SMS Board............................................. 96 Compensation of Directors............................................... 96 Executive Officers...................................................... 97 SMS Stock Plans......................................................... 98 Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation............. 101 MANAGEMENT OF NEW MARRIOTT................................................ 102 New Marriott Board of Directors......................................... 102 Committees of the New Marriott Board.................................... 105 Compensation of Directors............................................... 105 Executive Officers...................................................... 106 Executive Officer Compensation.......................................... 108 New Marriott Stock Plan................................................. 112 Vote Required........................................................... 115 Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation............. 115 Company Board .......................................................... 115 Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance ................ 116 CONFLICTS OF INTEREST..................................................... 117 FINANCING................................................................. 121 Replacement SMS Debt.................................................... 121 New Marriott Credit Facility............................................ 123 CERTAIN FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSEQUENCES OF THE TRANSACTIONS TO THE COMPANY AND ITS STOCKHOLDERS..................................................... 124 Consequences of the Spinoff............................................. 124 Consequences of the Acquisition......................................... 125 Consequences of SMS Reverse Stock Split................................. 125 MARKETS AND MARKET PRICES................................................. 126 SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF THE COMPANY AND SMS................................. 127 DESCRIPTION OF THE SMS CAPITAL STOCK...................................... 129 General................................................................. 129 Common Stock............................................................ 129 Preferred Stock......................................................... 130 Comparison of Stockholders' Rights Upon Amendment of the Company Charter and Company Bylaws..................................................... 130
ii SMS Reverse Stock Split................................................ 133 CERTAIN ANTITAKEOVER PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO SMS........................ 136 General................................................................ 136 Charter and Bylaw Provisions........................................... 136 Section 203 of the DGCL................................................ 136 SMS Rights Plan........................................................ 137 SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF NEW MARRIOTT....................................... 139 DESCRIPTION OF THE NEW MARRIOTT CAPITAL STOCK............................ 141 General................................................................ 141 Common Stock........................................................... 141 Preferred Stock ....................................................... 145 Rights Plan and Junior Preferred Stock................................. 145 Reasons for the Proposed Dual Class Capitalization of New Marriott..... 148 Certain Potential Disadvantages of the Dual Class Capitalization....... 150 CERTAIN ANTITAKEOVER PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO NEW MARRIOTT............... 151 General................................................................ 151 New Marriott Certificate and Bylaws.................................... 152 New Marriott Rights Plan............................................... 155 Section 203 of the DGCL................................................ 156 LIABILITY AND INDEMNIFICATION OF DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS OF NEW MARRIOTT.. 157 Limitation of Liability for Directors.................................. 157 Indemnification of Directors and Officers.............................. 158 APPOINTMENT OF INDEPENDENT AUDITORS...................................... 159 Appointment of Price Waterhouse LLP as SMS's Independent Auditors...... 159 Appointment of Arthur Andersen LLP as New Marriott's Independent Auditors.............................................................. 159 SUBMISSION OF STOCKHOLDER PROPOSALS...................................... 159 INCORPORATION OF CERTAIN INFORMATION BY REFERENCE........................ 160 FORM 10-K ANNUAL REPORT.................................................. 160 INDEX OF DEFINED TERMS................................................... 161 INDEX OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS............................................ F-1 New Marriott Historical Financial Statements........................... F-2 Sodexho North America Historical Financial Statements.................. F-22 APPENDIX A --Distribution Agreement..................................... A-1 APPENDIX B --Acquisition Agreement...................................... B-1 APPENDIX C --Omnibus Agreement.......................................... C-1 APPENDIX D --Amendment Agreement........................................ D-1 APPENDIX E --Form of Tax Sharing Agreement.............................. E-1 APPENDIX F --Merrill Lynch Fairness Opinion............................. F-1 APPENDIX G --American Appraisal Solvency Opinion........................ G-1 APPENDIX H --Form of Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of SMS....................................................... H-1 APPENDIX I --Form of Amended and Restated Bylaws of SMS................. I-1 APPENDIX J --Form of Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of New Marriott.............................................. J-1 APPENDIX K --Form of Amended and Restated Bylaws of New Marriott........ K-1 APPENDIX L --New Marriott Comprehensive Stock Plan...................... L-1
iii WHERE TO FIND INFORMATION CONCERNING THE PROPOSALS Information concerning Proposal One is contained throughout this Proxy Statement, and stockholders are encouraged to read it in its entirety. Specific information with respect to other Proposals may be located as follows:
PROPOSAL PRINCIPAL SECTION PAGE -------- ----------------- ---- Two MANAGEMENT OF SMS--SMS Board of Directors 94 Three MANAGEMENT OF NEW MARRIOTT--New Marriott Board of Directors 102 Four MANAGEMENT OF NEW MARRIOTT--New Marriott Stock Plan 112 Five APPOINTMENT OF INDEPENDENT AUDITORS--Appointment of Price 159 Waterhouse LLP As SMS's Independent Auditors Six APPOINTMENT OF INDEPENDENT AUDITORS--Appointment of Arthur 159 Andersen LLP As New Marriott's Independent Auditors
iv CAUTIONARY STATEMENTS This Proxy Statement contains statements relating to future results of Marriott International, Inc. (prior to the consummation of the transactions described herein, the "Company," and after the consummation of such transactions, Sodexho Marriott Services, Inc. ("SMS")) and New Marriott MI, Inc. ("New Marriott"), including certain projections and business trends, that are forward-looking statements. All statements regarding the Company's, SMS's or New Marriott's expected future financial positions, results of operations, cash flows, dividends, financing plans, business strategies, budgets, projected costs and capital expenditures, competitive positions, growth opportunities for existing services, plans and objectives of management for future operations and markets for stock are forward-looking statements. Moreover, when used in this Proxy Statement with respect to the Company, SMS or New Marriott, the words "believe," "anticipate," "hope," "estimate," "project," "intend," "expect" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Although the Company and New Marriott believe such expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, no assurance can be given that such expectations will prove to have been correct. With respect to New Marriott, important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the expectations reflected in the forward- looking statements herein include, among others, dependence on arrangements with present and future property owners, contract terms offered by competitors, competition within each of New Marriott's business segments, the balance between supply of and demand for hotel rooms, timeshare units and senior living accommodations, New Marriott's continued ability to renew existing operating contracts and franchise agreements and obtain new operating contracts and franchise agreements (in each case on favorable terms), New Marriott's relations with current and potential hotel and retirement community owners and senior living services and distribution services clients, the effects of international, national and regional economic conditions, the availability of capital to fund investments in New Marriott's several businesses, New Marriott's ability to successfully integrate recent acquisitions and costs or difficulties relating to the establishment of New Marriott as a separate entity. With respect to SMS, important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements herein include, among others, competition in SMS's business, SMS's continued ability to renew existing management contracts and obtain new management contracts (in each case on favorable terms), SMS's relations with current and potential management services clients, the reaction of clients and potential clients to the transactions described herein, the effects of international, national and regional economic conditions, the availability of capital to fund investments in SMS's businesses, fluctuations in interest rates to the extent that SMS's indebtedness bears interest at variable rates and costs or difficulties relating to the establishment of SMS as a separate entity and the integration of Sodexho North America into SMS. In the event that the transactions described herein are not consummated, the factors described above will be deemed to refer to the Company rather than New Marriott and SMS. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on the forward-looking statements contained herein, which speak only as of the date hereof. None of the Company, SMS or New Marriott undertakes any obligation to publicly release any revisions to these forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events. For purposes of all of the foregoing, SMS is deemed to include Sodexho North America. ---------------- This Proxy Statement is first being mailed to stockholders of the Company on or about February 16 , 1998. 1 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THE TRANSACTIONS Q: WHAT ARE THE TRANSACTIONS? A: Your Board of Directors proposes to spin off to its stockholders a new company that will conduct the Company's lodging (including timeshare), senior living services and distribution services businesses. Immediately thereafter, the Company will acquire the North American food service and facilities management operations of France-based Sodexho Alliance, S.A. ("Sodexho"), one of the premier management services companies in the world. We will combine Sodexho's North American business with the Company's food service and facilities management business. For this, Sodexho will receive approximately 49 percent of the stock of the Company. The Company (Marriott International, Inc.) will be renamed Sodexho Marriott Services, Inc. after the Transactions. In this Proxy Statement, we refer to it as the "Company" for periods before the Transactions occur and "SMS" for periods after the Transactions occur. The new company that will be spun off to the Company's stockholders will be renamed "Marriott International, Inc." after the Transactions and is referred to in this Proxy Statement as "New Marriott." "Sodexho North America" refers to the companies that own and operate Sodexho's North American food service and facilities management business. Q: WHY ARE WE PROPOSING THE TRANSACTIONS? A: We believe that the Transactions will significantly enhance stockholder value. The spinoff and acquisition will create two focused companies, both of which will have leadership positions in growing industries. SMS will be affiliated with Sodexho. New Marriott will have a strong balance sheet and greatly enhanced investment capacity to execute its growth plans and pursue strategic acquisitions. Q: WHAT IS SODEXHO MARRIOTT SERVICES? A: SMS will be the largest food service and facilities management company in North America. It will serve more than 4,800 clients in business, health care and education. SMS will have over 100,000 employees and projected annual sales in excess of $4 billion. Q: WHAT IS THE "NEW" MARRIOTT INTERNATIONAL? A: New Marriott will be one of the world's leading hospitality companies, with more than 1,500 operating units, including hotels, vacation club (timeshare) resorts, senior living communities and food distribution centers. New Marriott will have 140,000 employees and projected 1997 sales in excess of $9 billion. Q: WHEN WILL THE TRANSACTIONS OCCUR? A: We plan to complete the Transactions as soon as possible after the Special Meeting, if the conditions to the Transactions are met. Currently the Company anticipates completing the Transactions on March 27, 1998 if the conditions to the Transactions are satisfied at that time. Q: WHAT DO I NEED TO DO NOW? A: Just indicate on your proxy card how you want to vote, and sign and mail it in the enclosed return envelope as soon as possible so that your shares may be represented at the Special Meeting. If you sign and send in your proxy and do not indicate how you want to vote, your proxy will be counted as a vote in favor of the Transactions. If you do not vote or you abstain, it will have the effect of a vote against the Transactions. The Special Meeting will take place on March 17, 1998. You may attend the Special Meeting and vote your shares in person rather than signing and mailing your proxy card. In addition, you may take back your 2 proxy up to and including the date of the Special Meeting by following the directions on page 21 and either change your vote or attend the Special Meeting and vote in person. THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS VOTING IN FAVOR OF THE TRANSACTIONS. You should be aware, however, that certain members of the Board may be deemed to have conflicts of interest in connection with the Transactions. Q:IF MY SHARES ARE HELD IN "STREET" NAME BY MY BROKER, WILL MY BROKER VOTE MY SHARES FOR ME? A: Your broker will vote your shares only if you provide instructions on how to vote. You should instruct your broker to vote your shares, following the directions provided by your broker. Without instructions, your shares will not be voted. Q:SHOULD I SEND IN ANY STOCK CERTIFICATES NOW? A: Not at this time. You will receive instructions that will outline the method to exchange your existing Company stock certificates at the appropriate time, which must be done in order for you to receive dividends, if and when declared, on SMS Common Stock following consummation of the Transactions. Both SMS and New Marriott will adopt a "book-entry" share registration system under which share ownership records are maintained by the Transfer Agent. Physical stock certificates will no longer be required but may be requested by stockholders at any time. After the Transactions are completed, stockholders will receive a mailing from the Transfer Agent requesting that they return their certificates of Company Common Stock to the Transfer Agent, and permitting stockholders to complete a "request for physical certificates" if they wish to obtain physical certificates instead of having their shares held in book-entry form. The Transfer Agent will register the appropriate number of shares of SMS Common Stock upon receipt of a stockholder's existing certificates for Company Common Stock, and will register the appropriate number of shares of New Marriott Common Stock and New Marriott Class A Common Stock upon the spinoff. The Transfer Agent will mail each stockholder an account statement reflecting his or her ownership of shares of SMS Common Stock, New Marriott Common Stock and New Marriott Class A Common Stock, or, if requested, physical certificates representing such shares. For more information, see pages 50-52. Stockholders who continue to hold share certificates of "Marriott Corporation," which changed its name to Host Marriott Corporation in October 1993, should retain these certificates, which continue to represent Host Marriott Corporation shares. Q: WHAT WILL I RECEIVE IN THE TRANSACTIONS? A: For every share of Company Common Stock you own of record on the record date for the Transactions, you will receive one share of New Marriott Common Stock (having one vote per share) and one share of New Marriott Class A Common Stock (having ten votes per share). In addition, you will retain ownership of your shares of Company Common Stock, which will represent shares of SMS following the spinoff, but those shares will undergo a one-for-four reverse stock split. In the reverse stock split every four shares of SMS Common Stock will be combined into one share. The aggregate value of your shares of SMS Common Stock will not change--you will have fewer shares that trade at a higher per share price. We will not issue fractional shares, except that fractional shares of New Marriott Common Stock or New Marriott Class A Common Stock that result from fractional shares held in the Company's dividend reinvestment plan will remain in fractional form. Stockholders will receive cash for any other fractional share of SMS Common Stock owed to them based on the market value on a date close to the date the Transactions occur. Example: If you currently own 100 shares of Company Common Stock, then after the Transactions you will own 100 shares of New Marriott Common Stock, 100 shares of New Marriott Class A Common Stock and 25 shares of SMS Common Stock. 3 Q: WHY WILL THERE BE TWO CLASSES OF NEW MARRIOTT STOCK? A: The Board of Directors believes that having two classes of common stock will give New Marriott additional flexibility, both to raise capital for a variety of corporate purposes, and as a valuable currency to be used to consummate strategic acquisitions. This additional flexibility is especially important given the ongoing global consolidation of the lodging industry as well as the accelerating rate of consolidation of the senior living services industry within the United States. The Board of Directors believes that this dual class equity structure will enable New Marriott to use lower-voting common stock as consideration to pursue larger acquisition opportunities than those financeable solely with incremental debt, without jeopardizing New Marriott's anticipated investment grade credit rating. At the same time, New Marriott would be able to maintain one of its most important attributes--continuity in the leadership, involvement and substantial voting interests of the Marriott family. In the spinoff, each stockholder of the Company will receive one share of each class of New Marriott Common Stock for each share of Company Common Stock that they own, thus maintaining the relative voting power of the initial stockholders of New Marriott. Q: WHAT WILL BE THE TRADING VALUE OF THE SECURITIES I RECEIVE? A: The marketplace will determine the prices at which shares of the New Marriott Common Stock, New Marriott Class A Common Stock and SMS Common Stock will trade. Although we believe that initially the value of all the securities you receive in the transaction will, in the aggregate, approximate the value of your investment in the Company before the transactions are consummated, you should be aware that the total value of your investment in the Company will be divided among New Marriott Common Stock, New Marriott Class A Common Stock and SMS Common Stock. Q: HOW WILL THE TRANSACTIONS AFFECT ME? A: Following the Transactions, stockholders of the Company will own approximately 51 percent of the common stock of SMS and 100 percent of the New Marriott Common Stock and New Marriott Class A Common Stock. Q: WHAT WILL HAPPEN TO MY DIVIDENDS? A: New Marriott expects to pay quarterly dividends comparable to those historically paid by the Company, subject to the judgment of its board of directors. SMS expects to pay quarterly dividends, subject to the judgment of its board of directors and subject to the restrictive covenants in its debt agreements limiting the payment of dividends. See page 14 for a description of these restrictive covenants. Q: DO I HAVE TO PAY TAXES ON THE RECEIPT OF NEW MARRIOTT COMMON STOCK? A: We have applied to the Internal Revenue Service for a ruling that the Transactions will be tax free to the Company's stockholders for U.S. federal income tax purposes, except for any tax payable because of any cash stockholders may receive instead of fractional shares. To review the tax consequences to stockholders in greater detail, see pages 124 and 125. Q. WHAT WILL BE MY NEW TAX BASIS IN THESE SECURITIES? A. Each stockholder's original tax basis in Company stock will be allocated between the shares of SMS Common Stock, New Marriott Common Stock and New Marriott Class A Common Stock, based on their relative fair market values. Q: WHERE WILL MY STOCK BE TRADED? A: New Marriott will apply to list the New Marriott stock on the New York Stock Exchange. New Marriott intends to request "MAR" as its trading symbol for the New Marriott Common Stock (having one vote per share) and "MAR-A" for the New Marriott Class A Common Stock (having ten votes per share). SMS plans to continue to list the SMS stock on the New York Stock Exchange. The symbol for SMS Common Stock will be "SDH." 4 SUMMARY The following summary is not intended to be complete and is qualified in all respects by the more detailed information included in this Proxy Statement, the Appendices hereto and the documents incorporated herein by reference. Marriott International, Inc. is referred to as the "Company" prior to the consummation of the transactions described herein and as "SMS" following the consummation of such transactions. Similarly, common stock of the Company prior to the consummation of the transactions described herein is referred to as the "Company Common Stock" and thereafter is referred to as the "SMS Common Stock." Unless otherwise indicated, numbers of shares of SMS Common Stock give effect to the one-for-four reverse stock split described below. References herein to "the Company," "SMS," "New Marriott," and "Sodexho North America" include their respective subsidiaries unless the context otherwise requires. Stockholders are urged to read carefully this Proxy Statement, including the Appendices hereto and the documents incorporated herein by reference, in their entirety. SPECIAL MEETING Date, Time and Place This Proxy Statement is being furnished in connection with the solicitation of proxies by the Company from holders of shares of Company Common Stock for use at a special meeting of Company stockholders to be held at the Westfields Marriott Conference Center, 14750 Conference Center Drive, Chantilly, Virginia at 10:00 a.m. on March 17, 1998 and at any adjournments or postponements thereof (the "Special Meeting"). Matters for Consideration At the Special Meeting, the stockholders of the Company will be asked to consider and vote on six related proposals (the "Proposals"). THE EFFECTIVENESS OF EACH OF THE PROPOSALS IS CONDITIONED UPON THE APPROVAL OF ALL OF THE PROPOSALS. ACCORDINGLY, FAILURE OF THE STOCKHOLDERS TO APPROVE ANY ONE OR MORE OF THE PROPOSALS WILL RESULT IN THE INEFFECTIVENESS OF ALL OF THE PROPOSALS. The Proposals are as follows: (1) approval of (a) a special dividend (the "Spinoff") to the holders of Company Common Stock of all outstanding shares of common stock of the Company's wholly owned subsidiary, New Marriott, (b) the acquisition by the Company (the "Acquisition," and together with the Spinoff and related transactions, the "Transactions") of International Catering Corporation ("ICC") and Sodexho Financiere du Canada, Inc. ("Sodexho Canada" and, together with ICC, "Sodexho North America"), each of which is a wholly owned subsidiary of Sodexho Alliance, S.A. ("Sodexho"), in exchange for Company Common Stock, and (c) the amendment and restatement of the certificate of incorporation and bylaws of the Company; and ratification of the amendment and restatement of the certificate of incorporation and bylaws of New Marriott; (2) ratification of the directors of SMS; (3) ratification of the directors of New Marriott; (4) ratification of the New Marriott 1998 Comprehensive Stock Incentive Plan and the reservation of shares pursuant to such plan; (5) ratification of the appointment of Price Waterhouse LLP as independent auditors of SMS, such appointment to be effective upon consummation of the Transactions; and (6) ratification of the appointment of Arthur Andersen LLP as independent auditors of New Marriott. For additional information with respect to the Proposals, see "THE SPECIAL MEETING--Matters for Consideration at Special Meeting." THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF THE COMPANY (THE "COMPANY BOARD") UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS THAT STOCKHOLDERS VOTE FOR ALL OF THE PROPOSALS. Certain members of the Company Board, however, may be deemed to have conflicts of interest in connection with the Transactions. See "CONFLICTS OF INTEREST." 5 Special Meeting Record Date The Company Board has fixed the close of business on January 28, 1998 as the record date (the "Special Meeting Record Date") for the determination of the holders of Company Common Stock entitled to receive notice of and to vote at the Special Meeting. Votes Required Each stockholder of record as of the Special Meeting Record Date is entitled at the Special Meeting to one vote for each share held. The affirmative vote of the holders of at least two-thirds (or 66 2/3 percent) of the outstanding shares of Company Common Stock is required to approve the Proposal concerning the approval of the Spinoff and the Acquisition. The affirmative vote of the holders of at least a majority of the outstanding shares of Company Common Stock is required to approve the other Proposals. As of January 28, 1998, there were 125,415,165 shares of Company Common Stock outstanding and entitled to vote at the Special Meeting. For additional information relating to the Special Meeting, see "THE SPECIAL MEETING." THE TRANSACTIONS Overview The Proposals contemplate that the Company's lodging business (including timeshare resort development and operation), senior living services business and distribution services business (together, the "New Marriott Business") be separated from the Company's food service and facilities management business (the "MMS Business"). Immediately thereafter, the Company will acquire Sodexho North America. The principal components of the Transactions are as follows: The Spinoff. The Company will transfer all of the assets and liabilities of the New Marriott Business to New Marriott and will spin off all of the outstanding shares of capital stock of New Marriott to the holders of Company Common Stock in a transaction intended to qualify as tax free for U.S. federal income tax purposes. The Acquisition. The Company will acquire Sodexho North America, and Sodexho will pay $304 million to the Company, in exchange for approximately 49 percent of the shares of SMS Common Stock that will be issued and outstanding immediately after the Transactions. Following the Acquisition, the Company will change its name to "Sodexho Marriott Services, Inc.," and New Marriott will change its name to "Marriott International, Inc." The Refinancing. The Company and its indirect subsidiary, RHG Finance Corporation ("RHG Finance"), will tender for a total of $720 million principal amount of their respective outstanding publicly held debt, and the Company will refinance its commercial paper and indebtedness outstanding under its revolving credit bank facility (the "Existing Bank Facility"). Such tender offers and refinancing will be financed by new indebtedness incurred by SMS ("Replacement SMS Debt"). The Company and New Marriott have agreed that the post-Spinoff indebtedness retained by SMS (and for which New Marriott will not be responsible) will total $1.444 billion, a portion of which will be repaid shortly after the Acquisition with the $304 million cash payment from Sodexho made simultaneously with the Acquisition. Following the consummation of the Transactions, assuming the tender offers and refinancings described above are successful, it is expected that the long-term debt of SMS and New Marriott will be approximately $1.2 billion and $400 million, respectively. The consummation of the Transactions is not conditioned on the success of the tender offers, and the receipt of financing is not a condition to the obligation of Sodexho to consummate the Transactions. However, if such financing is not obtained, and funds in such amount are not otherwise available to SMS, the Transactions will not be consummated. See "FINANCING." The Company will not effect the Spinoff in the event that the Transactions are not approved at the Special Meeting. The Spinoff, the Acquisition and the refinancing will be deemed by the parties, as between themselves, 6 to have occurred at the same time. The date on which the Transactions are consummated is referred to as the "Effective Date." Following the Transactions, it is expected that shares of New Marriott Common Stock will be listed on the New York Stock Exchange, Inc. (the "NYSE") under the symbols "MAR" and "MAR-A," and shares of SMS Common Stock will continue to be listed on the NYSE under a new symbol, "SDH." Effect on Stockholders Shares of Company Common Stock had a closing price in NYSE composite trading on February 11, 1998 of $72/1//1///1//6/ per share. In the Transactions, each stockholder of the Company will retain its shares of Company Common Stock (referred to herein as SMS Common Stock for periods following the Transactions) and, for each share of Company Common Stock held on the Special Meeting Record Date, will be entitled to receive one share of Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, of New Marriott with one vote per share ("New MAR Common Stock") and one share of Class A Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, of New Marriott with ten votes per share ("New MAR-A Common Stock"). New MAR Common Stock and New MAR-A Common Stock are sometimes referred to together herein as "New Marriott Common Stock." The reasons for two classes of New Marriott Common Stock are set forth in "DESCRIPTION OF THE NEW MARRIOTT CAPITAL STOCK--Common Stock." Immediately after the Spinoff, every four shares of SMS Common Stock will be combined into one share of SMS Common Stock pursuant to a reverse stock split. The closing price of the Company Common Stock on February 11, 1998 will only bear an indirect relationship to the prices at which shares of New Marriott Common Stock and SMS Common Stock will trade. As a result of the issuance of new shares of SMS Common Stock to Sodexho in connection with the Acquisition, the stockholders who owned 100 percent of the Company prior to the Transactions will retain approximately 51 percent of the SMS Common Stock, and SMS will own Sodexho North America. See "THE TRANSACTIONS--Effect on Persons in the Transactions." BUSINESS AND PROPERTIES OF SMS After the Transactions, SMS will be the largest food service and facilities management company in North America. It will serve more than 4,800 clients in business, health care and education. SMS will have over 100,000 employees and annual sales in excess of $4 billion. SMS will be approximately 49 percent owned by Sodexho, one of the premier management service companies in the world, operating in 62 countries with approximately 142,000 employees and revenues of approximately $5 billion in fiscal 1997. Food services provided by SMS will include food and beverage procurement, preparation, menu planning and the operation and maintenance of food service and catering facilities, generally in an institutional setting. Facilities management services include plant maintenance and operations, energy management, groundskeeping, housekeeping and custodial services. For additional information, see "BUSINESS AND PROPERTIES OF SMS." The contract food service and facilities management industry is rapidly changing as a result of customers' focus on profitability and quality of service. Industry trends include (i) the continued growth in customer outsourcing, particularly to a single supplier, of food service and facilities management, (ii) increasing market penetration by large, well capitalized participants that can provide a broad range of cost-effective services and (iii) an increase in the retail orientation of contract catering. SMS's market leadership and broad service offering make it well positioned to compete in this changing industry. In particular, SMS will have a unique opportunity as the market leader in food service to cross-sell facilities management services to existing food service clients. SMS's address is 10400 Fernwood Road, Bethesda, Maryland 20817, and its telephone number is (301) 380-3000. 7 BUSINESS AND PROPERTIES OF NEW MARRIOTT New Marriott will conduct the lodging (including timeshare resort development and operation), senior living services and distribution services businesses that are currently conducted by the Company and its subsidiaries. New Marriott will be one of the world's leading hospitality companies with more than 1,500 operating units, over 140,000 employees and projected 1997 sales in excess of $9 billion. In its Lodging segment, which will represent approximately 80 percent of sales, New Marriott will operate and franchise over 1,400 lodging facilities under ten separate brand names and develop and operate vacation timesharing resorts. The Contract Services segment, which will represent approximately 20 percent of sales, will consist of Marriott Senior Living Services, which develops and operates over 80 retirement communities offering independent living, assisted living and skilled nursing care for seniors in the United States, and Marriott Distribution Services, which supplies food and related products to internal operations and to third-party customers (including, after the Transactions, SMS) throughout the United States. For further information, see "BUSINESS AND PROPERTIES OF NEW MARRIOTT." New Marriott's address is 10400 Fernwood Road, Bethesda, Maryland 20817, and its telephone number is (301) 380-3000. RECOMMENDATION OF THE COMPANY BOARD The Company believes that the Transactions will significantly enhance stockholder value and provide stockholders with an ongoing stake in a strong and well focused management services company with excellent growth prospects. In light of the consolidation and increasing globalization of the food service and facilities management industry, the MMS Business will benefit from its affiliation with Sodexho, one of the largest and most successful management services organizations in the world. The Transactions will also provide New Marriott with substantial investment capacity, which will enable New Marriott to pursue additional growth opportunities in its businesses. See "BACKGROUND AND REASONS--Reasons for the Recommendation of the Company Board." In connection with approval of the Transactions, the Company Board has received an opinion from Merrill Lynch, Pierce Fenner & Smith Incorporated ("Merrill Lynch") that, in the opinion of that firm, the terms of the Transactions, taken as a whole, were fair, from a financial point of view, to the holders of the Company Common Stock as of the date of Merrill Lynch's opinion. The Company Board has also received an opinion from American Appraisal Associates ("American Appraisal") that prior to and upon consummation of the Transactions each of New Marriott and SMS will be "solvent" entities. Such opinions are described herein under "BACKGROUND AND REASONS," and the opinions of Merrill Lynch and American Appraisal are set forth in full in Appendix F and Appendix G hereto, respectively. THE COMPANY BOARD UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS APPROVAL OF THE PROPOSALS. Certain members of the Company Board, however, may be deemed to have conflicts of interest in connection with the Transactions. See "CONFLICTS OF INTEREST." CERTAIN FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSEQUENCES Consummation of the Transactions is conditioned on the receipt of a satisfactory ruling from the Internal Revenue Service (the "IRS") to the effect that the contribution of the New Marriott Business to New Marriott and the Spinoff will qualify as tax-free transactions such that neither the Company's stockholders, the Company nor New Marriott will recognize any income, gain or loss as a result of such transactions. See "CERTAIN FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSEQUENCES OF THE TRANSACTIONS TO THE COMPANY AND ITS STOCKHOLDERS." The Company, New Marriott and Sodexho have made certain representations and agreed to certain restrictions on their future actions to provide further assurances that the Spinoff will qualify as tax-free. See "THE TRANSACTIONS--Arrangements Between SMS and New Marriott--Tax Sharing Agreement." 8 NO APPRAISAL RIGHTS Stockholders of the Company will not be entitled to appraisal rights under the Delaware General Corporation Law (the "DGCL") in connection with the Transactions. RISK FACTORS In deciding whether to approve the Proposals, stockholders should carefully evaluate the matters set forth under "RISK FACTORS," in addition to other matters described herein. CONFLICTS OF INTEREST A number of agreements between SMS and New Marriott, and SMS and Sodexho, respectively, will be entered into if the Transactions are consummated. If the Transactions are consummated, certain employment and other arrangements with executives of SMS will be entered into and certain employee stock incentive plans will be adopted by SMS and New Marriott. In addition, William J. Shaw, who will be the chairman of the Board of Directors of SMS (the "SMS Board"), will serve as the President and Chief Operating Officer of New Marriott. Finally, after the Effective Date, certain directors, officers and substantial stockholders of Sodexho will be members of the SMS Board, and certain officers of the Company will be executive officers of SMS. See "CONFLICTS OF INTEREST." 9 SUMMARY OF SELECTED HISTORICAL FINANCIAL DATA The following table presents summary selected historical financial data for the Company, Marriott Management Services Corp. ("MMS") and Sodexho North America. In the case of the Company and MMS, this data has been derived from their financial statements as of and for the 36 weeks ended September 12, 1997 and September 6, 1996, and the three fiscal years ended January 3, 1997. In the case of Sodexho North America, this data has been derived from its financial statements as of and for the three months ended November 30, 1997 and November 30, 1996 and the three fiscal years ended August 31, 1997.
(IN MILLIONS) --------------------------------------------------------------- THIRTY-SIX WEEKS ENDED FISCAL YEAR ENDED -------------------------- ------------------------------------ SEPTEMBER 12, SEPTEMBER 6, JANUARY 3, DECEMBER 29, DECEMBER 30, 1997 1996 1997/1/ 1995 1994 ------------- ------------ ---------- ------------ ------------ (UNAUDITED) THE COMPANY INCOME STATEMENT DATA Sales....................... $8,158 $6,725 $10,172 $8,961 $8,415 Operating Profit Before Corporate Expenses and Interest................... 498 404 629 490 413 Net Income.................. 227 196 306 247 200 BALANCE SHEET DATA (AT END OF PERIOD) Total Assets................ 6,324 5,211 5,075 4,018 3,207 Long-Term and Convertible Subordinated Debt.......... 1,739 1,285 1,307 806 506 MMS INCOME STATEMENT DATA Sales....................... $2,281 $2,133 $3,310 $3,031 $2,961 Operating Income Before MMS Corporate Administrative Expenses and the Company's Corporate Expenses and Interest................... 86 76 146 126 121 Net Income.................. 37 31 66 55 52 BALANCE SHEET DATA (AT END OF PERIOD) Total Assets................ 848 849 887 843 801 Long-Term Debt.............. 7 9 9 10 11 (IN MILLIONS) --------------------------------------------------------------- THREE MONTHS ENDED NOVEMBER 30, FISCAL YEAR ENDED AUGUST 31, -------------------------- ------------------------------------ 1997 1996 1997 1996 1995/2/ ------------- ------------ ---------- ------------ ------------ (UNAUDITED) SODEXHO NORTH AMERICA INCOME STATEMENT DATA Sales....................... $ 265 $ 240 $ 882 $ 834 $ 599 Operating Income ........... 11 10 20 16 5 Net Income.................. 6 5 7 5 - BALANCE SHEET DATA (AT END OF PERIOD) Total Assets................ 308 279 265 263 Long-Term Debt.............. 66 67 81 94
- -------- /1/Fiscal year 1996 for the Company and MMS includes 53 weeks. /2/Reflects the acquisition of Gardner Merchant Holdings, Inc. as of February 1, 1995. 10 SUMMARY OF UNAUDITED SELECTED PRO FORMA FINANCIAL DATA The following table presents summary unaudited selected pro forma financial data of New Marriott and SMS as of and for the 36 weeks ended September 12, 1997, and for the fiscal year ended January 3, 1997, derived from the unaudited pro forma combined financial data included elsewhere in this Proxy Statement. The unaudited pro forma combined balance sheet as of September 12, 1997 gives effect to the Transactions as if they had occurred on that date, and the unaudited pro forma combined income statement data gives effect to the Transactions as if they had occurred at the beginning of the period noted. THE PRO FORMA INFORMATION PRESENTED IS FOR INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY AND DOES NOT NECESSARILY REFLECT FUTURE RESULTS OF OPERATIONS OR FINANCIAL POSITION OR WHAT THE RESULTS OF OPERATIONS OR FINANCIAL POSITION WOULD HAVE BEEN HAD THE TRANSACTIONS OCCURRED AS OF THE DATE AND DURING THE PERIODS INDICATED. THIS INFORMATION DOES NOT NECESSARILY REFLECT FUTURE FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE WHEN THE TRANSACTIONS ACTUALLY OCCUR.
THIRTY-SIX FIFTY-THREE WEEKS ENDED WEEKS ENDED SEPTEMBER 12, 1997 JANUARY 3, 1997 ------------------ --------------- NEW MARRIOTT INCOME STATEMENT DATA Sales..................................... $6,177 $7,267 Operating Profit Before Corporate Expenses and Interest............................. 430 508 Net Income................................ 227 271 BALANCE SHEET DATA (AT END OF PERIOD) Total Assets.............................. 5,608 Long-Term and Convertible Subordinated Debt..................................... 413 SMS INCOME STATEMENT DATA/1/ Sales..................................... $2,724 $4,020 Operating Profit Before Corporate Expenses and Interest............................. 72 129 Net (Loss) Income......................... (3) 10 BALANCE SHEET DATA (AT END OF PERIOD) Total Assets.............................. 1,299 Long-Term Debt............................ 1,222
/1/ SMS's business is characterized by seasonal fluctuations in overall demand for services, particularly in the education sector where sales are stronger during the academic year. Consequently, substantially higher profits may be earned in the fourth quarter compared to other quarters. 11 RISK FACTORS The following risk factors, in addition to the other information contained in this Proxy Statement, should be carefully considered. SIGNIFICANT LEVERAGE OF SMS The allocation of debt and other liabilities, including contingent liabilities, between SMS and New Marriott reflects the economic arrangements reached, on an arm's-length basis, among New Marriott, the Company and Sodexho in connection with the Transactions. Following the Transactions, SMS will be substantially more leveraged on a relative basis than the Company was prior to the Transactions, and New Marriott will have significantly less debt than the Company had prior to the Transactions. Assuming the Transactions had been consummated as of September 12, 1997, (i) on a pro forma basis SMS would have had total long-term debt of $1,222 million and a stockholders' deficit of $542 million and (ii) on a pro forma basis New Marriott would have had total long- term and convertible subordinated debt of $413 million and total stockholders' equity of $2,549 million, in each case compared with the Company's actual long-term and convertible subordinated debt of $1,739 million and total stockholders' equity of $1,486 million as of September 12, 1997. In response to the public announcement of the Transactions, Standard & Poor's Corporation placed its ratings of Sodexho on "CreditWatch" with negative implications, and announced that it would lower Sodexho's long-term corporate unsecured debt rating from A- to BBB+ upon completion of the Transactions. The Company expects that, principally due to the significant leverage of SMS following the Transactions, SMS's long-term unsecured debt ratings, if obtained, would be below investment grade. SMS's substantial indebtedness may limit its capacity to respond to market conditions (including its ability to satisfy capital expenditure requirements) or to meet its contractual or financial obligations. Furthermore, the ability of SMS to satisfy its obligations will be dependent upon its future performance, which will be subject to prevailing economic conditions and to financial, business and other factors, including factors beyond the control of SMS. If SMS does not make required payments of interest and principal when due, the Replacement SMS Debt could be accelerated and the lenders thereunder would be entitled to exercise their remedies, including foreclosing on collateral. These events would have a material adverse effect on SMS. See "SMS UNAUDITED PRO FORMA COMBINED FINANCIAL DATA" and "NEW MARRIOTT UNAUDITED PRO FORMA COMBINED FINANCIAL DATA." In view of the increased leverage of SMS, any new financings and refinancings by SMS of the Replacement SMS Debt, if available at all, may be at higher interest rates and may contain terms significantly less advantageous than would have been available to the Company absent the Transactions. In addition, the Replacement SMS Debt will contain restrictive covenants and events of default, and require grants of security and guarantees by subsidiaries of SMS, that will limit SMS's ability to incur additional debt and engage in other activities. There can be no assurance that such restrictions will not adversely affect SMS's ability to finance its future operations or capital needs or to engage in other business activities that may be in the interest of SMS. See "FINANCING." EFFECTS OF INTEGRATION; REALIZATION OF SYNERGIES Immediately following the consummation of the Transactions, there may be some short-term dislocation and inefficiencies in the operations of SMS in connection with the integration of Sodexho North America. In addition, there can be no assurance that the expected operating efficiencies and synergies will be achieved. SMS FIXED-PRICE CONTRACTS Approximately one-half of SMS's business is provided under fixed-price contracts. Therefore, SMS's results of operations are dependent on its ability to estimate and control costs associated with the provision of services under these contracts. SMS's costs are subject to increases as a result of rising labor and supply costs, many of which are outside its control. There can be no assurance that SMS's operating margins will not decline in the future. 12 CANCELLABLE CONTRACTS The majority of the food service and facilities management contracts of the MMS Business and of Sodexho North America are terminable by clients on short notice, generally from 30 to 120 days. If any clients of SMS react unfavorably to the combination of the MMS Business and Sodexho North America, such clients may decide to terminate their contracts with SMS, which could adversely affect the business and operations of SMS. ABSENCE OF HISTORY AS AN INDEPENDENT COMPANY; LESS DIVERSIFIED OPERATIONS The MMS Business does not have an independent operating history. Moreover, the management of SMS after the Effective Date does not have prior experience in operating and managing an independent public company with significant leverage. Prior to the Spinoff, MMS benefitted from a number of corporate services provided by the Company, which corporate services functions will be retained by New Marriott. New Marriott has agreed to provide certain of these services to SMS for limited periods of time after the Spinoff. However, eventually SMS must develop the capacity to perform these corporate services itself or obtain them from third parties. There is no assurance that when the MMS Business and Sodexho North America are combined to form a stand-alone publicly held company, profits will continue at historical levels. New Marriott was formed for the purpose of effecting the Spinoff and does not have an operating history as an independent company. Thus, the financial information included herein may not necessarily reflect the results of operations, financial position and cash flows of the New Marriott Business had New Marriott been operated independently during the periods presented. There is no assurance that as a stand-alone company, New Marriott's profits will continue at a level similar to its profits earned while a part of the Company. Finally, subsequent to the Transactions, each of New Marriott and SMS will be a less diversified company than is currently the case with respect to the Company. As a result, the results of operations of each entity will be more susceptible to competitive and market factors specific to its core businesses. CERTAIN ANTITAKEOVER EFFECTS Sodexho has agreed pursuant to the Tax Sharing and Indemnification Agreement to be entered into among the Company, New Marriott and Sodexho (the "Tax Sharing Agreement") not to acquire 50 percent or more of the SMS Common Stock for three years after the Spinoff, and the certificate of incorporation of SMS will generally provide that no person may acquire 50 percent or more of the SMS Common Stock until the end of such period. Consequently, no change in control of SMS is expected to occur during the three years following the Spinoff. In addition, because Sodexho will own approximately 49 percent of the shares of SMS Common Stock issued and outstanding immediately after the consummation of the Transactions, Sodexho will have the ability to influence certain actions of SMS, through its voting power and its right, under a Stockholder Agreement with SMS to be entered into on the Effective Date, to nominate three members of the SMS Board. This relationship may have the effect of, among other things, preventing a change in control of SMS at any time without the agreement of Sodexho. Sodexho has advised the Company that it does not have any present intention to increase its ownership interest in SMS. If in the future Sodexho were to change its intentions and seek to increase its ownership interest, stockholders of SMS will not have the benefits of certain fair price provisions set forth in the certificate of incorporation and bylaws of the Company prior to their amendment and restatement as contemplated hereby. RELATIONSHIP WITH SODEXHO SMS and Sodexho are entering into certain arrangements at the Effective Date pursuant to which Sodexho will be providing SMS with a variety of consulting and advisory services and other assistance and is guaranteeing a portion of the debt of SMS. Sodexho is also licensing to SMS the use of the name "Sodexho." This may have 13 the effect of causing SMS to be reliant to a substantial degree on its relationship with Sodexho. Each of these arrangements has a finite term, and the failure to renew any such arrangements on comparable terms could materially and adversely affect the results of operations of SMS. Similarly, should Sodexho encounter financial or other difficulties that could prevent it from providing such services or assistance to SMS, the results of operations of SMS could be materially and adversely affected. USE OF TRADENAMES New Marriott has agreed to license the "Marriott" name to SMS in certain limited respects for a period of four years after the Spinoff. SMS will not have the right to use the Marriott name after the expiration of such four-year period. In addition, Sodexho has agreed to license the "Sodexho" name to SMS under a Royalty Agreement having a ten-year term. The "Sodexho" name, which has been used in the food service and facilities management business in North America for the past four years, is not as well known in that market as the "Marriott" name. SMS may have to make additional expenditures to position its new name in markets and cannot predict with certainty the extent to which the substitution of a new name may adversely affect its retention and acquisition of clients. Furthermore, to the extent that SMS fails to perform its obligations under its license agreements with New Marriott or Sodexho, each of New Marriott and Sodexho could successfully prevent SMS from using their respective names, which could adversely affect SMS's retention and acquisition of clients and its financial performance. DIVIDEND POLICY Historically, the Company has paid regular quarterly dividends, and New Marriott expects to continue to do so in amounts comparable to those historically paid by the Company, subject to the judgment of the New Marriott Board. SMS expects to pay quarterly dividends, subject to the restrictive covenants contained in the Replacement SMS Debt limiting payment of dividends. In general, these covenants will not permit SMS to pay dividends to stockholders in an amount greater than 40 percent of SMS's net income (or 45 percent when the ratio of SMS's consolidated debt to EBITDA (as defined in the documentation for the Replacement SMS Debt) is less than 4 but not less than 3). This restriction will no longer apply when such ratio is less than 3. The payment and amount of cash dividends on the SMS Common Stock after the Transactions will be subject to the sole discretion of the SMS Board. SMS's dividend policy will be reviewed by the SMS Board at such times as may be deemed appropriate, and payment of dividends on the SMS Common Stock will depend upon SMS's financial position, capital requirements, profitability and such other factors as the SMS Board deems relevant. SEASONAL NATURE OF THE SMS BUSINESS The food service and facilities management business has been characterized historically by seasonal fluctuations in overall demand for services, particularly in the education sector where sales are stronger during the academic year. Also, the Company has included four four-week periods in its fourth quarter, compared to three four-week periods for the first three quarters. Consequently, substantially higher profits may be earned in the fourth quarter compared to other quarters. LIMITED GEOGRAPHIC FOCUS SMS is not currently expected to expand its international presence beyond Canada. The Trademark License Agreement to be entered into by SMS and New Marriott will give SMS the right to use the Marriott name in the U.S. and Canada (and elsewhere only in extremely limited circumstances). Likewise, SMS will enter into a Royalty Agreement with Sodexho pursuant to which Sodexho will license the right to use the "Sodexho" name in the U.S. and Canada. As a practical matter, since SMS will only be allowed to use its corporate name in the U.S. and Canada, and since Sodexho controls or has significant interests in companies competing in other countries in the food and facilities management sector, it is unlikely that SMS will engage in significant 14 operations outside the U.S. and Canada. As a result, SMS will be more susceptible to a downturn in the U.S. and Canadian economies than a company that is actively engaged in various other markets. CERTAIN NEW MARRIOTT ANTITAKEOVER FEATURES If the Transactions are consummated, the amended and restated certificate of incorporation and bylaws of New Marriott will contain several provisions, all of which are now in effect with respect to the Company, that may make the acquisition of control of New Marriott difficult or expensive. In addition, New Marriott will have two classes of common stock, New MAR Common Stock (with one vote per share) and New MAR-A Common Stock (with ten votes per share). One effect of two classes of New Marriott Common Stock is that existing stockholders of the Company who will hold a substantial number of shares of New MAR-A Common Stock could have voting power that is materially disproportionate to their economic stake in New Marriott if they sell their shares of New MAR Common Stock but retain their shares of New MAR-A Common Stock. This could also have the effect of making an acquisition of New Marriott more difficult or expensive. See "CERTAIN ANTITAKEOVER PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO NEW MARRIOTT." LISTING AND TRADING OF SMS COMMON STOCK It is expected that the SMS Common Stock will be listed and traded on the NYSE and certain other U.S. exchanges after the Transactions. However, following the Transactions, the trading value of the SMS Common Stock will be based on the results of operations of SMS and its management services business, which have not previously been independently valued and traded in the public market. Prices at which SMS Common Stock may trade cannot be predicted. Moreover, until orderly markets develop, the prices at which trading in such securities occurs may fluctuate significantly. The prices at which SMS Common Stock trades after the Transactions will be determined by the marketplace and may be influenced by many factors, including, among others, the continuing depth and liquidity of the market for SMS Common Stock, investor perception of SMS, SMS's dividend policy and general economic and market conditions. See "DESCRIPTION OF THE SMS CAPITAL STOCK." Finally, the combined trading prices of the SMS Common Stock and the New Marriott Common Stock held by stockholders after the Transactions may be less than, equal to or greater than the trading price of the Company Common Stock prior to the Transactions (after taking into account the issuance of two shares of New Marriott Common Stock for each share of Company Common Stock, and the one-for- four reverse stock split of the SMS Common Stock). LISTING AND TRADING OF NEW MARRIOTT COMMON STOCK There is currently no public market for the shares of New Marriott. While New Marriott intends to apply to list the New Marriott Common Stock on the NYSE and certain other U.S. exchanges, there can be no assurance that applicable listing criteria will be satisfied, as to the volume of trading and liquidity that will develop or as to the prices at which the New Marriott Common Stock will trade after the Transactions. Moreover, until the New Marriott Common Stock is fully distributed and orderly markets develop, the prices at which trading in such securities occurs may fluctuate significantly. The prices at which New Marriott Common Stock trades will be determined by the marketplace and may be influenced by many factors, including, among others, the depth and liquidity of the market for New Marriott Common Stock, investor perception of New Marriott and the businesses in which New Marriott participates, New Marriott's dividend policy and general economic and market conditions. Certain of these factors, such as the depth and liquidity of the market, may cause New MAR Common Stock and New MAR-A Common Stock to trade at different prices. Such prices may also be affected by certain provisions of New Marriott's certificate of incorporation and bylaws, as each will be in effect following the Transactions, such as the voting and other differences between the New MAR Common Stock and the New MAR-A Common Stock. Such differences could affect the trading price range for each class of shares. The New MAR-A Common Stock could trade at prices less than, equal to or greater than the trading prices for the New MAR Common Stock. In addition, the greater voting rights associated with the New MAR-A Common Stock could have an antitakeover effect on New Marriott. See "DESCRIPTION OF THE NEW MARRIOTT CAPITAL STOCK" and "CERTAIN ANTITAKEOVER PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO NEW 15 MARRIOTT." It is expected that the market prices of the New MAR Common Stock and the New MAR-A Common Stock will reflect an effect similar to that of a two-for-one stock split. It is possible that either the New MAR Common Stock or New MAR-A Common Stock may trade from time to time at a premium to the other. The minority rights protection features contained in the New Marriott certificate of incorporation, the requirement of dividend equality, and the flexibility afforded by the provision permitting the New Marriott Board, in its discretion, to declare higher dividends on the New MAR Common Stock than on the New Mar-A Common Stock are expected to reduce somewhat the reasons for the New MAR-A Common Stock to trade at a premium compared to the New MAR Common Stock. Should a premium on any class of New Marriott Common Stock develop, the Company Board would be permitted to issue and sell authorized but unissued shares of any class of New Marriott Common Stock even if the consideration which could be obtained by issuing or selling shares of another class may be greater. The New Marriott Board would also be expressly permitted to authorize the purchase of shares of any class of New Marriott Common Stock even if the consideration which would be paid for shares of another class may be less. Finally, the combined trading prices of the SMS Common Stock and the New Marriott Common Stock held by stockholders after the Transactions may be less than, equal to or greater than the trading price of the Company Common Stock prior to the Transactions (after taking into account the issuance of two shares of New Marriott Common Stock for each share of Company Common Stock, and the one-for-four reverse stock split of the SMS Common Stock). CERTAIN TAX CONSIDERATIONS Consummation of the Transactions is subject to the receipt of a satisfactory ruling from the IRS that, among other things, the Spinoff will qualify (i) as a tax-free transaction described in Section 368(a)(1)(D) and Section 355(a)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (such statute, including the Treasury Regulations promulgated thereunder, the "Code"), (ii) as a transaction to which Section 355(c) of the Code will not apply and (iii) as a transaction in which the Company recognizes no income or gain other than intercompany items or excess loss accounts taken into account pursuant to the Treasury Regulations promulgated pursuant to Section 1502 of the Code (i.e., the Spinoff will have "Tax-Free Status"). Although the Company believes that the rulings it has requested are consistent with the Code and the authorities thereunder, it is not certain that the IRS will issue a tax ruling that is satisfactory to the Company, Sodexho and New Marriott. The Company Board has the discretion, which may be exercised with the consent of Sodexho, to waive the receipt of such tax ruling as a condition to the Company's obligations to proceed with the Transactions. In such event, the Company would resolicit stockholders to disclose the waiver of this condition and provide stockholders with all relevant disclosure related thereto. Even if such tax ruling is obtained, if any factual representations and assumptions made by the Company in the request for the ruling were incorrect in any material respect, the ability to rely on such tax ruling would be jeopardized. Moreover, certain actions by the parties after the Spinoff (such as the acquisition by Sodexho of a 50 percent or greater interest in SMS within two years of the Spinoff) could jeopardize the Tax-Free Status of the Spinoff. The Company, New Marriott and Sodexho have agreed to certain restrictions on their future actions to provide further assurances that the Spinoff will have Tax-Free Status. See "THE TRANSACTIONS--Arrangements Between SMS and New Marriott--Tax Sharing Agreement." If the Spinoff were not to have Tax-Free Status, both the Company and its stockholders would be liable for taxes. Each holder of Company Common Stock who receives shares of New Marriott Common Stock in the Spinoff would be treated as if such stockholder received a distribution in an amount equal to the fair market value of the New Marriott Common Stock received, which would result in (x) a taxable dividend to the extent of such stockholder's pro rata share of the Company's current and accumulated earnings and profits, (y) a reduction in such stockholder's basis (but not below zero) in shares of Company Common Stock to the extent the amount received exceeds such stockholder's share of earnings and profits and (z) taxable gain from the exchange of Company Common Stock to the extent the amount received exceeds both such stockholder's share of earnings and profits and such stockholder's basis in Company Common Stock. In addition, if the Spinoff were not to have Tax-Free Status, in general the consolidated group of which the Company is the common parent would be liable for tax based upon the difference between the fair market value and the adjusted basis of the New Marriott Common Stock (the "Corporate Tax"). 16 The Corporate Tax would also become payable if Section 355(e) of the Code were to apply to the Spinoff. Section 355(e), which was enacted on August 5, 1997, generally imposes a tax at the corporate (but not the stockholder) level on distributions of controlled subsidiaries (such as New Marriott), if such distribution is part of a plan or series of related transactions pursuant to which one or more persons acquire a 50 percent or greater interest in the stock of the distributing corporation (in this case, SMS) or the distributed corporation (in this case, New Marriott). If Section 355(e) applied to the Spinoff, the consolidated group of which the Company is the common parent would be liable for the Corporate Tax. Under the Tax Sharing Agreement, generally if a person unrelated to any of the parties acquires an interest in SMS that causes the Spinoff not to have Tax-Free Status, or if Sodexho or SMS causes the Spinoff not to have Tax-Free Status as a result of a breach of representations or covenants relating to the ruling request, Sodexho and SMS will indemnify and hold harmless New Marriott and certain affiliated persons for the resulting tax and related liabilities. If, on the other hand, an unrelated person acquires an interest in New Marriott that causes the Spinoff not to have Tax-Free Status, or if New Marriott causes the Spinoff not to have Tax-Free Status as a result of a breach of representations or covenants relating to the ruling request, New Marriott will indemnify and hold harmless SMS and certain affiliated persons for the resulting tax and related liabilities. Holders of the Company Common Stock will not be indemnified for any taxes payable by such holders in the event the Spinoff does not have Tax-Free Status. See "THE TRANSACTIONS-- Arrangements Between SMS and New Marriott--Tax Sharing Agreement." The Corporate Tax, if paid by SMS, would likely substantially exceed the available financial resources of SMS and could result in SMS becoming insolvent. The Corporate Tax, if paid by New Marriott, would have a material adverse effect on the financial condition of New Marriott. Moreover, the ability of New Marriott to realize on any claim for indemnification from Sodexho or SMS (under the circumstances described in the preceding paragraph) for part or all of such Corporate Tax would be contingent on the creditworthiness of Sodexho and SMS. CERTAIN CONSENT REQUIREMENTS The Company has reviewed its existing debt and other contractual arrangements to determine whether consummation of the Transactions requires the consent of third parties. In a substantial number of situations, an amendment, consent or waiver from one or more third parties will be required to avoid a breach or default under these obligations. Pursuant to the Agreement and Plan of Merger dated as of September 30, 1997, as amended, by and among the Company, New Marriott, Marriott-ICC Merger Corp. ("Merger Sub"), Sodexho and ICC (the "Acquisition Agreement"), the parties have agreed that the failure of the Company to obtain certain third-party consents will not be conditions to Sodexho's obligations so long as the parties have entered into satisfactory arrangements with respect to those consents. Although the Company and Sodexho have agreed to discuss prior to the consummation of the Transactions alternative arrangements should any such consents not be obtained, the parties have agreed in advance upon certain "fall back" arrangements that, if satisfied by New Marriott at the Effective Date, would fulfill the condition to the Transactions dealing with such consents. These arrangements involve, among other things, (i) New Marriott delivering to SMS an irrevocable standby letter of credit in an amount of up to $100 million for the benefit of SMS should a final judgment based on the failure to obtain any such consent or approval be rendered against SMS, and (ii) New Marriott providing dedicated availability under a revolving credit facility of New Marriott for the benefit of SMS to the extent such letter of credit is insufficient to cover the agreed upon exposure to SMS arising from New Marriott's failure to obtain specified consents. If the Transactions were consummated without having obtained all material third-party consents, there could be material breaches and defaults under certain contracts and arrangements to which the Company and its subsidiaries are parties, which could result in substantial damages and losses. New Marriott has agreed to indemnify SMS for any losses SMS may sustain as a result of the Company failing to have obtained such consents. Such losses could be material to New Marriott and, if the arrangements entered into by the parties prove to be insufficient and New Marriott otherwise fails to perform its obligations to indemnify SMS, there could be a material adverse effect on SMS. 17 There can be no assurance whether and to what extent SMS or New Marriott would be adversely affected if the Transactions are consummated without having received all such consents and approvals. FRAUDULENT TRANSFER AND RELATED CONSIDERATIONS Under applicable law, the Transactions would constitute a "fraudulent transfer" if (a) the Company is insolvent at the time the Transactions are consummated, (b) the effect of the Transactions would render the Company insolvent, (c) the Transactions would leave the Company engaged in a business or transaction for which its remaining assets constituted unreasonably small capital or (d) the Company intended to incur, or believed it would incur, debts beyond its ability to pay as such debts mature. Generally, an entity is considered insolvent if it is unable to pay its debts as they come due or if the fair value of its assets is less than the amount of its actual and expected liabilities. In addition, under Delaware law, the Spinoff may be made only out of surplus (net assets minus capital) and not out of capital. If, in a lawsuit filed by an unpaid creditor or a representative of unpaid creditors or a trustee in bankruptcy, a court were to find that, at the time the Transactions were consummated or after giving effect thereto, the Company (a) was insolvent, (b) was rendered insolvent by reason of the Spinoff, (c) was engaged in a business or transaction for which its remaining assets constituted unreasonably small capital or (d) intended to incur, or believed it would incur, debts beyond its ability to pay as such debts matured, then such court might require New Marriott to fund certain liabilities of the Company for the benefit of the Company's creditors. The same consequences would also apply were a court to find that the Spinoff was not made out of the Company's surplus. 18 THE SPECIAL MEETING DATE, TIME AND PLACE OF SPECIAL MEETING The Special Meeting of the Company will be held at 10:00 a.m. at the Westfields Marriott Conference Center, 14750 Conference Center Drive, Chantilly, Virginia on March 17, 1998. MATTERS FOR CONSIDERATION AT SPECIAL MEETING At the Special Meeting, the stockholders of the Company will be asked to consider and vote on the following six related Proposals. THE EFFECTIVENESS OF EACH OF THE PROPOSALS IS CONDITIONED UPON THE APPROVAL OF ALL OF THE PROPOSALS. ACCORDINGLY, FAILURE OF THE STOCKHOLDERS TO APPROVE ANY ONE OR MORE OF THE PROPOSALS WILL RESULT IN THE INEFFECTIVENESS OF ALL OF THE PROPOSALS. The Proposals are as follows: PROPOSAL ONE . The Spinoff of New Marriott. Approval of (x) the contribution by the Company to New Marriott of the New Marriott Business and (y) a special dividend to the holders of the Company Common Stock, consisting of all outstanding shares of common stock of New Marriott, which at the time of the Spinoff will be comprised of New MAR Common Stock and New MAR-A Common Stock, to be effected in accordance with the terms of the Distribution Agreement dated as of September 30, 1997, as amended, between New Marriott and the Company (the "Distribution Agreement"); . The Acquisition of Sodexho North America. Approval of (x) the acquisition by the Company of Sodexho North America, and (y) the issuance by SMS of a number of shares of SMS Common Stock to Sodexho equal to approximately 49 percent of the SMS Common Stock to be outstanding after giving effect to such issuance; . Amendment of the Company's Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws. Approval of the amendment and restatement of the certificate of incorporation and bylaws of the Company, which will, among other things, (i) change the name of the Company to "Sodexho Marriott Services, Inc.," (ii) delete certain provisions that require actions of stockholders to be taken by two-thirds (or 66 2/3 percent) vote, (iii) delete certain provisions that impose restrictions on business combinations involving the Company, (iv) provide for a one-for-four reverse stock split of Company Common Stock, (v) provide for the annual election of all directors, (vi) permit stockholder action by written consent and (vii) for three years after the Spinoff, generally prohibit any person or group of related persons from owning 50 percent or more of the SMS Common Stock; and . Amendment of New Marriott's Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws. Ratification of the amendment and restatement of the certificate of incorporation and bylaws of New Marriott, which, among other things, (i) changes the name of New Marriott to "Marriott International, Inc.," (ii) provides for two classes of New Marriott Common Stock: New MAR Common Stock with one vote per share and New MAR-A Common Stock with ten votes per share, which will be distributed effective as of the date of the Spinoff on a pro rata basis to Company stockholders of record as of the record date for the Spinoff and (iii) contains provisions otherwise substantially similar to those contained in the Company's certificate of incorporation and bylaws as in effect on the date hereof (collectively, "Proposal One"); PROPOSAL TWO Ratification of Pierre Bellon, Bernard Carton, Edouard de Royere, William J. Shaw, Charles D. O'Dell, John W. Marriott III, Doctor R. Crants and Daniel J. Altobello as directors of SMS, effective as of the consummation of the Transactions ("Proposal Two"); 19 PROPOSAL THREE Ratification of Gilbert M. Grosvenor, Richard E. Marriott and Harry J. Pearce, as directors of New Marriott whose terms will expire in 1998; J.W. Marriott, Jr., W. Mitt Romney and William J. Shaw, as directors of New Marriott whose terms will expire in 1999; and Dr. Henry Cheng Kar- Shun, Floretta Dukes McKenzie, Roger W. Sant and Lawrence M. Small, as directors of New Marriott, whose terms will expire in 2000 ("Proposal Three"); PROPOSAL FOUR Ratification of the New Marriott 1998 Comprehensive Stock and Cash Incentive Plan and the reservation of 35 million shares of New MAR Common Stock and 21 million shares of New MAR-A Common Stock for issuance pursuant to such plan; ("Proposal Four"); PROPOSAL FIVE Ratification of the appointment of Price Waterhouse LLP as independent auditors of SMS, such appointment to be effective upon consummation of the Transactions ("Proposal Five"); and PROPOSAL SIX Ratification of the appointment of Arthur Andersen LLP as independent auditors of New Marriott ("Proposal Six"). THE COMPANY BOARD UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS THAT STOCKHOLDERS VOTE FOR ALL OF THE PROPOSALS. Certain members of the Company Board, however, may be deemed to have conflicts of interest in connection with the Transactions. See "CONFLICTS OF INTEREST." For a description of the reasons for the Transactions, see "BACKGROUND AND REASONS--Reasons for the Recommendation of the Company Board" and "THE TRANSACTIONS--Overview." SPECIAL MEETING RECORD DATE The Company Board has fixed the close of business on January 28, 1998 as the Special Meeting Record Date for the determination of the holders of Company Common Stock entitled to receive notice of and to vote at the Special Meeting. VOTES REQUIRED Each stockholder of record as of the Special Meeting Record Date is entitled at the Special Meeting to one vote for each share held. Under the certificate of incorporation of the Company, the affirmative vote of the holders of at least two-thirds (or 66 2/3 percent) of the outstanding shares of Company Common Stock is required to approve Proposal One. The affirmative vote of the holders of at least a majority of the shares of Company Common Stock present in person or represented by proxy at the Special Meeting is required to approve Proposals Two through Six. THE EFFECTIVENESS OF EACH OF THE PROPOSALS IS CONDITIONED UPON THE APPROVAL OF ALL OF THE PROPOSALS. As of January 28, 1998, there were 125,415,165 shares of Company Common Stock outstanding and entitled to vote at the Special Meeting. Certain members of the Marriott family (including various trusts established by members of the Marriott family) in the aggregate own approximately 19.7 percent of the number of outstanding shares of Company Common Stock and have indicated an intention to vote in accordance with the recommendations of the Company Board with respect to the Proposals. See "SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF THE COMPANY AND SMS" and "SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF NEW MARRIOTT." Proposals Two through Six seek ratification by the stockholders of certain matters. Even though the affirmative vote of the stockholders of the Company is not required to approve these matters, the Company Board has proposed that stockholders ratify these matters since they are all important components of the Transactions. However, even though these matters would remain (or become) effective regardless of whether or not stockholders vote in favor of one or more of such Proposals, each of the Proposals is conditioned on the approval of the other Proposals. Therefore, failure to approve any single Proposal will have the effect of causing the Transactions not to be approved. 20 VOTING AND REVOCATION OF PROXIES Shares of Company Common Stock represented by a proxy properly signed and received at or prior to the Special Meeting, unless subsequently revoked, will be voted in accordance with the instructions thereon. IF A PROXY IS SIGNED AND RETURNED WITHOUT INDICATING ANY VOTING INSTRUCTIONS, SHARES OF COMPANY COMMON STOCK REPRESENTED BY THE PROXY WILL BE VOTED FOR THE PROPOSAL TO ADOPT AND APPROVE THE PROPOSALS AND THE TRANSACTIONS CONTEMPLATED THEREBY. Abstentions may be specified on all Proposals. Shares of Common Stock represented at the Special Meeting but not voting for which proxies have been received, but with respect to which holders of shares have abstained on any matter, will be treated as present at the Special Meeting for purposes of determining the presence or absence of a quorum for the transaction of all business. For voting purposes at the Special Meeting, only shares affirmatively voted in favor of a proposal (including properly executed proxies not containing voting instructions) will be counted as favorable votes for such proposal. The failure to submit a proxy (or to vote in person) or the abstention from voting will have the same effect as a vote against such proposal. In addition, under the applicable rules of the NYSE, brokers who hold shares in street name for customers who are the beneficial owners of such shares are prohibited from giving a proxy to vote such customers' shares with respect to Proposal One in the absence of specific instructions from such customers ("broker non-votes"). Broker non-votes will also have the same effect as votes against the Proposals. Company proxy holders may, in their discretion, vote shares to adjourn the Special Meeting to solicit additional proxies in favor of such proposals. However, shares of Company Common Stock with respect to which a proxy is signed and returned indicating a vote against any proposal will not be so voted to adjourn. Any proxy given pursuant to this solicitation may be revoked by the person giving it at any time before the proxy is voted by the filing of an instrument revoking it or of a duly executed proxy bearing a later date with the Secretary of the Company, for Company stockholders, prior to or at the Special Meeting, or by voting in person at the Special Meeting. All written notices of revocation and other communications with respect to revocation of Company proxies should be addressed to Marriott International, Inc., c/o First Chicago Trust Company of New York, P.O. Box 8089, Edison, New Jersey 08818-8089 (First Chicago Trust Company of New York is referred to herein as the "Transfer Agent"). Attendance at a Special Meeting will not in and of itself constitute a revocation of a proxy. The Company Board is not currently aware of any business to be acted upon at the Special Meeting other than as described herein. If, however, other matters are properly brought before the Special Meeting, the persons appointed as proxies will have discretion to vote or act thereon according to their best judgment. Company stockholders will not be entitled to present any matters for consideration at the Special Meeting. SOLICITATION OF PROXIES In addition to solicitation by mail, directors, officers and employees of the Company, who will not be specifically compensated for such services, may solicit proxies from the stockholders of the Company, personally or by telephone, telecopy or telegram or other forms of communication. Brokers, nominees, fiduciaries and other custodians will be requested to forward soliciting materials to beneficial owners and will be reimbursed for their reasonable expenses incurred in sending proxy materials to beneficial owners. In addition, the Company has retained MacKenzie Partners, Inc. to assist in the solicitation of proxies. The fees to be paid to such firm for such services by the Company are not expected to exceed $22,500, plus reasonable out-of-pocket costs and expenses. The Company will pay the costs incurred in printing this Proxy Statement. 21 RECENT DEVELOPMENTS On February 5, 1998, the Company reported net income of $335 million for its 1997 fiscal year ended January 2, 1998, compared to $306 million in 1996. Diluted earnings per share rose to $2.46 from $2.25 in the preceding year, and sales totaled $12.0 billion, up 18 percent from $10.2 billion a year ago. The 1997 net income was reduced by approximately $19 million (13 cents per diluted share) as a result of the March 1997 acquisition of Renaissance Hotel Group N.V. ("RHG"), and by an after-tax loss of $14 million (10 cents per diluted share) on the October 1997 sale to Sodexho of its management services business in the United Kingdom. Before the impact of these two items, net income and diluted earnings per share both were up 20 percent in 1997, on 12 percent sales growth. For the 1997 fourth quarter, the Company reported net income of $108 million and diluted earnings per share of 79 cents. Before the impact of the RHG acquisition, which reduced 1997 fourth quarter net income by $7 million (five cents per diluted share), and the loss on the sale of the Company's U.K. management services business, net income and diluted earnings per share were up 17 percent and 18 percent, respectively, over 1996 fourth quarter results. Sales totaled $3.9 billion, a gain of 12 percent compared to the 1996 quarter. Lodging operations reported a 26 percent increase in operating profit on 20 percent higher sales in 1997. Results reflected revenue gains at U.S. hotels well in excess of inflation, improved performance by European properties, contributions from new units, and expansion of the Company's vacation club (timeshare) resort business. Across the Marriott lodging brands, revenue per available room ("REVPAR") for comparable company-operated U.S. hotels grew by an average of nine percent in the 1997 fourth quarter and eight percent for the full year. Average room rates for these properties increased eight percent in 1997, while occupancy remained at 78 percent. Contract services reported a 16 percent increase in sales in 1997, while profits were up slightly, before the loss on the sale of the U.K. management services business. Profit comparisons between years are affected by sales to investors, since the beginning of 1996, of 43 senior living communities which Marriott continues to operate under long-term agreements. Excluding the impact of these transactions, contract services profits increased 11 percent for the year. All three contract services businesses posted higher sales in 1997. Interest expense increased 29 percent in 1997, as a result of incremental borrowings to finance the RHG acquisition and other growth outlays. Corporate expenses rose 19 percent in 1997, primarily due to noncash charges related to investments generating significant income tax benefits. The Company's 1997 effective income tax rate of 39.5 percent, compared to 39 percent in 1996, reflects a one percentage point increase attributable to the RHG acquisition. BACKGROUND AND REASONS BACKGROUND OF THE TRANSACTIONS The Company, directly and through its subsidiaries, currently engages in the New Marriott Business (consisting of the Company's lodging (including timeshare), senior living services and distribution services businesses) and the MMS Business (consisting of the Company's food service and facilities management business). The Company Board has decided, for the reasons set forth below, (i) to spin off to the Company's stockholders all of the outstanding stock of New Marriott, which will conduct the New Marriott Business, (ii) immediately after the Spinoff, to have the Company acquire Sodexho North America in exchange for newly issued SMS Common Stock that will represent approximately 49 percent of the outstanding SMS Common Stock after consummation of the Transactions and (iii) to undertake the other actions contemplated by the Transactions. After the consummation of the Transactions, the Company will be renamed "Sodexho Marriott Services, Inc." and will conduct the MMS Business and the operations of Sodexho North America (the "Sodexho North America Business"), and New Marriott will be renamed "Marriott International, Inc." and will conduct the New Marriott Business. 22 Prior to late 1996, the Company had not actively considered any significant business combination involving the MMS Business that would result in a third party having a substantial ownership interest in the MMS Business. In late 1996, Societe Generale Securities Corporation, acting as financial advisor to Sodexho, approached the Company about the possibility of a business relationship, or areas of mutual interest, involving Sodexho and the MMS Business. An initial meeting was held on December 4, 1996 between the Company, represented by William J. Shaw, its then Executive Vice President (currently Mr. Shaw serves as President and Chief Operating Officer), and Michael A. Stein, its Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, and Sodexho, represented by Pierre Bellon, its Chairman and Chief Executive Officer and Bernard Carton, its Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer. At the meeting the parties discussed possible areas of mutual interest involving their food service and facilities management business, and the Sodexho representatives inquired as to whether the Company would be interested in an alliance or other business relationship in North America. The Company representatives replied that the MMS Business was not for sale but that any Sodexho proposal would be given due consideration. Subsequent meetings among the same representatives were held in January and February 1997 concerning a possible business combination with Sodexho involving the MMS Business. The discussions involved preliminary valuations of the MMS Business and preliminary examinations of possible transaction structures including a tax-free spinoff of the Company's non-MMS Business and a subsequent tax-free combination of the MMS Business and Sodexho North America. These initial meetings also involved discussions of debt allocation and refinancing issues associated with a possible transaction. On February 26, 1997, Sodexho and the Company signed a confidentiality agreement and exchanged certain financial and other information regarding their North American food services and facilities management businesses. Based on the preliminary valuations of the MMS Business by Sodexho, the Company's representatives informed the Sodexho representatives that the Company was not interested in pursuing a transaction. On May 6, 1997, Sodexho sent a letter to the Company setting forth a new proposal containing a valuation of the MMS Business substantially higher than the value previously proposed by Sodexho and within the range of values at which management of the Company would consider a business combination involving the MMS Business. Although management believed that the value was sufficient to warrant further discussions with Sodexho, in April 1997 tax legislation had been proposed in the U.S. Congress that created uncertainty regarding the tax treatment of the proposed transaction. Therefore, the Company determined not to pursue a transaction with Sodexho until there was further clarification of the proposed tax legislation. At that time, the Company also determined to explore other structures and alternatives relating to the MMS Business in order to maximize value for its stockholders. The Company retained Merrill Lynch, as a financial advisor, to assist in evaluating the desirability and feasibility of alternatives. Merrill Lynch prepared a confidential memorandum in July 1997 describing the MMS Business to be used in connection with locating partners for a strategic business combination with the MMS Business. At that time, the Company was contacted by another party that was interested in exploring a business combination involving the MMS Business. During the period from June 1997 through August 1997, management of the Company and its advisors considered various alternative transactions involving the MMS Business and held discussions with Sodexho and the other party that had expressed interest in a business combination. Each transaction proposal involved complicated structures and contingencies that the Company and its advisors considered during this period. Sodexho and the Company signed a confidentiality agreement on July 17, 1997 that replaced the earlier confidentiality agreement signed in February 1997. At that time, the Company also entered into a confidentiality agreement with the other interested party. On July 16 and 17, 1997, Sodexho, the Company and their respective representatives met in Falls Church, Virginia to discuss the most recent proposal by Sodexho. Although no agreement was reached between the parties, lawyers for the Company commenced drafting documentation that could be used in case an agreement was reached between the parties. At the meeting, Sodexho made it clear that its interest in the transaction was conditioned on a spinoff by the Company of its non-MMS Business assets. The parties met on July 31, 1997 in Bethesda, Maryland to discuss the debt allocation and refinancing issues associated with a possible transaction. Thereafter, the parties continued to have discussions without reaching an agreement on the principal business 23 terms of a transaction. The principal issues that were not resolved at this time included the allocation of certain costs and expenses related to the transaction (including costs related to refinancing of indebtedness), the treatment of stock options to be retained by officers and employees of the Company after the consummation of the transaction, the value of the operations of the MMS Business in the United Kingdom and whether certain liabilities of the MMS Business related to insurance claims and deferred compensation would reduce the consideration to be paid by Sodexho. During this period, the Company conducted a due diligence review of Sodexho North America, and Sodexho conducted a due diligence review of the MMS Business. In August 1997, the U.S. Congress enacted final tax legislation that removed the uncertainties from the structures being discussed with Sodexho. On August 6, 1997, representatives of Sodexho and the Company met in Boston, Massachusetts in an effort to resolve open business issues between the parties. At this meeting the Company was represented by William J. Shaw, Michael A. Stein, Raymond G. Murphy, Senior Vice President, Finance and Treasurer of the Company, and certain legal and financial advisors. Sodexho was represented by Pierre Bellon, Bernard Carton, Denis Robin, Sodexho's Director of Acquisitions, and certain legal and financial advisors. Even though the parties made progress on some aspects of the business issues that were unresolved prior to that meeting, substantially all of these issues remained unresolved after the meeting, including the allocation of certain costs and expenses, the treatment of stock options, the value of the United Kingdom operations and the treatment of certain liabilities of the MMS Business described above. While these discussions were taking place with Sodexho, the Company was also engaged in discussions with the other interested party. At the end of August 1997, the Company determined to work solely with Sodexho to determine whether the parties could reach an agreement on a business combination. The Company's decision was based on a combination of several factors that in the aggregate favored the Sodexho proposal, including management's opinion as to the likelihood that each proposed transaction would be completed, risks and contingencies involved in each proposed transaction and the after-tax value to be received by the Company's stockholders in each proposed transaction. Beginning in early September 1997, representatives of the Company and Sodexho met in Washington, D.C. to discuss the documentation drafted by the Company's lawyers and to attempt to resolve open business issues. Meetings continued throughout the month as the parties sought to negotiate definitive documentation and resolve open issues. On September 18, 1997, an article was published in The Financial Times that discussed the possibility that the Company and Sodexho were negotiating a business combination involving the MMS Business. In response to this article, each of the Company and Sodexho issued press releases on September 18, 1997, confirming that discussions were being held. Thereafter, the parties continued to meet in Washington, D.C. to discuss documentation and open business issues. The proposal to effect the Transactions was presented to and approved by the Company Board on September 19, 1997, subject to negotiation of final definitive documentation and resolution of certain open business issues. At that time most of the business issues that were unresolved at the meetings in July and early August of 1997 had been resolved. The issues that had not yet been agreed upon by the parties as of September 19 included the treatment of certain pre-closing taxes of the MMS Business, whether the failure to obtain certain third party consents would be a condition to the consummation of the transactions and who would bear the cost of any dilution associated with stock options held by employees of Sodexho North America. Thereafter, the parties continued to meet until all issues were resolved and the necessary documentation was agreed to. On the evening of September 30, 1997, the Company and Sodexho executed the definitive documentation described in this Proxy Statement. On October 1, 1997, the Company and Sodexho publicly announced their agreement and held a joint analyst and investor conference in New York City. REASONS FOR THE RECOMMENDATION OF THE COMPANY BOARD The Company Board believes that the Transactions will significantly enhance stockholder value and provide stockholders with an ongoing stake in a strong and well focused management services company with excellent growth prospects. In light of the consolidation and increasing globalization of the food service and facilities management industry, the MMS Business will benefit from its alignment with Sodexho, one of the largest and most successful management services organizations in the world. 24 The Transactions will also provide New Marriott with substantial investment capacity through a reduction in outstanding debt. This will enable New Marriott to pursue additional growth opportunities in its businesses, extending New Marriott's global leadership in the hospitality industry. SMS will be the largest provider of management services to the corporate, health care and education markets in North America, with over 4,800 accounts and annual sales in excess of $4 billion. SMS's clients will benefit from the combination of the best food and facility programs and operating systems of the two separate entities, as well as the broader range of value-added services SMS will be able to provide. The Sodexho name is known in Europe for its commitment to quality and a strong tradition of service. SMS's affiliation with worldwide leader Sodexho is expected to create significant synergies that will enhance SMS's competitiveness and accelerate its growth. SMS expects to realize annual pretax cost savings of approximately $60 million within a three-year period, largely through greater purchasing economies, and elimination of duplicative functions and facilities. SMS expects to be well positioned to grow at above-average rates, and expects to capture a major share of new business as more organizations recognize the cost savings and performance gains that SMS can help them achieve through outsourcing. The extent of any synergies that are actually realized by SMS, as well as the timing of attaining such synergies, if any, is subject to a number of risks and uncertainties. See "SMS UNAUDITED PRO FORMA COMBINED FINANCIAL DATA." In the past, as a division of the Company, MMS was one of several priorities of the Company. In the new organization, SMS's core businesses will be management services, and its core function will be serving clients and customers. This focus is intended to create new business opportunities and better alignment with client needs. In addition, the Company believes that MMS has not been fully valued in the equity market. The investment community tends to perceive and categorize the Company as a lodging company. Among major stockholders and security analysts who follow the Company, there is a great deal of interest in each of the Company's lodging brands, and in its timeshare and senior living services businesses, but considerably less interest in its management services division. As a result, MMS's successes may have been overshadowed by the achievements of the Company's hospitality businesses. As a separate company, SMS will be able to develop its own following on Wall Street and in the financial community, and its value should be more readily apparent to investors. The planned capital structure of New Marriott, following the Spinoff, is part of an integrated strategy for a focused hospitality company with substantially increased borrowing and investment capacity, as well as increased flexibility to use its equity, where prudent, to participate aggressively in the ongoing global consolidation of the lodging industry as well as the accelerating rate of consolidation of the senior living services industry within the United States. The Company has a history of pursuing, and New Marriott intends to continue to pursue, strategic acquisition opportunities, such as the Company's $1 billion acquisition of Renaissance Hotel Group in early 1997, its $600 million acquisition of Forum Group, Inc. ("Forum Group") in early 1996 and its acquisition of 49 percent of The Ritz Carlton Hotel Company LLC for approximately $200 million in 1995. New Marriott's capital structure is designed to permit it to take advantage of such opportunities, including those which may be substantial in size, that are or may be presented in the industry consolidations. New Marriott's lodging division expects to add more than 140,000 rooms across its 10 lodging brands over a five-year period (1998-2002), and to significantly expand its portfolio of vacation club resorts. During the same period, New Marriott also plans to take advantage of significant opportunities in the senior living services market by nearly tripling the number of communities it operates. As the lodging and senior living services industries consolidate, acquisitions could not only accelerate achievement of these goals, but also enable New Marriott to exceed them. The dual class equity structure is intended to provide New Marriott with greater flexibility to respond to acquisition opportunities while preserving one of its most important attributes--continuity in the leadership, involvement and substantial voting interests of the Marriott family. The Company Board believes that this close association with the Marriott family has been very important to the Company, and will continue to be very important to New Marriott--both because the name has been synonymous with high quality, service, consistency and integrity, and because of the important role that has been played by the Marriott family, including the Company's long-time chief executive officer, J.W. Marriott, Jr. This additional flexibility is especially important 25 given the ongoing global consolidation of the lodging industry, as well as the accelerating rate of consolidation of the senior living services industry within the United States. The Company Board further believes that this dual class equity structure will enable New Marriott to use lower-voting common stock as consideration to pursue larger acquisition opportunities than those financeable solely with incremental debt, without jeopardizing New Marriott's anticipated investment grade credit rating. The Company Board considered all of these factors, as well as the opinions of its financial advisers referred to below, in connection with its decision to proceed with the Transactions and recommend that stockholders vote in favor of the Proposals. In this regard, the Company Board did not assign any particular weight to specific factors, and individual directors may have assigned different weights to different factors. THE COMPANY BOARD UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS THAT STOCKHOLDERS VOTE FOR THE PROPOSALS. Certain members of the Company Board, however, may be deemed to have conflicts of interest in connection with the Transactions. See "CONFLICTS OF INTEREST." OPINIONS OF FINANCIAL ADVISORS As noted above, in reaching a decision to recommend the Transactions, the Company Board considered the advice of its financial advisors, Merrill Lynch and American Appraisal. Summaries of the opinions rendered by the Company's financial advisors with respect to the Transactions are set forth below. The opinions rendered by the Company's financial advisors assume that the Transactions are consummated substantially as described in this Proxy Statement. Fairness Opinion Merrill Lynch began assisting the Company as its financial advisor in June 1997. Merrill Lynch provided financial advice to the Company with respect to the evaluation of the desirability and feasibility of a business combination involving the MMS Business, and the evaluation of alternative transactions involving the MMS Business. Merrill Lynch was requested to render a fairness opinion to the Company Board with respect to the Transactions. On September 19, 1997, Merrill Lynch rendered its oral opinion, which it subsequently confirmed in writing as of November 6, 1997 (the "Fairness Opinion"), to the Company Board that, as of such date, and based upon the assumptions made, matters considered and limits of review as set forth in such opinion, the terms of the Transactions, taken as a whole, are fair, from a financial point of view, to the stockholders of the Company. A COPY OF THE FAIRNESS OPINION, WHICH SETS FORTH THE ASSUMPTIONS MADE, MATTERS CONSIDERED AND LIMITATIONS ON THE SCOPE OF REVIEW UNDERTAKEN BY MERRILL LYNCH, IS ATTACHED AS APPENDIX F TO THIS PROXY STATEMENT. MERRILL LYNCH ADDRESSED ITS OPINION TO THE COMPANY BOARD AND SUCH OPINION IS DIRECTED ONLY TO THE FAIRNESS OF THE TERMS OF THE TRANSACTIONS, TAKEN AS A WHOLE, FROM A FINANCIAL POINT OF VIEW AND DOES NOT ADDRESS THE MERITS OF THE UNDERLYING DECISION OF THE COMPANY TO ENGAGE IN THE TRANSACTIONS OR CONSTITUTE A RECOMMENDATION TO ANY STOCKHOLDER AS TO HOW SUCH STOCKHOLDER SHOULD VOTE ON THE PROPOSED TRANSACTIONS. THE SUMMARY OF THE FAIRNESS OPINION SET FORTH IN THIS PROXY STATEMENT IS QUALIFIED IN ITS ENTIRETY BY REFERENCE TO THE FULL TEXT OF THE FAIRNESS OPINION, WHICH IS ATTACHED HERETO AS APPENDIX F. In arriving at the Fairness Opinion, Merrill Lynch (i) reviewed certain publicly available business and financial information relating to the Company that it deemed to be relevant; (ii) reviewed certain financial forecasts relating to the businesses, earnings, cash flow, assets, liabilities and prospects of the Company, New Marriott and SMS, furnished to Merrill Lynch by management of the Company (the "Company Forecast"); (iii) conducted discussions with members of senior management and representatives of the Company concerning the matters described in clauses (i) and (ii) above, as well as the respective businesses and prospects of the Company, New Marriott and SMS before and after giving effect to the Transactions; (iv) reviewed the historical market 26 prices and trading activity for the Company and compared them with those of certain publicly traded companies that Merrill Lynch deemed to be relevant; (v) reviewed the Distribution Agreement, including the exhibits and schedules thereto; (vi) reviewed certain financial forecasts relating to the businesses, earnings, cash flow, assets, liabilities and prospects of Sodexho North America, provided by or derived from information provided by Sodexho furnished to Merrill Lynch by management of the Company (the "Sodexho North America Forecasts"), as well as information concerning the amount and timing of the cost savings and synergies expected to result from the Acquisition provided to Merrill Lynch by management of Sodexho and the Company (the "Synergies"); (vii) conducted discussions with members of senior management and representatives of the Company concerning the matters described in clause (vi) above; (viii) reviewed the terms of the shares of New Marriott Common Stock as set forth in the forms of the certificate of incorporation and bylaws of New Marriott attached as Appendices hereto; (ix) compared the historical and projected results of operations of the Company, New Marriott, SMS and Sodexho North America with those of certain companies that Merrill Lynch deemed to be relevant; (x) reviewed the Distribution Agreement, the Acquisition Agreement and the other documents attached as Appendices hereto, including the exhibits and schedules thereto; (xi) compared the proposed financial terms of the Transactions with the financial terms of certain other transactions that Merrill Lynch deemed to be relevant; (xii) evaluated the potential pro forma impacts of the Transactions; and (xiii) reviewed a preliminary version of this Proxy Statement, including the Appendices thereto. In preparing the Fairness Opinion, Merrill Lynch relied on the accuracy and completeness of all information supplied or otherwise made available to it by the Company and Sodexho and did not independently verify such information or undertake an independent appraisal of the assets of the Company, New Marriott, SMS or Sodexho North America. With respect to the financial forecasts furnished by the Company and Sodexho, Merrill Lynch assumed that they were reasonably prepared and reflected the best currently available estimates and judgment of the Company's or Sodexho's management as to the expected future financial performance of the Company, New Marriott, SMS or Sodexho North America, as the case may be. Merrill Lynch assumed no responsibility for and expressed no view as to such forecasts or the assumptions upon which they were based. In rendering the Fairness Opinion, Merrill Lynch assumed, with the Company's consent, that the Transactions will comply with applicable United States, foreign, federal and state laws, including, without limitation, laws relating to the payment of dividends, bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, fraudulent conveyance, fraudulent transfer or other similar laws now or hereafter in effect affecting creditors' rights generally. Merrill Lynch also assumed, with the Company's consent, that receipt of the shares of New Marriott Common Stock in connection with the Spinoff will be tax-free for federal income tax purposes to the stockholders of the Company and that none of the Company, New Marriott, Sodexho North America and SMS will recognize income, gain or loss as a result of the Spinoff or the Acquisition (excluding the sale of MMS UK). The Fairness Opinion was necessarily based upon financial, economic, market and other conditions as they existed and could be evaluated on the date thereof. The following is a summary of material analyses and factors presented by Merrill Lynch to the Company Board on November 6, 1997. As used herein, "First Call" refers to First Call Corp., and "I/B/E/S" refers to I/B/E/S International, Inc. First Call and I/B/E/S are on-line data services that monitor and publish compilations of earnings and growth rate estimates produced by selected research analysts on certain public companies. In addition, as used herein, "FY" refers to fiscal year; the Company's fiscal year ends on the Friday closest to December 31 and Sodexho's fiscal year ends on August 31. "LTM" refers to the last twelve month period. Valuation Analysis of the Company Summary of Financial Performance. Merrill Lynch reviewed certain projected financial performance data and other information of the Company, based on the Company Forecast for FY 1997 through FY 2002 (assuming the Transactions had not been consummated). Merrill Lynch reviewed and charted (i) the projected net sales, earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization ("EBITDA"), earnings before interest and taxes ("EBIT"), net interest expense, tax expense, net income and earnings per share ("EPS") (collectively, "Financial Performance Data") and selected balance sheet and cash flow items and selected credit statistics (collectively, "Selected Balance Sheet, Cash Flow and Credit Data") for the Company for FY 1997 through FY 2002, based on the Company Forecast. 27 Analysis of Selected Comparable Publicly Traded Companies. Merrill Lynch compared certain financial and operating information and projected financial performance data for the Company (including MMS) with similar information and data of five publicly traded lodging companies that Merrill Lynch deemed comparable to the Company: Doubletree Corp., Four Seasons Hotels, Ltd., Hilton Hotels Corp., La Quinta Inns, Inc. and Promus Hotels Corp. (the "Lodging Comparables"). The Lodging Comparables were selected because they are the publicly traded lodging companies that Merrill Lynch deemed to be most comparable to the Company in terms of size, business strategy, brand name recognition and growth rates. Merrill Lynch used earnings estimates for the Lodging Comparables based on share price data as of October 30, 1997 and First Call data as of October 29, 1997, except that with respect to Doubletree Corp. and Promus Hotels Corp., such data is calculated as of August 27, 1997 (the day prior to the public announcement of the proposed merger of Doubletree Corp. and Promus Hotels Corp.). Merrill Lynch estimated that, with respect to the ratio of market value to (a) current FY EPS (i) the mean was 25.6x and (ii) the median was 26.7x for the Lodging Comparables, compared to 26.4x for the Company and (b) next FY EPS (i) the mean was 20.3x and (ii) the median was 21.7x for the Lodging Comparables, compared to 22.5x for the Company. Merrill Lynch estimated that, with respect to the ratio of market capitalization to (a) LTM EBITDA (i) the mean was 12.1x and (ii) the median was 11.7x for the Lodging Comparables, compared to 12.2x for the Company, (b) LTM EBIT (i) the mean was 15.2x and (ii) the median was 15.1x for the Lodging Comparables, compared to 15.7x for the Company, and (c) LTM sales (i) the mean was 4.4x and (ii) the median was 3.9x for the Lodging Comparables, compared to 0.89x for the Company. Merrill Lynch estimated that, based on I/B/E/S estimates, with respect to (a) five-year EPS compound annual growth rate ("CAGR") (i) the mean was 24 percent and (ii) the median was 24 percent for the Lodging Comparables, compared to 18 percent for the Company, and (b) the ratio of share price to EPS, expressed as a multiple of five-year EPS CAGR (i) the mean was 0.99x and (ii) the median was 1.03x for the Lodging Comparables, compared to 1.44x for the Company. No company utilized in the analysis of the Lodging Comparables is identical to the Company. In evaluating the Lodging Comparables, Merrill Lynch assumed that the relative comparability of data for the Company with data for the Lodging Comparables would not be affected by changes in industry performance or general business, economic, market and financial conditions. Mathematical analysis (such as determining the mean or median) of the financial ratios of the Lodging Comparables is not in itself a meaningful method of using comparable company data. In addition, in certain instances the mean and median calculations of financial ratios of the Lodging Comparables have been performed excluding financial ratios which Merrill Lynch deemed not to be comparable for the purposes of its analysis. Implied Stock Price Analysis. Merrill Lynch calculated implied prices at which the Company Common Stock would trade in the years 1997 through 1999 by multiplying the estimated EPS of the Company for FY 1998 through FY 2000 derived from the Company Forecast by an implied forward multiple of 22.5x (the Company's stock price at October 30, 1997 as a multiple of FY 1998 EPS). This forward multiple was used because Merrill Lynch assumed for the purpose of its analysis that, if the Transactions were not consummated, there would be no material changes in the future growth rate or business strategy of the Company and therefore that there would be a constant relationship between the Company's EPS and stock price. Valuation Analysis of New Marriott Summary of Financial Performance. Merrill Lynch reviewed certain projected financial performance data and other information of New Marriott, based on the Company Forecast, for FY 1997 through FY 2002, assuming consummation of the Transactions (including the retention of approximately $1.444 billion in debt of the Company by SMS). Merrill Lynch reviewed and charted the projected Financial Performance Data and Selected Balance Sheet, Cash Flow and Credit Data for New Marriott on a pro forma basis for FY 1997 and as forecasted through FY 2002, based on the Company Forecast. Analysis of Selected Comparable Publicly Traded Companies. Merrill Lynch performed the analysis described above under "--Valuation Analysis of the Company--Analysis of Selected Comparable Publicly Traded Companies," comparing data for New Marriott with the Lodging Comparables. Implied Stock Price Analysis. Merrill Lynch calculated implied prices at which the New Marriott Common Stock would trade in the years 1997 through 1999 by multiplying the estimated EPS of New Marriott for FY 1998 through FY 2000 derived from the Company Forecast by implied forward multiples of 22.5x, 24.0x and 28 26.0x. These forward multiples were used because Merrill Lynch assumed for the purpose of its analysis that the New Marriott Common Stock would trade either at a comparable EPS multiple to the Company Common Stock (see "--Valuation Analysis of the Company--Implied Stock Price Analysis" above) or at an expanded multiple to reflect the separation of the Company's lodging business from its contract services business and the benefits of the substantial reduction in consolidated debt of New Marriott attributable to the Transactions. Valuation Analysis of SMS Summary of Financial Performance. Merrill Lynch reviewed certain projected financial performance data and other information of SMS for FY 1997 through FY 2002 (taking into account the Synergies and certain estimates of integration costs provided by management of the Company and excluding financial performance data with regard to the United Kingdom operations of MMS), based on the Company Forecast and the Sodexho North America Forecast. Merrill Lynch reviewed and charted the projected Financial Performance Data and Selected Balance Sheet, Cash Flow and Credit Data for SMS for FY 1997 through FY 2002, based on the Company Forecast and the Sodexho North America Forecast. Analysis of Selected Comparable Publicly Traded Companies. Merrill Lynch compared certain financial and operating information and projected financial performance data for SMS with similar information and data of six public contract services companies that Merrill Lynch determined are comparable to SMS: Compass Group, Fine Host Corp., Granada Group, Morrison Health Care, Servicemaster and Sodexho (the "Contract Services Comparables"). The Contract Services Comparables were selected because they represent substantially all of the publicly traded companies of size that are engaged in the same lines of business as SMS. Merrill Lynch used earnings estimates for the Contract Services Comparables based on share price data as of October 30, 1997 and First Call data as of October 29, 1997. Merrill Lynch estimated that, with respect to the ratio of market value to (a) current FY EPS, for the Contract Services Comparables (i) the mean was 25.9x and (ii) the median was 27.1x, and (b) next FY EPS, for the Contract Services Comparables (i) the mean was 21.4x and (ii) the median was 21.3x. Merrill Lynch estimated that, with respect to the ratio of market capitalization to (a) LTM EBITDA, for the Contract Services Comparables (i) the mean was 11.9x and (ii) the median was 11.0x, (b) LTM EBIT, (i) the mean was 15.1x and (ii) the median was 14.9x, and (c) LTM sales, (i) the mean was 1.23x and (ii) the median was 0.98x. Merrill Lynch estimated that, based on I/B/E/S estimates, with respect to (a) five-year EPS CAGR, for the Contract Services Comparables (i) the mean was 22 percent and (ii) the median was 25 percent, and (b) the ratio of share price to EPS, expressed as a multiple of five-year EPS CAGR, for the Contract Services Comparables (i) the mean was 1.16x and (ii) the median was 0.98x. No company utilized in the analysis of the Contract Services Comparables is identical to SMS. In evaluating the Contract Services Comparables, Merrill Lynch assumed that the relative comparability of data for SMS with data for the Contract Services Comparables would not be affected by changes in industry performance or general business, economic, market and financial conditions. Mathematical analysis (such as determining the mean or median) of the financial ratios of the Contract Services Comparables is not in itself a meaningful method of using comparable company data. In addition, in certain instances the mean and median calculations of financial ratios of the Contract Services Comparables have been performed excluding financial ratios which Merrill Lynch deemed not to be comparable for the purposes of its analysis, and certain financial data were adjusted by Merrill Lynch to conform such data to U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Because neither MMS nor Sodexho North America has had a historical market capitalization, there is no comparable data for either of those entities. Implied Stock Price Analysis. Merrill Lynch calculated implied prices at which the SMS Common Stock would trade in the years 1997 through 1999 by multiplying the estimated EPS of SMS for FY 1998 through FY 2000 derived from the Company Forecast and the Sodexho North America Forecast by implied forward multiples of 20.0x, 22.0x, 23.0x, 24.0x and 26.0x. These forward multiples were used for the purpose of Merrill Lynch's analysis because Merrill Lynch believed they represented a reasonable range of EPS multiples for SMS based upon EPS multiples for the Contract Services Comparables and comparative financial performance data of the Contract Service Comparables and SMS. Discounted Cash Flow Analysis. Merrill Lynch performed a discounted cash flow analysis of SMS, based upon the Company Forecast and the Sodexho North America Forecast and taking into account the Synergies, with respect to SMS's (i) projected five-year stream of unlevered free cash flow and (ii) FY 2002 terminal values 29 based upon multiples of 9.0, 10.0 and 11.0 times its projected FY 2002 EBITDA and discount rates applying a range of weighted average cost of capital for SMS of 9.0 percent, 9.5 percent, 10.0 percent, 10.5 percent and 11.0 percent. Such analysis yielded average per share equity values for SMS that, when added to the average equity values derived from a discounted cash flow analysis of shares of New Marriott that will be distributed to SMS stockholders pursuant to the Transactions, were greater than the average per share equity values derived from a discounted cash flow analysis of the Company for the period if the Transactions were not consummated. Selected Comparable Acquisitions Analysis. Merrill Lynch also reviewed the financial terms of 13 acquisitions in the contract catering industry (the "Comparable Acquisitions"). The Comparable Acquisitions were: (a) Seven acquisitions by Compass Group: the catering businesses of SHRM, the foodservice division of Daka, the dining and vending division of Service America Corp., Sodexho's 33.3 percent ownership stake in Eurest (France), management's 33.2 percent ownership stake in Eurest (France), Eurest International and Canteen Corp.; (b) Rentokil's acquisition of BET; (c) the acquisition by Sodexho and an investor group of Partena AB; (d) Sodexho's acquisition of Gardner Merchant; (e) Gardner Merchant's acquisition of Morrison Food Service; (f) Granada Group's acquisition of Sutcliffe Group; and (g) the acquisition of Gardner Merchant by a management group. The Comparable Acquisitions were selected because such transactions generally involved strategic buyers of businesses of size engaged in the primary lines of business conducted by MMS and Sodexho North America. Merrill Lynch analyzed ratios comparing offer value per share and transaction value to various financial performance data. Merrill Lynch determined that, with respect to offer value as a multiple of latest FY net income, (i) the mean was 20.4x and (ii) the median was 19.5x. Merrill Lynch determined that, with respect to offer value as a multiple of next FY estimated net income, (i) the mean was 17.3x and (ii) the median was 18.7x. Merrill Lynch determined that, with respect to transaction value as a multiple of LTM EBITDA, (i) the mean was 10.4x and (ii) the median was 10.0x. Merrill Lynch determined that, with respect to transaction value as a multiple of LTM EBIT, (i) the mean was 13.3x and (ii) the median was 12.3x. Merrill Lynch determined that, with respect to transaction value as a multiple of LTM sales, (i) the mean was 0.6x and (ii) the median was 0.6x. Merrill Lynch also noted that, with respect to (i) the LTM EBIT Margin for the Comparable Acquisitions, (a) the mean was 4.8 percent and (b) the median was 4.5 percent and (ii) the LTM EBITDA Margin for the Comparable Acquisitions, (a) the mean was 5.8 percent and (b) the median was 5.0 percent. Merrill Lynch noted that the implied value of the Acquisition to the holders of Company Common Stock represented, with respect to transaction value as a multiple of 1997 EBITDA, 10.6x, with respect to transaction value as a multiple of 1997 EBIT, 15.4x, and with respect to transaction value as a multiple of 1997 sales, 0.6x. Merrill Lynch noted that such multiples were equal to or greater than the range of mean and median multiples for the Comparable Acquisitions. Value to Marriott Stockholders Merrill Lynch performed an analysis with respect to the total implied value per share of the Transactions to holders of the Company Common Stock as of FY 1997 through FY 1999, applying multiples of (i) New Marriott's estimated EPS of 22.5x, 24.0x and 26.0x and (ii) SMS's estimated EPS of 20.0x, 22.0x, 23.0x, 24.0x and 26.0x, based on estimates of future EPS derived from the Company Forecast and the Sodexho North America Forecast, and compared such total implied values per share to the implied future stock prices for the Company assuming that the Transactions were not consummated. Such analysis indicated a range of combined values of shares of the New MAR Common Stock, New MAR-A Common Stock and SMS Common Stock to be held in the aggregate by Company stockholders in respect of each share of Company Common Stock outstanding immediately prior to the Transactions that was, in each case, greater than the implied future stock price of one share of the Company Common Stock assuming that the Transactions were not consummated and, at the midpoint of the estimated valuation range, represented premiums of 11.0 percent, 12.7 percent and 15.0 percent, respectively, to the implied future stock price of one share of Company Common Stock in the years 1997, 1998 and 1999, assuming that the Transactions were not consummated. Pro Forma Ownership of Sodexho Marriott Services; Relative Contribution of Equity Values Merrill Lynch noted that the 51 percent of the outstanding SMS Common Stock to be held by Company stockholders immediately following consummation of the Transactions was greater than the equity contribution to SMS by the Company as a percentage of the total equity value of SMS which, (a) before accounting for Synergies, ranged from (i) 30.5 percent to 47.9 percent based on the results of the discounted cash flow analysis, 30 (ii) 31.6 percent to 40.6 percent based on the results of a contribution analysis (which reflected net income contribution ranges for FY 1997 and FY 1998) and (iii) 41.8 percent to 49.0 percent based on a comparably publicly traded companies analysis, and (b) after accounting for Synergies (51 percent of which were allocated to MMS and 49 percent of which were allocated to Sodexho North America), ranged from (i) 35.6 percent to 48.8 percent based on the results of the discounted cash flow analysis, (ii) 35.8 percent to 42.4 percent based on the results of a contribution analysis (which reflected net income contribution ranges for FY 1997 and FY 1998) and (iii) 42.5 percent to 48.3 percent based on a comparably publicly traded companies analysis. While the foregoing summary describes the material analyses and factors presented by Merrill Lynch to the Company Board, it does not purport to be a complete description of the analyses conducted by Merrill Lynch or of Merrill Lynch's presentation to the Company Board. The preparation of a fairness opinion is a complex process and is not necessarily susceptible to partial analysis or summary description. Merrill Lynch believes that its analysis must be considered as a whole and that selecting portions of its analysis, without considering the analysis taken as a whole, would create an incomplete or misleading view of the process underlying the analysis set forth in the Fairness Opinion. In addition, Merrill Lynch considered the results of every portion of its analysis and did not assign relative weights to any portion of its analysis, so that the ranges of valuations resulting from any particular analysis described above should not be taken to be Merrill Lynch's view of the actual value of the Company. The analysis performed by Merrill Lynch is not necessarily indicative of actual values, trading values or actual future results that might be achieved, all of which may be significantly more or less favorable than suggested by such analysis and may be affected by changes in industry performance, general business and economic conditions and other matters, many of which are beyond the control of the Company, New Marriott, Sodexho and/or Sodexho North America. In connection with its analysis, Merrill Lynch utilized estimates and forecasts provided by the respective managements of the Company and Sodexho. Analyses based upon forecasts of future results are not necessarily indicative of actual future results, which may be significantly more or less favorable than suggested by such analyses. Because such analyses are inherently subject to uncertainty, being based upon numerous factors or events beyond the control of the Company, Sodexho, New Marriott or SMS, none of the Company, Sodexho, New Marriott or Merrill Lynch assume responsibility if future results or actual values are materially different from these forecasts or assumptions. Such analyses were prepared solely as part of Merrill Lynch's analysis of the fairness of the terms of the Transactions and were provided to the Company Board. Merrill Lynch's analysis does not purport to be an appraisal or to reflect the prices at which a company might be sold. In addition, as described above, the opinion of Merrill Lynch was one of many factors taken into consideration by the Company Board in making its determination to approve the Transactions. Consequently, the analysis described above should not be viewed as determinative of the opinion of either the Company Board or management of the Company with respect to the value of the Company, New Marriott or SMS or whether either the Company Board or management of the Company would have been willing to agree to different terms for the Transactions or a different transaction. Merrill Lynch has been retained by the Company Board as an independent contractor to act as financial advisor to the Company with respect to the Transactions and will receive a fee for such services. Merrill Lynch has, in the past provided, and continues to provide, financial advisory and financing services to the Company and has received, and continues to receive, customary fees for the rendering of such services. In addition, in the ordinary course of Merrill Lynch's securities business, Merrill Lynch may actively trade debt and/or equity securities of the Company, Sodexho and, following the Transactions, New Marriott and SMS, for its own account and for the accounts of its customers, and, therefore, Merrill Lynch may from time to time hold a long or short position in such securities. The Fairness Opinion was provided for the information of the Company Board in connection with its consideration of the Transactions, did not address the Company Board's underlying business decision to effect the Transactions (including the proposed issuance of New MAR Common Stock and New MAR-A Common Stock) and did not constitute a recommendation to any stockholder of the Company as to how such stockholder should vote on matters relating to the Transactions. Merrill Lynch did not express any opinion as to the prices (i) at which shares of the Company Common Stock will trade following the announcement of the Transactions or (ii) at which shares of either New Marriott Common Stock or SMS Common Stock will trade following consummation of the Transactions. 31 Pursuant to the terms of the engagement letter dated as of September 30, 1997, the Company has agreed to pay Merrill Lynch a fee of $4,000,000 for its services upon consummation of the Transactions. In addition, the Company also agreed to reimburse Merrill Lynch for its reasonable out-of-pocket expenses, including all reasonable fees and expenses of its attorneys, and to indemnify Merrill Lynch and certain related persons against certain liabilities, including liabilities under securities laws, arising out of its engagement. Merrill Lynch is an internationally recognized investment banking firm that specializes in providing financial advisory services in connection with mergers and acquisitions and corporate restructurings. Merrill Lynch was retained to act as the Company's financial advisor in connection with the Company's evaluation of transactions involving the MMS Business because of its familiarity with the Company and its businesses and its qualifications and expertise in providing advice to companies in the businesses in which the Company is engaged, as well as its reputation as an internationally recognized investment banking firm. Solvency Opinion In a written opinion, initially delivered on December 22, 1997 and updated on February 12, 1998 (the "Solvency Opinion"), American Appraisal stated that, based upon the considerations set forth therein and on other factors it deemed relevant, it was of the opinion that, assuming the Transactions are consummated substantially as proposed: (a) the fair value of the aggregate assets of the Company before consummation of the Transactions, and of each of SMS and New Marriott after consummation of the Transactions, will exceed their respective total liabilities (including contingent liabilities); (b) the present fair saleable value of the aggregate assets of the Company before consummation of the Transactions, and of each of SMS and New Marriott after consummation of the Transactions, will be greater than their respective probable liabilities on their debts as such debts become absolute and matured; (c) each of SMS and New Marriott, after consummation of the Transactions, will be able to pay their respective debts and other liabilities (including contingent liabilities and other commitments) as they mature; (d) each of SMS and New Marriott, after consummation of the Transactions, will not have unreasonably small capital for the business in which they are engaged, as managements of the Company and Sodexho North America have indicated such businesses are now conducted and as managements of SMS and New Marriott have indicated their businesses are proposed to be conducted following consummation of the Transactions; and (e) the excess of the fair value of aggregate assets of the Company, before consummation of the Transactions, over the total identified liabilities (including contingent liabilities) of the Company is equal to or exceeds the value of the Spinoff to stockholders plus the stated capital of the Company. The full text of the Solvency Opinion is set forth in Appendix G, and this summary is qualified in its entirety by reference to the text of such opinion. In rendering its opinion, American Appraisal valued the aggregate assets of the Company, before consummation of the Transactions, and of each of SMS and New Marriott, after consummation of, and giving effect to, the Transactions each on a consolidated basis and as a going concern. The valuation included the aggregate assets of the Company's business enterprise (total invested capital excluding cash and equivalents) represented by the total net working capital, tangible plant, property and equipment, and intangible assets of the business enterprise before consummation of, and giving effect to, the Transactions, and that of SMS and New Marriott after consummation of, and giving effect to, the Transactions, each on a consolidated basis. American Appraisal stated its belief that this is a reasonable basis to value each of the Company, before, and SMS and New Marriott, after, consummation of, and giving effect to the Transactions, on a consolidated basis, and that nothing had come to its attention that caused it to believe that either SMS or New Marriott, on a consolidated basis, after giving effect to the Transactions, is not a going concern. For purposes of its opinion, the following terms have the meanings set forth below: (1) "Fair value" means the amount at which the aggregate assets would change hands between a willing buyer and a willing seller, within a commercially reasonable period of time, each having reasonable knowledge of the relevant facts, neither being under any compulsion to act, with equity to both; (2) "Present fair saleable value" means the amount that may be realized if the aggregate assets are sold with reasonable promptness in an arms- length transaction under present conditions in a current market for the sale of assets of a comparable business enterprise; 32 (3) "Contingent liabilities" means the maximum estimated amount of contingent liabilities, of a specified entity and time, which contingent liabilities were identified to American Appraisal by responsible officers and employees of the Company and Sodexho North America, their respective accountants and financial advisors, and such other experts as American Appraisal deemed necessary to consult, and valued by American Appraisal after consultation with responsible officers and employees of the Company and Sodexho North America and/or such industry, economic and other experts as American Appraisal deemed necessary to consult (the valuation of contingent liabilities to be computed in light of all the facts and circumstances existing at the time of such valuation as the maximum amount that can reasonably be expected to become an actual or matured liability), which contingent liabilities may not meet the criteria for accrual under Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 5 and therefore may not be recorded as liabilities under GAAP; (4) "Able to pay its debts and other liabilities including contingent liabilities and other commitments, as they mature" means that assuming the Transaction has been consummated as proposed (and taking into consideration additional borrowing capacity under SMS's and New Marriott's borrowing facilities) during the period covered by the financial projections (the "Financial Projections") prepared by the managements of SMS and New Marriott, respectively, each of SMS and New Marriott will have positive cash flow after paying its scheduled anticipated indebtedness; the realization of current assets in the ordinary course of business will be sufficient to pay recurring current debt, short-term debt, long-term debt service and other contractual obligations, including contingent liabilities, as such obligations mature; and the cash flow will be sufficient to provide cash necessary to repay long-term indebtedness as such debt matures; and (5) "Will not have unreasonably small capital for the businesses in which it is engaged" means that an entity will not lack sufficient capital for the needs and anticipated needs for capital of the business, including contingent liabilities, as the managements of MII and Sodexho North America have indicated their businesses are being conducted and as the managements of SMS and New Marriott have indicated that their businesses are proposed to be conducted following the consummation of the Transactions. The determination of the fair value and present fair saleable value of the Company, before the consummation of the Transactions, and SMS and New Marriott after consummation of, and giving effect to, the Transactions was based on the generally accepted valuation principles used in the market and discounted cash flow approaches, described as follows: Market Approach--Based on correlation of: (a) current stock market prices of publicly held companies whose businesses are similar to that of the Company, SMS and New Marriott and premiums paid over market price by acquirers of total or controlling ownership in such businesses; and (b) acquisition prices paid for total ownership positions in businesses whose lines of business are similar to that of the Company, SMS and New Marriott. Discounted Cash Flow Approach--Based on the present value of the Company's, SMS's, and New Marriott's individual future debt-free operating cash flow as estimated by their respective managements, and contained in the Financial Projections. The present value is determined by discounting the projected operating cash flow at a rate of return that reflects the financial and business risks individually. In the course of its investigation of contingent liabilities, certain areas brought to American Appraisal's attention by management of the Company, Sodexho North America, SMS and New Marriott included: (1) contracts and commitments; (2) consents and approvals; (3) tax audit exposure; (4) environmental exposure; (5) employee benefits programs; and (6) various lawsuits and claims filed and/or pending. Provisions for the ongoing expenses related to contingent liabilities, deemed to be material by the respective managements of the Company, Sodexho North America, SMS and New Marriott, are included in the projections of income and expenses presented in the Financial Projections. American Appraisal took these contingent liabilities into account in rendering its opinion and concluded that such liabilities do not require qualification of its opinion. American Appraisal's conclusion was based upon, among other things: (i) its review of various acquisition transactions, including highly leveraged transactions involving public corporations engaged in 33 businesses similar to those of the Company, SMS and New Marriott; (ii) the opinion of the respective managements of the Company, SMS and New Marriott that the issues concerning various lawsuits, claims and other identified contingent liabilities do not and are not reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on their respective consolidated financial positions; and (iii) its discussions with respective managements of the Company, SMS and New Marriott, their accountants, consultants and outside counsel concerning, and its investigation of, the contingent liabilities identified to it. In preparing its opinion, American Appraisal relied on the accuracy and completeness of all information supplied or otherwise made available to it by the Company, and did not independently verify such information or undertake any physical inspection or independent appraisal of the assets or liabilities of the Company. Such opinion was based on business, economic, market and other conditions existing on the date such opinion was rendered. The Solvency Opinion is also based on, among other things, a review of the agreements relating to the Transactions, historical and pro forma financial information and certain business information relating to the Company, including that contained in this Proxy Statement, as well as certain financial forecasts and other data provided by the Company relating to the businesses and prospects of SMS and New Marriott. American Appraisal also conducted discussions with the Company's management with respect to the businesses and prospects of SMS and New Marriott and conducted such financial studies, analyses and investigations as it deemed appropriate in rendering its opinion. American Appraisal was retained to render its opinion as to the solvency of the Company, SMS and New Marriott because of its familiarity with the businesses and assets of the Company and its qualifications and reputation in appraising and valuing companies. The Company will pay American Appraisal fees of $165,000 for services rendered in connection with the Transactions, including services it has conducted to render its opinion. 34 THE TRANSACTIONS The following discussion summarizes the material aspects of the proposed Transactions, which will be consummated in accordance with the terms of the Distribution Agreement, the Acquisition Agreement, the Omnibus Restructuring Agreement dated as of September 30, 1997, as amended, by and among the Company, Merger Sub, New Marriott, Sodexho and ICC (the "Omnibus Agreement") and the Amendment Agreement by and among the Company, Merger Sub, New Marriott, Sodexho and ICC (the "Amendment Agreement"), which are collectively referred to hereafter as the "Restructuring Agreements." The Restructuring Agreements and the other agreements described in this Proxy Statement that are being entered into in connection with the Transactions are hereinafter referred to as the "Transaction Documents." The summaries set forth below of certain provisions of the Distribution Agreement, the Acquisition Agreement, the Omnibus Agreement and the Amendment Agreement, each of which is attached as an Appendix hereto, do not purport to be complete and are qualified in their entirety by reference to such agreements, which are incorporated herein by reference. ALL STOCKHOLDERS ARE URGED TO READ IN THEIR ENTIRETY THE DISTRIBUTION AGREEMENT, THE ACQUISITION AGREEMENT, THE OMNIBUS AGREEMENT AND THE OTHER AGREEMENTS AND DOCUMENTS THAT ARE ATTACHED HERETO. OVERVIEW The principal components of the Transactions to be effected on the Effective Date are the Spinoff, the Acquisition and the refinancing of the debt of the Company. The Spinoff The Company will transfer all of the assets and liabilities of the New Marriott Business to New Marriott in a transaction intended to qualify as a tax-free reorganization. The Company will spin off all of the outstanding shares of capital stock of New Marriott to the holders of Company Common Stock in a transaction intended to qualify as a tax-free distribution. The Distribution Agreement is the principal document governing the terms upon which the Company will spin off to its stockholders all of the outstanding capital stock of New Marriott. The Acquisition The Company will acquire Sodexho North America, and Sodexho will pay $304 million to the Company, in exchange for approximately 49 percent of the shares of SMS Common Stock that will be issued and outstanding immediately after the Transactions. The number of shares issued to Sodexho will reflect the one-for- four reverse stock split effected immediately after the Spinoff (the "SMS Reverse Stock Split"). Following the Acquisition, the Company will change its name to "Sodexho Marriott Services, Inc.," and New Marriott will change its name to "Marriott International, Inc." The Acquisition will be consummated in accordance with the terms of the Acquisition Agreement. The Refinancing The Company and its indirect subsidiary, RHG Finance, will tender for a total of $720 million principal amount of their respective outstanding publicly held debt. Prior to the Spinoff, the Company will pay off all commercial paper with borrowings under the Existing Bank Facility, and, on or prior to the Effective Date, the Existing Bank Facility will be refinanced by the Company. Such tender offers and refinancings will be financed by the Replacement SMS Debt and the $304 million cash payment from Sodexho. The Company and New Marriott have agreed that the post-Spinoff indebtedness to be retained by SMS (and for which New Marriott will not be responsible) will total $1.444 billion, a portion of which will be repaid shortly after the Acquisition with the $304 million cash payment from Sodexho made simultaneously with the Acquisition. On the Effective Date, based on the results of the tender offers made by the Company and RHG Finance and the amount of indebtedness refinanced under the Existing Bank Facility, either SMS will make a payment to New Marriott or New Marriott will make a payment to SMS to give effect to the agreed level of debt to be retained by SMS. Following the consummation of the Transactions, assuming the tender offers and refinancings described above are successful, it is expected that the long-term debt of SMS and New Marriott will be approximately $1.2 billion and $400 million, respectively. The consummation of the Transactions is not conditioned on the success of the tender offers, and Sodexho's obligation to consummate the Transactions is not subject to any financing condition. 35 However, if such financing is not obtained, and funds in such amount are not otherwise available to SMS, the Transactions will not be consummated. See "FINANCING." Following the Transactions, it is expected that shares of New Marriott Common Stock will be listed on the NYSE under the symbols "MAR" for the New MAR Common Stock and "MAR-A" for the New MAR-A Common Stock, and shares of SMS Common Stock will continue to be listed on the NYSE under a new symbol, "SDH." Effective Date The Company will not effect the Spinoff in the event that the Transactions are not approved at the Special Meeting. It is intended that the Transactions be consummated as soon as possible following the Special Meeting. The parties have agreed that all Transactions will close simultaneously as a single closing. It is contemplated that the Effective Date will be the last day of the Company's four-week accounting period immediately following satisfaction of all conditions to closing, including the vote of the stockholders of the Company at the Special Meeting, or such other time and place as the parties to the Acquisition Agreement may agree. There can be no assurance, however, as to whether or when the Transactions will be consummated. See "--Regulatory Approvals; Other Conditions to the Transactions." Transactions Prior to the Effective Date On October 31, 1997, the Company sold to a subsidiary of Sodexho the operations of the MMS Business located in the United Kingdom for $50 million in cash, subject to certain post-closing adjustments. On or prior to the Effective Date, the Company will cause the capital stock of Marriott Corporation of Canada, Ltd. ("MMS Canada") to be distributed to it by Marriott Worldwide Corporation ("MWC") so that MMS Canada will be a direct subsidiary of the Company and will remain a subsidiary of SMS after the Transactions. MWC will be a subsidiary of New Marriott prior to and following the Spinoff. EFFECT ON PERSONS IN THE TRANSACTIONS In the Transactions, the Company stockholders and Sodexho will receive the following: Company Common Stockholders . In the Spinoff, each holder of Company Common Stock at the record date for the Spinoff (the "Spinoff Record Date") will receive one share of New MAR Common Stock and one share of New MAR-A Common Stock for each share of Company Common Stock held by such holder, before giving effect to the SMS Reverse Stock Split. . Each holder of Company Common Stock issued and outstanding at the Spinoff Record Date will retain such shares of Company Common Stock, and every four shares of such Company Common Stock will immediately after the time of the Spinoff be combined into one share of SMS Common Stock pursuant to the SMS Reverse Stock Split, and SMS will own Sodexho North America. As a result of the issuance of new shares of SMS Common Stock to Sodexho in connection with the Transactions, the stockholders who owned 100 percent of the Company prior to the Transactions will retain approximately 51 percent of the SMS Common Stock. Sodexho . Sodexho North America will be acquired by the Company pursuant to the Acquisition Agreement in exchange for, in the aggregate, shares of SMS Common Stock which, together with shares of SMS Common Stock that will be subject to options to be granted to former holders of options to acquire ICC shares pursuant to the Acquisition Agreement, will represent 49 percent of all shares of SMS Common Stock outstanding immediately following the Transaction (approximately 48.2 percent to be issued to Sodexho and options to acquire shares representing approximately 0.8 percent to be issued to former holders of ICC options). 36 DEBT REFINANCING Debt Tender Offers by the Company It is the intent of the parties that the Company remain directly obligated with respect to the four series of notes (the "Company Senior Notes") with a principal amount of $600 million issued pursuant to the Indenture dated as of December 1, 1993, as amended, between the Company and Chemical Bank, as trustee (the "Company Senior Notes Indenture"). Therefore, the Company and New Marriott have agreed under the Distribution Agreement to undertake the following actions with respect to each series of the Company Senior Notes. First, the Company will commence a tender offer to purchase all issued and outstanding notes of each series of Company Senior Notes and simultaneously therewith solicit consents to a supplemental indenture with respect to such series containing such amendments to the Company Senior Notes Indenture as may be determined by the Company in its sole discretion to be necessary or appropriate. Upon consummation of the Transactions, the Company will purchase all Company Senior Notes that have been validly tendered and not withdrawn. If holders of a majority in outstanding principal amount of a series of Company Senior Notes execute and deliver consents to enter into the pertinent supplemental indenture, any Company Senior Notes that were not validly tendered or were withdrawn will remain obligations of SMS, subject to the terms of the Company Senior Notes Indenture, as amended by the supplemental indenture. If holders of a majority in outstanding principal amount of a series of Company Senior Notes do not execute and deliver consents to enter into the supplemental indenture, New Marriott will assume all obligations of the Company under the Company Senior Notes Indenture, as a result of which such Company Senior Notes will become obligations of New Marriott, and the Company will contribute cash to New Marriott, in an amount equal to the principal amount of all Company Senior Notes of such series so assumed by New Marriott that were not tendered for repurchase. The supplemental indenture pursuant to which New Marriott would assume the Company Senior Notes does not require the consent of holders of any Company Senior Notes because it will be executed in connection with a sale or transfer of the Company's assets substantially in their entirety, which requires the execution of a supplemental indenture to reflect such assumption (but does not require the consent of holders). The sum of (i) the principal amount of the Company Senior Notes purchased in the tender offers described above, (ii) the amount of cash contributed by the Company to New Marriott in respect of Company Senior Notes assumed by New Marriott as described above and (iii) the principal amount of Company Senior Notes retained by SMS as described above, collectively, is referred to as the "Company Senior Note Amount." Debt Tender Offer by RHG Finance It is the intent of the parties that the $120 million of indebtedness (the "RHG Senior Notes") issued pursuant to the Indenture dated as of October 1, 1995, as amended, among RHG Finance, as Issuer, RHG, a Netherlands corporation and subsidiary of the Company, as Guarantor, the Company, as Additional Guarantor, and The First National Bank of Chicago, as indenture trustee (the "RHG Senior Notes Indenture"), be refinanced. Both RHG and RHG Finance will be subsidiaries of New Marriott after the Effective Date and will no longer be subsidiaries of SMS after the Effective Date. Pursuant to the Distribution Agreement, RHG Finance will commence a tender offer to purchase all issued and outstanding RHG Senior Notes. Upon consummation of the Transactions, RHG Finance will purchase all RHG Senior Notes validly tendered and not withdrawn. Any RHG Senior Notes that were not validly tendered or were withdrawn will remain obligations of RHG Finance that are guaranteed by RHG, and New Marriott will, pursuant to a supplemental indenture, assume the obligation of the Company to guarantee the RHG Notes. The Company will contribute cash to New Marriott in an amount equal to the principal amount of all RHG Senior Notes. The supplemental indenture referred to above will not require the consent of holders of the RHG Senior Notes because it will be executed in connection with a sale or transfer of the Company's assets substantially in their entirety, which requires the execution of a supplemental indenture to reflect the assumption by New Marriott of the Company's guarantee thereunder (but does not require the consent of holders). 37 The amount of cash contributed by the Company to New Marriott as described above is referred to as the "RHG Senior Note Amount." Liquid Yield Option Notes The rights of holders of the Liquid Yield Option Notes of the Company (the "LYONs") issued pursuant to the Indenture dated as of March 25, 1996 between the Company and The Bank of New York, as indenture trustee (the "LYONs Indenture"), will be allocated between SMS and New Marriott in the manner described in the LYONs Allocation Agreement between New Marriott and SMS (the "LYONs Allocation Agreement") and a supplemental indenture to the LYONs Indenture, each of which will be entered into upon consummation of the Transactions. The Issue Price plus Original Issue Discount (as such terms are defined in the LYONS Indenture) accrued to the Effective Date on the share of LYONs allocated to SMS by the LYONs Allocation Agreement is referred to as the "LYONs Amount." See "--Arrangements Between SMS and New Marriott--LYONs Allocation Agreement and Supplemental Indenture." Existing Bank Facility Prior to the Spinoff, the Company will pay off all of its commercial paper with borrowings made under the Existing Bank Facility. On or prior to the Effective Date, the Company will refinance all amounts outstanding under the Existing Bank Facility. As of January 28, 1998, an aggregate of approximately $721 million was outstanding in commercial paper and under the Existing Bank Facility. The principal amount of indebtedness for borrowed money under the Existing Bank Facility outstanding immediately prior to the consummation of the Transactions and repaid on the Effective Date as contemplated by the Distribution Agreement is referred to as the "Existing Bank Facility Amount." Effective Date Payment The Company and New Marriott have agreed that the post-Spinoff indebtedness to be retained by SMS (and for which New Marriott will not be responsible) will total $1.444 billion. Accordingly, in connection with the consummation of the transactions contemplated by the Restructuring Agreements, either (i) SMS will transfer to New Marriott cash in an amount equal to the excess of (a) $1.444 billion, over (b) the sum of the Company Senior Note Amount, the RHG Senior Note Amount, the Existing Bank Facility Amount and the LYONs Amount, or (ii) if the sum of the amounts set forth in clause (b) is greater than $1.444 billion, New Marriott will transfer to SMS cash in an amount equal to such excess. CERTAIN POST-CLOSING ADJUSTMENTS The acquisition of Sodexho North America by the Company, and the issuance of SMS Common Stock to Sodexho, are generally without recourse for the breach of any representations or warranties of the parties set forth in the Acquisition Agreement. In accordance with procedures set forth in the Restructuring Agreements, the parties have agreed to make certain payments based on the amount of the adjusted net tangible assets of the Company and Sodexho North America, determined as of the Effective Date. If the "adjusted net tangible assets" (as defined in the Distribution Agreement) of the MMS Business at the Effective Date is greater than $103.2 million, SMS will promptly pay to New Marriott the amount of such excess, together with interest thereon from the Effective Date through and including the date of such payment, and if the "adjusted net tangible assets" of the MMS Business is less than $103.2 million, New Marriott will promptly pay to SMS the amount of such difference, together with interest thereon from the Effective Date through and including the date of such payment. If the "adjusted net tangible assets" (as defined in the Acquisition Agreement) of Sodexho North America at the Effective Date is greater than negative $35 million, SMS will promptly pay to Sodexho the amount of such excess, together with interest thereon from the Effective Date through and including the date of such payment, and if the "adjusted net tangible assets" of Sodexho North America is less than negative $35 million, 38 Sodexho will promptly pay to SMS the amount of such difference, together with interest thereon from the Effective Date through and including the date of such payment. NO-SHOP PROVISIONS; TERMINATION OF THE TRANSACTIONS Pursuant to the Acquisition Agreement, prior to the earlier of the Effective Date and the termination of the Acquisition Agreement, the Company has agreed not to solicit or provide confidential information to facilitate the making of an Acquisition Proposal (as defined below), enter into any agreement with respect to such a proposal, or participate in discussions regarding such a proposal. With respect to an unsolicited Acquisition Proposal, however, the Company may furnish information and participate in negotiations if the Company Board is advised by its financial advisors that the potential acquiror has the financial wherewithal to consummate such proposal, such proposal involves consideration and other terms which are superior to the Transactions, and based on advice of counsel, the Company Board determines in good faith that it is necessary to furnish information and participate in negotiations to comply with its fiduciary duties. The Acquisition Agreement provides that the Company Board will recommend approval and adoption of the Acquisition Agreement and the Transactions, subject to its fiduciary duties under applicable law. It further provides that the Company may terminate the Acquisition Agreement ("Fiduciary Termination") if (i) the Company Board has determined in good faith, based on the advice of outside counsel, that it is necessary, in order to comply with its fiduciary duties to the Company's stockholders under applicable law, to terminate the Acquisition Agreement to enter into an agreement with respect to or to consummate a transaction constituting a Superior Proposal (as defined below), (ii) the Company has given notice to Sodexho advising Sodexho that the Company has received a Superior Proposal from a third party, specifying the material terms and conditions (including the identity of the third party) and that the Company intends to terminate the Acquisition Agreement and (iii) either (a) Sodexho has not revised its acquisition proposal within ten days from the time on which such notice is deemed to have been given to Sodexho or (b) if Sodexho within such period has revised its acquisition proposal, the Company Board, after receiving advice from the Company's financial advisor, has determined in its good faith reasonable judgment that the third party's Acquisition Proposal is superior to Sodexho's revised Acquisition Proposal. As used above, the term "Acquisition Proposal" means any bona fide proposal, in writing, made by a person or entity, pursuant to a merger, consolidation or other business combination, sale of shares of capital stock, sale of assets, tender offer or exchange offer or similar transaction, involving the Company or the MMS Business, including any single or multi-step transaction or series of related transactions (other than the Transactions) which is structured to permit such person or entity to acquire beneficial ownership (as defined under Rule 13(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and all rules and regulations thereunder (the "Exchange Act")) of any material portion of the assets of, or any material portion of the equity interest in the Company or the MMS Business; provided that the term "Acquisition Proposal" does not include any transaction or series of transactions which relate solely to the New Marriott Business so long as the consummation of such transaction or transactions (i) would not reasonably be anticipated to adversely affect or delay the consummation of the Transactions and (ii) could not cause New Marriott to cease to be engaged in the conduct of the active trade or businesses relied upon for the purposes of satisfying the requirements of Section 355(b) of the Code for purposes of the tax ruling being sought by the Company. As used above, the term "Superior Proposal" means an Acquisition Proposal which the Company Board determines in its good faith reasonable judgment to be more favorable to the Company's stockholders than the Transactions (based on advice of the Company's independent financial advisor that the value of the consideration provided for in such proposal is superior to the value of the consideration provided for in the Transactions), for which financing, to the extent required, is then committed and for which the Company Board determines, in its good faith reasonable judgment, that such proposed transaction is reasonably likely to be consummated without undue delay. Prior to the earlier of the Effective Date and the termination of the Acquisition Agreement, Sodexho has agreed that it will not solicit or provide confidential information to facilitate the making of a proposal to acquire ICC or Sodexho Canada, enter into any agreement with respect to such a proposal, or participate in discussions 39 regarding such a proposal. Sodexho does not have the right to terminate the Acquisition Agreement based on its fiduciary duties under applicable law. In addition to the Fiduciary Termination described above, the Restructuring Agreements may be terminated and the Transactions may be abandoned: (a) by mutual written consent of the parties; (b) by any party if any court of competent jurisdiction or other governmental entity has issued a final order, decree or ruling or taken any other final action restraining, enjoining or otherwise prohibiting the consummation of the Transactions, and such order, decree, ruling or other action is or has become nonappealable; (c) by any party if stockholders of the Company fail to approve and adopt the Transactions at the Special Meeting (or any adjournment thereof); or (d) by any party if the consummation of the Transactions has not occurred by June 30, 1998. The Restructuring Agreements may also be terminated and the Transactions abandoned by the Company, New Marriott or Merger Sub (the "Company Parties") (a) if there has been a breach of any covenant in the Acquisition Agreement or any related agreement on the part of Sodexho or ICC (the "Sodexho Parties") which (x) materially adversely affects (or materially delays) the consummation of the Transactions and (y) has not been cured prior to 30 days following notice of such breach; or (b) if a condition to the obligations of the Company Parties to consummate the Transactions set forth in the Acquisition Agreement becomes incapable of being satisfied. Similarly, the Restructuring Agreements may be terminated and the Transactions abandoned by the Sodexho Parties (a) if there has been a breach of any covenant in the Acquisition Agreement or any related agreement on the part of the Company Parties which (x) materially adversely affects (or materially delays) the consummation of the Transactions and (y) has not been cured prior to 30 days following notice of such breach; or (b) if a condition to the obligations of the Sodexho Parties to consummate the Transactions set forth in the Acquisition Agreement becomes incapable of being satisfied. In the event of termination of the Restructuring Agreements and the abandonment of the Transactions as set forth above, other than as set forth below under "--Termination Fees; Expenses," no party (or any of its respective affiliates, directors, officers or stockholders) will have any liability or further obligation to any other party, except that the Restructuring Agreements do not relieve any party from liability for breach of any agreement or covenant contained in any Transaction Document. TERMINATION FEES; EXPENSES If the Acquisition Agreement is terminated by the Company pursuant to the Fiduciary Termination, the Company has agreed to pay promptly to Sodexho an amount equal to the reasonable fees and expenses paid or payable by or on behalf of Sodexho and ICC to their attorneys, accountants, consultants and advisors in connection with the negotiation, execution and delivery of the Acquisition Agreement; provided, that such payment in no event will exceed $5,000,000. If following a Fiduciary Termination, the Company, within 12 months following the date of such termination, consummates an acquisition proposal with the person that made the Superior Proposal that resulted in the Acquisition Agreement being terminated, then the Company has agreed to promptly pay to Sodexho a fee equal to $75,000,000. If the Transactions are not consummated as a result of a breach of any Transaction Document, then (i) if the breaching party is Sodexho or ICC, Sodexho will be liable for and will promptly pay to the Company the sum of $75,000,000 as liquidated damages (and not as a penalty), and (ii) if the breaching party is the Company, New Marriott or Merger Sub, the Company will be liable for and will promptly pay to Sodexho the sum of $25,000,000 as liquidated damages (and not as a penalty). The parties have agreed that the amounts referred to above are a reasonable estimate of the damages that would be sustained by Sodexho or the Company, as the case may be, in the event the closing of the Transactions does not occur. The fees and expenses of the Company's financial advisor, its public accountants and its legal counsel, and any costs of obtaining third-party or regulatory consents required to be obtained by the Company or New Marriott in connection with the Transactions will be borne by New Marriott. Except in connection with a Fiduciary Termination of the Acquisition Agreement, any fees and expenses of Sodexho's financial advisor, its 40 public accountants and its legal counsel, and any costs of obtaining third- party or regulatory consents required to be obtained by Sodexho or ICC in connection with the Transactions will be borne by Sodexho. If the Transactions are consummated, any fees and expenses of any of the foregoing firms, accountants or investment bankers incurred in connection with the Replacement SMS Debt, and costs of obtaining third-party or regulatory consents relating to the MMS Business, will be, in each case, for the account of SMS. REGULATORY APPROVALS; OTHER CONDITIONS TO THE TRANSACTIONS The respective obligations of the parties to consummate the Transactions are subject to certain regulatory approvals, which include the following: (a) expiration or termination of the waiting period under the Hart-Scott- Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended, and the rules promulgated thereunder (the "HSR Act"); (b) any approvals required under the Exchange Act and the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and all rules and regulations thereunder (the "Securities Act"); (c) the filing and recordation of the Certificate of Merger as required by the DGCL; (d) such filings and approvals as may be required under the "takeover" or "blue sky" laws of various states; and (e) receipt of a private letter ruling from the IRS confirming that the Spinoff and the contribution of the New Marriott Business to New Marriott will have Tax-Free Status. There can be no assurance that such approvals will be obtained. It is a condition to the consummation of the Transactions that the waiting period under the HSR Act has expired or been terminated. Under the HSR Act, transactions exceeding certain monetary thresholds may not be consummated unless certain notification and waiting period requirements have been satisfied. The Transactions exceed those thresholds. On November 17, 1997, each of the Company and Sodexho filed a Premerger Notification and Report Form pursuant to the HSR Act with the U.S. Department of Justice and the Federal Trade Commission. The required waiting period for the Transactions expired on December 17, 1997. A request for a private letter ruling from the IRS confirming that the Spinoff and the contribution of the New Marriott Business to New Marriott qualify as tax-free transactions under Sections 355 and 368 of the Code was filed with the IRS on October 14, 1997. Certain supplemental filings with the IRS relating to the ruling request have been made, and additional supplemental filings may be made in the future if necessary. The respective obligations of the parties to consummate the Transactions are subject to certain additional conditions, including the following: (a) approval of the Acquisition Agreement, the Distribution Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby by the Company's stockholders, (b) there being in effect no statute, rule, regulation, order, decree or injunction of any governmental entity, which prohibits the consummation of the Transactions, and (c) consummation of the closing under the stock purchase agreement pursuant to which MMS's operations in the United Kingdom were sold to Sodexho (which condition was satisfied on October 31, 1997). The obligation of the Sodexho Parties to consummate the Transactions is subject to the satisfaction at or prior to the Effective Date of the following conditions: (a) the representations and warranties of the Company Parties contained in the Acquisition Agreement being true at the Effective Date, without giving effect to any materiality qualification contained therein; provided, however, that such representations need not be true so long as those that are not true would not, in the aggregate, have a material adverse effect on the combined operations of the MMS Business and the Sodexho North America Business (a "Combined Business Material Adverse Effect"), (b) each Company Party having complied in all material respects with all obligations required to be performed by it under the Acquisition Agreement prior to the Effective Date, each Transaction Document to which it is a party having been executed and delivered, and of all obligations required to be performed by it under each Transaction Document prior to the Effective Date having been performed in all material respects, (c) such certificates of the Company Parties evidencing fulfillment of conditions as the Sodexho Parties may reasonably request having been received by the Sodexho Parties, (d) the charter documents (including bylaws), resolutions of the Board and incumbency certificates of each Company Party having been received by the Sodexho Parties, (e) certain third-party consents and approvals required to be obtained by the Company Parties having been received, unless Sodexho and the Company have entered into arrangements satisfactory to Sodexho 41 with respect to any consents that have not been received, (f) all of the capital stock of MMS Canada being held directly by the Company, (g) the Company Board having taken all action necessary to render the rights issued pursuant to the terms of the Company Rights Plan inapplicable to the Transactions and (h) the Spinoff having been consummated in accordance with the terms of the Distribution Agreement. With respect to the condition set forth in clause (e) above, although the Company and Sodexho have agreed to discuss possible alternative arrangements should any such consents or approvals not be obtained, the parties have agreed in advance upon certain arrangements that, if satisfied by New Marriott at the Effective Date, would fulfill the condition to the Transactions dealing with such consents. These arrangements involve, among other things, (i) New Marriott delivering to SMS an irrevocable standby letter of credit in an amount of up to $100 million for the benefit of SMS should a final judgment based on the failure to obtain any such consent or approval be rendered against SMS, and (ii) New Marriott providing dedicated availability under a revolving credit facility of New Marriott for the benefit of SMS to the extent such letter of credit is insufficient to cover the agreed upon exposure to SMS arising from New Marriott's failure to obtain specified consents. In addition, the obligation of the Company Parties to consummate the Transactions is subject to the satisfaction on or prior to the Effective Date of the following conditions: (a) the representations and warranties of the Sodexho Parties contained in the Acquisition Agreement being true at the Effective Date, without giving effect to any materiality qualification contained therein; provided, however, that such representations need not be true so long as those that are not true would not, in the aggregate, have a Combined Business Material Adverse Effect, (b) each Sodexho Party having complied in all material respects with all obligations required to be performed by it under the Acquisition Agreement prior to the Effective Date, each Transaction Document to which it is a party having been executed and delivered, and all obligations required to be performed by it under each Transaction Document having been performed in all material respects prior to the Effective Date, (c) such certificates of the Sodexho Parties evidencing fulfillment of conditions as the Company Parties may reasonably request having been received by the Company Parties, (d) the charter documents (including bylaws), resolutions of the Board and incumbency certificates of ICC and Sodexho Canada having been received by the Company Parties, (e) any third- party consents and approvals required to be obtained by the Sodexho Parties having been received, (f) the Spinoff having been consummated in accordance with the terms of the Distribution Agreement and (g) any contracts relating to matters covered by the Assistance Agreement and the Royalty Agreement (each as discussed under "--Arrangements Between SMS and Sodexho") having been terminated. At any time prior to the Effective Date, the parties may waive any of the respective conditions set forth above. Any such waiver must be in writing signed on behalf of the waiving party. If the receipt of a tax ruling from the IRS is waived, the Company will resolicit stockholders to disclose the waiver of this condition and provide stockholders with all relevant disclosure related thereto. CERTAIN COVENANTS Subject to limited exceptions, in the Acquisition Agreement, each of Sodexho (with respect to the Sodexho North America Business) and the Company (with respect to the MMS Business) has agreed to conduct its operations through the Effective Date according to its ordinary course of business, consistent with past practice; to use its commercially reasonable efforts to preserve its business organization, material rights and franchises; to keep available the services of its officers and key employees; and to keep in full force and effect insurance comparable in amount and scope of coverage to that maintained as of September 30, 1997. In addition, the Acquisition Agreement contains certain covenants on behalf of such parties governing operations through the Effective Date as are customary in such transactions. The Acquisition Agreement also contains certain covenants regarding making required securities law filings and otherwise cooperating with respect to regulatory notifications and approvals. Each of the parties has agreed promptly to take all actions and do or cause to be done all things necessary to make the required filings, to comply with any requests for additional information, and to resolve any investigation or inquiry, under the HSR Act and any foreign antitrust laws. Each party has also agreed to take all reasonable action as may be required to resolve any antitrust objections, so long as such action would not reasonably be expected to substantially 42 adversely affect the benefits and opportunities that such party could reasonably expect to receive from the Transactions. In addition, the Acquisition Agreement contains a covenant regarding making a filing with the IRS to request a private letter ruling confirming that the Spinoff and the contribution of the New Marriott Business to New Marriott qualify as tax-free transactions under Sections 355 and 368 of the Code. Each party has agreed to consider in good faith making representations, covenants, changes to rights and obligations or changes to the structure of the Transactions if such covenants or changes are made conditions to the receipt of such a private letter ruling. Each party has also agreed to accept such representations, covenants or changes unless such acceptance would be reasonably likely to deprive such party of material benefits or impose upon such party material burdens or risks, provided, that the parties have agreed to make any such adjustments that are reasonably necessary in order to reflect, to the extent practicable, the economic effect of such representations, covenants or changes that have a reasonably identifiable economic effect on the Transactions. The parties have further agreed to modify the Tax Sharing Agreement as necessary to reflect any such changes in the Transactions. The Company has agreed in the Acquisition Agreement to take, at Sodexho's request, all actions necessary to amend the Rights Agreement dated as of October 8, 1993, as amended, between the Company and The Bank of New York (the "Company Rights Plan"), the effect of which would be to terminate the Company Rights Plan or cause the rights issued under the Company Rights Plan to be extinguished, canceled, redeemed or otherwise made inapplicable. Prior to entering into the Restructuring Agreements, the Company amended the Company Rights Plan so that the Company Rights Plan would not be applicable to the Transactions. ARRANGEMENTS BETWEEN SMS AND NEW MARRIOTT Pursuant to the Distribution Agreement, the Company and New Marriott have agreed upon the allocation of assets and liabilities related to the MMS Business and the New Marriott Business. In this regard, SMS has agreed generally to indemnify New Marriott against liabilities that relate to the MMS Business, and New Marriott has agreed generally to indemnify SMS against liabilities that relate to the New Marriott Business. The Company and New Marriott have also agreed to enter into a number of Transaction Documents governing their relationship after the Effective Date. These Transaction Documents are described below. Tax Sharing Agreement The Tax Sharing Agreement by and among the Company, New Marriott and Sodexho provides that New Marriott will be liable for all taxes of the Company (other than sales, use and property taxes, which will be borne by the entities filing such returns) for all periods up to and including the Effective Date. For all periods following the Effective Date, SMS will be liable for all taxes of the MMS Business and for all Sodexho North America taxes. The agreement also provides mechanisms for cooperation in preparing returns and provides for an indemnity if either New Marriott (or an affiliate) or SMS or Sodexho (or their affiliates) cause the contribution of the New Marriott Business or the Spinoff to become taxable transactions. In addition, the parties have agreed for certain specified periods after the Spinoff not to take specific actions that could cause the Spinoff not to have Tax-Free Status. In particular, (i) for a period of two years after the Effective Date, each of New Marriott and SMS will not cease to be engaged in any trade or business relied upon for purposes of obtaining the tax ruling and (ii) for a period of three years after the Effective Date, each of New Marriott and SMS have agreed not to commence or support a tender offer for its securities or approve a transaction which would result in a person acquiring 50 percent or more of its securities. Likewise, for a three-year period after the Effective Date, Sodexho has agreed not to acquire or permit the acquisition of a 50 percent or greater interest in SMS. Finally, SMS has agreed not to sell or otherwise issue equity securities during the three-year period after the Effective Date (with the exception of shares issued pursuant to the LYONs and shares issued to employees or directors pursuant to compensatory award plans). Under the Tax Sharing Agreement generally, if a person unrelated to any of the parties acquires an interest in SMS that causes the Spinoff not to have Tax-Free Status, or if Sodexho or SMS causes the Spinoff not to have Tax-Free Status, Sodexho and SMS 43 will indemnify and hold harmless New Marriott and certain affiliated persons for the resulting tax and related liabilities. If, on the other hand, an unrelated person acquires an interest in New Marriott that causes the Spinoff not to have Tax-Free Status, or if New Marriott causes the Spinoff not to have Tax-Free Status, New Marriott will indemnify and hold harmless SMS and certain affiliated persons for the resulting tax and related liabilities. The Tax Sharing Agreement will not be binding on the IRS or any other taxing authority and will not affect the several liability of the Company, New Marriott and SMS and their respective subsidiaries to the IRS for all U.S. Federal and certain state income taxes of the Company's consolidated group relating to the periods ending on or prior to the Effective Date (including any tax liability resulting from a failure of the Spinoff to have Tax-Free Status). See "RISK FACTORS--Certain Tax Considerations" and "CERTAIN FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSEQUENCES OF THE TRANSACTIONS TO THE COMPANY AND ITS STOCKHOLDERS." Employee Benefits Allocation Agreement On September 30, 1997, the Company and New Marriott entered into an Employee Benefits and Other Employment Matters Allocation Agreement (the "Employee Benefits Allocation Agreement") providing for the allocation of employees of the Company and obligations and responsibilities regarding compensation, benefits and labor matters. Under the Employee Benefits Allocation Agreement, effective as of the Effective Date, SMS and New Marriott will allocate all employees of the Company and its subsidiaries as of the Effective Date to either New Marriott (the "New Marriott Employees") or SMS (the "SMS Employees"), based upon whether each employee's employment duties before the Effective Date relate to the New Marriott Business or the business of SMS (the "SMS Business") and upon various other factors as applicable. Subject to the exceptions discussed below, the Employee Benefits Allocation Agreement provides that SMS will be responsible for historical liabilities and obligations under the Company employee benefit plans on behalf of SMS Employees and Former Employees (as defined below) whose employment related to the SMS Business, and that New Marriott will be responsible for historical liabilities and obligations under the Plans on behalf of New Marriott Employees and Former Employees whose employment related to the New Marriott Business. "Former Employees" refers to employees who terminate employment with the Company prior to the Effective Date. New Marriott and SMS will each assume and continue to administer benefit plans maintained at the division level by the New Marriott Business (in the case of New Marriott) or the SMS Business (in the case of SMS) before the Effective Date. New Marriott will assume each collective bargaining agreement covering New Marriott Employees, and SMS or a subsidiary of SMS will retain each collective bargaining agreement covering SMS Employees. SMS and New Marriott may amend and/or terminate any of the benefit plans covering their employees at any time. Specific provisions of the Employee Benefits Allocation Agreement include the following: Company Profit Sharing Plan. New Marriott will assume sponsorship of the Marriott International, Inc. Profit Sharing Plan (the "Company Profit Sharing Plan") as of the Effective Date (the "New Marriott Profit Sharing Plan") and SMS will establish or designate a separate profit sharing plan (the "SMS Profit Sharing Plan"). Plan accounts of New Marriott Employees and Former Employees will remain in the New Marriott Profit Sharing Plan, and plan accounts of SMS Employees will be transferred from the New Marriott Profit Sharing Plan to the SMS Profit Sharing Plan. Company Deferred Compensation Plan. New Marriott will establish a deferred compensation plan under which New Marriott will assume the liabilities and obligations with respect to the undistributed account balances of all individuals other than SMS Employees accrued under the Marriott International, Inc. Executive Deferred Compensation Plan (the "Company Deferred Compensation Plan") as of the Effective Date. SMS will continue the Company Deferred Compensation Plan on and after the Effective Date (the "SMS Deferred Compensation Plan") and be responsible for the undistributed account balances of SMS Employees accrued under that plan as of the Effective Date. 44 Company Stock Plans. The Company has outstanding awards in the form of stock options, restricted stock, deferred stock agreements and deferred bonus stock under the Marriott International, Inc. 1993 Comprehensive Stock Plan (the "Company 1993 Stock Plan"), the Marriott International, Inc. 1996 Comprehensive Stock Plan (the "Company 1996 Stock Plan") and the Marriott International, Inc. 1995 Non-Employee Directors' Deferred Stock Compensation Plan (the "Company 1995 Directors Plan," and together with the Company 1993 Stock Plan and the Company 1996 Stock Plan, the "Company Stock Plans"). Pursuant to the Employee Benefits Allocation Agreement, SMS will maintain the Company 1993 Stock Plan and the Company 1996 Stock Plan on and after the Effective Date. For a description of such plans, see "MANAGEMENT OF SMS--SMS Stock Plans." Effective as of the Effective Date, the awards under such plans held by SMS Employees (other than deferred bonus stock awards) will be adjusted and denominated in SMS Common Stock and will take into account the Spinoff and the SMS Reverse Stock Split. Vested deferred bonus stock awards held by SMS Employees will be distributed in shares of Company Common Stock before the Spinoff Record Date; unvested awards held by SMS Employees will be paid in cash before the Spinoff, which payment may be deferred at the election of an eligible award holder. New Marriott will establish a separate comprehensive stock plan, the New Marriott 1998 Comprehensive Stock and Cash Incentive Plan, effective as of the Effective Date. For a description of the New Marriott Stock Plan, see "MANAGEMENT OF NEW MARRIOTT--New Marriott Stock Plan." Awards under the Company Stock Plans held by persons other than SMS Employees will be converted into awards denominated in New MAR Common Stock and New MAR-A Common Stock under the New Marriott 1998 Comprehensive Stock Incentive Plan with terms and conditions substantially similar to the terms and conditions applicable to the predecessor awards. The conversion of awards under the Company Stock Plans into awards under the SMS Stock Plans or the New Marriott Stock Plan will involve adjustments pursuant to formulas designed to preserve the financial value of the awards. Pursuant to such formulas, the number of shares subject to awards (including options) and the exercise price of options under the SMS Stock Plans and the New Marriott Stock Plan following the Spinoff will be adjusted so that the aggregate value of the awards remains the same before and after the conversion of the awards. For awards other than options, the per share value of the awards is the value of the stock underlying the award based on NYSE trading prices. For options, the per share value of the awards is the "spread" (i.e., the difference between the exercise price of the option and the value of the stock underlying the option). The exercise price of an adjusted option will bear the same ratio to the per share value of the shares underlying the option after the conversion as the exercise price bears to the per share value of the shares underlying the option before the conversion. Using these formulas, it is anticipated that the number of shares subject to awards following the conversion will be increased and the exercise price of options will be decreased as a result of the Spinoff. Medical and other Welfare Benefits Plans. On the Effective Date, New Marriott will assume sponsorship of the Company's medical, dental, short-term disability, vacation and group term life insurance plans and be responsible for all claims under the Company's plans incurred before the Effective Date by New Marriott Employees, SMS Employees and Former Employees. SMS will maintain separate medical, dental, short-term disability, vacation and group term life insurance plans for SMS Employees following the Effective Date. On the Effective Date, New Marriott will assume sponsorship of the Company's long- term disability plan to cover New Marriott Employees and Former Employees whose employment related to the New Marriott Business, and SMS will establish a long-term disability plan to cover SMS Employees and Former Employees whose employment related to the SMS Business. On the Effective Date, New Marriott will assume and be responsible for providing post-retirement benefits with respect to those Former Employees who became entitled to the benefits before the Effective Date. Trademark License Agreement As part of the contribution of assets to New Marriott, the Company will transfer and assign to New Marriott all of the Company's right, title and interest in certain trademarks, including the trademarks "Marriott," "Courtyard," "Residence Inns by Marriott" and "Fairfield Inns by Marriott." Pursuant to the terms of a Trademark and Trade Name License Agreement (the "Trademark License Agreement") to be entered into 45 among New Marriott, SMS and MWC, New Marriott will grant to SMS (with respect to the United States) and MWC will grant to SMS (with respect to Canada) a limited nonexclusive right to use the "Marriott" name solely in connection with the "Management Services Business" as defined in such agreement. For four years after the Effective Date, SMS will be permitted to use the "Marriott" name as part of its corporate name and the names of its principal business divisions, subject to certain further limitations at senior living facilities and conference centers. SMS will also be granted certain rights in connection with existing joint-venture agreements and will have a transitional right to phase out the existing uses of the "Marriott" name for nine months after the Effective Date. During the term of the license, SMS will pay New Marriott a license fee of $1,000,000 per year, payable quarterly in advance. SMS is subject to certain limitations on use and quality control restrictions. New Marriott and MWC may terminate the Trademark License Agreement prior to the expiration of its term: (i) upon a Change in Control (as defined below), (ii) upon certain bankruptcy events of SMS, (iii) if SMS attempts to transfer or license any rights to the "Marriott" name in violation of the Trademark License Agreement or (iv) if SMS breaches any term of the Trademark License Agreement and such breach is not cured within 30 days. In addition, SMS may terminate the Trademark License Agreement upon 180 days' prior written notice to New Marriott and MWC. A "Change of Control" under the Trademark License Agreement generally occurs if (a) the SMS Board does not include William J. Shaw or John W. Marriott III (or their chosen successors) for any consecutive 45-business day period, (b) any person or group of persons (other than Sodexho, in the case of SMS) have acquired beneficial ownership of more than 50 percent of the voting stock of Sodexho or SMS or (c) Pierre Bellon and his affiliates cease to own at least 25 percent of the voting stock of Sodexho. Noncompetition Agreement SMS and New Marriott will enter into a Noncompetition Agreement (the "Noncompetition Agreement") that will prohibit New Marriott from competing in the core business of MMS (the "Core MMS Business") in the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom for a period of four years after the Effective Date. Nothing in the Noncompetition Agreement will prevent New Marriott from engaging in the New Marriott Business, including any of the Company's activities prior to the Effective Date that do not involve use of the assets retained by SMS after the Spinoff. However, New Marriott will be permitted to acquire less than a 5 percent capital stock or other equity interest in a public company that operates a business that competes with the Core MMS Business. Likewise, New Marriott will be permitted to acquire a company that engages or has an ownership interest in a business that competes with the Core MMS Business, but if the competing activities represent more than $10 million or 10 percent of gross sales of such company, then the competing activities must account for less than $10 million or 10 percent of gross sales within one year after the relevant transaction and New Marriott must provide SMS with a right of first offer with respect to the competing portion of the business acquired. New Marriott also has the right to engage in other activities that compete with the Core MMS Business that, in the aggregate, do not result in revenues in excess of $5 million. LYONs Allocation Agreement and Supplemental Indenture The Company has issued $540 million face amount of LYONs, with an accreted value as of January 2, 1998 of approximately $310 million. Pursuant to the LYONs Allocation Agreement and a supplemental indenture to the LYONs Indenture, New Marriott will assume responsibility for all of the debt obligations evidenced by the LYONs by becoming a successor to the "Company" in accordance with the terms of the LYONs Indenture. SMS will assume responsibility for a portion of the LYONs equal to its pro rata share of the relative equity values of SMS and New Marriott, as determined in good faith by the Company Board shortly prior to the Spinoff (the "SMS Allocable Portion"), although New Marriott will remain liable for any payments that SMS fails to make on the SMS Allocable Portion. In the event that New Marriott makes any payments in respect of the SMS Allocable Portion on SMS's behalf, Sodexho will reimburse New Marriott for such payments, pursuant to a guarantee by Sodexho. LYONs holders exercising their conversion rights after the Effective Date will be entitled to receive 8.76 shares of New MAR Common Stock and 8.76 shares of New MAR-A Common Stock, plus 2.19 shares of SMS Common Stock (after giving effect to the SMS Reverse Stock Split) in exchange for each $1,000 principal amount of LYONs. Accordingly, New Marriott and SMS will share, in accordance with the foregoing allocations, responsibility for all increases in the accreted value of LYONs following the Effective Date and all payment obligations at maturity or 46 pursuant to an exercise of issuer call rights or holder put rights, and each of New Marriott and SMS will issue shares of its own stock in satisfaction of any exercise by the LYONs holders of their conversion rights. Notwithstanding SMS's assumption of such obligation, however, all payments made by SMS on the LYONs will be deemed to have been made on account of New Marriott's obligations to the holders of the LYONs and will be subject to the subordination provisions of the LYONs Indenture with respect to the relative rights of the holders of the LYONs and the holders of the New Marriott's Senior Indebtedness (as defined in the LYONs Indenture). The LYONs Allocation Agreement further provides that SMS cannot initiate a call of LYONs for redemption. Additional Agreements Between SMS and New Marriott In connection with the Distribution Agreement, SMS and New Marriott (or a subsidiary of New Marriott) will enter into a number of additional Transaction Documents providing for the delivery of certain transitional and other services from New Marriott to SMS and from SMS to New Marriott substantially in accordance with the scope of such services as currently provided. The terms and conditions of these Transaction Documents were negotiated by the parties bargaining at arm's length in the context of negotiation of the Restructuring Agreements. The anticipated payments from New Marriott to SMS and from SMS to New Marriott associated with the performance of services (excluding pass- through product costs) are approximately $3 to $4 million and approximately $70 to $80 million, respectively, on an annual basis. These agreements are summarized below. Procurement Agreement. Pursuant to the Procurement Agreement, New Marriott and SMS will agree to maximize their purchasing leverage through coordination of purchases from and negotiations with vendors, and the sharing among the parties of purchasing strategies and information. The Procurement Agreement will be effective for the seven-year period beginning on the Effective Date, and will continue to be effective thereafter indefinitely until terminated by either party on 60 days' notice. Distribution Services Agreement. Marriott Distribution Services, Inc. ("MDS"), a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, will be transferred to New Marriott in connection with the Transactions. Pursuant to the Distribution Services Agreement, which will be entered into by MDS and SMS, MDS will purchase, warehouse and distribute for, and sell certain food products to, SMS for a three-year term, automatically renewable for one- year periods thereafter unless terminated by either party on 90 days' notice. Casualty Claims Administration Agreement. Pursuant to the Casualty Claims Administration Agreement, New Marriott will review all casualty claims existing at the Effective Date ("Covered Claims") and follow its standard procedures in disposing of such claims. New Marriott will endeavor to obtain SMS's approval of certain settlements. The agreement terminates upon the earlier of the (i) the satisfaction of all Covered Claims or (ii) the mutual agreement of New Marriott and SMS. SMS will reimburse New Marriott for all claims paid by New Marriott pursuant to the Agreement. SMS will pay New Marriott a fixed fee per covered claim for the administration of such claims. Employee Benefits Transition Administration Services Agreement. Pursuant to the Employee Benefits Transition Administration Services Agreement, New Marriott will provide, at SMS's request, certain services, including accounting, employee benefit and compensation, welfare and other benefit plan services, from the Effective Date through the end of the 1998 fiscal year, with an option by SMS to extend the term through the end of the 1999 fiscal year on the same terms and conditions, subject to certain adjustments. SMS will pay all of New Marriott's start-up costs incurred in connection with providing the covered services, as well as a base service fee. Marrpay(R) Services Agreement. Pursuant to the Marrpay(R) Services Agreement, New Marriott will provide SMS with various payroll services and access to related software for SMS's United States locations, effective from the execution date of such agreement until the last payroll check-stub date in December 1999, with automatic one-year renewal periods, but not beyond December 31, 2002. SMS will be charged a fixed fee for each employee work week submitted for payment through December 1998, plus additional charges, including costs incurred by New Marriott, for additional services requested by SMS. 47 Headquarters Sublease Agreement. Prior to the Effective Date, the Company will assign its master lease of the Marriott corporate headquarters in Bethesda, Maryland ("Headquarters") to New Marriott. New Marriott will then sublease certain portions of the Headquarters to SMS for a term of three years beginning on the Effective Date, with an option to renew by SMS for two additional terms of three years each. SMS will pay an amount of rent that will be calculated based upon the rent due under the master lease, taking into account the amount of subleased space, plus additional assessments relating to copier usage and heating, ventilating and air conditioning costs. SMS will have the right to sublease all of such space upon New Marriott's prior approval, not to be unreasonably withheld. Headquarters Food Services Agreement. SMS will continue to provide food services to New Marriott at Headquarters, and maintenance personnel, parts and supplies to maintain the food services areas, for a period of three years beginning on the Effective Date. The Headquarters Food Services Agreement will automatically continue after the three-year period if the Headquarters sublease is renewed, for the term of such renewal, or if such sublease is not renewed, until terminated by either party on 90 days' notice. The prices to be charged by SMS for food and other products served by SMS will be as reasonably determined by SMS, consistent with then- prevailing market prices for food and other products of like quality and portion. Headquarters Management Services Agreement and Print Services Agreement. For a period of three years following the Effective Date, SMS will continue to provide management services at Headquarters and at 7300 Crestwood Boulevard, Frederick, Maryland, including maintenance, administrative and security services. At New Marriott's request, SMS will also provide New Marriott with various printing and related distribution services at Headquarters. The agreements will automatically continue after the three-year period if the Headquarters sublease is renewed, for the term of such renewal, or if such sublease is not renewed, until terminated by either party. SMS will be reimbursed for all net operating expenses incurred in providing such headquarters management services, and will receive a fee for providing such services. SMS will not pay rent for its use of the printing facilities but will be entitled to retain its profit from providing such print services. SMS will pay all costs relating to such print services. Information Resources Agreement. New Marriott will provide SMS with various computing, telecommunications and information systems services. For telecommunications services during the 1998 calendar year, SMS will pay New Marriott a fee based on specified rates. SMS will also reimburse New Marriott for any out-of-pocket costs it incurs in providing the services, including fees paid to third-party vendors. For calendar years after 1998, the parties will agree to a fee schedule no later than the November 1 preceding such calendar year. Except for the telecommunications services, all services will continue to be provided by New Marriott until either party terminates the agreement. New Marriott's obligation to provide telecommunications services will terminate upon the termination of the Headquarters sublease agreement. Other Agreements. SMS and New Marriott will also enter into a Risk Management Consulting Agreement, an Employee Relocation Agreement and a Miscellaneous Services Agreement, under which New Marriott will provide certain services to SMS. ARRANGEMENTS BETWEEN SMS AND SODEXHO Royalty Agreement and Assistance Agreement SMS and Sodexho will enter into a Royalty Agreement and an Assistance Agreement each of which will be effective from and after the Effective Date. Pursuant to the Royalty Agreement, SMS will have the right to use the name "Sodexho" in connection with SMS's operations in the United States and Canada for a period of 10 years, subject to earlier termination as described below. SMS will pay to Sodexho as compensation for the right to use the "Sodexho" name an annual royalty payment equal to a 0.05 percent of the annual gross revenues of SMS during the first three years of the Royalty Agreement. Thereafter, Sodexho and SMS will negotiate in good faith to determine the royalty fee, based on fair market value. Any such subsequent royalty fee or material amendment to the Royalty Agreement must be approved by the independent directors of SMS who are not otherwise affiliated with SMS, Sodexho or New Marriott (the "Designated Directors"). The Royalty Agreement may be terminated by SMS at any time after Sodexho owns less that 10 percent of the outstanding SMS Common 48 Stock. Sodexho may terminate the Royalty Agreement prior to the expiration of its term: (i) upon certain bankruptcy events of SMS, (ii) if SMS attempts to transfer or license any rights to the "Sodexho" name in violation of the Royalty Agreement and (iii) upon a material breach of the Royalty Agreement (subject to a 30-day cure period). The Assistance Agreement to be entered into between Sodexho and SMS will set forth certain services that will be provided by Sodexho to SMS, including services related to purchasing activities, catering and site support services, marketing, management and administration, legal and fiscal matters, human relations, communications and cash management. In exchange for these services, SMS will pay to Sodexho a fee equal to a percentage of the annual gross revenues of SMS and its subsidiaries. During the initial term of the Assistance Agreement, there will not be a fee through August 31, 1998. The fee for the period from September 1, 1998 through August 31, 1999 will be 0.05 percent of gross revenues and the fee for all periods thereafter will be 0.15 percent of gross revenues. Any amendment to the Assistance Agreement must be approved by the Designated Directors. Promptly after the end of each fiscal year, the managements of Sodexho and SMS will prepare a joint report for the SMS Board describing the services provided by Sodexho to SMS during such fiscal year and estimating the fair market value of the benefits received by SMS from such services. The Designated Directors will review such report with a view towards assessing whether the fee under the Assistance Agreement for such fiscal year plus the royalty fee under the Royalty Agreement for such fiscal year (the "Combined Fee") exceeds the fair market value of the benefits received from such services. Sodexho's remuneration for the services provided under the Royalty Agreement and the Assistance Agreement in respect of any fiscal year will be the lesser of (i) the Combined Fee and (ii) the fair market value of the benefits received by SMS from such services during such fiscal year as determined by the Designated Directors. If the Combined Fee exceeds the fair market value of the benefits received as so determined, Sodexho will reimburse SMS for such excess, plus interest. The anticipated payments from SMS to Sodexho associated with the performance of services are approximately $5 million on an annual basis. Stockholder Agreement The Stockholder Agreement to be entered into between Sodexho and SMS upon consummation of the Transactions will cover certain corporate governance matters and will grant to Sodexho certain registration rights with respect to stock of SMS held by Sodexho. The Stockholder Agreement will grant Sodexho certain rights to nominate members of the SMS Board. So long as Sodexho owns at least 20 percent of the outstanding SMS Common Stock, Sodexho may nominate three directors. If Sodexho's ownership interest falls to less than 20 percent (but equals or exceeds 10 percent), or at any time that the Royalty Agreement remains in effect, Sodexho may nominate two directors. If Sodexho's ownership interest decreases to less than 10 percent and the Royalty Agreement has terminated, Sodexho will cease to have the right to nominate any members of the SMS Board. Prior to the third anniversary of the consummation of the Transactions, the SMS Board will consist of eight members; thereafter, Sodexho's right to nominate directors will be proportionately adjusted in the event that the SMS Board consists of other than eight members. As described under "MANAGEMENT OF SMS," the initial designees of Sodexho are Pierre Bellon, Bernard Carton and Edouard de Royere. The Stockholder Agreement will impose additional restrictions on the composition of the SMS Board for the three-year period following the Spinoff. During such period, the SMS Board will consist of eight members. At least two (and in certain cases, up to four) of such members must (i) not be employees of SMS, Sodexho or New Marriott, (ii) not be receiving, directly or indirectly, material compensation for services from SMS, Sodexho or New Marriott, (iii) not be immediate family members of persons described under clauses (i) and (ii), and (iv) qualify as "outside directors" for NYSE purposes. An additional member of the SMS Board will be the Chief Executive Officer of SMS, who initially will be Charles O'Dell. During such three-year period, Sodexho will not take action by written consent to remove without cause any SMS director. 49 The Stockholder Agreement will also grant to Sodexho certain rights to cause SMS to register the SMS Common Stock held by Sodexho for sale under the Securities Act, both pursuant to registrations initiated by Sodexho and in connection with registrations initiated by SMS or other entities that have registration rights. Other Arrangements Sodexho has agreed pursuant to the Omnibus Agreement to guarantee the following: (i) the payment when due of any deferred compensation amounts payable by SMS under the SMS Deferred Compensation Plan to SMS Employees, (ii) the obligations of SMS under the LYONs Allocation Agreement and the LYONs Indenture and (iii) SMS's obligations with respect to certain insurance costs that are set forth in the Distribution Agreement. ACCOUNTING TREATMENT Upon receipt of stockholder approval of the Transactions, SMS will restate its consolidated financial statements to reflect the Lodging business of New Marriott as discontinued operations. The Acquisition will be accounted for using the purchase method of accounting with SMS as the acquiror. In the separate financial statements of New Marriott, the assets and liabilities contributed to New Marriott will be recorded at the Company's historical basis. NO APPRAISAL RIGHTS Stockholders of the Company will not be entitled to appraisal rights under the DGCL in connection with the Transactions. MANNER OF EFFECTING THE TRANSACTIONS; BOOK-ENTRY SYSTEM In the event that the Company's stockholders approve the Proposals and all other conditions to the Transactions are satisfied, the Spinoff will be effected on a pro rata basis to holders of record of issued and outstanding Company Common Stock on the Spinoff Record Date. The Spinoff Record Date will be selected by the Company Board. New Marriott and SMS have elected to use a book-entry system. The book-entry form of share ownership permits stockholders to hold and transfer their shares in a new way. This procedure, also called the Direct Registration System for securities ("DRS"), has the support and approval of both the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") and the NYSE. Under DRS, no physical certificates are issued to stockholders; instead, the stockholder is provided with a statement that reflects the number of shares registered in his or her name on SMS's and New Marriott's books. Stockholders will be given the option, however, to request and receive physical certificates at any time. The book-entry form of share ownership provides benefits to stockholders and to SMS and New Marriott. Some of these benefits are: .elimination of problems associated with paper documents, such as the need for safe storage; .elimination of the requirements for physical movement of stock certificates at time of sale and the accompanying potential for loss; and .reduction of costs associated with the issuance and delivery of physical stock certificates. Receiving a statement reflecting ownership of book-entry shares, in lieu of receiving a stock certificate, is not a new concept. Book-entry ownership has become the standard means of share ownership in the mutual fund industry and in other forms of investment. However, mutual fund investors are not the only investors to own book-entry shares. Transfer agents have recorded dividend reinvestment plan shares in book-entry form for many years. Commencing on or about the Effective Date, the Transfer Agent will send materials to each stockholder describing the book-entry system in more detail, instructing stockholders to return to the Transfer Agent the stock 50 certificates they now hold of Company Common Stock (the "old certificates"), providing a letter of transmittal therefor and providing information on allocating the tax basis in their shares. Stockholders will also be sent an account statement showing their ownership of shares of New Marriott Common Stock and SMS Common Stock, and a request for physical certificates ("Request for Physical Certificates") entitling them to obtain physical certificates in lieu of book-entry registration. The Request for Physical Certificates will contain instructions for stockholders to request and receive three certificates evidencing, respectively, the number of shares of (i) SMS Common Stock represented by such old certificate (giving effect to the SMS Reverse Stock Split), (ii) New MAR Common Stock issued as a distribution with respect to the shares of Company Common Stock represented by such old certificate and (iii) New MAR-A Common Stock issued as a distribution with respect to the shares of Company Common Stock represented by such old certificate. Such mailing will also include instructions on how to effect trades in shares held in book-entry form, which will include the ability to initiate trades by telephone. If a stockholder wishes to trade a share of SMS Common Stock after the Effective Date, and such stockholder has not yet surrendered his or her old certificate(s), then such stockholder will be required either to surrender the old certificate(s) to the Transfer Agent, or to deliver the old certificate(s) to his or her broker or other intermediary in the usual manner. Such broker or other intermediary will then be required to surrender the old certificate(s) to the Transfer Agent for the trade to be settled. This procedure is not expected to delay the settlement of trades. On or before the Effective Date, the Company will transfer to the Transfer Agent, for the benefit of holders of record of shares of Company Common Stock as of the Spinoff Record Date, all shares of New Marriott Common Stock then held by the Company. As of the Effective Date, the Transfer Agent will register the number of shares of SMS Common Stock (giving effect to the SMS Reverse Stock Split) held by each holder of record of shares of Company Common Stock as of the Spinoff Record Date, as well as the number of shares of New MAR Common Stock and New MAR-A Common Stock to be distributed to such stockholder in the Spinoff, at which time the old certificates shall become void and ownership of the New Marriott Common Stock shall automatically transfer from the Company to the holders of Company Common Stock as of the Spinoff Record Date. Shares of SMS Common Stock will only be registered in book-entry form by the Transfer Agent upon receipt of a holder's old certificate representing shares of Company Common Stock. No dividends that may be declared or paid on SMS Common Stock after the Effective Date will be paid to any person holding an old certificate until such old certificate is surrendered to the Transfer Agent. Subject to the effect of applicable laws, following surrender of any such old certificate by any holder thereof, there will be paid to the holder of the SMS Common Stock issued in exchange therefor, without interest, (a) at the time of such surrender, the amount of dividends or other distributions with a record date after the Effective Date theretofore payable with respect to the SMS Common Stock represented thereby and not paid, less the amount of any withholding taxes which may be required thereon, and (b) at the appropriate payment date, the amount of dividends or other distributions with a record date after the Effective Date but prior to the time of such surrender and a payment date subsequent to the time of such surrender payable with respect to the SMS Common Stock represented thereby, less the amount of any withholding taxes which may be required thereon. The Transfer Agent, on behalf of SMS, will be entitled to deduct and withhold from the consideration otherwise payable to any holder of Company Common Stock such amounts as may be required to be deducted and withheld with respect to the making of such payment under any provision of federal, state, local or foreign tax law. To the extent that amounts are so withheld and paid over to the appropriate taxing authority, such withheld amounts will be treated as having been paid to the holder of the Company Common Stock in respect of which such deduction and withholding was made. No fractional shares of New Marriott Common Stock or SMS Common Stock will be issued in the Transactions, except that fractional shares held in the Company's dividend reinvestment plan that would result in fractional shares of New MAR Common Stock or New MAR-A Common Stock being issued in the Spinoff, will be maintained in fractional form in a dividend reinvestment plan to be instituted by New Marriott. SMS does not intend to maintain a dividend reinvestment plan. In lieu of any such fractional shares, each person who would otherwise have been entitled to a fraction of a share of SMS Common Stock (as a result of fractional shares in the Company's dividend reinvestment plan or due to the SMS Reverse Stock Split) will be paid an 51 amount in cash (without interest) equal to such holder's proportionate interest in the net proceeds from the sale or sales in the open market by the Transfer Agent, on behalf of all such holders, of the aggregate fractional shares of SMS Common Stock. As soon as practicable following the Effective Date the Transfer Agent will determine the excess of (a) the number of full shares of SMS Common Stock outstanding after giving effect to the SMS Reverse Stock Split delivered to the Transfer Agent over (b) the aggregate number of full shares of SMS Common Stock to be distributed in respect of Company Common Stock (such excess being herein called the "Excess Shares"), and the Transfer Agent, as agent for the holders of such shares, will sell the Excess Shares at the prevailing prices on the open market. The sale of the Excess Shares by the Transfer Agent will be executed on a public exchange through one or more firms and will be executed in round lots to the extent practicable. SMS will pay all commissions, transfer taxes and other out-of-pocket transaction costs, including the expenses and compensation of the Transfer Agent, incurred in connection with such sale of Excess Shares. Until the net proceeds of such sale or sales have been distributed, the Transfer Agent will hold such proceeds in trust for such stockholders. As soon as practicable after the determination of the amount of cash to be paid in lieu of any fractional interests, the Transfer Agent will make available such amounts to such stockholders. 52 BUSINESS AND PROPERTIES OF SMS DESCRIPTION OF SMS BUSINESS SMS will be the leading provider in North America of contract food and facilities management services, with about 4,800 clients, including businesses, health care facilities, colleges and universities, and primary and secondary schools. Food services include food and beverage procurement, preparation, menu planning and service, as well as the operation and maintenance of food service and catering facilities, generally in an institutional setting. Facilities management services include plant maintenance, energy management, groundskeeping, housekeeping and custodial services. INDUSTRY AND MARKETPLACE FOR SMS The contract food service and facilities management industry is rapidly changing as a result of clients' focus on profitability and quality of service. Major industry dynamics are: . Stable industry revenues from an existing client base. . Continued growth in the outsourcing of food service and facilities management as a result of (i) focus by customers on core competencies and outsourcing of their non-core services, (ii) general economic growth, and (iii) increasing cost pressures. . Increasing market penetration by large, well capitalized participants due to their ability to provide (i) more cost-effective services as a result of economies of scale, (ii) a broader range of services than local and regional participants, and (iii) national and international coverage to large clients. . An increase in the retail orientation of contract catering due to the proliferation of alternative retail outlets, including fast food operations for consumers. . Strong industry dynamics towards a "one stop shopping" alternative for all outsourcing needs, including food service and facilities management, for which no market leader has yet emerged. . Minimal capital requirements due to several factors, including low capital expenditures because operations are generally conducted at client sites using client equipment; low fixed costs, permitting rapid response to market conditions; and predictable cash flow from client payments, reducing or eliminating working capital needs. MARKET POSITION OF SMS SMS will have its origins in two well established food service providers. Since Marriott Corporation opened its first contract food service account in 1939, MMS has steadily expanded its array of services and number of clients. During the 1980s, MMS grew rapidly by making a number of significant acquisitions of service companies in North America. Sodexho, formed in 1966 in Marseille, France, has grown to be the number one food service provider in Europe. The last three years have been the most dynamic for Sodexho, led by the acquisition of Gardner Merchant Holdings Inc. ("Gardner Merchant") on February 1, 1995 (the "Gardner Merchant Acquisition") which boosted Sodexho to the number two position in the global management services business. SMS will be the market leader in the North American contract food services industry, which management of SMS believes is generally underpenetrated by contractors. Market leadership will make SMS well positioned to grow faster than the overall market. SMS will have a unique opportunity to leverage its position as the market leader in food service to cross-sell facilities management services to existing food-service-only clients. Management of SMS believes that the facilities management industry remains even more underpenetrated by contractors than the contract food services industry. With these roots, as well as the similar and complementary businesses of the two combining operations, SMS will have the capabilities to continue its market leadership. 53 SMS will operate primarily in four sectors: . Health Care--The health care industry continues its transformation from a fee-for-service to a managed care and capitated rate environment. This market dynamic has shifted the risk and burden of cost control from insurance providers to the health care institutions themselves, forcing them to focus not only on the cost component of clinical care, but also on the cost of all services including food and facilities management. These cost pressures are driving the trend toward consolidation of health care institutions and guaranteed cost contracts for hospital services. Management of SMS believes that the health care market remains significantly underpenetrated. . Corporate--Although the market for food service in business and industry is relatively highly penetrated, customers are responding favorably to the growth in retail orientation by food service contractors. The market for multi-service national providers (food and facilities) is growing as corporations are moving toward outsourcing all of their non-core services on a multi-site and multi-service basis. This represents an opportunity to leverage from food contracting to the less developed facilities management market. The government market is expected to increase as federal departments and agencies implement large-scale outsourcing of non-core functions. . Education--The campus dining marketplace continues to shift from residential board plans to more retail-oriented operations driven by (i) the growing proportion of non-resident day and evening students on campus, (ii) the taste and service preferences of today's young consumers and (iii) colleges' desires to provide their students with greater flexibility. Traditional straight-line cafeterias are being replaced by scatter systems and food courts. These trends, coupled with cost pressures, are causing public and private institutions to consider outsourcing as a viable choice. . Schools--The current fiscal climate is forcing school districts to minimize costs while improving the performance of non-instructional areas. Over the last several years, 150-200 school systems per year have decided to begin outsourcing their food services. Also, new federal laws require that school meals meet more stringent food specifications and production techniques to comply with "Dietary Standards" guidelines. Most school districts have obtained waivers of compliance with the new guidelines until July 1998. Thereafter, some school districts may turn to contractors to help comply with guidelines. COMPETITION The food and facilities management services business in North America is comprised of a large number of local, regional and national service providers. SMS's strongest competition will come from large, well capitalized participants due to their ability to provide (i) cost-effective services as a result of economies of scale, (ii) a broader range of services than local and regional participants and (iii) national coverage to large clients. Many educational institutions, health care providers and businesses consider cost to be an important factor when selecting companies to provide food and facilities management services. SMS expects to be a successful low-cost services provider due to its (i) significant purchasing economies of scale for food service and facilities management supplies, (ii) sophisticated site labor management controls, (iii) low administrative overhead and (iv) strong information and accounting systems which will allow SMS management and clients to monitor costs. These attributes are expected to be enhanced by the Acquisition. The timing and realization of additional synergies will be dependent on the successful integration of the two businesses. Clients also consider the quality of food and facilities management services to be an important factor in addition to price. Accordingly, SMS's competitive profile will also depend on its ability to maintain a level of quality in keeping with client expectations. BUSINESS AND PROPERTIES OF MMS General MMS is a leading provider of food and facilities management services, with approximately 3,400 clients in the United States and Canada. These services are provided at client facilities under contracts generally 54 cancellable by either party on 30 to 120 days' notice. Income earned by MMS is based upon a negotiated fee, the profit of the account or both. Operations of MMS MMS operates as a single business segment aligning its services by its clients' lines of business. Marriott Health Care Services ("MHCS") focuses primarily on hospitals, providing multiple facility management services, including plant operations, energy management, housekeeping, laundry and groundskeeping. MHCS targets health care facilities with a minimum of 150 beds. There are 2,500 hospitals in this target market in the United States, which represents about 40 percent of the total number of hospitals in the U.S. Management believes that there are significant opportunities for penetration into this targeted market by contract providers. At September 12, 1997, MHCS operated approximately 960 accounts. Marriott Corporate Services ("MCS") provides a variety of dining services, as well as assorted facilities services such as custodial services, plant maintenance, groundskeeping, mail-rooms and on-site convenience stores, to corporations and government agencies. MCS's customer base of approximately 1,000 clients at September 12, 1997 includes national and multi-site corporate clients, single-tenant commercial sites, government agencies, museums and amusement parks and approximately 15 conference centers. MCS is generating strong customer loyalty with "Crossroads Cuisine," a major new retail program featuring a wide variety of proprietary food concepts organized around multiple-themed stations. Marriott Education Services ("MES") provides services to approximately 540 college and university clients as of September 12, 1997. Food services are provided at resident dining halls, on-campus retail locations and athletic facilities. MES also provides custodial services, plant operations, groundskeeping and maintenance services on college campuses. Because of the academic calendar, MES's results tend to be more favorable in the fall and spring than during winter and summer. MES currently features a variety of nationally known franchised food service names, including Burger King, Pizza Hut and Taco Bell. Marriott School Services ("MSS") provides a variety of services to primary and secondary schools, including food and facility operations services. Similar to MES, the academic calendar tends to impact the results of MSS, with more favorable results during fall and spring. MSS targets its food services at school districts with enrollments greater than 5,000 students (over 1,750 school districts) and facilities management services at school districts with more than 3,000 students (nearly 3,200 school districts). MSS had approximately 370 clients at September 12, 1997. MMS Canada delivers food and facilities services to many clients in Canada. MMS also operates laundry services throughout the United States. These other accounts totaled approximately 150 at September 12, 1997. MMS United Kingdom ("MMS UK") was formed through the acquisitions of Taylorplan Services in November 1995 and Russell and Brand in June 1996. MMS UK provides food service, cleaning and other services to hospitals, universities, private secondary schools and government, as well as business and industry. MMS UK was sold to Sodexho for $50 million in cash (subject to certain post-closing adjustments) on October 31, 1997 in anticipation of the Transactions. MMS UK contributed sales of $126 million and $78 million in fiscal years 1996 and 1995, respectively. MMS regards its trademarks as having significant value and as being important in marketing to its clients. Registered food service trademarks include PANINI PETITES, ROLLER SNACKS, CAFE OLE, FINISHING TOUCHES, LA VINCITA, THE COPPER POT and POLLO RUSTICA. Pending food service trademarks include CAFE FRESCA EXPRESS, CHARCUTERIE SALADS, CHARLESTOWN MARKET, CHEF'S FEATURES, CROSSROADS CUISINES, CUTLER'S, CYBER WRAPS, EAT IT LIKE IT MATTERS, MESA DEL SOL, PACIFIC TRADERS, SALSA TABLA, SELONA GRILL, SENSE*SATIONS, SOUP- ERLICIOUS, SPICE & ICE, SUNCREEK BREAKFAST COMPANY, UNDER WRAPS, FRESH INSPIRATIONS and ALL 55 THAT JAZZ SALADS. Other significant registered trademarks include SELECT EXPRESS and WELLNESS & YOU!. Other significant pending trademarks include NORTHWEST VOYAGE AND DESIGN, NORTHWEST VOYAGE and SUPPORT SERVICES PATHWAYS. MMS also has franchise or license arrangements with the following nationally recognized franchise concepts: Pizza Hut, Taco Bell, Tim Horton's Donuts, Subway, Chick-fil-A, Burger King, Sbarro's Pizza, A&W Restaurant, Rally's, Dunkin Donuts, Manchu Wok, Panda Express, Carl's Jr., TCBY, Baskin Robbins, Starbucks, Mrs. Fields and Hot Dog Construction Company. Employees MMS has over 70,000 employees on its payroll in the U.S. and Canada, and manages approximately 50,000 people on its clients' payrolls. MMS's corporate headquarters, located near Washington, D.C., has approximately 140 employees. An estimated 7,000 non-management employees are represented by organized labor unions under approximately 200 collective bargaining agreements. MMS believes relations with its employees are positive. Competition MMS competes with other large national and international companies as well as local and regional competitors. MMS has a proven track record at winning new clients and retaining existing business. Over the last three years, MMS's company-wide success rate on contract bids was over 40 percent, representing the number of contracts awarded to MMS as a percentage of the total number of contracts for which it bid. During the 36 weeks ending September 12, 1997, MMS has maintained this percentage. MMS has achieved an average annual company- wide retention of clients representing over 95 percent of its profits over the last three years and is on target to achieve a similar level of annual retention for 1997. Properties MMS occupies approximately 41,300 square feet for its headquarters office space in Bethesda, Maryland in a building leased by the Company. In connection with the Transactions, this lease will be assigned to New Marriott, and SMS will sublease the portions of the headquarters currently occupied by MMS. In addition, all of MMS's operating divisions lease their headquarters office space in Avon, Connecticut (MHCS); Bethesda, Maryland (MCS); Altamonte Springs, Florida (MES) and Downers Grove, Illinois (MSS). These operating division leases generally run for initial terms of three to five years, and generally have renewal options. MMS also has a long-term lease for its office facility in Buffalo, New York where all of the centralized accounting and processing activities for North America take place. MMS owns three laundry facilities (Walla Walla, Washington; Tuscon, Arizona; Phoenix, Arizona) and leases an additional three laundry facilities (Birmingham, Alabama; Gilroy, California; Compton, California). MMS also leases laundry equipment for certain of these facilities. Litigation There is no material litigation pending against MMS. BUSINESS AND PROPERTIES OF SODEXHO NORTH AMERICA The Sodexho North America Business is comprised of the operations of Sodexho's wholly owned subsidiaries in the United States (ICC) and Canada (Sodexho Canada). General Sodexho North America is one of the leading providers of food and facilities management services in the United States and Canada, with about 1,500 clients, principally at health care, educational and corporate facilities. The services are provided at client facilities under negotiated contracts generally cancellable by either 56 party on 30 to 120 days' notice. Income earned from these contracts is based upon the profit of the account, a negotiated fee or both. Operations of Sodexho North America Sodexho North America has grown significantly through a combination of acquisitions, new accounts and new service offerings. Sodexho North America is pursuing additional growth opportunities in these existing businesses through cross-selling of services to existing clients and obtaining food services and facilities management accounts at colleges, hospitals and other institutions that are currently self-operated. Sodexho North America provides multiple services, including: purchasing food and other products; housekeeping and custodial services; and operating, maintaining and servicing building equipment and systems. ICC focuses primarily on education and corporate services, organized geographically into three regions, and health care as one national division. ICC serves approximately 950 accounts in the corporate market, focusing on a variety of dining services to corporate and industrial facilities. ICC serves approximately 380 accounts in the college and university market, and approximately 370 accounts in the health care market, including acute care hospitals and skilled nursing facilities. Sodexho Canada provides food and facilities management to approximately 130 clients in the education, health care and corporate markets. Competition ICC competes with other large national and international companies as well as local and regional competitors. ICC was awarded approximately 27 percent of the new contracts on which it competitively bid in fiscal 1997 and retained clients representing approximately 97 percent of its profits. Employees Sodexho North America employs approximately 15,300 full-time and 10,800 part-time employees in the United States, and approximately 800 full-time and 400 part-time employees in Canada. Approximately 1,800 of ICC's employees are represented by unions for collective bargaining purposes. No single union contract covers a significant number of employees. Sodexho North America believes its relations with employees are positive. Properties As of November 30, 1997, ICC occupied approximately one-half of an 80,000 square-foot office building that it owns in Waltham, Massachusetts. ICC also occupies approximately 25,000 square feet of office and warehouse space in Trumbull, Connecticut; approximately 15,000 square feet of office space in Mobile, Alabama; approximately 20,000 square feet of building space in Sunnyvale, California; and approximately 15,000 square feet of building space in Alston, Massachusetts. There are smaller regional offices throughout the United States that are leased. At November 30, 1997, Sodexho Canada owned a 30,000 square foot office building in Montreal. Litigation There is no material litigation pending against Sodexho North America. Headquarters The principal executive offices of Sodexho North America are located at 153 Second Avenue, Waltham, Massachusetts, 02254. The telephone number is (617) 890-6200. 57 BUSINESS AND PROPERTIES OF NEW MARRIOTT GENERAL New Marriott is a newly established, wholly owned subsidiary of the Company established to conduct the Company's lodging businesses and a portion of the Company's management services businesses subsequent to the Spinoff. New Marriott's operations are grouped in two business segments, Lodging and Contract Services, which represented 77 percent and 23 percent, respectively, of total sales of the New Marriott Business in the 36 weeks ended September 12, 1997. In its Lodging segment, New Marriott will operate and franchise lodging facilities under 10 separate brand names and develop and operate vacation timesharing resorts. In the Contract Services segment, New Marriott will consist of two businesses. Marriott Senior Living Services develops and presently operates 81 retirement communities offering independent living, assisted living and skilled nursing care for seniors in the United States. Marriott Distribution Services supplies food and related products to internal operations and to third-party customers throughout the United States. Financial information by industry segment and geographic area as of January 3, 1997 and for the three fiscal years then ended, appears in the New Marriott Combined Statement of Income, the Business Segments note and International Operations note to the New Marriott Combined Financial Statements included elsewhere in this Proxy Statement. EMPLOYEES At September 12, 1997, New Marriott had approximately 140,000 employees, including approximately 4,000 who are subject to collective bargaining agreements. New Marriott believes its relations with employees are positive. PROPERTIES In addition to the operating properties discussed below, New Marriott leases an 870,000 square foot office building, located in Bethesda, Maryland, which serves as New Marriott's headquarters. This lease has an initial term which expires in 2004, and includes options for an additional 15 years. New Marriott believes its properties are in generally good physical condition with need for only routine repair and renovation. LODGING New Marriott's Lodging businesses included 1,420 operated or franchised hotels with 289,304 rooms at September 12, 1997 under 10 brands, serving seven distinct segments of the lodging industry: Marriott Hotels, Resorts and Suites (full-service); Ritz-Carlton (luxury); Renaissance (full-service); New World (full-service); Ramada International (moderate-price); Residence Inn (extended-stay); Courtyard hotels (moderate-price); Fairfield Inn and Suites (economy); TownePlace Suites (moderate-price, extended-stay) and Marriott Executive Residences (extended-stay, international). New Marriott is also a leading developer and operator of vacation timesharing properties (Marriott Vacation Club International). New Marriott-Operated Lodging Properties At September 12, 1997, New Marriott operated a total of 709 properties (187,291 rooms) across its 10 lodging brands under long-term management or lease agreements with property owners (the "Operating Agreements"). Terms of New Marriott's Operating Agreements vary, but typically include base and incentive management fees and reimbursement of costs (both direct and indirect) of lodging operations. Such agreements are generally 58 for initial periods of 20 to 30 years, with options to renew for up to 50 additional years. Many of the Operating Agreements are subordinated to mortgages or other liens securing indebtedness of the owners. Additionally, a number of the Operating Agreements permit the owners to terminate the agreement if financial returns fail to meet defined levels and the operator has not cured such deficiencies. New Marriott's responsibilities for units it operates include hiring, training and supervising the managers and employees required to operate the facilities. New Marriott provides centralized reservation services, and national advertising, marketing and promotional services, as well as various accounting and data processing services. New Marriott prepares and implements annual budgets for lodging facilities under its management. Additionally, New Marriott is responsible for allocating funds, generally a fixed percentage of revenue, provided by the property owners for periodic renovation of buildings and replacement of furnishings. New Marriott believes that its ongoing refurbishment program is adequate to preserve the competitive position and earning power of the hotels. Franchised Lodging Properties New Marriott has franchising programs that permit the use of its brand names and its lodging systems by other hotel owners and operators. Under these programs, New Marriott receives an initial application fee and continuing royalty fees, which typically range from four percent to six percent of room revenues for all brands, plus two percent to three percent of food and beverage revenues for full-service hotels. In addition, franchisees contribute to the national marketing and advertising programs, and pay fees for use of New Marriott's centralized reservation systems. At September 12, 1997, New Marriott had 711 franchised properties (102,013 rooms). Summary of Hotels by Brand The table below shows the distribution of hotels by brand as of September 12, 1997.
COMPANY-OPERATED FRANCHISED ------------------ ------------- BRAND UNITS ROOMS UNITS ROOMS - ----------------------------------------------- ------------------ ----- ------- Marriott Hotels, Resorts and Suites............ 201 86,598 122 37,101 Ritz-Carlton................................... 30 10,229 - - Renaissance.................................... 63 24,404 8 2,587 New World...................................... 15 7,387 - - Ramada International........................... 33 7,047 41 7,438 Residence Inn.................................. 111 14,529 137 15,056 Courtyard...................................... 204 29,869 126 15,471 Fairfield Inn and Suites....................... 51 7,133 277 24,360 TownePlace Suites.............................. 1 95 - - ------ ---------- --- ------- Total.......................................... 709 187,291 711 102,013 ====== ========== === =======
A significant proportion of hotels operated or franchised by New Marriott at September 12, 1997 were located outside the U.S., as follows:
U.S. NON-U.S. ------------- ------------ BRAND UNITS ROOMS UNITS ROOMS - ------------------------------------------------- ----- ------- ----- ------ Marriott Hotels, Resorts and Suites.............. 253 101,390 70 22,309 Ritz-Carlton..................................... 20 7,166 10 3,063 Renaissance...................................... 31 14,145 40 12,846 New World........................................ - - 15 7,387 Ramada International............................. - - 74 14,485 Residence Inn.................................... 244 29,034 4 551 Courtyard........................................ 319 44,404 11 936 Fairfield Inn and Suites......................... 328 31,493 - - TownePlace Suites................................ 1 95 - - ----- ------- --- ------ Total............................................ 1,196 227,727 224 61,577 ===== ======= === ====== ===
59 Marriott Hotels, Resorts and Suites primarily serves business and pleasure travelers and meeting groups at locations in downtown and suburban areas, near airports and at resort locations. Most Marriott full-service hotels contain from 300 to 500 rooms. However, the 19 convention hotels (18,500 rooms) are larger and contain up to 1,900 rooms. Marriott full-service hotel facilities typically include swimming pools, gift shops, convention and banquet facilities, a variety of restaurants and lounges and parking facilities. The 33 Marriott resort hotels (14,500 rooms) have additional recreational facilities, such as tennis courts and golf courses. The 10 Marriott Suites (2,600 rooms) are full-service suite hotels that typically contain about 250 suites, each consisting of a living room, bedroom and bathroom. These properties have only limited meeting space. New Marriott operates 25 conference centers, with approximately 4,400 guest rooms, located throughout the United States. Some of the centers are used exclusively by employees of the sponsoring organization, while others are marketed to outside meeting groups and individuals. The centers typically include meeting room space, dining facilities, guest rooms and recreational facilities. New Marriott receives management fees for operating the conference centers under contracts which typically range from one to five years. Management fees are generally based on a fixed amount or a percentage of revenues, and some of the management contracts provide for New Marriott to earn incentive fees if certain financial targets are exceeded. Room revenues for Marriott full-service hotels contributed approximately 61 percent of New Marriott's full-service hotel sales for the 36 week period ended September 12, 1997, with the remainder coming from food and beverage operations, recreational facilities and other services. Individual business and pleasure travelers accounted for approximately 62 percent of occupied room nights at New Marriott full-service hotels for the 36 week period ended September 12, 1997, with group meetings representing another 38 percent. Although business at many resort properties is seasonal depending on location, overall hotel profits have been relatively stable and include only moderate seasonal fluctuations. As of September 12, 1997, there were 323 Marriott Hotels, Resorts and Suites located in 40 states, the District of Columbia and 32 other countries. New Marriott expects to add 29 operated or franchised Marriott Hotels, Resorts and Suites (approximately 8,200 rooms) by the end of fiscal 1998. Of these hotel rooms, approximately 41 percent will be located outside the United States. At September 12, 1997, 70 Marriott hotels operated or franchised by New Marriott were located outside the U.S. in the United Kingdom (23 hotels), Continental Europe (13 hotels), the Americas (17 hotels) and the rest of the world (17 hotels). Ritz-Carlton Hotels and Resorts are renowned for their distinctive architecture and the quality of their facilities, dining and guest service. Most Ritz-Carlton hotels have 200 to 500 guest rooms and typically include meeting and banquet facilities, a variety of restaurants and lounges, gift shops, swimming pools and parking facilities. Resort guests will usually have access to additional recreational amenities, such as tennis courts and golf courses. As of September 12, 1997, there were 30 Ritz-Carlton luxury hotels and resorts in the United States and nine other countries. It is expected that five more Ritz-Carlton hotels (approximately 1,600 rooms) will be opened by the end of fiscal 1998. Renaissance is a global quality-tier brand which targets business travelers, group meetings and leisure travelers. Renaissance hotels are generally located in downtown locations of major cities, in suburban office parks, near major gateway airports and in destination resorts. Most hotels contain 300 to 500 rooms; however, a few of the convention hotels are larger in size, and some hotels in non-gateway markets, particularly in Europe, are closer to 200 rooms. Renaissance hotels typically include an all-day dining restaurant, a specialty restaurant, club floors and lounge, boardrooms, convention and banquet facilities. There are 15 Renaissance Resorts which have additional recreational facilities including golf, tennis and water sports. As of September 12, 1997, there were 71 Renaissance hotels located in 15 states, the District of Columbia and 22 other countries. 60 New World primarily targets international business travelers. New World hotels are located exclusively in the Asia-Pacific region and are concentrated in the major business districts of gateway cities in China and Southeast Asia. With hotels in the key gateway markets to China of Hong Kong, Beijing and Shanghai, New World has expanded into China's secondary business centers. New World hotels typically range in size from 300 to 600 rooms and offer multiple restaurants and lounges, executive floors, a variety of recreational facilities, banquet and meeting facilities. As of September 12, 1997, there were 15 New World hotels located in 7 countries outside of the U.S. Ramada International is a three- and four-star international brand targeted at business and leisure travelers seeking a moderately priced, full-service hotel. Each full-service Ramada property includes a restaurant, a cocktail lounge and full-service meeting and banquet facilities. Ramada hotels are located primarily in Europe in major and secondary cities, near major international airports and suburban office park locations. The brand is expanding in Asia where a growing middle class is creating increased demand and new markets for mid-priced hotel accommodations. Subsidiaries of New Marriott also receive royalty fees from Cendant Corporation (successor of HFS, Inc.) and Ramada Franchise Canada Limited for the use of the Ramada name in the United States and Canada, respectively. As of September 12, 1997, there were 74 Ramada hotels located in 23 countries outside of the U.S. and Canada. New Marriott expects to add 24 hotels (approximately 5,400 rooms) to the Renaissance, New World and Ramada International brands by the end of fiscal 1998. Courtyard hotels is New Marriott's moderate price hotel product. Aimed at individual business and pleasure travelers as well as families, Courtyard hotels maintain a residential atmosphere and scale and typically have 80 to 150 rooms. Well landscaped grounds include a courtyard with a pool and socializing areas. Most hotels feature meeting rooms, limited restaurant and lounge facilities, and an exercise room. The operating systems developed for these hotels allow Courtyard to be price competitive while providing better value through superior facilities and guest service. As of September 12, 1997, there were 330 Courtyard hotels located in 41 states, the District of Columbia, Canada and the United Kingdom. New Marriott expects to add 53 properties (approximately 6,900 rooms) to its Courtyard hotel system before the end of fiscal 1998, primarily through franchising. Residence Inn is the U.S. market leader in the extended-stay lodging segment, which caters primarily to business, governmental and family travelers who stay more than five consecutive nights. Residence Inns generally have 80 to 130 studio and two-story penthouse suites. Most inns feature a series of residential style buildings with landscaped walkways, courtyards and recreational areas. The inns do not have restaurants but offer complimentary continental breakfast, and most provide a complimentary evening hospitality hour. Each suite contains a fully equipped kitchen, and many suites have wood- burning fireplaces. As of September 12, 1997, there were 248 Residence Inns located in 43 states, Canada and Mexico. New Marriott expects to add 43 inns (approximately 5,000 rooms) to its Residence Inn system by the end of fiscal 1998, primarily through franchising. Fairfield Inn and Fairfield Suites is New Marriott's economy lodging product which competes directly with major national economy motel chains. Aimed at cost-conscious individual business and pleasure travelers, a typical Fairfield Inn has 63 to 135 rooms and offers a swimming pool, complimentary continental breakfast and free local phone calls. Fairfield Suites are designed to meet the needs of travelers who require more space and amenities. They feature suites that are 25 percent larger than the typical Fairfield Inn room, and offer a broader range of amenities. As of September 12, 1997, there were 328 Fairfield Inn and Fairfield Suites located in 47 states. The Company expects to add 54 franchised Fairfield Inn and Fairfield Suites (approximately 4,700 rooms) to its system by the end of fiscal 1998. 61 TownePlace Suites is a new brand of moderately priced, extended-stay hotel that is designed to appeal to business and leisure travelers. The standard TownePlace Suites hotel will consist of two interior-corridor buildings containing 95 units consisting of high-quality one- and two-bedroom studio suites. Each suite will have a fully equipped kitchen and separate living area. Each hotel will provide housekeeping services and will have on-site exercise facilities, an outdoor pool, 24-hour staffing and laundry facilities. New Marriott plans to open 21 TownePlace Suites by the end of fiscal 1998. Marriott Executive Residences was introduced in February 1997 and is being developed specifically for the long-term international traveler. Marriott Executive Residences will provide temporary housing for business executives and others who need quality accommodations outside their home country for 30 or more days. Marriott Vacation Club International develops, sells and operates vacation timesharing resorts. Earnings are generated from three primary sources: (1) selling fee simple and other forms of timeshare interests, (2) operating the resorts and (3) financing consumer purchases of timesharing intervals. Some timesharing resorts are located adjacent to Marriott hotels and timeshare owners have access to certain hotel facilities during their vacation. Owners can trade their annual interval for intervals at another Marriott timesharing resort or for intervals at certain timesharing resorts not otherwise sponsored by New Marriott through an unaffiliated exchange company. Owners also can trade their unused interval for points in the Marriott Rewards program, enabling them to stay at Marriott hotels worldwide. In 1996, New Marriott began selling intervals at its first European timeshare project located in Marbella, Spain. In addition, New Marriott began selling intervals at its first urban project, the historic Custom House in Boston, Massachusetts, as well as in Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, and at its fifth resort location in Orlando, Florida. As of September 12, 1997, New Marriott operated 32 timeshare resorts located in the Continental U.S. (28 resorts), Hawaii (one resort), the Bahamas (one resort), Europe (one resort) and Aruba (one resort). Other Activities Marriott Golf manages 17 golf course facilities for New Marriott and other golf course owners. New Marriott has provided event planning and management services since 1996 under the brand name of Marquis Events International by Marriott. In 1996, New Marriott was awarded a contract by the National Football League to be the official sponsor of hospitality services such as catering, beverage services, entertainment and decor to the NFL's corporate clientele for the 1997, 1998 and 1999 Super Bowls. New Marriott operates systemwide hotel reservation centers in Omaha, Nebraska; Salt Lake City, Utah; Atlanta, Georgia; Los Angeles, California; and London, England that handle reservation requests for all Marriott lodging properties worldwide, including franchised units, Ritz-Carlton and Renaissance hotels. New Marriott owns the Omaha facility and leases the other facilities. New Marriott's Architecture and Construction Division assists in the design, development, construction and refurbishment of lodging properties and retirement communities. Competition New Marriott encounters strong competition both as a hotel operator and a franchisor. There are over 500 hotel management companies in the United States, including several that operate more than 100 properties. These operators are primarily private management firms, but also include several large national chains that own and operate their own hotels and also franchise their brands. Hotel management contracts are typically long-term in nature, but most allow the hotel owner to replace the management firm if certain financial or performance criteria are not met. 62 Affiliation with a national or regional brand is prevalent in the U.S. lodging industry. In 1997, the majority of U.S. hotel rooms were brand- affiliated. Most of the branded properties are franchises, under which the operator pays the franchisor a fee for use of its hotel name and reservation system. The franchising business is fairly concentrated, with the three largest franchisors operating multiple hotel brands accounting for a significant proportion of all U.S. rooms. Outside the United States, branding is much less prevalent, and most markets are served primarily by independent operators. New Marriott believes that chain affiliation will increase in overseas markets as local economies grow, trade barriers are reduced, international travel accelerates and hotel owners seek the economies of centralized reservation systems and marketing programs. New Marriott has approximately a six percent share of the U.S. lodging market and less than a one percent share of the lodging market outside the United States. New Marriott's brands are attractive to hotel owners seeking a management company or franchise affiliation, because its hotels typically generate higher occupancies and REVPAR than direct competitors in most market areas. New Marriott attributes this performance premium to its success in achieving and maintaining strong customer preference. New Marriott believes its superior facilities, national marketing programs and reservation systems and its emphasis on guest service and satisfaction are contributing factors. New Marriott's properties are regularly upgraded to maintain their competitiveness. The vast majority of rooms in the Marriott lodging system either opened or have been refurbished in the past five years. New Marriott also strives to continually update and improve the products and services offered. New Marriott believes that by operating a number of hotels in each of its brands, it stays in direct touch with customers and reacts to changes in the marketplace more quickly than chains which rely exclusively on franchising. Repeat guest business is enhanced by the Marriott Rewards and Marriott Miles programs, which reward frequent travelers with free stays at Marriott hotels or free travel on participating airlines. Marriott Rewards, introduced in the spring of 1997, is a multi-brand frequent guest program and replaces the Company's 14-year-old Honored Guest Awards program. In addition to the participation of six Marriott Brands, Marriott Rewards has formed a partnership with select Ritz-Carlton hotels and also allows members to exchange points for frequent flyer miles with nine partner airlines. New Marriott also operates a preferred travel card for its major business accounts. The preferred card accumulates a traveler's award points in all frequent stay programs of Marriott's lodging brands. Management believes that the frequent stay programs generate substantial repeat business that might otherwise go to competing hotels. The resort timesharing industry also is very competitive. Formerly dominated by real estate development companies and entrepreneurs, the industry has recently begun to attract well capitalized corporations with significant experience in lodging and hospitality-related businesses. New Marriott currently has about a five percent share of this rapidly growing industry's annual worldwide sales of about $6 billion. New Marriott competes by offering premium quality products at attractive locations to prospective timeshare buyers, many of whom are familiar with New Marriott's strong commitment to customer satisfaction through its hotel properties. Approximately 40 percent of New Marriott's ownership resort sales come from additional purchases by or referrals from existing owners. CONTRACT SERVICES The Contract Services segment includes two businesses: Marriott Senior Living Services (development and operation of retirement communities and related senior care services) and Marriott Distribution Services (distribution of food and supplies). Marriott Senior Living Services Through its Senior Living Services business, New Marriott will develop and operate both "independent full-service" and "assisted living" retirement communities and provide related senior care services. Most are rental 63 communities with daily rates that depend on the amenities and services provided. New Marriott will be, upon the Spinoff, the largest U.S. operator of retirement communities in the quality tier. As of September 12, 1997, the Senior Living Services business operated 44 independent full-service retirement communities, which offer both independent living apartments and personal assistance units for seniors. Most of these communities also offer licensed nursing care. As of September 12, 1997, the Senior Living Services business also operated 37 assisted living retirement communities under the names "Brighton Gardens by Marriott," "Village Oaks" and "National Guest Homes." Assisted living retirement communities are for seniors who presently require personal assistance with hygiene, administration of medication, mobility and other daily activities which do not require skilled nurses. The Brighton Gardens concept is quality tier assisted living which generally have 100 single resident assisted living suites and 30 to 40 nursing beds in a community. Several communities also provide Alzheimer care units. Village Oaks and National Guest Homes are moderately priced assisted living concepts which emphasize non-family companion living and generally have 70 two-person suites in a community. These concepts are geared for the cost-conscious senior who enjoys the companionship of another unrelated individual. All of the assisted living concepts typically include three meals per day, linen and housekeeping services, security, transportation, and social and recreational activities. Additionally, skilled nursing and therapy services are generally available to Brighton Garden residents. Terms of the senior living services management agreements vary but typically include base management fees, ranging from four to five percent of revenues, central administrative services reimbursements and incentive management fees. Such agreements are generally for initial periods of five to 30 years, with options to renew for up to 25 additional years. Under the terms of the lease agreements covering 18 of the communities, New Marriott will pay the owner fixed annual rentals and additional rentals equal to a percentage of annual revenues in excess of a fixed amount. The leases initially expire in 2013, with renewals for an additional 20 years at New Marriott's option. The senior living services market is one of the faster-growing segments of the U.S. economy. New Marriott is expanding its Senior Living Services division to meet this growing demand and by the end of 1998 expects to operate approximately 122 retirement communities. As of September 12, 1997, New Marriott operated 81 retirement communities in 20 states.
COMMUNITIES UNITS/1/ ----------- -------- Independent full-service --owned.............................................. 3 1,074 --operated under long-term agreements................ 41 10,943 --- ------ 44 12,017 --- ------ Assisted living --owned.............................................. 11 828 --operated under long-term agreements................ 26 3,269 --- ------ 37 4,097 --- ------ Total retirement communities at September 12, 1997... 81 16,114 === ======
- -------- /1/ Units represent independent and assisted living apartments plus beds in nursing centers. Marriott Distribution Services MDS is a United States limited-line distributor of food and related supplies, carrying an average of 3,000 product items per distribution center. This business unit originally focused on purchasing, warehousing and 64 distributing food and supplies to other Company businesses. In recent years, however, MDS has steadily increased its third-party business to about 65 percent of total sales volume in the 36 weeks ended September 12, 1997, compared to less than 15 percent in fiscal year 1988. MDS operated a nationwide network of 16 distribution centers as of September 12, 1997, including three centers opened during 1997. Leased facilities are generally built to MDS's specifications, and utilize a narrow aisle concept and technology to enhance productivity. MDS plans to aggressively pursue new business by leveraging its purchasing economies, quality assurance programs and operating systems. Competition New Marriott will encounter strong competition in each of its Contract Services businesses. Marriott Senior Living Services competes mostly with local and regional providers of long-term health care and retirement living, although some national providers are emerging in the assisted living market. Marriott Senior Living Services is able to compete by operating well maintained facilities and by providing quality health care, food service and other services at reasonable prices. Additionally, Marriott Senior Living Services has focused on developing relationships with professionals who often refer seniors to retirement communities, such as hospital discharge planners and ministers. By educating these groups on the assisted living concept, and familiarizing them with the Marriott product and personnel, Marriott Senior Living Services referrals that help its retirement communities to quickly achieve high, stabilized occupancy levels. MDS competes with numerous national, regional and local distribution companies in the $130 billion U.S. food distribution business. MDS attracts and retains clients by adopting competitive pricing policies and by maintaining one of the highest order fill rates in the industry. In addition, MDS uses its advanced technology, purchasing leverage and limited product lines to provide a favorable cost structure. 65 SODEXHO NORTH AMERICA SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA The following table presents certain selected financial data of Sodexho North America which has been derived from the Sodexho North America Combined Consolidated Financial Statements as of and for the three months ended November 30, 1997 and 1996 and the five most recent fiscal years ended August 31, 1997. The information set forth below should be read in conjunction with "MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS--SODEXHO NORTH AMERICA" which follows and the Sodexho North America Combined Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto included elsewhere in this Proxy Statement. Per share data has not been presented because Sodexho North America was not a publicly held company during the periods presented below.
(IN MILLIONS) ----------------------------------------------- THREE MONTHS ENDED NOVEMBER 30 FISCAL YEAR ENDED AUGUST 31 ------------------- --------------------------- 1997 1996 1997 1996 1995/1/ 1994 1993 --------- --------- ---- ---- ------- ---- ---- INCOME STATEMENT DATA Sales......................... $265 $240 $882 $834 $599 $348 $334 Operating Income.............. 11 10 20 16 5 4 4 Net Income.................... 6 5 7 5 - 2 2 BALANCE SHEET DATA (AT END OF PERIOD) Total Assets.................. 308 279 265 263 102 98 Long-Term Debt................ 66 67 81 94 5 -
- -------- /1/ Reflects the acquisition of Gardner Merchant Holdings, Inc. as of February 1, 1995. 66 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS -- SODEXHO NORTH AMERICA RESULTS OF OPERATIONS The following discussion presents an analysis of results of operations of Sodexho North America for fiscal years ended August 31, 1997, 1996 and 1995 and the three months ended November 30, 1997 and November 30, 1996. Forward- looking comments do not contemplate the impact of the Transactions that are the subject of this Proxy Statement. Fiscal 1997 Compared To Fiscal 1996 Net income increased 53 percent to $7 million on sales growth of six percent to $882 million. Operating income was up 28 percent to $20 million. Unit level performance reflected sales improvements across all markets, as the business and industry, education and health care divisions all benefited from the impact of new accounts and increases in the level of services provided to on-going clients. These top-line improvements resulted in slightly lower profit margins principally due to expected start-up costs at the new accounts. The increase in operating income was primarily attributable to lower selling, general and administrative expenses than in fiscal 1996, when significant transition costs were incurred in connection with the Gardner Merchant Acquisition offset by the slightly reduced profit margins described above. Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased one percent to $92 million and by one percentage point as a percentage of sales, reflecting the impact of transition costs in fiscal 1996 relating to the Gardner Merchant Acquisition. Depreciation and amortization expense decreased by four percent primarily due to certain assets becoming fully depreciated during the year. Interest expense decreased three percent to $7 million as a result of principal reductions on borrowings assumed in the Gardner Merchant Acquisition. The effective income tax rate increased to 44 percent in fiscal 1997, compared to 43 percent in fiscal 1996. The increase is primarily attributable to an increase in permanent differences arising from the nondeductible portion of meals and entertainment expenses. Fiscal 1996 Compared To Fiscal 1995 Net income was $5 million in fiscal 1996 compared to a slight loss in fiscal 1995. Sales grew 39 percent to $834 million, reflecting a full year of operations of Gardner Merchant, as compared to seven months in fiscal 1995. Operating income nearly tripled to $16 million. This increase was largely attributable to a full year of operations of Gardner Merchant as compared to seven months, including the three summer months, which are considered "off- season" in the industry, in fiscal 1995. Unit level performance in fiscal 1996 reflected a full year of revenues of the Gardner Merchant as compared to seven months in fiscal 1995, as well as sales improvements across all markets, as the business and industry, education and health care divisions all benefited from the impact of new accounts and increases in the level of services provided to on-going clients. However, the timing of the Gardner Merchant Acquisition during fiscal 1995 resulted in lower margins during that year. Selling, general and administrative expenses rose 67 percent to $93 million in fiscal 1996, reflecting a full year of operations of Gardner Merchant and the impact of transition costs pertaining to the Gardner Merchant Acquisition. The increase of 44 percent in depreciation and amortization reflected a full year of expense on the tangible and intangible assets acquired. 67 Interest expense increased 38 percent to $7 million in fiscal 1996, reflecting a full year of interest on borrowings assumed in the Gardner Merchant Acquisition. The effective income tax rate decreased to 43 percent in fiscal 1996, compared to 257 percent in fiscal 1995, due to the relatively lower pretax income in fiscal 1995 in relation to the nondeductible permanent items in that year. Three Months Ended November 30, 1997 and November 30, 1996 Net income increased 15 percent to $6 million for the three months ended November 30, 1997, on sales growth of 10 percent to $265 million as compared to the same period in 1996. Unit level performance improved across all markets, as the business and industry, education and health care divisions all benefited from the impact of new accounts and increases in the level of services provided to on-going clients. Selling, general and administrative expenses increased 14 percent to $26 million for the three months ended November 30, 1997 as compared to $23 million for the same period in fiscal 1996, roughly in line with the increase in sales but also reflecting costs related to the Transactions. Interest expense decreased seven percent as a result of principal reduction on borrowings assumed in the Gardner Merchant Acquisition. The effective income tax rate of 43 percent for the three months ended November 30, 1997, is the same percentage as for the three months ended November 30, 1996. LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES Cash and cash equivalents totaled $23 million at August 31, 1997 as compared to $21 million and $25 million at August 31, 1996 and 1995, respectively. Cash and cash equivalents totaled $22 million at November 30, 1997. Cash provided by operations of $14 million, $18 million and $16 million for fiscal 1997, 1996 and 1995, respectively, reflected significantly higher net income in both fiscal 1997 and 1996, offset somewhat in fiscal 1997 by a higher net change in working capital. Cash provided by operations of $6 million and $32 million for the three months ended November 30, 1997 and 1996, respectively, reflected a significant decrease in changes in working capital. During fiscal 1997, Sodexho North America centralized certain cash management accounts which enabled it to reduce its outstanding overdrafts. Cash used in investing activities totaled $6 million and $7 million in fiscal 1997 and 1996, respectively, primarily reflecting capital expenditures of $7 million and $9 million, respectively, which consisted primarily of purchases of computer equipment and vending equipment. Similar expenditures were made during fiscal 1995, but were more than offset by cash and equivalents acquired in the Gardner Merchant Acquisition. Cash used in investing activities totaled $2 million for the three months ended November 30, 1997 and were negligible for the three months ended November 30, 1996. The increase was primarily attributable to capital expenditures for new computer equipment and vending machines. Cash used in financing activities of $7 million, $14 million and $7 million in fiscal 1997, 1996 and 1995, primarily reflects repayments of long-term debt, which was refinanced during fiscal 1996. During fiscal 1996 and 1995, dividends of $3 million and $2 million, respectively, were paid to Sodexho, the parent company. During fiscal 1997, Sodexho North America utilized $6 million of its $31 million available credit line. Cash used in financing activities increased to $5 million for the three months ended November 30, 1997 as compared to negligible amounts for the same period during fiscal 1997, primarily due to repayment of the line of credit. Sodexho North America expects that cash generated by operations as well as borrowing capacity under the Replacement SMS Debt will be sufficient to finance its planned growth and capital requirements. See "FINANCING." 68 SMS UNAUDITED PRO FORMA COMBINED FINANCIAL DATA The unaudited Pro Forma Combined Balance Sheet of SMS as of September 12, 1997 presents the financial position of SMS as if the Transactions had been completed as of such date. The unaudited Pro Forma Combined Statements of Income of SMS for the 36 weeks ended September 12, 1997, the 53 weeks ended January 3, 1997, the 52 weeks ended December 29, 1995 and the 52 weeks ended December 30, 1994 present the results of operations of SMS as if the Transactions had been completed at the beginning of each period presented. The adjustments required to reflect the Transactions are set forth in the pro forma Spinoff adjustments and pro forma Acquisition and refinancing adjustments columns and are discussed in the accompanying Notes. The unaudited pro forma combined financial data of SMS and Notes thereto should be read in conjunction with the Marriott International, Inc. Consolidated Financial Statements, contained in the Marriott International, Inc. Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 3, 1997, the Marriott International, Inc. Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended September 12, 1997, which are incorporated herein by reference, and the audited Sodexho North America Combined Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto, which are included elsewhere in this Proxy Statement. THE PRO FORMA INFORMATION PRESENTED IS FOR INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY AND MAY NOT NECESSARILY REFLECT FUTURE RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL POSITION OR WHAT THE RESULTS OF OPERATIONS OR FINANCIAL POSITION WOULD HAVE BEEN HAD THE TRANSACTIONS OCCURRED AS OF THE DATE AND DURING THE PERIODS INDICATED. THIS INFORMATION DOES NOT NECESSARILY REFLECT THE FUTURE FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF SMS. For the purposes of preparing the financial statements of SMS, management of SMS will undertake a study to establish the fair value of the acquired assets and liabilities of Sodexho North America. The allocation of the purchase price to the assets and liabilities acquired reflected in this pro forma combined financial data is preliminary. Accordingly, the actual financial position and results of operations may differ from these pro forma amounts. 69 SMS UNAUDITED PRO FORMA COMBINED BALANCE SHEET AS OF SEPTEMBER 12, 1997 (IN MILLIONS)
PRO FORMA SODEXHO ACQUISITION PRO FORMA NORTH AND THE COMPANY SPINOFF AMERICA REFINANCING PRO FORMA HISTORICAL ADJUSTMENTS SUBTOTAL HISTORICAL ADJUSTMENTS SMS ----------- ----------- -------- ---------- ----------- --------- ASSETS Current assets Cash and equivalents... $ 359 $ 48 (A) $ 68 $ 23 $ 304 (G) $ 24 (339)(C) (365)(H) 20 (D) (6)(I) (20)(F) Accounts and notes re- ceivable.............. 1,041 (22)(A) 288 84 372 (731)(C) Other current assets... 468 (2)(A) 112 24 3 (I) 139 19 (B) (373)(C) ------ ------- ------- ---- ------- ------- 1,868 (1,400) 468 131 (64) 535 ------ ------- ------- ---- ------- ------- Property and equipment.. 1,496 (11)(A) 58 24 82 (1,427)(C) Intangible assets....... 1,773 (70)(A) 232 97 255 (J) 584 (1,471)(C) Other assets............ 1,187 (1,140)(C) 47 27 24 (H) 98 ------ ------- ------- ---- ------- ------- $6,324 $(5,519) $ 805 $279 $ 215 $ 1,299 ====== ======= ======= ==== ======= ======= LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT) Current liabilities Accounts payable....... $1,011 $ (24)(A) $ 159 $ 59 $ 20 (J) $ 238 (825)(C) (3)(D) Other current liabili- ties.................. 1,109 (8)(A) 334 78 (171)(H) 239 65 (B) (2) (I) (939)(C) 107 (D) ------ ------- ------- ---- ------- ------- 2,120 (1,627) 493 137 (153) 477 ------ ------- ------- ---- ------- ------- Long-term debt.......... 1,433 (1)(A) 1,325 67 1,150 (H) 1,222 (107)(C) (1,320)(H) Other long-term liabili- ties................... 979 (898)(C) 107 8 27 (J) 142 24 (E) 2 (F) Convertible subordinated debt................... 306 (306)(C) - - - ------ ------- ------- ---- ------- ------- 4,838 (2,913) 1,925 212 (296) 1,841 ------ ------- ------- ---- ------- ------- Common stock............ 129 129 7 (74)(J) 62 Additional paid-in capi- tal.................... 678 (2)(A) 671 54 223 (J) 948 (5)(F) Retained earnings (defi- cit)................... 744 (22)(A) (1,855) 6 304 (G) (1,552) (46)(B) (1)(I) (2,406)(C) (6)(J) (84)(D) (24)(E) (17)(F) Treasury stock, at cost................... (65) (65) - 65 (J) - ------ ------- ------- ---- ------- ------- Total stockholders' eq- uity (deficit)......... 1,486 (2,606) (1,120) 67 511 (542) ------ ------- ------- ---- ------- ------- $6,324 $(5,519) $ 805 $279 $ 215 $ 1,299 ====== ======= ======= ==== ======= =======
See Notes to Unaudited Pro Forma Combined Financial Data 70 SMS UNAUDITED PRO FORMA COMBINED STATEMENT OF INCOME THIRTY-SIX WEEKS ENDED SEPTEMBER 12, 1997 (IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE DATA)
PRO FORMA SODEXHO ACQUISITION THE PRO FORMA NORTH AND COMPANY SPINOFF AMERICA REFINANCING PRO FORMA HISTORICAL ADJUSTMENTS SUBTOTAL HISTORICAL ADJUSTMENTS SMS ---------- ----------- -------- ---------- ----------- --------- SALES................... $8,158 $ (126)(K) $2,155 $569 $2,724 (6,177)(L) 300 (M) OPERATING COSTS AND EXPENSES............... 7,660 (129)(K) 2,084 561 $ 6 (P) 2,652 (5,747)(L) 1 (Q) 300 (M) ------ ------- ------ ---- ---- ------ Operating profit before corporate expenses and interest.............. 498 (427) 71 8 (7) 72 Corporate expenses...... (64) 60 (L) (4) - (5)(S) (9) Interest expense........ (77) 18 (L) (59) (5) 59 (N) (64) (59)(R) Interest income......... 19 (19)(L) - 1 1 ------ ------- ------ ---- ---- ------ INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES.................. 376 (368) 8 4 (12) - Provision for income taxes.................. 149 (145)(L) 4 2 (3)(O) 3 ------ ------- ------ ---- ---- ------ NET INCOME (LOSS)....... $ 227 $ (223) $ 4 $ 2 $ (9) $ (3) ====== ======= ====== ==== ==== ====== Primary shares.......... 134.1 62.1 (T) ====== ====== PRIMARY EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE.............. $ 1.70 $(0.05) ====== ====== Fully diluted shares.... 139.4 62.1 (T) ====== ====== FULLY DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE.............. $ 1.67 ====== RESTATED FULLY DILUTED EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE.................. $ 6.68 (T) $(0.05) ====== ======
See Notes to Unaudited Pro Forma Combined Financial Data 71 SMS UNAUDITED PRO FORMA COMBINED STATEMENT OF INCOME FIFTY-THREE WEEKS ENDED JANUARY 3, 1997 (IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE DATA)
PRO FORMA SODEXHO ACQUISITION THE PRO FORMA NORTH AND COMPANY SPINOFF AMERICA REFINANCING PRO FORMA HISTORICAL ADJUSTMENTS SUBTOTAL HISTORICAL ADJUSTMENTS SMS ---------- ----------- -------- ---------- ----------- --------- SALES................... $ 10,172 $ (136)(K) $ 3,175 $ 845 $ 4,020 (7,267)(L) 406 (M) OPERATING COSTS AND EXPENSES............... 9,543 (135)(K) 3,055 828 $ 7 (P) 3,891 (6,759)(L) 1 (Q) 406 (M) -------- ------- ------- ----- ---- ------- Operating profit before corporate expenses and interest.............. 629 (509) 120 17 (8) 129 Corporate expenses...... (79) 73 (L) (6) - (6)(S) (12) Interest expense........ (85) 37 (L) (48) (7) 47 (N) (93) (85)(R) Interest income......... 37 (37)(L) - - - -------- ------- ------- ----- ---- ------- INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES.................. 502 (436) 66 10 (52) 24 Provision for income taxes.................. 196 (165)(L) 31 4 (21)(O) 14 -------- ------- ------- ----- ---- ------- NET INCOME.............. $ 306 $ (271) $ 35 $ 6 $(31) $ 10 ======== ======= ======= ===== ==== ======= Primary shares.......... 135.2 63.9 (T) ======== ======= PRIMARY EARNINGS PER SHARE.................. $ 2.26 $ .16 ======== ======= Fully diluted shares.... 139.2 63.9 (T) ======== ======= FULLY DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE.............. $ 2.24 ======== RESTATED FULLY DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE..... $ 8.96 (T) $ .16 ======== =======
See Notes to Unaudited Pro Forma Combined Financial Data 72 SMS UNAUDITED PRO FORMA COMBINED STATEMENT OF INCOME FIFTY-TWO WEEKS ENDED DECEMBER 29, 1995 (IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE DATA)
PRO FORMA SODEXHO ACQUISITION THE PRO FORMA NORTH AND COMPANY SPINOFF AMERICA REFINANCING PRO FORMA HISTORICAL ADJUSTMENTS SUBTOTAL HISTORICAL ADJUSTMENTS SMS ---------- ----------- -------- ---------- ----------- --------- SALES................... $8,961 $(6,255)(L) $3,031 $746 $3,777 325 (M) OPERATING COSTS AND EXPENSES............... 8,471 (5,865)(L) 2,931 733 $ 8 (P) 3,673 325 (M) 1 (Q) ------ ------- ------ ---- ---- ------ Operating profit before corporate expenses and interest.............. 490 (390) 100 13 (9) 104 Corporate expenses...... (64) 59 (L) (5) - (7)(S) (12) Interest expense........ (53) 9 (L) (44) (8) 44 (N) (93) (85)(R) Interest income......... 39 (39)(L) - - - ------ ------- ------ ---- ---- ------ INCOME (LOSS) BEFORE INCOME TAXES........... 412 (361) 51 5 (57) (1) Provision for income taxes.................. 165 (142)(L) 23 2 (21)(O) 4 ------ ------- ------ ---- ---- ------ NET INCOME (LOSS)....... $ 247 $ (219) $ 28 $ 3 $(36) $ (5) ====== ======= ====== ==== ==== ====== Primary shares.......... 131.9 61.1 (T) ====== ====== PRIMARY EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE.............. $ 1.87 $(0.08) ====== ====== Fully diluted shares.... 132.3 61.1 (T) ====== ====== FULLY DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE.............. $ 1.87 ====== RESTATED FULLY DILUTED EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE.................. $ 7.48 (T) $(0.08) ====== ======
See Notes to Unaudited Pro Forma Combined Financial Data 73 SMS UNAUDITED PRO FORMA COMBINED STATEMENT OF INCOME FIFTY-TWO WEEKS ENDED DECEMBER 30, 1994 (IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE DATA)
PRO FORMA SODEXHO ACQUISITION THE PRO FORMA NORTH AND COMPANY SPINOFF AMERICA REFINANCING PRO FORMA HISTORICAL ADJUSTMENTS SUBTOTAL HISTORICAL ADJUSTMENTS SMS ---------- ----------- -------- ---------- ----------- --------- SALES................... $8,415 $(5,746)(L) $2,961 $344 $3,305 292 (M) OPERATING COSTS AND EXPENSES............... 8,002 (5,430)(L) 2,864 339 $ 13 (P) 3,217 292 (M) 1 (Q) ------ ------- ------ ---- ---- ------ Operating profit before corporate expenses and interest.............. 413 (316) 97 5 (14) 88 Corporate expenses...... (68) 63 (L) (5) -- (6)(S) (11) Interest expense........ (32) 7 (L) (25) -- 25 (N) (85) (85)(R) Interest income......... 29 (29)(L) -- -- -- ------ ------- ------ ---- ---- ------ INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES.................. 342 (275) 67 5 (80) (8) Provision for income taxes.................. 142 (113)(L) 29 2 (30)(O) 1 ------ ------- ------ ---- ---- ------ NET INCOME (LOSS)....... $ 200 $ (162) $ 38 $ 3 $(50) $ (9) ====== ======= ====== ==== ==== ====== Primary shares.......... 132.3 60.8 (T) ====== ====== PRIMARY EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE ............. $ 1.51 $(0.16) ====== ====== Fully diluted shares.... 132.3 60.8 (T) ====== ====== FULLY DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE.............. $ 1.51 ====== RESTATED FULLY DILUTED EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE.................. $ 6.04 (T) $(0.16) ====== ======
See Notes to Unaudited Pro Forma Combined Financial Data 74 SMS NOTES TO UNAUDITED PRO FORMA COMBINED FINANCIAL DATA A. Represents the sale of MMS UK to Sodexho for $50 million in cash. Such sale is assumed to have closed as of the balance sheet date. Assets and liabilities of the UK operations removed from the balance sheet include $2 million of cash held in the UK at closing. B. Represents anticipated tender offer costs, consent costs and accrued but unpaid interest for the public debt of the Company and its subsidiaries, net of related tax benefits. C. Represents the removal of the assets and liabilities of New Marriott as a result of the Spinoff. D. Represents anticipated payments from New Marriott to SMS of $50 million as a net tangible assets closing adjustment, and the allocation of cash for the $20 million deferred bonus stock less payment to New Marriott of $50 million related to the MMS UK sale and $107 million payable by SMS to New Marriott in relation to the agreed-upon level of Company debt to be refinanced or repaid by SMS ($1.444 billion) as provided in the Distribution Agreement. Additionally, reflects removal of $3 million of SMS liabilities to be assumed by New Marriott under the Employee Benefits Allocation Agreement. E. Represents the allocation to SMS of the pro-rata share of the LYONs based upon the estimated relative equity values of SMS and New Marriott on the Effective Date as provided in the LYONs Allocation Agreement. However, New Marriott will be liable for the full obligation evidenced by the LYONs. This allocation to other long-term liabilities represents SMS's liability for its pro-rata share of the LYONs. F. Represents approximately 0.3 million shares of the Company's unvested deferred bonus stock paid out in cash, prior to the Spinoff. G. Represents Sodexho's cash payment to SMS concurrent with the Acquisition. The cash will be used to pay down existing indebtedness. H. Represents repayment of Company debt, anticipated tender offer costs, consent costs and accrued interest with proceeds from borrowings under new SMS credit facilities as well as the net cash impact of these refinancing transactions. The following summarizes the pro forma net cash outflow for financing transactions (in millions):
INFLOW/(OUTFLOW) ------------------ Borrowings under new SMS credit facilities $ 1,150 Refinancing of existing public debt and commercial paper (excluding $5 existing premium) (1,315) Debt issuance costs relating to the new SMS borrowings ($5 will be expensed related to the existing public debt) (29) Payment of accrued interest on tendered public debt $ (18) Costs associated with tendered public debt (46) Payment to New Marriott in relation to the agreed upon level of SMS debt (107) ------- Effect on other current liabilities (171) --------- Net cash outflow $ (365) =========
I. Represents the cash settlement by ICC of 42 percent of its pre-Acquisition stock options and the redenomination of the remaining ICC options into options to acquire shares in SMS. J. Represents the purchase accounting for the acquisition of Sodexho North America by SMS. The acquisition will be consummated by issuing shares of SMS Common Stock to Sodexho as consideration. The acquisition will be accounted for by the purchase method of accounting. The purchase price will be allocated to the 75 identifiable assets (both tangible and intangible) and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values. The preliminary pro forma purchase price allocation resulted in the following adjustments to historical amounts (in millions): Net assets of Sodexho North America $ 67 Liabilities assumed upon Acquisition (including anticipated $5 payment to Sodexho as an ICC net tangible asset closing adjustment) (20) Deferred income taxes (27) Customer contracts $ 68 Goodwill 187 ---- Total intangible assets 255 ---- Pro forma purchase price $275 ====
Goodwill and customer contracts will be amortized over 30 year and 15 year periods, respectively. As part of the Transactions, treasury stock is canceled and the one-for-four SMS Reverse Stock Split is effected. The effect on stockholder's equity to record the Transactions is summarized below (in millions): Elimination of Sodexho North America's historical common stock $ (7) Effect of one-for-four SMS reverse stock split (67) ---- Reduction in common stock $(74) ==== Elimination of Sodexho North America's historical additional paid-in capital $(54) Cancellation of Treasury Stock (65) Effect of the one-for-four SMS reverse stock split 67 Purchase cost 275 ---- Increase in additional paid-in capital $223 ==== Elimination of Sodexho North America's historical retained earnings $ (6) ====
K. Represents MMS UK, which is assumed to be sold at the beginning of the period. L. Represents the results of New Marriott's businesses (Lodging, which will be treated as discontinued operations, as well as Senior Living Services and Marriott Distribution Services). M. Represents the historical intercompany sales activity between MDS and MMS, which has been eliminated in the Company's consolidated financial statements prior to the Spinoff. N. Reflects the elimination of interest expense associated with (i) the Company's tendered outstanding public debt of $720 million and (ii) the repayment of $595 million of commercial paper borrowings. The fixed rate public debt had a weighted average interest rate of approximately 7.5 percent, resulting in interest of $46 million and $36 million for the 53 weeks ended January 3, 1997 and the 36 weeks ended September 12, 1997, respectively. The weighted average commercial paper rate was approximately 5.76 percent and 5.79 percent, respectively, for the 53 weeks ended January 3, 1997 and the 36 weeks ended September 12, 1997, respectively, resulting in interest expense of $1 million and $23 million, for the 53 weeks ended January 3, 1997 and the 36 weeks ended September 12, 1997, respectively. O. Represents the income tax effect of the pro forma adjustments. P. Reflects the increase in amortization expense associated with the goodwill and identifiable intangible assets as if the Transactions were consummated on the first day of the period presented. Annual depreciation and amortization for SMS is estimated to be $74 million. 76 Q. Represents license fee payable to New Marriott. R. Reflects the interest expense associated with SMS's allocated share of LYONs and SMS's new credit facilities of $1.36 billion, of which $1.15 billion is assumed to be drawn at closing. The average interest rate for this new debt is assumed to be approximately 7 percent. Interest expense will increase by $81 million and $56 million, for the 53 weeks ended January 3, 1997 and the 36 weeks ended September 12, 1997, respectively. Debt issuance costs of approximately $29 million will be amortized over a seven year life, resulting in an additional increase in interest expense of $4 million and $3 million, for the 53 weeks ended January 3, 1997 and the 36 weeks ended September 12, 1997, respectively. S. Represents estimated additional corporate expenses expected to be incurred for SMS to operate as a separate public company. These costs include a treasury department, investor relations function, expanded financial reporting group, internal audit function, Board of Directors and external reporting requirements. T. Restated fully diluted earnings per share of the Company reflects the one- for-four SMS Reverse Stock Split. Pro forma primary and fully diluted earnings per share are computed based on (i) common shares outstanding after issuances to Sodexho and the SMS Reverse Stock Split, (ii) the dilutive impact of common equivalent shares issuable to SMS employees and (iii) the dilutive impact of the LYONs. Pro forma net income for fully diluted earnings per share represents pro forma net income plus the after- tax amount of interest on the LYONs. NOTE 1--The pro forma adjustments do not reflect any operating efficiencies and cost savings which may be achievable with respect to the combined companies. SMS expects to realize annual pretax cost savings of approximately $60 million within a three-year period, largely through greater purchasing economies, and elimination of duplicate functions and facilities. There can be no assurance, however, as to the amount and timing of these cost savings, which could be adversely impacted by unforeseen delays or difficulties in integrating the two companies or the inability to realize anticipated purchasing economies. Nonrecurring pretax integration costs of $24 million have not been included in the pro forma statements of income. NOTE 2--SMS's business is characterized historically by seasonal fluctuations in overall demand for services, particularly in the education sector where sales are stronger during the academic year. Also the Company has included four four-week periods in the fourth quarter compared to three four-week periods in each of its first three quarters. Consequently, substantially higher profits may be earned in the fourth quarter compared to other quarters. NOTE 3--On February 1, 1995 Sodexho North America acquired Gardner Merchant Holdings, Inc. and its subsidiaries (GMH). The results of GMH are included in the results of Sodexho North America from the date of acquisition. 77 NEW MARRIOTT SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA The following table presents certain selected financial data of New Marriott which has been derived from the New Marriott Combined Financial Statements as of and for the 36 weeks ended September 12, 1997 and September 6, 1996 and the five most recent fiscal years ended January 3, 1997. The information set forth below should be read in conjunction with "MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS--NEW MARRIOTT" which follows and the New Marriott Combined Financial Statements and the Notes thereto included elsewhere in this Proxy Statement. Per share data has not been presented because New Marriott was not a publicly held company during the periods presented below.
(IN MILLIONS) THIRTY-SIX WEEKS ENDED FISCAL YEAR -------------------------- ----------------------------------- SEPTEMBER 12, SEPTEMBER 6, 1997 1996 1996/2/ 1995 1994 1993 1992 ------------- ------------ ------- ------ ------ ------ ------ (UNAUDITED) INCOME STATEMENT DATA Sales................... $6,177 $4,850 $7,267 $6,255 $5,746 $4,665 $4,238 Operating Profit Before Corporate Expenses and Interest............... 430 345 508 390 316 267 249 Income Before Cumulative Effect of a Change in Accounting Principle/1/........... 226 185 270 219 162 125 105 Net Income.............. 226 185 270 219 162 95 105 BALANCE SHEET DATA (AT END OF PERIOD) Total Assets............ 5,481 4,369 4,198 3,179 2,401 2,285 1,771 Long-Term and Convertible Subordinated Debt...... 413 679 681 180 102 113 102
- -------- /1/ Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 109, "Accounting for Income Taxes" was adopted in the first fiscal quarter of 1993. /2/ Fiscal year 1996 includes 53 weeks. 78 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS--NEW MARRIOTT RESULTS OF OPERATIONS The following discussion presents an analysis of results of operations of New Marriott for fiscal years ended January 3, 1997 (53 weeks), December 29, 1995 and December 30, 1994 (each 52 weeks) and the 36 weeks ended September 12, 1997 and September 6, 1996. 1996 COMPARED TO 1995 Net income increased 23 percent to $270 million in 1996, driven by contributions from new unit expansion and strong profit growth for both the Lodging and Contract Services segments, partially offset by higher interest and corporate expenses. Sales were up 16 percent to $7.3 billion in 1996. The impact of the 53rd week on 1996 results of operations was not significant. Lodging Lodging operating profit was up 26 percent on 10 percent higher sales, benefiting from favorable conditions in the U.S. lodging market and contributions from new properties. New Marriott added a net of 146 hotels (18,204 rooms) and opened four new vacation club resorts during the year. Profits for Marriott Hotels, Resorts and Suites rose 24 percent in 1996 on sales growth of nine percent, which reflects the net addition of two units (1,006 rooms) in the U.S. and a net 17 units (3,768 rooms) internationally. Comparable New Marriott-operated U.S. hotels posted eight percent higher sales due to room rate growth of seven percent to $118, and a one percentage point increase in occupancy to 78 percent. These sales gains, coupled with profit margin improvements, generated substantially higher incentive management fees at many properties. Profits for international hotels also were higher, primarily because of contributions from new properties. During 1996, the Marriott Hotels, Resorts and Suites brand evolved its Operational Excellence strategy focused on high quality, clean guest rooms, consistent and dependable service delivered by a friendly, attentive and knowledgeable staff. The brand continued to improve its guest room amenities with substantial reinvestment in furnishing and decor in conjunction with adding "The Room That Works" enhancements of an ergonomic desk chair, work lamp and larger desk work area. The brand continues its focus on guest satisfaction by introducing a meeting planner satisfaction survey and introducing the Resort Guest experience process which involves the guest in preplanning their vacation stay prior to arrival. The limited-service lodging brands reported 10 percent higher sales and 29 percent profit growth in 1996, also benefiting from increased incentive management fees on New Marriott-operated properties, and expansion of franchising programs. The three brands added a net of 125 properties (12,888 rooms), primarily franchises, during 1996. . Courtyard, New Marriott's moderate-price brand, posted an eight percent increase in sales for comparable New Marriott-operated units, as average room rates were up eight percent to $78 while occupancy remained at 81 percent. In 1996, the brand continued to focus on improving guest satisfaction with enhancements such as voice mail, new fitness equipment, second guest room phones, new decor packages and a new ergonomic desk chair and lamp to improve the work area in guest rooms. . Residence Inn, New Marriott's extended-stay brand, generated eight percent growth in sales for comparable New Marriott-operated units as average room rates climbed seven percent to $89, while occupancy dipped slightly to 85 percent. Residence Inn added new electronic locks and voice mail for 79 guests in 1996, while also developing a new hotel prototype featuring interior corridors and a larger gatehouse for social activities that was well received by guests and investors. . Fairfield Inn and Fairfield Suites, New Marriott's economy-price brand, achieved a six percent sales gain for comparable New Marriott-operated units, as average room rates were boosted 10 percent to $50. Occupancy fell four percentage points to 77 percent, reflecting the planned shift to higher rated business. New Marriott introduced Fairfield Suites in 1996. These suites are 25 percent larger than the typical Fairfield Inn room, with added amenities such as voice mail, in-room coffee, a microwave oven and refrigerator. Marriott Vacation Club International ("MVCI"), New Marriott's resort timesharing business, posted a 25 percent increase in the number of timeshare intervals sold and 17 percent growth in financially reported sales under the percentage of completion method. Income from owner financing activities and resort management also increased. Profits were flat, reflecting higher marketing and selling costs associated with new resort locations, off-site sales centers and establishing a European operations group. Also contributing to 1996 lodging profit growth was higher income from New Marriott's investment in The Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company LLC. For comparable U.S. hotels, the luxury chain posted a 10 percent increase in sales as average room rates increased four percent to $181 and occupancy increased to 75 percent. In addition, house profit margins improved, benefiting from integration with Marriott Lodging systems and programs. Contract Services Contract Services reported a 87 percent increase in operating profit on 52 percent higher sales in 1996 primarily due to the March 1996 acquisition of Forum Group. Sales for Marriott Senior Living Services increased 117 percent in 1996, while profits were up more than five fold from 1995 levels. Excluding the impact of the Forum Group acquisition, sales increased 23 percent and profits increased 18 percent. Overall growth was generated by a two percent increase in average per diem rates for comparable Marriott senior living communities, strong move-in rates at 11 communities opened since the beginning of 1995, a consistently high 96 percent occupancy rate and contributions from the acquired Forum Group communities. Sales for Marriott Distribution Services grew 35 percent in 1996, as the division opened five new distribution centers and added several major external restaurant accounts. Profits were flat in 1996, as sales gains were offset by start-up costs associated with the new centers and new business. Corporate Activity Corporate expenses rose 24 percent in 1996, reflecting higher outlays associated with new business development and staff additions to facilitate New Marriott's growth. Additionally, costs increased due to tax-related investments which generated significant after-tax savings. Interest expense increased significantly due to interest expense on debt assumed as part of the acquisition of Forum Group. Interest income declined five percent, primarily due to collections and sales of affiliate and other notes receivable. New Marriott's effective income tax rate declined to 38.0 percent in 1996, compared to 39.4 percent in 1995 and 41.1 percent in 1994. This favorable trend, in part, reflects New Marriott's ongoing participation in jobs and affordable housing tax credit programs. 1995 COMPARED TO 1994 New Marriott reported net income of $219 million in 1995, an increase of 35 percent compared to $162 million in 1994. The improvement was due to strong profit growth for both the lodging and contract services groups, higher interest income and reduced corporate expenses. Sales grew nine percent to $6.3 billion dollars in 1995. 80 Lodging Lodging operating profit was up 19 percent in 1995 on eight percent higher sales, as all product lines benefited from a strong U.S. lodging market. Profits for New Marriott's full-service hotels increased 14 percent in 1995 on sales growth of nine percent. Comparable New Marriott-operated U.S. hotels posted a six percent sales gain primarily due to average room rate growth of six percent to $110, and higher food and beverage sales. Occupancy increased slightly to 77 percent. Profits for international hotels also were higher, driven by contributions from new managed properties in Puerto Rico, Singapore and Aruba, as well as higher franchise fees. During the year, ten properties (5,206 rooms) were added to the Marriott full-service hotel system worldwide. The limited-service lodging brands reported combined profit growth of 28 percent on a three percent sales increase, benefiting from higher incentive management fees on New Marriott-operated properties, and expansion of franchising programs. Sales growth was affected by the conversion of 26 Fairfield Inns from New Marriott-operated to franchised in the 1994 third quarter. The three product lines added a net total of 87 properties (7,951 rooms) in 1995. . Courtyard posted a six percent increase in sales for comparable New Marriott-operated units, as average room rates were up seven percent to $72 with occupancy remaining at 81 percent. . Residence Inn achieved seven percent growth in sales for comparable New Marriott-operated units, due to a seven percent increase in average room rates to $83 and slightly higher occupancy of 86 percent. . Fairfield Inn generated eight percent higher sales for comparable New Marriott-operated units, as average room rates climbed nine percent to $45 and occupancy declined slightly to 81 percent. MVCI posted a 33 percent increase in sales and 23 percent higher profits in 1995. Strong sales activity in the Orlando, Florida and Palm Desert, California core markets, and at new resort locations in Hawaii, Colorado and Utah, resulted in a 17 percent increase in the number of timesharing intervals sold. Also contributing to 1995 lodging results was income from New Marriott's investment in The Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company LLC, acquired in April 1995. Contract Services Contract Services more than doubled in operating profit in 1995 on 16 percent sales growth. Both businesses posted higher sales and profits for the year. Sales for Marriott Senior Living Services increased 18 percent in 1995, while profits more than doubled from 1994 levels. Growth was generated by a two percentage point increase in occupancy, to 96 percent, for comparable retirement communities, and strong move-in rates at nine communities opened in 1994 and 1995. Average per diem rates for comparable retirement communities were up three percent to $89 compared to 1994. Sales for MDS grew 21 percent in 1995, as the division opened its eighth distribution center, and added several major restaurant accounts. Profits rose 19 percent, reflecting the higher sales volumes offset somewhat by start-up costs associated with new business. Corporate Activity Corporate expenses declined six percent in 1995 primarily due to income from certain tax-advantaged investments. Interest income increased 34 percent largely as a result of additional loans to owners of new lodging properties operated or franchised by New Marriott. Profit Margins Operating profit (before corporate expenses and interest) increased 30 percent in 1996 and 23 percent in 1995 on sales increases of 16 percent in 1996 and nine percent in 1995. New Marriott expects its profits will 81 continue to grow at a higher rate than sales over the next several years. While New Marriott continues to benefit from ongoing programs to reduce operating costs and overhead without affecting customer service, several other factors cause profit growth to outpace sales gains: . More hotels are generating incentive management fees. New Marriott's hotel management contracts typically provide for New Marriott to receive incentive fees when certain earnings and cash flow thresholds are achieved. As the hotels added to the Marriott system in recent years have matured, and the lodging industry has improved, additional hotels have met these thresholds. In 1996, New Marriott earned incentive fees on 64 percent of New Marriott-operated hotel rooms compared to 57 percent in 1995 and 51 percent in 1994. . Franchising is a more significant portion of New Marriott's lodging business, particularly for the limited-service brands. At December 30, 1994, 30 percent of the hotel rooms in the Marriott system were franchised. By January 3, 1997, this percentage had increased to 37 percent, and is expected to exceed 44 percent by the year 2000. New Marriott's combined income statement reflects total sales of New Marriott-operated hotels, but includes only the fees earned by New Marriott for franchised properties. As a result, the rooms added to Marriott's franchise system in 1996 and 1995 contributed significantly to New Marriott's growth in lodging profitability and market share, but had a much smaller impact on reported sales. . MVCI generates higher profit margins than New Marriott's other lodging product lines, so sales gains for this business can have an amplified impact on profits. THIRTY-SIX WEEKS ENDED SEPTEMBER 12, 1997 COMPARED TO THIRTY-SIX WEEKS ENDED SEPTEMBER 6, 1996/1/ New Marriott reported net income of $226 million for the first three quarters of 1997, on sales of $6,177 million. This represents a 22 percent increase in net income and 27 percent increase in sales over the same period in 1996. Lodging Lodging operating profits were up 27 percent, on a sales increase of 20 percent. The revenue increase resulted from REVPAR growth across all brands averaging eight percent, the net addition of 413 hotels since the beginning of 1996, including the Renaissance acquisition, and fewer holidays in the first quarter of 1997. This revenue growth resulted in New Marriott earning higher base management and franchise fees. Revenue growth also contributed to higher house profits which resulted in higher incentive management fees. The following table is a summary of year-to-date rate and occupancy statistics by brand.
THIRTY-SIX WEEKS ENDED ----------------------------------- SEPTEMBER 12, 1997 SEPTEMBER 6, 1996 ----------------- ----------------- BRAND RATE OCCUPANCY RATE OCCUPANCY - --------------------------------------- ------- --------- ------- --------- Marriott Hotels, Resorts and Suites.... $126.84 79.5% $117.01 79.2% Ritz-Carlton........................... 184.28 80.4% 177.80 76.5% Renaissance............................ 117.37 72.8% 112.21 72.4% Residence Inn.......................... 95.41 85.8% 88.48 87.3% Courtyard.............................. 83.85 82.4% 78.29 82.5% Fairfield Inn and Suites............... 50.89 78.4% 50.26 79.8% - --------------------
/1/ Year-to-date 1996 statistics for REVPAR, occupancy and average room rates have been adjusted for purposes of comparability with the 1997 statistics. Due to the variations in New Marriott's fiscal year, which ends on the Friday closest to December 31, the week including the 1996 New Year's Day holiday is included in the first quarter of 1996, and the week including the 1997 New Year's Day holiday is included in the fourth quarter of 1996. The adjusted year-to-date 1996 statistics are based on the same calendar days as the 1997 statistics. Comparable statistics are used throughout this discussion, and are based on New Marriott-operated U.S. properties. The Ramada International and New World brands do not have any U.S. properties. 82 Sales for Marriott Hotels, Resorts and Suites, which comprise over 65 percent of total lodging sales, increased nine percent for the first three quarters of 1997 over the same period in 1996, due to strong REVPAR growth and the addition of 54 properties since the beginning of 1996. REVPAR grew nine percent as average room rates increased by eight percent and occupancy increased slightly year-over-year. Profits increased as improved REVPAR generated higher base management fees and higher house profits, resulting in increased incentive fees at many hotels. Ritz-Carlton reported an increase in average room rates of four percent and occupancy increased four percentage points to 80 percent, resulting in a nine percent increase in REVPAR. The RHG brands contributed $360 million of sales since the March 29, 1997 acquisition. After intangible amortization and interest expense, the RHG acquisition reduced 1997 year-to-date earnings per share by $.08. REVPAR for New Marriott-operated U.S. Renaissance hotels, increased five percent due to higher room rates and a slight increase in occupancy. Limited-service brands represented over 20 percent of total lodging sales for the first three quarters of 1997. Residence Inn, Courtyard and Fairfield Inn and Suites represent New Marriott in the limited service segments. In addition, New Marriott opened the first property under the TownePlace Suites brand, which is designed to attract extended-stay travelers in the moderate price range. . Residence Inn posted a REVPAR increase of six percent, due to an increase in average room rates of eight percent, to $95.41, offset by a slight decrease in occupancy to 86 percent. In addition to REVPAR increases for comparable properties, the net addition of 52 properties since the beginning of fiscal year 1996, including its fourth property outside the U.S., contributed to a 10 percent growth in sales. . Courtyard sales increased by nine percent. Average room rates increased seven percent, to $83.85, while occupancy remained at 82 percent, resulting in a REVPAR increase of seven percent. Sales and profits also reflect the net addition of 77 units from the beginning of fiscal year 1996. Courtyard opened its 300th unit in Fort Worth, Texas during this period and expanded its non-U.S. operations to 10 franchised Courtyard units in the United Kingdom. . Fairfield Inn and Suites increased sales by nine percent over last year. A one percent increase in average room rate to $50.89 was offset by a slight decline in occupancy, to 78 percent for New Marriott-operated units, resulting in no material change in REVPAR. Sales increased due to the net addition of 98 units since the beginning of fiscal year 1996, including New Marriott's 300th unit in Minneapolis/St. Paul. Marriott Vacation Club International sold over 16,500 timeshare intervals in the first three quarters of 1997, an increase of 26 percent over the prior year. New Marriott's sales increase resulted from very strong performance in several locations, including MVCI's first European resort in Marbella, Spain, as well as Fort Lauderdale and Orlando, Florida and Hilton Head, South Carolina. Increased profits from resort development were offset by reduced financing income, due to lower sales of timeshare notes receivable in the first three quarters of 1997. Contract Services Contract Services reported operating profit of $35 million on sales of $1,409 million, representing a 59 percent increase in sales, from the first three quarters of 1996. The unchanged profit was due to (i) start-up losses for new senior living communities and new distribution centers and accounts, (ii) the sale-leaseback of four senior living communities in August 1996, and (iii) the sale, subject to long-term management agreements, of 29 senior living communities in June 1997. Marriott Senior Living Services reported 1997 year-to-date profit growth on sales growth of 36 percent primarily due to the acquisition of Forum Group in the second quarter of 1996. In addition, occupancy rates on comparable Marriott properties increased two percentage points, to 94 percent, and average per diem rates also increased by five percent, to over $99. A net total of 55 properties have been opened since the beginning of 83 1996, including New Marriott's first properties to feature special care centers for people with Alzheimer's and other memory disorders, and New Marriott's first two Village Oaks communities. Marriott Distribution Services more than doubled sales by adding several major restaurant accounts. Three new distribution centers were opened in 1997, an increase of five since the third quarter of last year. Profits declined due to the start-up costs at the new centers as well as costs associated with integration of new business within existing centers. Corporate Activity Interest expense decreased 33 percent over the first three quarters of 1996, reflecting the disposition of Forum Group debt in June 1997. Interest income decreased from $25 million to $19 million reflecting reduced loans receivable as a result of the collection and sale of over $200 million of loans in the second half of 1996. Corporate expenses increased due to non-cash items associated with investments generating significant income tax benefits as well as modest staff increases to accommodate growth and new business development. The effective income tax rate increased from 38 percent in 1996 to 39 percent in 1997 due to nondeductible goodwill amortization associated with the RHG acquisition, partially offset by tax credits generated by certain investments. LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES Growth Strategy New Marriott expects to continue aggressively expanding its lodging and contract services businesses, including development of new hospitality-related products and services. Growth targets over the next five years include: . Adding more than 140,000 rooms worldwide to its portfolio of hotel brands, primarily through management contracts, franchising and selective internal development of lodging properties. . Growing its timeshare resort portfolio in the United States and abroad, to significantly increase the number of intervals sold annually. . Growing its senior living services business to more than 200 retirement communities by the year 2000, primarily through management contracts and selective internal development of assisted living and independent full- service communities. . Becoming the national leader in multi-unit limited line food distribution, with third-party sales of $2 billion annually. New Marriott believes it has access to financial resources sufficient to finance this growth, as well as to support ongoing operations and meet debt service and other cash requirements. New Marriott's lodging management and franchise operations and its contract services businesses generate substantial operating cash flow, with only modest reinvestment requirements. Cash From Operations Cash from operations was $504 million in 1996, $281 million in 1995 and $300 million in 1994. The increase in cash flow in 1996 reflects both higher earnings and $148 million of proceeds from the sale of timeshare notes receivable. Cash provided by operations for the first three quarters of 1997 of $465 million increased slightly over 1996 as higher net income was offset by working capital changes reported due to the timing of the 1996 year end. While New Marriott's timesharing business generates strong operating cash flow, annual amounts are affected by the timing of cash outlays for the acquisition and development of new resorts and cash inflows related to purchaser financing. Interval sales financed by New Marriott are not included in operating cash flow until cash is collected or the notes are sold for cash. EBITDA was $561 million, $437 million and $338 million for fiscal years 1996, 1995 and 1994, respectively, representing a 28 percent increase in 1996 and a 29 percent increase in 1995. EBITDA increased 24 percent to $474 million for the first three quarters of 1997 compared to the same period in 1996. New Marriott considers EBITDA to be an indicative measure of New Marriott's operating performance because EBITDA can be used to measure New Marriott's ability to service debt, fund capital expenditures and expand its business; 84 such information should not be considered as an alternative to net income, operating profit, cash flows from operations or any other operating or liquidity measure prescribed by generally accepted accounting principles. A substantial portion of New Marriott's EBITDA is based on fixed dollar amounts or percentages of sales, primarily lodging base management and franchise fees. With more than 1,100 lodging properties, no single operation is critical to New Marriott's financial results. New Marriott's ratio of current assets to current liabilities was .70 at January 3, 1997, compared to .81 at December 29, 1995. Each of New Marriott's businesses minimizes working capital through strict credit-granting policies, aggressive collection efforts and high inventory turnover. Working capital for managed hotels is generally advanced to New Marriott by the hotel owners. Funds for refurbishment of these managed properties are provided through escrow accounts, whereby an established percentage of sales is set aside annually for such purposes. Investing Activities Cash Flows Acquisitions. New Marriott regularly considers acquisitions of businesses. During 1996 and 1995, in the aggregate, New Marriott spent nearly $1 billion on acquisitions, including associated debt, including Forum Group, a leading provider of senior living services, and 49 percent of The Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company LLC, one of the world's premier luxury hotel brands and management companies. New Marriott expects to exercise its right to acquire the remaining 51 percent of The Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company LLC over the next several years at prices based on Ritz-Carlton's cash flow. During the first three quarters of 1997, New Marriott spent $856 million on the acquisition of RHG. Dispositions. In 1996, New Marriott sold and leased back four senior living communities. In 1995 New Marriott sold three senior living communities. Cash generated from dispositions of $437 million, primarily comprised of $209 million from the sale of the 29 Forum Group properties to Host Marriott Corporation ("Host Marriott"), as well as $103 million from the sale of Senior Living Services communities and $99 million from the sale of limited service hotels. New Marriott expects that, over time, it will sell certain lodging and senior living service properties under development or to be developed, while continuing to operate them under long-term agreements. Investments with Host Marriott. In pursuit of its growth strategy, New Marriott has provided and expects to provide in the future, financing to Host Marriott for a portion of the cost of acquiring properties to be operated or franchised by New Marriott. In this regard, New Marriott invested an aggregate of $80 million in 1995 principally in the form of mortgage loans. In 1996, New Marriott invested $57 million in connection with Host Marriott's acquisition of a controlling interest in two hotels (over 900 rooms) in Mexico City, both of which are now operated by New Marriott. In the aggregate, since the beginning of 1994, Host Marriott has acquired and converted 12 full service hotels (5,000 rooms) to the Marriott brand and completed construction of two full-service hotels (1,600 rooms) operated by New Marriott. Until its termination by mutual consent in June 1997, New Marriott provided Host Marriott with a $225 million secured credit facility. During 1996, Host Marriott repaid the outstanding balance of $22 million under this facility and also repaid the $109 million outstanding under the first mortgage financing on the Philadelphia Convention Center Marriott Hotel. New Marriott sold the $35 million loan secured by the New York Marriott East Side Hotel to an institutional investor. Capital Expenditures and Other Investments. Capital expenditures in 1996, 1995 and 1994 of $293 million, $127 million and $86 million, respectively, and capital expenditures of $328 million and $157 million for the first three quarters of 1997 and 1996, respectively, included construction of new senior living communities and Courtyard, Residence Inn and TownePlace Suites properties. New Marriott also will continue to make other investments to grow its businesses, including development of new timeshare resorts and loans and minority equity investments in connection with adding units to the Marriott Lodging and Senior Living Services businesses. 85 New Marriott has made loans to unaffiliated owners of hotel and senior living properties which it operates or franchises. At January 3, 1997, loans outstanding pursuant to this program totaled $59 million and unfunded commitments aggregated $141 million. These loans are typically secured by mortgages on the projects. During 1996, $113 million of proceeds were received from sales of such loans to institutional investors. The annual capital required by New Marriott to maintain its hotels and retirement communities is modest. Most of New Marriott's management contracts require owners to set aside a fixed percentage of sales for renovation and refurbishment of the properties. Aggregate reinvestment outlays by owners of New Marriott-operated properties exceeded $350 million in 1996. New Marriott, like most computer users, will be required to modify significant portions of its computer software so that it will function properly in the year 2000 and beyond. New Marriott has assembled a dedicated team to address the year 2000 issue. This team has completed an inventory of all systems requiring modification, and has completed the remediation of some significant systems. Many of the costs to be incurred will be reimbursed to New Marriott or otherwise paid directly by owners and clients, pursuant to existing contracts. Estimated pre-tax costs to be borne by New Marriott are approximately $25 to $30 million. These amounts are subject to numerous estimation uncertainties including extent of work to be done, availability and cost of consultants and the extent of testing required. These costs, for maintenance or modification of existing systems, will be expensed as incurred. Cash From Financing Activities Non-interest-bearing cash advances to or from the Company are made to allow both New Marriott and the Company to meet their respective cash requirements. Through such advances, New Marriott has had access to funds from the Company's $1.5 billion revolving credit facility and shelf registrations filed with the SEC providing for issuance of up to $550 million of debt by the Company. In 1996, New Marriott received proceeds of $288 million from the issuance of zero coupon subordinated LYONs which will have an aggregate maturity value of $540 million in 2011. Each $1,000 face amount of LYONs was issued at a discount representing a yield to maturity of 4.25 percent. Subsequent to the Spinoff, New Marriott expects to enter into a bank revolving credit facility in the range of $1.5 billion on commercially competitive terms. This facility would, among other things, allow New Marriott to pursue its strategy of expanding its lodging and contract services businesses. INFLATION The rate of inflation has been moderate in recent years and, accordingly, has not had a significant impact on New Marriott's businesses. RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENT On November 20, 1997, the Emerging Issues Task Force of the Financial Accounting Standards Board reached a consensus on EITF 97-2 "Application of FASB Statement No. 94 and APB Opinion No. 16 to Physician Practice Management Entities and Certain Other Entities with Contractual Management Arrangements." EITF 97-2 addresses the circumstances in which a management entity may include the revenues and expenses of a managed entity in its financial statements. The Company is assessing the impact of EITF 97-2 on its long-standing policy of including in its financial statements the working capital, revenues and operating expenses of managed hotels and retirement communities operated with New Marriott's employees. If the Company concludes that EITF 97-2 should be applied to its management agreements, it would no longer include in its financial statements the working capital and operating results of those managed operations. Application of EITF 97-2 to New Marriott's financial statements as of and for the 53 weeks ended January 3, 1997, would have reduced each of revenues and operating expenses by approximately $4.2 billion, and each of current assets and current liabilities by approximately $320 million, and have no impact on operating profit, net income, earnings per share or shareholders' equity. 86 NEW MARRIOTT UNAUDITED PRO FORMA COMBINED FINANCIAL DATA The unaudited Pro Forma Combined Balance Sheet of New Marriott as of September 12, 1997 presents the financial position of New Marriott as if the Transactions had been completed as of such date. The unaudited Pro Forma Combined Statements of Income of New Marriott for the 36 weeks ended September 12, 1997, the 53 weeks ended January 3, 1997, the 52 weeks ended December 29, 1995, and the 52 weeks ended December 30, 1994, present the results of operations of New Marriott as if the Transactions had been completed at the beginning of each period presented. The adjustments required to reflect the Transactions are set forth in the "SMS Pro Forma Adjustments" and "Pro Forma Transactions Adjustments" columns and are discussed in the accompanying Notes. The unaudited pro forma combined financial data of New Marriott and Notes thereto should be read in conjunction with the Marriott International, Inc. Consolidated Financial Statements, contained in the Marriott International, Inc. Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 3, 1997, the Marriott International, Inc. Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended September 12, 1997, which are incorporated herein by reference and the audited New Marriott Combined Financial Statements and Notes thereto which are included elsewhere in this Proxy Statement. THE PRO FORMA INFORMATION PRESENTED IS FOR INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY AND MAY NOT NECESSARILY REFLECT FUTURE RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL POSITION OR WHAT THE RESULTS OF OPERATIONS OR FINANCIAL POSITION WOULD HAVE BEEN HAD THE TRANSACTIONS OCCURRED AS OF THE DATE AND DURING THE PERIODS INDICATED. THIS INFORMATION DOES NOT NECESSARILY REFLECT FUTURE FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE WHEN THE TRANSACTIONS ACTUALLY OCCUR. 87 NEW MARRIOTT UNAUDITED PRO FORMA COMBINED BALANCE SHEET AS OF SEPTEMBER 12, 1997 (IN MILLIONS)
THE SMS NEW PRO FORMA COMPANY PRO FORMA MARRIOTT TRANSACTIONS PRO FORMA HISTORICAL ADJUSTMENTS HISTORICAL ADJUSTMENTS NEW MARRIOTT ---------- ----------- ---------- ------------ ------------ ASSETS Current assets Cash and equivalents... $ 359 $ (20)(A) $ 339 $ 87 (B) $ 426 Accounts and notes receivable............ 1,041 (310)(A) 731 731 Other.................. 468 (95)(A) 373 373 ------ ------ ------ ---- ------ 1,868 (425) 1,443 87 1,530 ------ ------ ------ ---- ------ Property and equipment.. 1,496 (69)(A) 1,427 1,427 Intangible assets....... 1,773 (302)(A) 1,471 1,471 Investments in affiliates............. 544 (12)(A) 532 16 (D) 572 24 (C) Notes and other receivable............. 355 355 355 Other assets............ 288 (35)(A) 253 253 ------ ------ ------ ---- ------ $6,324 $ (843) $5,481 $127 $5,608 ====== ====== ====== ==== ====== LIABILITIES AND EQUITY Current liabilities Accounts payable....... $1,011 $ (186)(A) $ 825 $825 Other current liabilities........... 1,109 (170)(A) 939 (16)(D) 923 ------ ------ ------ ---- ------ 2,120 (356) 1,764 (16) 1,748 ------ ------ ------ ---- ------ Long-term debt.......... 1,433 (1,326)(A) 107 107 Other long-term liabilities............ 979 (81)(A) 898 898 Convertible subordinated debt................... 306 306 306 Investments and net advances from Marriott International, Inc..... 1,486 920 (A) 2,406 87 (B) 2,549 24 (C) 32 (D) ------ ------ ------ ---- ------ $6,324 $ (843) $5,481 $127 $5,608 ====== ====== ====== ==== ======
See Notes to Unaudited Pro Forma Combined Financial Data 88 NEW MARRIOTT UNAUDITED PRO FORMA COMBINED STATEMENT OF INCOME THIRTY-SIX WEEKS ENDED SEPTEMBER 12, 1997 (IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS)
THE SMS PRO FORMA COMPANY PRO FORMA NEW MARRIOTT TRANSACTIONS PRO FORMA HISTORICAL ADJUSTMENTS HISTORICAL ADJUSTMENTS NEW MARRIOTT ---------- ----------- ------------ ------------ ------------ SALES Lodging Rooms................. $2,950 $2,950 $2,950 Food and beverage..... 1,027 1,027 1,027 Other................. 791 791 791 ------ ------ ------ 4,768 4,768 4,768 Contract Services...... 3,390 $(2,281)(E) 1,409 1,409 300 (F) ------ ------- ------ ------ 8,158 (1,981) 6,177 6,177 ------ ------- ------ ------ OPERATING COSTS AND EX- PENSES Lodging Departmental direct costs Rooms................ 656 656 656 Food and beverage.... 780 780 780 Other operating ex- penses, including remittances to hotel owners............... 2,937 2,937 2,937 ------ ------ ------ 4,373 4,373 4,373 Contract Services...... 3,287 (2,213)(E) 1,374 1,374 300 (F) ------ ------- ------ ------ 7,660 (1,913) 5,747 5,747 ------ ------- ------ ------ OPERATING PROFIT Lodging................ 395 395 395 Contract Services...... 103 (68) 35 35 ------ ------- ------ ------ Operating profit before corporate expenses and interest........... 498 (68) 430 430 Corporate expenses...... (64) 4 (E) (60) $ 1(G) (59) Interest expense........ (77) 59 (E) (18) (18) Interest income......... 19 19 19 ------ ------- ------ ----- ------ INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES.................. 376 (5) 371 1 372 Provision for income taxes.................. 149 (4)(E) 145 145 ------ ------- ------ ----- ------ NET INCOME.............. $ 227 $ (1) $ 226 $ 1 $ 227 ====== ======= ====== ===== ====== Per share information: Primary shares......... 267.4(H) 267.4 ====== PRIMARY EARNINGS PER SHARE.................. $ .85 ====== Fully diluted shares... 278.1(H) 278.1 ====== Income for fully di- luted EPS............. $ 232 ====== FULLY DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE............. $ .83 ======
See Notes to Unaudited Pro Forma Combined Financial Data 89 NEW MARRIOTT UNAUDITED PRO FORMA COMBINED STATEMENT OF INCOME FIFTY-THREE WEEKS ENDED JANUARY 3, 1997 (IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS)
THE SMS PRO FORMA COMPANY PRO FORMA NEW MARRIOTT TRANSACTIONS PRO FORMA HISTORICAL ADJUSTMENTS HISTORICAL ADJUSTMENTS NEW MARRIOTT ---------- ----------- ------------ ------------ ------------ SALES Lodging Rooms................. $ 3,619 $3,619 $3,619 Food and beverage..... 1,361 1,361 1,361 Other................. 874 874 874 ------- ------ ------ 5,854 5,854 5,854 Contract Services...... 4,318 $(3,311)(E) 1,413 1,413 406 (F) ------- ------- ------ ------ 10,172 (2,905) 7,267 7,267 ------- ------- ------ ------ OPERATING COSTS AND EX- PENSES Lodging Departmental direct costs Rooms................ 843 843 843 Food and beverage.... 1,038 1,038 1,038 Other operating expenses, including remittances to hotel owners............... 3,521 3,521 3,521 ------- ------ ------ 5,402 5,402 5,402 Contract Services...... 4,141 (3,190)(E) 1,357 1,357 406 (F) ------- ------- ------ ------ 9,543 (2,784) 6,759 6,759 ------- ------- ------ ------ OPERATING PROFIT Lodging................ 452 452 452 Contract Services...... 177 (121) 56 56 ------- ------- ------ ------ Operating profit before corporate expenses and interest............... 629 (121) 508 508 Corporate expenses...... (79) 6 (E) (73) $ 1(G) (72) Interest expense........ (85) 48 (E) (37) (37) Interest income......... 37 37 37 ------- ------- ------ ------ ------ INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES.................. 502 (67) 435 1 436 Provision for income taxes.................. 196 (31)(E) 165 165 ------- ------- ------ ------ ------ NET INCOME.............. $ 306 $ (36) $ 270 $ 1 $ 271 ======= ======= ====== ====== ====== Per share information: Primary shares......... 269.7 (H) 269.7 ====== PRIMARY EARNINGS PER SHARE................. $ 1.00 ====== Fully diluted shares... 277.6 (H) 277.6 ====== Income for fully diluted EPS........... $ 276 ====== FULLY DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE............. $ .99 ======
See Notes to Unaudited Pro Forma Combined Financial Data 90 NEW MARRIOTT UNAUDITED PRO FORMA COMBINED STATEMENT OF INCOME FIFTY-TWO WEEKS ENDED DECEMBER 29, 1995 (IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS)
THE SMS PRO FORMA COMPANY PRO FORMA NEW MARRIOTT TRANSACTIONS PRO FORMA HISTORICAL ADJUSTMENTS HISTORICAL ADJUSTMENTS NEW MARRIOTT ---------- ----------- ------------ ------------ ------------ SALES Lodging Rooms................. $3,273 $3,273 $3,273 Food and beverage..... 1,289 1,289 1,289 Other................. 765 765 765 ------ ------ ------ 5,327 5,327 5,327 Contract Services...... 3,634 $(3,031)(E) 928 928 325 (F) ------ ------- ------ ------ 8,961 (2,706) 6,255 6,255 ------ ------- ------ ------ OPERATING COSTS AND EX- PENSES Lodging Departmental direct costs Rooms................ 772 772 772 Food and beverage.... 973 973 973 Other operating expenses, including remittances to hotel owners............... 3,222 3,222 3,222 ------ ------ ------ 4,967 4,967 4,967 Contract Services...... 3,504 (2,931)(E) 898 898 325 (F) ------ ------- ------ ------ 8,471 (2,606) 5,865 5,865 ------ ------- ------ ------ OPERATING PROFIT Lodging................ 360 360 360 Contract Services...... 130 (100) 30 30 ------ ------- ------ ------ Operating profit before corporate expenses and interest............... 490 (100) 390 390 Corporate expenses...... (64) 5 (E) (59) $ 1(G) (58) Interest expense........ (53) 44 (E) (9) (9) Interest income......... 39 39 39 ------ ------- ------ ------ ------ INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES.................. 412 (51) 361 1 362 Provision for income taxes.................. 165 (23)(E) 142 142 ------ ------- ------ ------ ------ NET INCOME.............. $ 247 $ (28) $ 219 $ 1 $ 220 ====== ======= ====== ====== ====== Per share information: Primary shares......... 263.8 (H) 263.8 ====== PRIMARY EARNINGS PER SHARE................. $ .83 ====== Fully diluted shares... 264.6 (H) 264.6 ====== Income for fully diluted EPS........... $ 220 ====== FULLY DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE............. $ .83 ======
See Notes to Unaudited Pro Forma Combined Financial Data 91 NEW MARRIOTT UNAUDITED PRO FORMA COMBINED STATEMENT OF INCOME FIFTY-TWO WEEKS ENDED DECEMBER 30, 1994 (IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS)
THE SMS PRO FORMA COMPANY PRO FORMA NEW MARRIOTT TRANSACTIONS PRO FORMA HISTORICAL ADJUSTMENTS HISTORICAL ADJUSTMENTS NEW MARRIOTT ---------- ----------- ------------ ------------ ------------ SALES Lodging Rooms................. $3,036 $3,036 $3,036 Food and beverage..... 1,210 1,210 1,210 Other................. 703 703 703 ------ ------ ------ 4,949 4,949 4,949 Contract Services...... 3,466 $(2,961)(E) 797 797 292 (F) ------ ------- ------ ------ 8,415 (2,669) 5,746 5,746 ------ ------- ------ ------ OPERATING COSTS AND EX- PENSES Lodging Departmental direct costs Rooms................ 727 727 727 Food and beverage.... 922 922 922 Other operating expenses, including remittances to hotel owners............... 2,998 2,998 2,998 ------ ------ ------ 4,647 4,647 4,647 Contract Services...... 3,355 (2,864)(E) 783 783 292 (F) ------ ------- ------ ------ 8,002 (2,572) 5,430 5,430 ------ ------- ------ ------ OPERATING PROFIT Lodging................ 302 302 302 Contract Services...... 111 (97) 14 14 ------ ------- ------ ------ Operating profit before corporate expenses and interest............... 413 (97) 316 316 Corporate expenses...... (68) 5 (E) (63) $ 1(G) (62) Interest expense........ (32) 25 (E) (7) (7) Interest income......... 29 29 29 ------ ------- ------ ------ ------ INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES.................. 342 (67) 275 1 276 Provision for income taxes.................. 142 (29)(E) 113 113 ------ ------- ------ ------ ------ NET INCOME.............. $ 200 $ (38) $ 162 $ 1 $ 163 ====== ======= ====== ====== ====== Per share information: Primary shares......... 264.6 (H) 264.6 ====== PRIMARY EARNINGS PER SHARE................. $ .62 ====== Fully diluted shares... 264.6 (H) 264.6 ====== Income for fully diluted EPS........... $ 163 ====== FULLY DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE............. $ .62 ======
See Notes to Unaudited Pro Forma Combined Financial Data 92 NEW MARRIOTT NOTES TO UNAUDITED PRO FORMA COMBINED FINANCIAL DATA A. Represents the removal of assets and liabilities of MMS, together with certain debt remaining with MMS. B. Represents anticipated cash flows to (from) New Marriott as a result of the Transactions as follows:
$ MILLION --------- Net tangible assets closing adjustment.......................... (50) Allocation of cash for deferred bonus stock..................... (20) Payment from SMS in relation to the agreed upon level of SMS debt........................................................... 107 Proceeds from the sale of MMS UK................................ 50 --- $87 ===
C. Represents the allocation to SMS of its pro rata share of the LYONs based upon the relative equity value of SMS and New Marriott on the Spinoff Date as provided in the LYONs Allocation Agreement. D. Represents allocation of assets and liabilities in accordance with the Tax Sharing Agreement and Employee Benefits Allocation Agreement. E. Represents the operating results of MMS, together with interest expense on certain debt remaining with MMS. F. Represents the historical intercompany sales activity between MDS and MMS, which has been eliminated in the Company's consolidated financial statements prior to the Spinoff. G. Represents license fee income earned by New Marriott from SMS. H. Primary earnings per share is computed based on the common shares to be issued in the Spinoff and the dilutive impact of common equivalent shares issuable to New Marriott employees. Fully diluted earnings per share is computed based on (i) the common shares to be issued in the Spinoff, (ii) the dilutive impact of common equivalent shares issuable to New Marriott employees and (iii) the dilutive impact of the LYONs. Pro forma net income for fully diluted earnings per share represents pro forma net income plus the after-tax amount of interest on the LYONs. NOTE 1--Based upon the agreed upon allocation of debt between New Marriott and SMS, on a pro forma basis New Marriott would have received $802 million, $825 million, $1,051 million and $1,023 million of cash at the beginning of the 36 weeks ended September 12, 1997, the 53 weeks ended January 3, 1997, the 52 weeks ended December 29, 1995 and the 52 weeks ended December 30, 1994, respectively, due to its lower levels of debt at those times. The unaudited pro forma combined statements of income do not reflect any earnings on such cash balances. 93 MANAGEMENT OF SMS SMS BOARD OF DIRECTORS The business of SMS will be managed under the direction of the SMS Board. In connection with the Transactions, the Company will reconsitute the SMS Board as of the Effective Date so that the eight persons identified below will constitute the entire SMS Board. Unlike the Company Board, the SMS Board will not be divided into classes. Each director of SMS will be elected at the annual meeting of stockholders for a one-year term, expiring on the date of the next annual meeting of stockholders. Directors whose election is ratified at the Special Meeting will hold office until the 1998 annual meeting of stockholders. NAME AGE William J. Shaw...... 52 On March 31, 1997, Mr. Shaw became President and Chairman of the Chief Operating Officer of the Company. Mr. Shaw Board joined Marriott Corporation in 1974, was elected Corporate Controller in 1979 and a Vice President in 1982. In 1986, Mr. Shaw was elected Senior Vice President--Finance and Treasurer of Marriott Corporation. He was elected Executive Vice President of Marriott Corporation and promoted to Chief Financial Officer in April 1988. In February 1992, he was elected President of the Marriott Service Group, which now comprises the Company's Contract Service Group. Mr. Shaw was elected Executive Vice President and President--Marriott Service Group in October 1993. Mr. Shaw is also Chairman of the Board of Directors of Host Marriott Services. He also serves on the Board of Trustees of the University of Notre Dame, Loyola College in Maryland and the Suburban Hospital Foundation. Mr. Shaw has been a director of the Company since May 1997. He is expected to become President and Chief Operating Officer of New Marriott and to serve on the New Marriott Board. Charles D. O'Dell.... 46 Mr. O'Dell will serve as President and Chief Executive Officer of SMS. Mr. O'Dell joined Marriott Corporation in 1979 and became a Regional Manager in Marriott Corporation's Roy Rogers Division in 1981. Mr. O'Dell held several management positions in that Division until 1985, when he was named Division Vice President-- Education in the Food and Services Management Division. In 1986, Mr. O'Dell became Senior Vice President of Business Food and Auxiliary Services, and in November 1990 he was appointed President of Marriott Management Services. Mr. O'Dell serves as a foundation trustee for the Educational Foundation of the National Restaurant Association. He also is a director of the Deafness Research Foundation and is a board member of Second Harvest National Food Bank Network. Pierre Bellon........ 68 Mr. Bellon is Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Sodexho, a company which he founded in 1966 and which has been listed on the Paris Bourse since 1983. In addition, he is Vice-Chairman of the Conseil National du Patronat Francais (Confederation of French Industries and Services), and from 1969-1979 was a member of the Conseil Economique et Social (Social and Economic Council) in France. Mr. Bellon also serves as a director of L'Air Liquide (an industrial gas company). Bernard Carton....... 64 Mr. Carton is Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Sodexho, a position he has held since 1975. Prior to joining Sodexho, 94 NAME AGE - ---- --- Mr. Carton held positions with several French and American companies, including Manpower, Inc. (Vice President, Finance for European Operations 1970- 1975), Control Data Corporation (Vice President, Finance European countries 1962-1970) and General Electric Company (Engineer 1960-1962). Edouard de Royere.... 65 Mr. de Royere is a director of L'Air Liquide and its former Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, a position he held from 1985 until his retirement in 1995. Prior to such time, Mr. de Royere served in various capacities at L'Air Liquide, including Vice President (1982-1985), Assistant Vice President (1980-1982), Assistant to the Chief Executive Officer (1979) and General Counsel and Company Secretary (1967-1979). Mr. de Royere also serves as a director of Sodexho, L'Oreal S.A. (a beauty and personal care company), Groupe Danone (a food and beverage company) and Solvay S.A. (a chemical and pharmaceutical company). John W. Marriott III.................. 36 Mr. Marriott is Senior Vice President of the Company's Mid-Atlantic Region, a position he has held since June 1996 (and will retain with New Marriott). He joined Marriott Corporation in 1986 as a Sales Manager and subsequently served as a Restaurant Manager and as a director of Food and Beverage. In 1989, Mr. Marriott served as Executive Assistant to the Chairman, J.W. Marriott, Jr., who is his father. He has also held positions as Director of Corporate Planning, Finance, Director of Marketing for a hotel and General Manager. Since 1993, Mr. Marriott has held successive positions as Director of Finance in the Company's Treasury Department, Director of Finance in the Host Marriott Finance and Development Department, and Vice President, Lodging Development for The Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company LLC. Doctor R. Crants..... 53 Doctor R. Crants, a founder of Corrections Corporation of America ("CCA"), was elected Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board of CCA in 1994 and President of CCA in 1998. From 1987 to 1994, he served as President, Chief Executive Officer and Vice Chairman of the Board of Directors of CCA. From 1983 to 1987, Mr. Crants served as Secretary and Treasurer of CCA. Mr. Crants has served as a director of CCA since 1983. In 1997, Mr. Crants founded and became Chairman of the Board of Trustees of CCA Prison Realty Trust. Mr. Crants serves as a director of the Nashville Area Chamber of Commerce and the Tennessee Vietnam Leadership Program. Daniel J. Altobello............ 56 Daniel J. Altobello is the Chairman of Onex Food Services, Inc., the parent corporation of Caterair International, Inc. and LSG/SKY Chefs, and the largest airline catering company in the world. From 1989 to 1995, Mr. Altobello served as Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of Caterair International Corporation. From 1979 to 1989, he held various managerial positions with the food service management and in-flight catering divisions of Marriott Corporation, including Executive Vice President of Marriott Corporation and President, Marriott Airport Operations Group. Mr. Altobello began his management career at Georgetown University, including service as Vice President, 95 Administration Services. He is a member of the board of directors of American Management Systems, Inc., Colorado Prime Corp. and Blue Cross Blue Shield of Maryland, and a trustee of Loyola Foundation, Inc., Mt. Holyoke College, Suburban Hospital Foundation, Inc. and the Woodstock Theological Center at Georgetown University. Three of the above directors (Pierre Bellon, Bernard Carton and Edouard de Royere) were nominated by Sodexho in accordance with the Stockholder Agreement. Charles D. O'Dell was also nominated pursuant to the Stockholder Agreement because it is expected that he will be the Chief Executive Officer of SMS. See "THE TRANSACTIONS--Arrangements Between SMS and Sodexho-- Stockholder Agreement." Ratification of Pierre Bellon, Bernard Carton, Edouard de Royere, William J. Shaw, Charles D. O'Dell, John W. Marriott III, Doctor R. Crants and Daniel J. Altobello as directors of SMS, effective as of the Effective Date in connection with the Transactions with terms to expire at the 1998 annual meeting of stockholders, is subject to the affirmative vote of a majority of the outstanding shares of Company Common Stock. THE COMPANY BOARD UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS A VOTE FOR RATIFICATION OF THE SMS BOARD. Certain members of the Company Board, however, may be deemed to have conflicts of interest in connection with the Transactions. See "CONFLICTS OF INTEREST." COMMITTEES OF THE SMS BOARD The SMS Board is expected to have two standing committees: Audit and Compensation. The members of the Audit Committee are expected to be Doctor R. Crants, Edouard de Royere and Daniel J. Altobello, who will serve as Chair. The Audit Committee will meet at least two times a year with the SMS independent auditors, management representatives and internal auditors. The Audit Committee will recommend to the SMS Board the appointment of independent auditors, approve the scope of audits and other services to be performed by the independent and internal auditors, and review the results of internal and external audits, the accounting principles applied in financial reporting and the adequacy of financial and operational controls. The independent auditors and internal auditors will have unrestricted access to the Audit Committee and vice versa. The members of the Compensation Committee are expected to be Bernard Carton, William J. Shaw and Doctor R. Crants, who will serve as Chair. The functions of this Committee will include determining the compensation of senior officers and certain other employees, administering employee compensation and benefit plans and reviewing the operations and policies of such plans. COMPENSATION OF DIRECTORS Directors who are also employees of SMS will receive no additional compensation for service as directors. The Chairman of the Board, who is not an employee of SMS, will receive an annual retainer fee of $50,000. Other directors who are not employees of SMS will receive an annual retainer fee of $25,000. Non-employee directors will also receive a fee of $1,250 for attendance at Board, Committee or shareholder meetings. The Chair of each Committee of the Board also will receive a fee of $1,250. Directors will also be reimbursed for travel expenses and other out-of-pocket costs when incurred in attending meetings. 96 EXECUTIVE OFFICERS Set forth below is certain information with respect to the persons who are expected to serve as executive officers of SMS immediately following the Spinoff. NAME AGE - ---- --- Charles D. O'Dell.... 46 See "--SMS Board of Directors," above. President and Chief Executive Officer Michel Landel........ 46 Michel Landel is President and Chief Executive Executive Vice Officer of Sodexho North America, a position he President has held since 1994. Mr. Landel joined Sodexho in 1984 as a Regional Manager of Sodexho Africa. In 1986, he was named President of Sodexho Africa, a position he held until 1989, when he became President and Chief Executive Officer of Sodexho's United States operations. Prior to joining Sodexho, Mr. Landel held positions with Groupe Poliet (Plant General Manager, 1980-1984) and The Chase Manhattan Bank (Financial Analyst and Assistant Treasurer, 1976-1980). Anthony F. Alibrio... 53 Anthony F. Alibrio's career has been focused on President, Health serving the health care industry for the past 27 Care Services years of his 32 year tenure with the Company. In the past he has held various operations, sales, and marketing responsibilities including Division Vice President and National Vice President of Sales and Marketing. For the past six years, he has served as President of the Company's Health Care Services. A member of the Healthcare Research and Development Institute and the American Academy of Medical Administrators, Mr. Alibrio also serves as a member of the board of directors for the National Committee for Quality Health Care and Health Insights Foundation. Stephen J. Brady..... 53 Stephen J. Brady joined Sodexho USA in 1989 after Senior Vice a 15-year career in the retail industry. His President, Corporate positions with Sodexho USA were Vice President of Communications Strategic Development, Vice President of Healthcare Operations and Regional Vice President of Education Operations. He currently is Vice President of Marketing and Communications for Sodexho USA. Mr. Brady serves on the board of FoodChain, the national food rescue network. Robert Drury......... 51 Robert Drury is Senior Vice President of Finance Corporate Treasurer and Chief Financial Officer for Sodexho USA. He joined Sodexho USA in 1995. Prior to joining Sodexho USA, Mr. Drury held positions with ARAMARK, including Chief Financial Officer of the Leisure/International Sector, and had profit responsibility for the Encore Service Division. Previously, he was with PepsiCo in strategic planning and with its Wilson Sporting Goods Division in a variety of operating and financial roles. William W. Hamman.... 56 William W. Hamman is currently President of President, Higher Marriott Education Services. He has supported the Education Services higher education community for 37 years, holding positions in Marriott Education Services that include Regional Vice President, Area Vice President and Division Vice President. Mr. Hamman is active in the National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO) and Council of Independent Colleges (CIC). He also serves on the Western Illinois University Foundation Board of Trustees. 97 NAME AGE - ---- --- Randall C. Harris.... 46 Randall C. Harris joined Marriott Management Senior Vice Services in 1997. Before joining the Company, Mr. President and Chief Harris was Senior Vice President of Cognizant Human Resources Corporation, which was formed as a result of the Officer restructuring of Dunn & Bradstreet Corporation. His previous experience includes senior human resources and general management positions with American Express (and the subsequent IPO of First Data Corporation) and Sprint Corporation. Lawrence E. Hyatt.... 43 Lawrence E. Hyatt is Senior Vice President, Senior Vice Finance and Planning for MMS. He joined the President and Chief Company in 1981 and has been Staff Auditor for Financial Officer Corporate Internal Audit, Manager of Financial Analysis for Roy Rogers Restaurants, Director of Finance for Marriott Services Group and Vice President, Operations Planning and Control for the Company. Previously, Mr. Hyatt was an associate in ICF Incorporated and a financial analyst for the US Department of Energy. Robert J. Jantzen.... 49 Robert J. Jantzen is President, Marriott Corporate President, Corporate Services. He joined the Company in 1984 and has Services served as Senior Vice President of Marriott Corporate Services and Senior Vice President of International, Sales and Support Services for MMS. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Jantzen served in operations, sales and marketing with PepsiCo and Procter & Gamble. David R. Smail....... 58 David R. Smail is Senior Vice President and Chief Senior Vice Information Officer for MMS. Prior to joining MMS President and Chief in this position in 1993, he served for 11 years Information Officer as a Vice President in Marriott Corporation's Information Systems Department. He joined Marriott in 1981 after serving 4 years as an Assistant Vice President at AMTRAK. Before that he spent 14 years with Andersen Consulting. Robert A. Stern...... 39 Robert A. Stern currently is Associate General Senior Vice Counsel for the Company. He currently provides President and legal support to MMS. Previously, he provided General Counsel legal support to the Company's Restaurant and Travel Plaza businesses. Mr. Stern joined the Company in 1985 from the Washington, D.C., office of Skadden Arps Slate Meagher & Flom. Anthony J. Wilson.... 45 Anthony J. Wilson is Senior Vice President, Senior Vice Marketing and Product Development for MMS. He President, Marketing joined the Company in November 1996. Previously, and Procurement Mr. Wilson was Vice President and General Manager in the Global Food Service division of Campbell Soup Company. He also spent 13 years at ARAMARK, where he served as Senior Vice President ARASERVE and President of ARAMARK's Marketing Services Group. SMS STOCK PLANS SMS Comprehensive Stock Plans Prior to the Effective Date, the Company will amend and restate the Company 1993 Stock Plan and the Company 1996 Stock Plan. The amended and restated plans will be known, respectively, as the Sodexho Marriott Services, Inc. 1993 Comprehensive Stock Incentive Plan (the "SMS 1993 Stock Plan") and the Sodexho Marriott Services, Inc. 1998 Comprehensive Stock Incentive Plan (the "SMS 1998 Stock Plan" and, together with the SMS 1993 Stock Plan, the "SMS Stock Plans") as of the Effective Date. The purpose of the plans is to promote and enhance the long-term growth of SMS by aligning the interests of its employees with the interests of its stockholders. The amendment and restatement of the SMS 1993 Stock Plan will be for the purpose of issuing and administering conversion awards pursuant to the Employee Benefits Allocation Agreement with respect to awards previously granted under the Company 1993 Stock Plan. Other than these conversion awards, no new awards will be made under the SMS 1993 Stock Plan. The SMS 1998 Stock Plan will govern the issuance 98 and administration of conversion awards as described below and will be available for the issuance of new awards following the Spinoff. The principal terms of the SMS Stock Plans are summarized below. Administration. The SMS Stock Plans will be administered by the Compensation Committee of SMS or any other Committee appointed by the SMS Board (the "SMS Compensation Committee"), the members of which will be non-employee directors of SMS. The SMS Compensation Committee will have broad discretion to determine the SMS employees eligible for awards and the type of awards to be granted under the SMS 1998 Stock Plan and to interpret the plan provisions of the SMS Stock Plans. The SMS Stock Plans provide that, upon certain changes in structure of SMS, the SMS Compensation Committee or the SMS Board may provide for the adjustment of the outstanding awards. Shares Available Under the SMS Comprehensive Stock Plans. As of the Effective Date, no shares will be available for issuance under the SMS 1993 Stock Plan, other than the shares reserved for conversion awards on behalf of SMS Employees who immediately prior to the Effective Date held awards granted under the Company 1993 Stock Plan. As a result of the Transactions (including the SMS Reverse Stock Split), the Company Board, pursuant to plan provisions, is adjusting the total number of shares available for issuance of awards under the Company 1996 Stock Plan, which on and after the Effective Date will be the total number of shares available for the issuance of awards under the SMS 1998 Stock Plan. The SMS 1998 Stock Plan provides that no more than 10 million shares of SMS Common Stock will be available for issuance of awards under the SMS 1998 Stock Plan to cover conversion awards and future awards for SMS Employees after (i) giving effect to the Spinoff and the SMS Reverse Stock Split and (ii) cancellation of awards to persons other than SMS Employees as a result of the Spinoff. The SMS 1998 Stock Plan also provides that this limit will not be increased without approval of the SMS stockholders. That number of shares will be used for the conversion of existing awards under the Company Stock Plans and the International Catering Corporation 1996 Stock Option Plan (the "ICC Stock Option Plan") and for new awards following the Transactions. The SMS 1998 Stock Plan provides that no employee will be eligible to receive awards covering more than 500,000 shares of SMS Common Stock in any one fiscal year (excluding for this purpose any conversion awards described below). These limitations will be subject to further adjustment in the event of any future change in capitalization of SMS, such as a stock split, or a corporate transaction such as a merger, consolidation, separation, spinoff, reorganization (whether or not taxable) or any partial or complete liquidation of SMS. If any award (including an award granted under the SMS 1993 Stock Plan or the SMS 1998 Stock Plan) is canceled or terminated or expires or lapses, or if any shares of SMS Common Stock are surrendered in connection with any such award, the shares subject to the award and the surrendered shares will be available for further awards under the SMS 1998 Stock Plan. Eligibility. Non-union employees of SMS are eligible to participate in the SMS 1998 Stock Plan. In addition, employees of SMS will receive certain conversion awards under the SMS Stock Plans as described below. See "-- Conversion Awards." Stock Option Awards. Under the SMS 1998 Stock Plan, options may be granted either on a non-qualified tax basis or as "incentive stock options" within the meaning of Section 422 of the Code. The option price may not be less than 100 percent of the fair market value of SMS Common Stock on the date the option is granted. It is expected that approximately 500 employees will be eligible for stock option awards. Each option may have a term of up to 15 years, as determined by the SMS Compensation Committee. If an optionee (other than an "approved retiree") ceases to be an employee or has been on leave of absence for more than 12 months (except in the case of a leave approved by the SMS Compensation Committee), unless otherwise provided for in an award agreement, the unexercisable portion of the option will be forfeited and the exercisable 99 portion will generally terminate if not exercised within the following three months (one year in the case of a permanently disabled employee). Under the SMS 1998 Stock Plan, unless otherwise provided in an award agreement, nonqualified options granted to optionees who subsequently become "approved retirees" (retirement with approval from the SMS Compensation Committee after 20 years of service or after attaining age 55 with 10 years of service and while a noncompetition agreement is honored) will not expire until the earlier of (i) the expiration of the option in accordance with its original term, or (ii) one year from the date on which the option granted latest in time to the optionee has fully vested. Unless otherwise provided in an award agreement, if an optionee dies while employed or while an approved retiree, all the optionee's options become fully vested and may be exercised until the earlier of the expiration date for such options or one year after the optionee's death. Unless otherwise provided in an award agreement, if an optionee who is not an approved retiree dies after termination of employment, a legatee may exercise the remaining options to the same extent and during the same period that the optionee could have exercised the options if the optionee had not died. When exercising a nonqualified option, an optionee is taxed at ordinary income rates on the gain represented by the difference between the option price and the market price on the day of exercise times the number of shares exercised. SMS receives a corresponding deduction of the amount of gain. For incentive stock options, the individual is not taxed at the time of exercise (although the difference between the exercise price and the fair market value of the stock subject to the option may result in alternative minimum tax liability). If the employee subsequently sells the shares within one year from the date of exercise, the employee recognizes ordinary income equal to the amount of gain and SMS may take a corresponding deduction. If the shares are held for a period in excess of one year, the gain recognized by the employee upon sale of the shares is treated as a capital gain and SMS receives no deduction. Other Share-Based Awards. Under the SMS 1998 Stock Plan, the SMS Compensation Committee may grant any other awards denominated or payable in or in any combination of cash, SMS Common Stock, a SMS Common Stock equivalent or appreciation unit or security convertible into SMS Common Stock. Such awards may be issued in tandem with other awards and made subject to any terms and conditions as determined by the SMS Compensation Committee and specified in the award agreements. Performance Measures. In order to comply with the requirements for exclusion from the limit on the tax deduction of executive compensation under Section 162(m) of the Code, the SMS Compensation Committee may condition the grant or payment of restricted stock awards to employees under the SMS 1998 Stock Plan on the attainment of performance objectives. The performance objectives will be measured by one or more of the following factors: (i) consolidated cash flows, (ii) consolidated financial reported earnings, (iii) consolidated economic earnings, (iv) earnings per share of SMS Common Stock, (v) business unit financial reported earnings, (vi) business unit economic earnings, (vii) business unit cash flows and (viii) appreciation in the price of SMS Common Stock, considered alone or as measured against the performance of a group of companies approved by the SMS Compensation Committee. Conversion Awards. Pursuant to the Employee Benefits Allocation Agreement, the SMS 1993 Stock Plan and the SMS 1998 Stock Plan must provide for the issuance of certain conversion awards denominated in shares of SMS Common Stock in replacement of certain awards denominated in shares of Company Common Stock outstanding on the Effective Date and held by individuals who will be SMS Employees. See "THE TRANSACTIONS--Arrangements Between SMS and New Marriott--Employee Benefits Allocation Agreement." The grantees of these conversion awards will be given service credit to the extent required under the Employee Benefits Allocation Agreement. The awards will be subject to the terms and conditions substantially similar to those governing the awards as they were in effect before the Spinoff. Approximately 800 employees will receive 100 conversion awards under plans covering a total of approximately 1.9 million shares of SMS Common Stock before giving effect to the Spinoff or the SMS Reverse Stock Split. Pursuant to the ICC 1996 Stock Option Plan, ICC currently has outstanding options to acquire 361,200 shares of ICC common stock. Pursuant to the Acquisition Agreement, prior to the Effective Date, 42 percent of the options held by each holder shall be settled for cash, assuming an ICC stock price of $46.21, and as of the Effective Date, 58 percent of the options held by each holder shall be converted into options to purchase such number of shares of SMS Common Stock at such exercise price as will preserve the financial value of the options (the "ICC Conversion Options"). The exercise price of the ICC Conversion Options will bear the same ratio to the per share value of the shares underlying the option after the conversion as the exercise price bears to $46.21 before the conversion. The number of shares subject to the conversion options will be determined so that the aggregate spread after the conversion (based on NYSE trading prices) equals the aggregate spread before the conversion. Such ICC Conversion Options will be issued under the terms of the SMS 1998 Stock Plan. Approximately 76 employees will receive ICC Conversion Options covering approximately 484,100 shares of SMS Common Stock after giving effect to the Spinoff and the SMS Reverse Stock Split. Employee Stock Purchase Plan The Company maintains the Company Employee Stock Purchase Plan. Prior to the Effective Date, the Company Board will amend the Company Employee Stock Purchase Plan to suspend the issuance of options to acquire Company Common Stock. At this time, SMS has not determined whether any options to acquire SMS Common Stock will be awarded under this plan following the Effective Date. COMPENSATION COMMITTEE INTERLOCKS AND INSIDER PARTICIPATION The members of the Company's Compensation Policy Committee during the last fiscal year were Floretta Dukes McKenzie (Chair), Roger W. Sant, W. Mitt Romney and Lawrence M. Small. None of the members of this Committee are or were formerly officers or employees of the Company. The members of the SMS Compensation Committee are expected to be Bernard Carton, William J. Shaw and Doctor R. Crants, who will serve as Chair. Other than Mr. Shaw, who is President and Chief Operating Officer of the Company, none of such persons is or was formerly an officer or employee of the Company. 101 MANAGEMENT OF NEW MARRIOTT NEW MARRIOTT BOARD OF DIRECTORS The business of New Marriott will be managed under the direction of its Board of Directors (the "New Marriott Board"). The current directors of New Marriott are William J. Shaw, Michael A. Stein and Joseph Ryan. Prior to the Effective Date, the Company, as sole stockholder of New Marriott, plans to reconstitute the New Marriott Board so that the ten persons identified below will constitute the entire New Marriott Board effective as of the Effective Date. Each individual listed below is currently a director of the Company and, except for William J. Shaw, will resign from the Company Board effective as of the Effective Date. Mr. J.W. Marriott, Jr., who will become Chairman of the New Marriott Board, will resign from this position at the Company effective as of the Effective Date. Like the current Company Board, the New Marriott Board will be divided into three classes. Directors for each class will be elected at the annual meeting of stockholders held in the year in which the term for such class expires and will serve thereafter for three years.
DIRECTOR AGE INITIAL TERM EXPIRES -------- --- -------------------- Gilbert M. Grosvenor............................ 66 1998 Richard E. Marriott............................. 59 1998 Harry J. Pearce................................. 55 1998 J.W. Marriott, Jr............................... 65 1999 W. Mitt Romney.................................. 50 1999 William J. Shaw................................. 52 1999 Dr. Henry Cheng Kar-Shun........................ 51 2000 Floretta Dukes McKenzie......................... 62 2000 Roger W. Sant................................... 66 2000 Lawrence M. Small............................... 56 2000
J.W. Marriott, Jr.*................. Mr.Marriott is Chairman of the Company Board and Chief Chairman of the Board Executive Officer of the Company. He joined Marriott Corporation in 1956 and has been a member of the Board of Directors of Marriott Corporation / Host Marriott / Marriott International since 1964. He became President of Marriott Corporation in 1964, Chief Executive Officer of Marriott Corporation in 1972 and Chairman of the Board of Marriott Corporation in 1985. Mr. Marriott remains a director of Host Marriott and is a director of Host Marriott Services. He is also a director of General Motors Corporation and the U.S.-Russia Business Council. He serves on the Board of Trustees of the Mayo Foundation, National Geographic Society and Georgetown University. He is on the President's Advisory Committee of the American Red Cross and the Executive Committee of the World Travel & Tourism Council, and is a member of the Business Council and the Business Roundtable. Mr. Marriott has served as Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of the Company since October 1993. He is expected to hold the same positions with New Marriott. Richard E. Marriott*............ Mr. Marriott is Chairman of the Board of Host Marriott. He is also Chairman of the Board of First Media Corporation and serves as a director of Host Marriott Services and Potomac Electric Power Company, and as a trustee of Gallaudet University, Polynesian Cultural Center, Primary Children's Medical Center, Boys and Girls Clubs of America SE Region, and The J. Willard Marriott Foundation. He also serves on the Board of Trustees of Federal City Council, Marriott Foundation for People with Disabilities and the Advisory Committee for the International Hotel & Restaurant Association. Prior to October 1993, - -------- * Messrs. J.W. Marriott, Jr. and Richard E. Marriott are brothers. 102 Mr. Marriott served as an Executive Vice President and member of the Board of Directors of Marriott Corporation. Mr. Marriott has been a director of Marriott Corporation / Host Marriott / Marriott International since 1979 (including the period before October 1993). Dr. Henry Cheng Kar- Shun................. Dr. Cheng has served as Managing Director of New World Development Company Limited ("New World Development"), a publicly held Hong Kong real estate development and investment company since 1989. He is the Chairman of New World Infrastructure Limited and Tai Fook Group Limited and a director of HKR International Limited, all of which are publicly-held Hong Kong companies. Dr. Cheng serves as an executive officer of Chow Tai Fook Enterprises Limited, a privately-held family company that controls New World Development. Dr. Cheng served as Chairman and Director of RHG from June 1995 until its purchase by the Company in March 1997. He is Chairman of the Advisory Council for The Better Hong Kong Foundation. Dr. Cheng serves as a member of the Services Promotion Strategy Group, a unit under the Hong Kong Financial Secretary's Office, and as a Committee Member of the Eighth Chinese People's Political Consultative Committee of the People's Republic of China. Dr. Cheng has also served as a member of the Election Committee of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Gilbert M. Grosvenor............ Mr. Grosvenor is Chairman of the Board of National Geographic Society (a publisher of books and magazines and producer of television documentaries) and a director or trustee of Chevy Chase Federal Savings Bank, Ethyl Corporation, B.F. Saul REIT and Saul Centers, Inc. He is on the Board of Visitors of the Nicholas School of the Environment of Duke University. Before October 1993, Mr. Grosvenor served as a member of the Board of Directors of Marriott Corporation. Mr. Grosvenor has been a director of the Company since 1987 (including the period before October 1993). Floretta Dukes McKenzie............. Dr. McKenzie is the founder, Chairwoman and Chief Executive Officer of The McKenzie Group, Inc. (an educational consulting firm). She is also a director or trustee of Potomac Electric Power Company (PEPCO), National Geographic Society, Acacia Group, Group Hospitalization and Medical Services, Inc. (GHMSI), Howard University, White House Historical Association, American Association of School Administrators Leadership for Learning Foundation, Lightspan Partnership, Inc., Impact II-The Teachers Network, National School Board Foundation, Institute for Educational Leadership, Inc., Forum for the American School Superintendent, Harvard Graduate School of Education Urban Superintendents Program and Johns Hopkins Leadership Development Program. From 1981 to 1988, she served as Superintendent of the District of Columbia Public Schools and Chief State School Officer. Prior to October 1993, Dr. McKenzie served as a member of the Board of Directors of Marriott Corporation. Dr. McKenzie has been a director of the Company since 1992 (including the period before October 1993). Harry J. Pearce...... Mr. Pearce is Vice Chairman of the Board of General Motors Corporation (an automobile manufacturer) and a director of General Motors Acceptance Corporation, Hughes Electronics Corporation, American Automobile Manufacturers Association and MDU Resources Group, Inc. and is a member of the U.S. Air Force Academy's Board of Visitors. He also serves on the Board of Trustees of Howard University and is a member of Northwestern University 103 School of Law's Dean's Advisory Council. Mr. Pearce has been a director of the Company since 1995. W. Mitt Romney....... Mr. Romney is a director, President and Chief Executive Officer of Bain Capital, Inc. (a private equity investment firm). He is also a director of The Sports Authority, Inc. and Staples, Inc. Mr. Romney is a member of the Executive Board of the Boy Scouts of America and the boards of the National Points of Light Foundation and City Year. Before October 1993, Mr. Romney served as a member of the Board of Directors of Marriott Corporation. Mr. Romney has been a director of the Company since 1993 (including the period before October 1993). Roger W. Sant........ Mr. Sant is Chairman of the Board and a co-founder of The AES Corporation (a global power company). He is also Chairman of the Board of World Wildlife Fund (U.S.) and a member of the Board of World Resources Institute and Worldwide Fund for Nature. Mr. Sant has been a director of the Company since 1993. William J. Shaw...... On March 31, 1997, Mr. Shaw became President and Chief Operating Officer of the Company. Mr. Shaw joined Marriott Corporation in 1974, was elected Corporate Controller in 1979 and a Vice President in 1982. In 1986, Mr. Shaw was elected Senior Vice President-- Finance and Treasurer of Marriott Corporation. He was elected Executive Vice President of Marriott Corporation and promoted to Chief Financial Officer in April 1988. In February 1992, he was elected President of the Marriott Service Group, which now comprises the Company's Contract Service Group. Mr. Shaw was elected Executive Vice President and President--Marriott Service Group in October 1993. Mr. Shaw is also Chairman of the Board of Directors of Host Marriott Services. He also serves on the Board of Trustees of the University of Notre Dame, Loyola College in Maryland and the Surburban Hospital Foundation. Mr. Shaw has been a director of the Company since May 1997. He is expected to become President and Chief Operating Officer of New Marriott and will be the Chairman of the SMS Board after the Transactions. Lawrence M. Small.... Mr. Small is President, Chief Operating Officer and a member of the Board of Directors of Fannie Mae (a congressionally chartered mortgage financing corporation). Before joining Fannie Mae, Mr. Small was Vice Chairman and Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Boards of Directors of Citicorp/Citibank. He also serves as a director of The Chubb Corporation, Chairman of the Financial Advisory Committee of Trans- Resources International, a member of the Board of Trustees of Morehouse College and New York University Medical Center, and a member of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Council. Mr. Small has been a director of the Company since 1995. Dr. Cheng was appointed to the Company Board in March 1997 in connection with the Company's acquisition of RHG. Ratification of the action of the Company, as sole stockholder of New Marriott, in electing Gilbert M. Grosvenor, Richard E. Marriott and Harry J. Pearce, as directors whose terms will expire in 1998, J.W. Marriott, Jr., W. Mitt Romney and William J. Shaw, as directors of New Marriott whose terms will expire in 1999, and Dr. Henry Cheng Kar-Shun, Floretta Dukes McKenzie, Roger W. Sant and Lawrence M. Small as directors of New Marriott whose terms will expire in 2000, is subject to the affirmative vote of a majority of the outstanding shares of Company Common Stock. 104 THE COMPANY BOARD UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS A VOTE FOR RATIFICATION OF THE NEW MARRIOTT BOARD. Certain members of the Company Board, however, may be deemed to have conflicts of interest in connection with the Transactions. See "CONFLICTS OF INTEREST." COMMITTEES OF THE NEW MARRIOTT BOARD The New Marriott Board is expected to have four standing committees: (i) Executive; (ii) Audit; (iii) Compensation Policy; and (iv) Nominating and Corporate Governance. The members of the Executive Committee are expected to be J.W. Marriott, Jr. (Chair) and Roger W. Sant. When the New Marriott Board is not in session, this Committee will be authorized to exercise all powers of the New Marriott Board, subject to specific restrictions as to powers retained by the full New Marriott Board. Retained powers include those relating to amendments to the certificate of incorporation and bylaws, mergers, consolidations, sales or exchanges involving substantially all of New Marriott's assets, declarations of dividends and issuance of stock. The Audit Committee will comprise certain directors who are not employees of New Marriott or any of its subsidiaries. The members of the Audit Committee are expected to be W. Mitt Romney (Chair), Gilbert M. Grosvenor, Harry J. Pearce, Roger W. Sant and Lawrence M. Small. The Audit Committee will meet at least three times a year with New Marriott independent auditors, management representatives and internal auditors. The Audit Committee will recommend to the New Marriott Board the appointment of independent auditors, approve the scope of audits and other services to be performed by the independent and internal auditors, consider whether any circumstance, including the performance of any professional service, impairs the independence of the auditors, and review the results of internal and external audits, the accounting principles applied in financial reporting and financial and operational controls. The independent auditors and internal auditors will have unrestricted access to the Audit Committee and vice versa. The Compensation Policy Committee will comprise certain directors who are not employees of New Marriott or any of its subsidiaries. The members of the Compensation Policy Committee are expected to be Floretta Dukes McKenzie (Chair), Roger W. Sant, W. Mitt Romney and Lawrence M. Small. The functions of this Committee will include submitting recommendations on policies and procedures relating to senior officers' compensation and various employee stock plans, and approval of individual salary adjustments, bonus payments and stock awards in those areas. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee will comprise certain directors who are not employees of New Marriott or any of its subsidiaries. The members of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee are expected to be Gilbert M. Grosvenor (Chair), Floretta Dukes McKenzie and Harry J. Pearce. This Committee will make recommendations to the New Marriott Board regarding corporate governance and consider nominees for election as directors. The Committee will utilize the same procedure to consider nominees recommended by stockholders as is used to consider nominees recommended by any other source. In addition, the Committee will fulfill an advisory function with respect to a range of matters affecting the New Marriott Board and its committees, including the making of recommendations with respect to qualifications of director candidates, compensation of directors, selection of committee chairs, committee assignments, and related matters affecting the functioning of the New Marriott Board. COMPENSATION OF DIRECTORS Directors who are also employees of New Marriott will receive no additional compensation for service as directors. Directors who are not employees will receive an annual retainer fee of $25,000, together with an attendance fee of $1,250 per Board, Committee or stockholder meeting. The Chair of each Committee of the New Marriott Board will receive an additional annual fee of $1,000. Any individual director receiving these fees may elect to defer payment of all or any portion thereof pursuant to the Company Deferred Compensation Plan (which will become the responsibility of New Marriott) or the New Marriott Comprehensive Stock Plan under 105 which the eligible directors will receive substitute awards for the awards that will be canceled under the Company 1995 Directors Plan as a result of the Transactions. Gilbert M. Grosvenor, Floretta Dukes McKenzie, Harry J. Pearce, W. Mitt Romney, Roger W. Sant and Lawrence M. Small are currently participating in one or both of these plans. Directors are also reimbursed for travel expenses and other out-of-pocket costs incurred when attending meetings. In 1996, Mr. Richard E. Marriott waived his right to receive post-retirement distributions of cash under the Company Deferred Compensation Plan and Company Common Stock under the Company 1993 Stock Plan. The payments and stock distributions waived were awarded to Mr. Marriott in 1995 and prior years and were disclosed as required in earlier proxy statements of the Company or of Marriott Corporation. In connection with this waiver, the Company entered into an arrangement to purchase life insurance policies for the benefit of a trust established by Mr. Marriott. The cost of the life insurance policies to the Company will not exceed the projected after-tax cost the Company expected to incur in connection with the payments under the Company Deferred Compensation Plan and the stock distributions under the Company 1993 Stock Plan that were waived by Mr. Marriott. New Marriott will assume the rights and obligations of the Company under the life insurance policies as of the Effective Date. EXECUTIVE OFFICERS Set forth below is certain information with respect to the 12 persons who are expected to serve as executive officers of New Marriott immediately following the Spinoff. Those persons named below who are currently officers of the Company will relinquish their positions with the Company effective on the Effective Date. However, William J. Shaw will continue as chairman of the SMS Board. AGE J.W. Marriott, Jr.... 65 See "MANAGEMENT OF NEW MARRIOTT--New Marriott Chairman of the Board of Directors," above. Board and Chief Executive Officer Todd Clist........... 56 Todd Clist joined Marriott Corporation in 1968. Vice President; Mr. Clist served as general manager of several Executive Vice hotels before being named Regional Vice President, President--Marriott Midwest Region for Marriott Hotels, Resorts & Lodging Suites in 1980. Mr. Clist became Executive Vice President of Marketing for Marriott Hotels, Resorts & Suites in 1985 and Senior Vice President, Lodging Products and Markets in 1989. Mr. Clist was named Executive Vice President and General Manager for Fairfield Inn in 1990, for both Fairfield Inn and Courtyard in 1991 and for Fairfield Inn, Courtyard and Residence Inn in 1993. In January 1994, Mr. Clist was appointed to his current position. Edwin D. Fuller...... 52 Edwin D. Fuller joined Marriott Corporation in Vice President; 1972 and held several sales positions before being Executive Vice appointed Vice President--Marketing in 1979. After President and serving as general manager at several Marriott Managing Director-- hotels, Mr. Fuller became a Regional Vice Marriott Lodging President in 1985 and was promoted to Senior Vice International President and Managing Director of Marriott Lodging International in 1990. In January 1994, Mr. Fuller was appointed to his current position. Paul E. Johnson, Jr................... 50 Paul E. Johnson, Jr. joined Marriott Corporation Vice President; in 1983 in Corporate Financial Planning & President--Marriott Analysis. In 1987, he was promoted to Group Vice Senior Living President of Finance and Development for the Services Marriott Service Group and later assumed responsibility for real estate development for Marriott Senior Living Services. During 1989, he served as Vice President and 106 General Manager of Marriott's Travel Plazas division. Mr. Johnson subsequently served as Vice President and General Manager of Marriott Family Restaurants from December 1989 through 1991. In October 1991, he was appointed as Executive Vice President and General Manager of Marriott Senior Living Services, and in June 1996 he was appointed to his current position. Brendan M. Keegan.... 54 Brendan M. Keegan joined Marriott Corporation in Senior Vice 1971, in the Company's Corporate Organization President--Human Development Department and subsequently held Resources several human resources positions, including Vice President of Organization Development and Executive Succession Planning. In 1986, Mr. Keegan was named Senior Vice President, Human Resources, Marriott Service Group, which now comprises the Company's Contract Services Group. In April 1997, Mr. Keegan was appointed Senior Vice President of Human Resources for the Company's worldwide human resources functions, including compensation, benefits, labor and employee relations, employment, human resources planning and development and employee communications. Robert T. Pras....... 56 Robert T. Pras joined Marriott Corporation in 1979 Vice President; as Executive Vice President of Fairfield Farm President--Marriott Kitchens, the predecessor of MDS. In 1981, Mr. Distribution Pras became Executive Vice President of Services Procurement and Distribution. In May 1986, Mr. Pras was appointed to the additional position of General Manager of Marriott Corporation's Continuing Care Retirement Communities. He was named Executive Vice President and General Manager of MDS in 1990. Mr. Pras was appointed to his current position in January 1997. Joseph Ryan.......... 55 Joseph Ryan joined the Company in December 1994 as Executive Vice Executive Vice President and General Counsel. President and Prior to that time, he was a partner in the law General Counsel firm of O'Melveny & Myers, serving as the Managing Partner from 1993 until his departure. He joined O'Melveny & Myers in 1967 and was admitted as a partner in 1976. William J. Shaw...... 52 See "MANAGEMENT OF NEW MARRIOTT--New Marriott President and Chief Board of Directors," above. Operating Officer Michael A. Stein..... 48 Michael A. Stein joined Marriott Corporation in Executive Vice 1989 as Vice President, Finance and Chief President and Chief Accounting Officer. In 1990, he assumed Financial Officer responsibility for Marriott Corporation's financial planning and analysis functions. In 1991, he was elected Senior Vice President, Finance and Corporate Controller of Marriott Corporation and also assumed responsibility for Marriott Corporation's internal audit function. In October 1993, he was appointed Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of the Company. Prior to joining Marriott Corporation, Mr. Stein spent 18 years with Arthur Andersen LLP (formerly Arthur Andersen & Co.) where, since 1982, he was a partner. James M. Sullivan.... 54 James M. Sullivan joined Marriott Corporation in Vice President; 1980, departed in 1983 to acquire, manage, expand Executive Vice and subsequently sell a successful restaurant President--Lodging chain, and returned to Marriott Corporation in Development 1986 as Vice President of Mergers and Acquisitions. Mr. Sullivan became Senior 107 Vice President, Finance--Lodging in 1989, Senior Vice President--Lodging Development in 1990 and was appointed to his current position in December 1995. William R. Tiefel.... 63 William R. Tiefel joined Marriott Corporation in Executive Vice 1961 and was named President of Marriott Hotels, President and Resorts and Suites in 1988. He had previously President--Marriott served as resident manager and general manager at Lodging Group several Marriott hotels prior to being appointed Regional Vice President and later Executive Vice President of Marriott Hotels, Resorts and Suites and Marriott Ownership Resorts. Mr. Tiefel was elected Executive Vice President of Marriott Corporation in November 1989. In March 1992, he was elected President--Marriott Lodging Group and assumed responsibility for all of the Company's lodging brands. In October 1993, he was appointed to his current position. Stephen P. Weisz..... 47 Stephen P. Weisz joined Marriott Corporation in Vice President; 1972 and was named Regional Vice President of the Executive Vice Mid-Atlantic Region in 1991. Mr. Weisz had President--Marriott previously served as Senior Vice President of Lodging and Rooms Operations before being appointed as Vice President--Marriott President of the Revenue Management Group. Mr. Vacation Club Weisz became Senior Vice President of Sales and International Marketing for Marriott Hotels, Resorts and Suites in August 1992 and Executive Vice President-- Lodging Brands in August 1994. In December 1996, Mr. Weisz was appointed President--Marriott Vacation Club International. EXECUTIVE OFFICER COMPENSATION Summary of Compensation Table I below sets forth a summary of the compensation paid by the Company during the last three fiscal years to the person expected to be the Chief Executive Officer of New Marriott and the four most highly compensated executive officers (other than the Chief Executive Officer) of New Marriott (based on their historical compensation from the Company). NEW MARRIOTT TABLE I NEW MARRIOTT SUMMARY COMPENSATION TABLE
FISCAL RESTRICTED STOCK ALL OTHER NAME YEAR SALARY(1)(2) ($) BONUS(3) ($) STOCK(4)(5)(6) ($) OPTIONS (#) COMPENSATION(7)(8) ($) - ---- ------ ---------------- ------------ ------------------ ----------- ---------------------- J.W. Marriott, Jr....... 1996 840,866 809,754 161,975 71,000 32,125 Chairman and Chief 1995 800,000 696,000 139,202 100,000 7,592 Executive Officer 1994 765,000 669,375 133,888 90,000 82,043 William J. Shaw......... 1996 545,289 425,325 85,085 46,000 19,780 President and Chief 1995 520,000 342,680 589,152 52,000 35,910 Operating Officer 1994 500,000 335,000 67,000 56,000 22,615 William R. Tiefel....... 1996 545,289 393,699 1,175,020 46,000 40,323 Executive Vice 1995 520,000 341,120 365,720 52,000 35,187 President 1994 475,000 317,775 63,564 56,000 43,804 Joseph Ryan............. 1996 371,000 248,941 49,775 25,000 1,170 Executive Vice 1995 350,000 217,000 43,403 30,000 119,900 President and General 1994 26,924 16,154 1,105,761 50,000 - Counsel Michael A. Stein........ 1996 356,731 239,366 47,850 23,000 25,950 Executive Vice 1995 325,000 201,500 572,792 25,000 21,126 President and Chief 1994 300,000 190,500 38,110 30,000 25,863 Financial Officer
108 - -------- (1) Fiscal year 1996 base salary earnings were for 53 weeks. (2) Salary amounts include base salary earned and paid in cash during the fiscal year and the amount of base salary deferred at the election of the executive officer under the Company Profit Sharing Plan and the Company Deferred Compensation Plan. Mr. Ryan joined the Company as Executive Vice President and General Counsel in December of 1994. (3) Bonus includes the amount of cash bonus earned and accrued during the fiscal year and paid subsequent to the end of each fiscal year. The Company adopted the Marriott International, Inc. Executive Officer Incentive Plan (the "Executive Officer Incentive Plan") to satisfy the requirements for exemption under Section 162(m) of the Code. For fiscal year 1996, the following bonus amounts were attributable to the Executive Officer Incentive Plan and to the Marriott International, Inc. Individual Performance Plan (the "Individual Performance Plan"): Mr. Marriott earned $588,606 under the Executive Officer Incentive Plan and $221,148 under the Individual Performance Plan; Mr. Shaw earned $261,738 under the Executive Officer Incentive Plan and $163,587 under the Individual Performance Plan; Mr. Tiefel earned $261,738 under the Executive Officer Incentive Plan and $131,961 under the Individual Performance Plan; Mr. Ryan earned $129,850 under the Executive Officer Incentive Plan and $119,091 under the Individual Performance Plan; Mr. Stein earned $149,827 under the Executive Officer Incentive Plan and $89,539 under the Individual Performance Plan. (4) All awards of restricted stock noted in the above table reflect awards of Company Common Stock made under the Company Stock Plans for 1994, 1995 and 1996 performance, respectively. Restricted stock awards granted by the Company are subject to general restrictions, such as continued employment and noncompetition, and in some cases, additional performance restrictions such as attainment of financial objectives. Holders of restricted stock receive dividend payments and exercise voting rights with respect to such shares. Awards of deferred bonus stock granted by the Company under the Company Stock Plans were generally derived by dividing 20 percent of each individual's annual cash bonus award by the average of the high and low trading prices for a share of Company Common Stock on the last trading day for the fiscal year. No voting rights or dividends are attributed to deferred bonus stock until such awards are distributed. The individual executive may elect to denominate the awards as current or deferred. A current award is distributed in 10 annual installments commencing one year after the award is granted. A deferred award is distributed in a lump sum or up to 10 installments following termination of employment. Deferred award shares contingently vest pro rata in annual installments commencing one year after the award is granted to the employee. Awards are not subject to forfeiture once the employee reaches age 55 with 10 years of service with the Company, or has 20 years of service with the Company and retires with Board approval. (5) All shares of restricted stock shown in the table above were under the Company Stock Plans. Awards reflected in the restricted stock column in the above table include the following for the named individual: (i) for Mr. Marriott for 1994, 4,792 shares of deferred bonus stock; for 1995, 3,669 shares of deferred bonus stock; for 1996, 2,945 shares of deferred bonus stock; (ii) for Mr. Shaw for 1994, 2,398 shares of deferred bonus stock; for 1995, 1,806 shares of deferred bonus stock and 14,000 shares of restricted stock; for 1996, 1,547 shares of deferred bonus stock; (iii) for Mr. Tiefel for 1994, 2,275 shares of deferred bonus stock; for 1995, 1,798 shares of deferred bonus stock and 8,000 shares of restricted stock; for 1996, 1,432 shares of deferred bonus stock and 20,000 shares of restricted stock; (iv) for Mr. Ryan for 1994, 116 shares of deferred bonus stock and 40,000 shares of restricted stock; for 1995, 1,144 shares of deferred bonus stock; for 1996, 905 shares of deferred bonus stock; (v) for Mr. Stein for 1994, 1,364 shares of deferred bonus stock; for 1995, 1,062 shares of deferred bonus stock and 15,000 shares of restricted stock; for 1996, 870 shares of deferred bonus stock. The aggregate number and value of shares of Company restricted and deferred stock held by each named executive officer as of the end of fiscal year 1996 is as follows: Mr. Marriott, 2,945 shares valued at $161,975; Mr. Shaw, 70,149 shares valued at $3,858,195; Mr. Tiefel, 119,425 shares valued at $6,568,375; Mr. Ryan, 34,165 shares valued at $1,879,075; and Mr. Stein, 35,797 shares valued at $1,968,835. These figures do not include the number or value of restricted or deferred shares of Host Marriott common stock. (6) Awards of restricted stock and deferred bonus stock under the Company Stock Plans will be canceled and replaced with conversion awards under the New Marriott Stock Plan. See "MANAGEMENT OF NEW MARRIOTT--New Marriott Comprehensive Stock Plan." (7) Amounts included in "All Other Compensation" represent matching Company contribution amounts received under one or more of the Company Profit Sharing Plan and the Company Deferred Compensation Plan. In 1996, for Mr. Marriott, $2,806 was attributable to the Company Profit Sharing Plan and $29,319 was attributable to the Company Deferred Compensation Plan; for Mr. Shaw, $3,140 was attributable to the 109 Company Profit Sharing Plan and $16,640 was attributable to the Company Deferred Compensation Plan; for Mr. Tiefel, $4,638 was attributable to the Company Profit Sharing Plan and $35,685 was attributable to the Company Deferred Compensation Plan; for Mr. Ryan, $1,170 was attributable to the Company Profit Sharing Plan; for Mr. Stein, $4,640 was attributable to the Company Profit Sharing Plan and $21,310 was attributable to the Company Deferred Compensation Plan. (8) In 1996, Mr. J.W. Marriott, Jr. waived his vested right to receive post- retirement distributions of cash under the Company Deferred Compensation Plan and Company Common Stock under the Company 1993 Stock Plan. The payments and stock distributions waived were awarded to Mr. Marriott in 1995 and prior years and were disclosed as required in earlier proxy statements of the Company or of Marriott Corporation. In connection with this waiver, the Company entered into an arrangement to purchase life insurance policies for the benefit of a trust established by Mr. Marriott. The cost of the life insurance policies to the Company will not exceed the projected after-tax cost the Company expected to incur in connection with the payments under the Company Deferred Compensation Plan and the stock distributions under the Company 1993 Stock Plan that were waived by Mr. Marriott. New Marriott will assume the rights and obligations of the Company under the life insurance policies as of the Effective Date. Stock Options Grant of Options. Table II and Table III below set forth information regarding options to purchase Company Common Stock granted in fiscal 1996 under the Company 1996 Stock Plan. NEW MARRIOTT TABLE II STOCK OPTION GRANTS IN LAST FISCAL YEAR (1996)(1)
% OF TOTAL STOCK OPTIONS GRANTED TO GRANT DATE EMPLOYEES IN TOTAL EXERCISE EXPIRATION PRESENT NAME FISCAL YEAR STOCK OPTIONS PRICE ($/SH) DATE(2) VALUE(3) ($) - ---- ------------- ------------- ------------ ---------- ------------ J.W. Marriott, Jr....... 3.6 71,000 54.8125 11/7/11 1,356,810 William J. Shaw......... 2.3 46,000 54.8125 11/7/11 879,060 William R. Tiefel....... 2.3 46,000 54.8125 11/7/11 879,060 Joseph Ryan............. 1.3 25,000 54.8125 11/7/11 477,750 Michael A. Stein........ 1.2 23,000 54.8125 11/7/11 439,530
- -------- (1) Under the Company 1996 Stock Plan, the Company may grant to eligible employees stock options either on a nonqualified tax basis or as "incentive stock options" within the meaning of Section 422 of the Code. All options granted to Company employees in 1996 were nonqualified options and totaled 1,975,800 shares. Options granted under the Company Stock Plans will be canceled and replaced with conversion awards under the New Marriott Stock Plan. See "MANAGEMENT OF NEW MARRIOTT--New Marriott Comprehensive Stock Plan." (2) All options granted vest over four years on the anniversary date of the grant at a rate of 25 percent per year and have a 15-year term. Except as set forth in the succeeding sentence, if an optionee ceases to be an employee, other than by reason of death, while holding an exercisable option, the option will generally terminate if not exercised within three months of termination of employment. Options held by optionees who retire and meet certain retirement provisions of the Company 1996 Stock Plan (holders of nonqualified options with a combination of age and length of service that equals or exceeds 75) will not expire until the earlier of (i) the expiration of the option in accordance with its original term or (ii) one year from the date on which the option granted latest in time to the optionee has fully vested. Options are not transferable except that if an optionee dies while an employee of the Company more than one year from the date the option was granted, a legatee may exercise the remaining options at any time up to one year after the date of death of the employee. (3) The Black-Scholes option pricing model was used to estimate the present value of the option grant at the date of the grant. The material assumptions and adjustments used in estimating the value of the options include: an exercise price of $54.8125, expected volatility of 25 percent, annual dividends, consistent with the Company's dividend policy, of $0.32 in 1996, a risk-free interest rate of 6.1 percent, an expected option life of seven years and a 13.3 percent reduction to reflect the probability of forfeiture due to termination prior to vesting. These inputs resulted in a $19.11 per share fair value. 110 NEW MARRIOTT TABLE III AGGREGATED STOCK OPTION EXERCISES IN LAST FISCAL YEAR AND FISCAL YEAR-END STOCK OPTION VALUES (1996)
NUMBER OF SHARES SHARES UNDERLYING VALUE OF UNEXERCISED IN- ACQUIRED UNEXERCISED OPTIONS AT THE-MONEY STOCK OPTIONS ON VALUE FISCAL YEAR END (#)(3) AT FISCAL YEAR END ($)(4) EXERCISE REALIZED ------------------------- ------------------------- NAME COMPANY(1)(2) (#) ($) EXERCISABLE UNEXERCISABLE EXERCISABLE UNEXERCISABLE - ---- ------------- -------- --------- ----------- ------------- ----------- ------------- J.W. Marriott, Jr....... MI - - 865,250 214,750 30,722,154 3,200,950 HMC - - 810,447 - 9,916,444 - TOTAL - - 1,675,697 214,750 40,638,598 3,200,950 William J. Shaw......... MI 30,000 863,505 496,000 127,000 18,204,001 1,832,973 HMC 33,583 297,428 462,316 - 5,793,289 - TOTAL 68,583 1,160,933 958,316 127,000 23,997,290 1,832,973 William R. Tiefel....... MI 12,950 426,872 336,000 127,000 12,298,068 1,832,973 HMC 4,702 41,643 293,006 - 3,729,734 - TOTAL 17,652 468,515 629,006 127,000 16,027,802 1,832,973 Joseph Ryan............. MI - - 32,500 72,500 819,519 1,091,394 HMC - - - - - - TOTAL - - 32,500 72,500 819,519 1,091,394 Michael A. Stein........ MI 30,000 1,209,219 63,775 64,125 1,825,963 939,854 HMC - - 14,386 - 184,068 - TOTAL 30,000 1,209,219 78,161 64,125 2,010,031 939,854
- -------- (1) "MI" represents options to purchase Company Common Stock. "HMC" represents options to purchase common stock of Host Marriott ("Host Marriott Common Stock"). (2) In connection with the 1993 distribution to stockholders of Host Marriott of one share of Company Common Stock for each share of Host Marriott Common Stock (the "Host Marriott Distribution") and pursuant to the Marriott Corporation Employee Stock Option Plan (the "Marriott Corp. Stock Plan"), all Marriott Corporation options were adjusted to reflect the Host Marriott Distribution. Each non-qualified Marriott Corporation option was "split" by (i) adjusting the price at which the Marriott Corporation option (as adjusted, a "Host Marriott Option") was exercisable for common stock of Host Marriott and (ii) providing the holder thereof with an option to purchase an identical number of shares of Company Common Stock (each, a "Marriott International Option"). The exercise price of the Marriott International Option was set, and the exercise price of the corresponding Host Marriott Option was adjusted, so as to equal, in the aggregate, the exercise price of the Marriott Corporation option prior to the Host Marriott Distribution. Accordingly, these adjustments merely preserved, and did not increase or decrease, the economic value of the outstanding Marriott Corporation option prior to the Host Marriott Distribution. In December 1995, in connection with the distribution to stockholders of Host Marriott of one share of Host Marriott Services Corporation ("Host Marriott Services") common stock for each five shares of Host Marriott Common Stock (the "Host Marriott Services Distribution") and pursuant to the Host Marriott 1993 Comprehensive Stock Incentive Plan, all Host Marriott Options were adjusted to reflect the Host Marriott Services Distribution. The Host Marriott Services Distribution resulted in a lower option price and greater number of options in Host Marriott for all Company employees with outstanding options in Host Marriott. The exercise price was set, and the price of the Host Marriott Options were adjusted, so as to preserve (but not increase or decrease) the economic value of each Host Marriott Option immediately prior to the Host Marriott Services Distribution. (3) Host Marriott Options will be unaffected by the Spinoff. Awards of options under the Company Stock Plans will be canceled and replaced with conversion awards under the New Marriott Stock Plan. See "MANAGEMENT OF NEW MARRIOTT--New Marriott Comprehensive Stock Plan." (4) Based on a per share price for Company Common Stock of $55.00 and a per share price for Host Marriott Common Stock of $15.81. These prices reflect the average of the high and low trading prices on the NYSE on January 3, 1997. 111 NEW MARRIOTT STOCK PLAN Prior to the Effective Date, the Company, as sole stockholder of New Marriott, will approve the adoption by New Marriott of the New Marriott 1998 Comprehensive Stock and Cash Incentive Plan (the "New Marriott Stock Plan"). The purpose of the New Marriott Stock Plan is to promote and enhance the long- term growth of New Marriott by aligning the interests of the officers and directors of New Marriott with those of New Marriott's stockholders. The principal terms of the New Marriott Stock Plan are summarized below; it is qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of the New Marriott Stock Plan and a copy of the plan is attached hereto as Appendix L. Administration The New Marriott Stock Plan will be administered by the Compensation Policy Committee or any other committee appointed by the New Marriott Board (the "New Marriott Compensation Committee"), the members of which will be non-employee directors of New Marriott. The New Marriott Compensation Committee will have broad discretion to determine the New Marriott employees eligible for awards and the type of awards to be granted and to interpret the provisions. The New Marriott Stock Plan provides that, upon a change in control of New Marriott, the New Marriott Compensation Committee or the New Marriott Board will provide for the substitution, vesting, distribution, exercise, cancellation or exchange for value of the outstanding awards. Shares Available Under the Plan The New Marriott Stock Plan provides for the issuance of 35 million shares of New MAR Common Stock and 21 million shares of New MAR-A Common Stock. Approximately 21 million shares of each of New MAR Common Stock and New MAR-A Common Stock will be required to issue the conversion awards described below. Approximately 14 million shares of New MAR Common Stock will be available for new awards under the New Marriott Stock Plan after the Effective Date. The Plan also provides that no employee will be eligible to receive awards covering more than 500,000 shares of New Marriott Common Stock in any one fiscal year (excluding for this purpose any conversion awards described below). These limitations will be appropriately adjusted by the New Marriott Compensation Committee in the event of any change in capitalization, such as a stock split, or a corporate transaction, such as a merger, consolidation, separation, including a spin-off or other distribution of stock or property of New Marriott, any reorganization (whether or not taxable) or any partial or complete liquidation of New Marriott. Eligibility Employees of New Marriott (including employees who are also directors of New Marriott) are eligible to participate in the New Marriott Stock Plan. The New Marriott Compensation Committee has discretion to determine which employees will receive awards. Non-employee directors of New Marriott are eligible solely for purposes of receiving certain director stock awards and making deferral elections with respect to director fees. In addition, employees and non-employee directors of New Marriott, and certain individuals who are former employees of the Company and its predecessors, will receive certain conversion awards described below. Types of Awards Restricted Stock Awards. The New Marriott Stock Plan will provide additional compensation incentives to key employees in the form of shares of restricted stock of New Marriott. The New Marriott Compensation Committee expects that approximately 40 key employees will potentially receive restricted stock awards under the plan. Delivery of shares will be subject to the lapse of a restriction period, continued employment with New Marriott (except in the case of death or permanent disability) and satisfaction of such other requirements as may be imposed by the New Marriott Compensation Committee, including, but not limited to, achievement of specific performance objectives of New Marriott, the business unit or the individual. Deferred Stock Awards. Deferred shares of New Marriott Common Stock may be granted to employees annually as Deferred Stock Bonus Awards or Deferred Stock Agreements. The New Marriott Compensation Committee expects that approximately 3,800 employees will be eligible for deferred stock awards. 112 Deferred Stock Bonus Awards will represent a part of the annual performance bonus awards to employees. Eligible award recipients will be able to elect either a current award or a deferred award. A current award will be distributed in 10 annual installments commencing one year after the award is granted. If an employee dies before distribution of all shares to which the employee is entitled, the remaining shares will be distributed in one distribution to the employees designated beneficiaries or, in the absence of such beneficiaries, to the employee's estate. Any undistributed shares subject to a current award will be forfeited and the award terminated if the employee's employment with New Marriott is terminated for any reason other than termination of employment at or beyond age 55 with 10 years of service, termination after 20 years of service with retirement approval from the New Marriott Compensation Committee, permanent disability or death. Any undistributed shares not subject to forfeiture will continue to be paid to the employee under the distribution schedule that would have applied to those shares if the employee had not terminated employment, or over such shorter period as the New Marriott Compensation Committee may determine. A deferred award will be distributed to the recipient, as elected by such recipient, either in a lump sum or in up to 10 installments beginning the January following termination of employment. Deferred award shares will contingently vest pro rata in annual installments commencing one year after the award is granted to the employee, and continuing on each January 2 thereafter until the expiration of a 10-year period from the commencement date. All shares subject to the deferred award will vest upon termination of employment after reaching age 55 with 10 years of service, termination of employment after 20 years of service with retirement approval from the New Marriott Compensation Committee, permanent disability or death. Vesting will stop when employment terminates for any other reason. Deferred shares awarded pursuant to a Deferred Stock Agreement will be distributed in 10 consecutive annual installments or over such shorter period as the New Marriott Compensation Committee may direct. The distribution will commence on the January 2 following the date the employee retires or becomes permanently disabled or attains at least age 65 and is not an employee of New Marriott. Shares will vest contingently over a specified term or in pro rata annual installments until age 65. If employment is terminated for any reason other than death or permanent disability, all unvested shares will be forfeited. If employment is terminated due to death or permanent disability, all unvested shares will immediately vest. Stock Option Awards. Under the New Marriott Stock Plan, options may be granted to employees either on a nonqualified tax basis or as "incentive stock options" within the meaning of Section 422 of the Code. The option price may not be less than 100 percent of the fair market value of New Marriott Common Stock on the date the option is granted. It is expected that approximately 1,800 New Marriott employees will be eligible for stock option awards. No option may be exercised within one year from the date of its grant. Each option may have a term of up to 15 years, as determined by the New Marriott Compensation Committee. If an optionee ceases to be an employee or goes on leave of absence for more than 12 months (except in the case of a leave approved by the New Marriott Compensation Committee) while holding an exercisable option, the option will generally terminate if not exercised within the following three months (one year in the case of a permanently disabled employee). Nonqualified options granted to optionees who subsequently become "approved retirees" (retirement with approval from the New Marriott Compensation Committee after 20 years of service or after attaining age 55 with 10 years of service and while a noncompetition agreement is honored) will not expire until the earlier of (i) the expiration of the option in accordance with its original term or (ii) one year from the date on which the option granted latest in time to the optionee has fully vested. If an optionee dies while employed by New Marriott more than one year after the date the options are granted, the remaining options may be exercised until the earlier of the expiration date for such options or one year after the optionee's death. If an optionee dies while an approved retiree, all the optionee's options become fully vested and may be exercised until the earlier of the expiration date for such options or one year after the optionee's death. If an optionee who is not an approved retiree dies after termination of employment, the optionee's remaining options may be exercised to the same extent and during the same period that the optionee could have exercised the options if the optionee had not died. 113 When exercising a nonqualified option, an employee is taxed at ordinary income rates on the gain represented by the difference between the option price and the market price on the day of exercise times the number of shares exercised. New Marriott receives a corresponding deduction for the amount of gain. For incentive stock options, the individual is not taxed at the time of exercise (although the difference between the exercise price and the fair market value of the stock subject to the option may result in alternative minimum tax liability). If the employee subsequently sells the shares within the period that is one year from the date of exercise or two years from the date of grant, the employee then recognizes ordinary income equal to the amount of income that would have been recognized on exercise had the option been a nonqualified option and New Marriott may take a corresponding deduction. If the shares are sold after this period, any gain or loss recognized by the employee upon sale of the shares is treated as a capital gain or loss and New Marriott receives no deduction. Special Recognition Stock Awards. The New Marriott Stock Plan provides for awards designed to provide recognition of employee performance for special efforts on behalf of New Marriott. While all full-time, nonunion employees will be eligible, actual awards will be limited in the discretion of the New Marriott Compensation Committee. Other Awards. The New Marriott Compensation Committee may grant to employees any other awards denominated or payable in or in any combination of cash, New Marriott Common Stock, a New Marriott Common Stock equivalent or appreciation unit or security convertible into New Marriott Common Stock. The other share- based awards may be issued alone or in tandem with other awards and made subject to any terms and conditions as determined by the New Marriott Compensation Committee and specified in the award agreements. The New Marriott Compensation Committee also may grant cash performance-based awards not based on New Marriott Common Stock on such terms and conditions as such Committee shall determine. No individual may receive a payment with respect to a cash performance-based award in excess of $4 million in any calendar year. Performance Measures. In order to comply with the requirements for exclusion from the limit on the tax deduction of executive compensation under Section 162(m) of the Code, the New Marriott Compensation Committee may condition the grant or payment of awards to employees on the attainment of performance objectives. The performance objectives will be measured by one or more of the following factors regarding New Marriott or the applicable business unit of New Marriott: (i) consolidated cash flows, (ii) consolidated financial reported earnings, (iii) consolidated economic earnings, (iv) earnings per share of New Marriott Common Stock, (v) business unit financial reported earnings, (vi) business unit economic earnings, (vii) business unit cash flow and (viii) appreciation in the price of New Marriott's Common Stock, considered alone or as measured against the performance of a group of companies approved by the New Marriott Compensation Committee. Directors' Stock Awards and Fee Deferral Elections. The New Marriott Board may, after each annual meeting of the New Marriott stockholders, designate certain non-employee directors who will receive awards of 250 shares of New Marriott Common Stock. The awards are fully vested when granted. Non-employee directors are directors who are not full-time, salaried employees of New Marriott. The New Marriott Stock Plan also provides for the deferral of fees for non- employee directors at their election. The election must be made before the fees would be earned. The amounts deferred will be credited, as of the date of deferral, to a bookkeeping account as stock units. The number of stock units credited to the account will equal the fee amount divided by the per share value of New Marriott Common Stock on the date the fee amount would have been paid. The stock units are fully vested when credited to the accounts. The accounts will be credited with additional stock units as of each dividend payment date for New Marriott Common Stock to reflect the dividend payment payable on shares of New Marriott Common Stock. Upon a non-employee director's resignation, retirement or death (or if the non-employee director is not re- elected), the stock units in the director's account will be paid in an equal number of shares of New Marriott Common Stock in a lump sum or in equal annual installments over a period as elected by the director. Non-employee directors will not be eligible for other stock awards. 114 Conversion Awards. Pursuant to the Employee Benefits Allocation Agreement, the New Marriott Stock Plan must provide for the issuance of certain conversion awards denominated in shares of New Marriott Common Stock in replacement of certain awards denominated in shares of Company Common Stock outstanding on the Effective Date and held by individuals who will not be employees of SMS after the Spinoff. See "THE TRANSACTIONS--Arrangements Between SMS and New Marriott--Employee Benefits Allocation Agreement." These conversions awards will be issued and administered under the New Marriott Stock Plan. The grantees of these conversion awards will be given service credit to the extent required under the Employee Benefits Allocation Agreement. The awards will be subject to the terms and conditions substantially similar to those governing the awards as they were in effect before the Spinoff. Approximately 4,000 individuals, including ten directors, will receive conversion awards under the New Marriott Comprehensive Stock Plan, covering a total of approximately 21 million shares of each of New MAR Common Stock and New MAR-A Common Stock. VOTE REQUIRED The affirmative vote of a majority of the votes cast in person or by proxy at the Meeting will be required to approve the New Marriott Stock Plan. Abstentions and broker non-votes do not affect the majority vote required for approval. THE COMPANY BOARD RECOMMENDS A VOTE FOR APPROVAL OF THE NEW MARRIOTT STOCK PLAN. Certain members of the Company Board, however, may be deemed to have conflicts of interest in connection with the Transactions. See "CONFLICTS OF INTEREST." COMPENSATION COMMITTEE INTERLOCKS AND INSIDER PARTICIPATION New Marriott was formed in September 1997 and did not have a compensation committee during 1997. Compensation was determined by the Company's Compensation Policy Committee. See "MANAGEMENT OF SMS--Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation." COMPANY BOARD The persons expected to become directors of New Marriott as of the Effective Date were all directors of the Company Board prior to the Effective Date. The Company Board met four times in 1996. No director attended fewer than 75 percent of the total number of meetings of the Company Board and committees on which such director served. The Company Board had four standing committees: (i) Executive; (ii) Audit; (iii) Compensation Policy; and (iv) Nominating and Corporate Governance. The members of the Executive Committee were J.W. Marriott, Jr. (Chair) and Roger W. Sant. When the Board was not in session, this Committee was authorized to exercise all powers of the Board, subject to specific restrictions as to powers retained by the full Company Board. Retained powers included those relating to amendments to the certificate of incorporation and bylaws, mergers, consolidations, sales or exchanges involving substantially all of the Company's assets, declarations of dividends, and issuances of stock. The Executive Committee did not meet in 1996. The members of the Audit Committee, none of whom are employees of the Company, were: W. Mitt Romney (Chair), Gilbert M. Grosvenor, Harry J. Pearce, Roger W. Sant and Lawrence M. Small. The Audit Committee met with the Company's independent auditors, management representatives and internal auditors, approved the scope of audits and other services to be performed by the independent and internal auditors, considered whether any circumstances, including the performance of any professional service, impaired the independence of the auditors, and reviewed the results of internal and external audits, the accounting principles applied in financial reporting and financial and operational controls. The independent auditors and internal auditors had unrestricted access to the Audit Committee and vice versa. The Audit Committee met three times in 1996. 115 The members of the Compensation Policy Committee, none of whom are employees of the Company, were: Floretta Dukes McKenzie (Chair), Roger W. Sant, W. Mitt Romney and Lawrence M. Small. The functions of this Committee included submitting recommendations on policies and procedures relating to senior officers' compensation and various employee stock plans, and approval of individual salary adjustments, bonus payments, and stock awards in those areas. The Compensation Policy Committee met six times in 1996. The members of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee, none of whom are employees of the Company, were: Gilbert M. Grosvenor (Chair), Floretta Dukes McKenzie and Harry J. Pearce. This Committee made recommendations to the Company Board regarding corporate governance and considered nominees for election as directors. The Committee utilized the same procedure to consider nominees recommended by stockholders as is used to consider nominees recommended by any other source. In addition, the Committee fulfilled an advisory function with respect to a range of matters affecting the Company Board and its committees, including the making of recommendations with respect to qualifications of director candidates, compensation of directors, selection of committee chairs, committee assignments and related matters affecting the functioning of the Company Board. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee met twice in 1996. SECTION 16(A) BENEFICIAL OWNERSHIP REPORTING COMPLIANCE New Marriott's officers and directors were not required to comply with Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act in 1996 since New Marriott was not publicly held. Section 16(a), however, requires the Company's executive officers and directors, and persons who own more than 10 percent of a registered class of the Company's equity securities ("Reporting Persons"), to file reports of beneficial ownership and changes in beneficial ownership of Company equity securities with the SEC and the NYSE. Specific due dates for these reports have been established, and the Company is required to report in this Proxy Statement any failure by such persons to file such reports on a timely basis during 1996. During 1996, the Company's Reporting Persons were in compliance with these requirements. 116 CONFLICTS OF INTEREST GENERAL In general, see "THE TRANSACTIONS--Arrangements between SMS and New Marriott" and "--Arrangements between SMS and Sodexho" for a discussion of certain arrangements with New Marriott and Sodexho, respectively, that will be entered into if the Transactions are consummated. Also see "MANAGEMENT OF SMS" and "MANAGEMENT OF NEW MARRIOTT" for a discussion of employee stock incentive plans to be adopted by SMS and New Marriott. OTHER INTERESTS IN THE TRANSACTIONS William J. Shaw, who will be chairman of the SMS Board, will serve as the President and Chief Operating Officer of New Marriott. Certain directors, officers and substantial stockholders of Sodexho will be members of the SMS Board after the Effective Date. Pierre Bellon, who will be a director of SMS, is the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Sodexho. Bellon S.A., a privately held corporation, beneficially owns approximately 42 percent of Sodexho. Mr. Bellon and members of his family beneficially own approximately 68 percent of Bellon S.A., and subsidiaries of Sodexho beneficially own approximately 19 percent of Bellon S.A. Bernard Carton, who will be a director of SMS, is the Vice President, Finance of Sodexho. Edouard de Royere, who will be a director of SMS, is a director of Sodexho. CERTAIN TRANSACTIONS JWM Family Enterprises, L.P. ("Family Enterprises"), a Delaware limited partnership owned by J.W. Marriott, Jr., the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Company (who will, effective on the Effective Date, resign these positions and become Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of New Marriott), and members of his immediate family, owns a 216-room Courtyard Hotel in Long Beach, California, a 120-room Residence Inn in San Antonio, Texas and a 468-room Fairfield Inn in Anaheim, California. Subsidiaries of the Company operate the three properties pursuant to management agreements with Family Enterprises. These subsidiaries will be subsidiaries of New Marriott after the Spinoff. For 1996, 1995 and 1994, the Company received management fees totaling $527,000, $259,000 and $2,000 (for two weeks of operations), respectively, for these properties, plus reimbursement of certain expenses. The Company also received payments from Family Enterprises related to construction and preopening costs for the San Antonio Residence Inn ($480,000 in 1996) and the Long Beach Courtyard and San Antonio Residence Inn ($290,000 and $2,972,000, respectively, in 1995 and $2,570,000 in 1994). McIntosh Mill Ltd. ("McIntosh Mill"), a Utah limited partnership in which Richard E. Marriott, a Director of the Company (who will, effective on the Effective Date, resign this position and become a Director of New Marriott) has a 40 percent limited partnership interest, is party to an agreement with Marriott Ownership Resorts, Inc. ("MORI"), a subsidiary of the Company, under which MORI purchased land in Park City, Utah from McIntosh Mill on which MORI is constructing a mixed-use, multi-phase development. The terms of the Agreement call for McIntosh Mill to purchase from MORI the commercial condominium units for a cash purchase price calculated as the pro rata share of the development and construction costs of the project allocable to the commercial units less (i) the value of the land allocated to the residential condominium units retained by MORI for its time share resort, and (ii) an agreed upon development fee earned by McIntosh Mill. In 1996 MORI received approximately $200,000 from McIntosh Mill in payment for the commercial space in phase two. Construction of phase three was completed in 1996 and the cash portion of the purchase price for the commercial space payable to MORI is approximately $2.3 million. Construction of phase four was completed in 1997 and the cash portion of the purchase price for the commercial space payable to MORI is approximately $2.5 million. MORI has secured payment of these amounts by purchase money mortgages on the commercial condominium 117 units in phases three and four until McIntosh Mill obtains long term mortgage financing which is expected to be arranged in early 1998. MORI will be a subsidiary of New Marriott after the Spinoff. On March 29, 1997, the Company acquired substantially all of the outstanding common stock of RHG, an operator and franchisor of 150 hotels in 38 countries, for approximately $1 billion. Dr. Henry Cheng Kar-Shun, a director of the Company (who will, on the Effective Date, resign this position and become a Director of New Marriott), together with members of the Cheng family, beneficially owned approximately 60 percent of the RHG shares acquired by the Company, and Dr. Cheng became a director of the Company in connection with the RHG acquisition. RHG operates 87 hotels in which affiliates of Dr. Cheng and members of the Cheng family have a direct or indirect ownership or leasehold interest. New World Development, for which Dr. Cheng serves as Managing Director and which is 35.3 percent owned by Dr. Cheng and members of the Cheng family, its affiliates or affiliates of Dr. Cheng have indemnified RHG, its subsidiaries and New Marriott for certain lease, debt, guarantee and other obligations in connection with the formation of RHG as a hotel management company in 1995. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE COMPANY AND HOST MARRIOTT J.W. Marriott, Jr. and Richard E. Marriott and their respective immediate family members beneficially own approximately 6.6 percent and 6.5 percent, respectively, of the common stock of Host Marriott. Richard E. Marriott is the Chairman of the Board of Host Marriott, and J.W. Marriott, Jr. is a director of Host Marriott. Certain executive officers of the Company own, in the aggregate, less than one percent of Host Marriott. The Company and Host Marriott are or have been party to agreements which provide, among other things, for the Company to (i) manage lodging properties owned or leased by Host Marriott (the "Host Marriott Lodging Management Agreements"), (ii) manage senior living communities owned by Host Marriott (the "Host Marriott Senior Living Management Agreements"), (iii) advance up to $225 million to Host Marriott under a line of credit maturing in 1998 (the "Host Marriott Credit Agreement"), (iv) provide $109 million of first mortgage financing for the Philadelphia Marriott Hotel (the "Philadelphia Mortgage"), (v) guarantee Host Marriott's performance in connection with certain loans or other obligations (the "Company Guarantees") and (vi) provide Host Marriott with various administrative and consulting services and a sublease of office space at the Headquarters (the "Services Agreements"). Upon consummation of the Spinoff, New Marriott will replace the Company under these agreements and guarantees. The Company has the right to purchase up to 20 percent of the voting stock of Host Marriott if certain events involving a change of control of Host Marriott occur. This right will be assigned to New Marriott upon consummation of the Spinoff. The Host Marriott Lodging Management Agreements provide for the Company to manage Marriott hotels, Courtyard hotels and Residence Inns owned or leased by Host Marriott. Each Host Marriott Lodging Management Agreement, when entered into, reflects market terms and conditions and is substantially similar to the terms of management agreements with third-party owners regarding lodging facilities of a similar type. The Company recognized sales of $1,787 million, $1,274 million and $937 million and operating profit (before corporate expenses and interest) of $95 million, $59 million and $35 million during 1996, 1995 and 1994, respectively, from the lodging properties owned or leased by Host Marriott. Additionally, Host Marriott is a general partner in several unconsolidated partnerships that own lodging properties operated by the Company under long-term agreements. The Company recognized sales of $1,769 million, $1,878 million and $1,805 million and operating profit (before corporate expenses and interest) of $121 million, $115 million and $101 million in 1996, 1995 and 1994, respectively, from the lodging properties owned by these unconsolidated partnerships. The Company also leases land to certain of these partnerships and recognized land rent income of $22 million, $21 million and $20 million in 1996, 1995 and 1994, respectively. In June 1997, the Company sold to Host Marriott all of the issued and outstanding stock of Forum Group, which owns or leases 29 senior living communities, for aggregate consideration of approximately $550 million, comprised of cash, notes from Host Marriott, the Company's share of outstanding debt of Forum Group, and approximately $87 million to be received as expansions as certain communities are completed. Marriott Senior 118 Living Services, Inc., a subsidiary of the Company, manages these communities under the Host Marriott Senior Living Management Agreements. Each Host Marriott Senior Living Management Agreement reflects market terms and conditions and is substantially similar to the terms of management agreements with third-party owners regarding senior living facilities of a similar type. On June 19, 1997, the $225 million secured credit facility under the Host Marriott Credit Agreement was terminated by mutual consent. Under the Host Marriott Credit Agreement, interest on outstanding balances up to $112.5 million accrued at LIBOR plus 3 percent; interest on outstanding balances from $112.5 million to $225 million accrued at LIBOR plus 4 percent. In December 1996, Host Marriott repaid to the Company the $109 million first mortgage loan on the Philadelphia Marriott Hotel. The Company recognized $17 million, $23 million and $24 million in 1996, 1995 and 1994, respectively in interest and fee income under these and other credit agreements with Host Marriott. The Company has provided, and New Marriott expects to provide in the future, financing to Host Marriott for a portion of the cost of acquiring properties to be operated or franchised by the Company (or by New Marriott after the Spinoff). In this regard, the Company invested an aggregate of $80 million in 1995, principally in the form of mortgage loans. In 1996, the Company invested $57 million in connection with Host Marriott's acquisition of a controlling interest in two hotels (over 900 rooms) in Mexico City, Mexico, both of which are now operated by the Company. In the aggregate, from the beginning of 1994 through the end of fiscal year 1996, Host Marriott acquired and converted 12 full-service hotels (5,000 rooms) to the Marriott brand and completed construction of two full-service hotels (1,600 rooms) operated by the Company. In addition, in 1996 the Company made loans aggregating $9 million for refurbishment of lodging properties managed by the Company and owned or leased by Host Marriott or partnerships controlled by Host Marriott. The loans bear interest at fixed rates ranging from 8 percent to 9 percent and generally mature within three years. Under the Company Guarantees, the Company has guaranteed Host Marriott's performance to lenders and other third parties. At September 12, 1997, these guarantees are limited to $103 million applicable to guarantees by or debt obligations of Host Marriott and guarantees of debt obligations of Host Marriott affiliates. No payments have been made by the Company pursuant to these guarantees. The Company also provides certain administrative services to Host Marriott (including the services provided to Host Marriott Services prior to the Host Marriott Services Distribution) for which the Company was paid approximately $19 million in 1996, $25 million in 1995 and $28 million in 1994, including reimbursements, pursuant to the Services Agreements. Host Marriott owns the Leisure Park at Lakewood, New Jersey senior living community, having purchased the Company's 50 percent interest in December 1997 for approximately $8.65 million in cash and notes. In 1996, 1995 and 1994, the Company's subsidiary that manages this facility received management fees of $807,000, $786,000 and $334,000, respectively, from the partnership. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE COMPANY AND HOST MARRIOTT SERVICES Until December 29, 1995, Host Marriott Services was a wholly owned subsidiary of Host Marriott. On that date, Host Marriott separated the Host Marriott Services businesses from its other businesses through the Host Marriott Services Distribution to holders of outstanding shares of Host Marriott common stock of one share of Host Marriott Services common stock for each five shares of Host Marriott common stock. Upon the consummation of the Host Marriott Services Distribution, Host Marriott Services became a separate, publicly held company. J.W. Marriott, Jr. and Richard E. Marriott and their respective immediate family members beneficially own approximately 7.0 percent and 7.3 percent, respectively, of the common stock of Host Marriott Services. William J. Shaw, President and Chief Operating Officer and a Director of the Company (who will, effective on the 119 Effective Date, resign as President and Chief Operating Officer of the Company and will become President and Chief Operating Officer and a Director of New Marriott), is the Chairman of the Board of Host Marriott Services, and J.W. Marriott, Jr. and Richard E. Marriott are directors of Host Marriott Services. Certain executive officers of the Company own, in the aggregate, less than 1 percent of Host Marriott Services shares. In connection with the Host Marriott Services Distribution, the Company and Host Marriott Services entered into service agreements that are similar to the Services Agreements, and in some cases Host Marriott has assigned to Host Marriott Services, and Host Marriott Services has assumed, the applicable Services Agreements. The Company received payments aggregating approximately $11 million in 1996, including reimbursements, pursuant to these agreements. In addition, the Company provides and distributes food and supplies to Host Marriott Services, for which the Company charged $77 million in 1996, and (prior to the Host Marriott Services Distribution) $65 million in each of 1995 and 1994. After the Effective Date, New Marriott expects to continue the relationships currently existing among the Company, Host Marriott and Host Marriott Services described above. 120 FINANCING The following summary describes the anticipated material terms of (i) the Replacement SMS Debt and (ii) the anticipated New Marriott financing. REPLACEMENT SMS DEBT General Sodexho has obtained $1.355 billion in aggregate commitments from Societe Generale and Morgan Guaranty Trust Company of New York ("Morgan Guaranty") for the SMS Replacement Debt. The SMS Replacement Debt will consist of two facilities to be provided by a syndicate of banks arranged by Societe Generale and J.P. Morgan Securities Inc.: (i) a $735 million senior secured credit facility (the "Secured SMS Facility") and (ii) a $620 million senior unsecured guaranteed credit facility (the "Guaranteed SMS Facility"). Availability of funds under the bank facilities is subject to customary closing conditions, including consummation of the Transactions. Secured SMS Facility The Secured SMS Facility will consist of a $235 million revolving credit facility (the "Revolving SMS Facility") and a $500 million amortizing term loan (the "Term SMS Facility"). A subsidiary of SMS (the "Special Purpose Subsidiary"), which after the transactions will hold the stock of MMS and ICC, will be the borrower under the Secured SMS Facility. The Secured SMS Facility will be secured (i) by accounts receivable and inventory of the Special Purpose Subsidiary and certain of its subsidiaries that will guaranty the Secured SMS Facility (the "Subsidiary Guarantors") and (ii) by a pledge of the stock of the Special Purpose Subsidiary and the Subsidiary Guarantors. The Revolving SMS Facility will be available to the Special Purpose Subsidiary on a revolving basis and will terminate and be payable in full six years after the initial funding date. The Term SMS Facility will be available to the Special Purpose Subsidiary in one or more drawdowns, but the amounts available for borrowing thereunder will be reduced by the face amount of any Company Senior Notes that remain outstanding as obligations of SMS after the tender offer described under "THE TRANSACTIONS--Debt Refinancings--Debt Tender Offers by the Company." The Term SMS Facility will be payable in quarterly installments of: $17.5 million from November 1998 through August 1999, $20 million from November 1999 through February 2002, $25 million from May 2002 through February 2003 and $32.5 million from May 2003 through February 2004 (which amounts will be reduced pro rata if the Term SMS Facility is reduced as described above). Mandatory principal prepayments will be required under certain circumstances, including prepayments equal to 50 percent of net cash proceeds from equity issuances (other than equity contributions from Sodexho) and 50 percent of annual Excess Cash Flow (as defined in the Secured SMS Facility) in excess of $5 million commencing in 1999 (although in these two circumstances, such prepayments will not be required if the ratio of SMS's consolidated debt to EBITDA (as defined in the Secured SMS Facility) is less than 3.0 to 1 for two consecutive fiscal quarters or if SMS's senior unsecured debt receives an investment grade rating from Standard & Poor's Corporation or Moody's Investors Services, Inc.). In addition to customary fees payable to the arrangers and administrative agent of the Secured SMS Facility, the Special Purpose Subsidiary will pay to the administrative agent for the account of the lenders a ticking fee of 25 basis points (which increases to 37.5 basis points on May 1, 1998) per annum on the full amount of commitments under the Secured SMS Facility for the period from February 27, 1998 until the date of initial funding. In addition, the Special Purpose Subsidiary will pay to the administrative agent for the account of the lenders a commitment fee of 37.5 basis points per annum (which decreases to 25 basis points per annum when SMS's consolidated debt to EBITDA (as defined in the Secured SMS Facility) is less than 3.0) on the unused portion of the Secured SMS Facility from the date of the initial funding. The loans outstanding under the Secured SMS Facility will bear interest at a rate per annum equal, at the election of SMS, to either (i) a base rate, which is the higher of Morgan Guaranty's prime rate and 0.50 percent per annum over the federal funds rate, and (ii) the London interbank offered rate for Eurodollar deposits ("LIBOR") plus a margin, which ranges from 112.5 to 37.5 basis points depending on the ratio of SMS's total consolidated debt to EBITDA (as defined in the Secured SMS Facility) but is fixed at 112.5 basis points until the first anniversary of the initial funding. 121 Guaranteed SMS Facility SMS will be the borrower under the Guaranteed SMS Facility, which will be guaranteed by Sodexho. SMS will pay Sodexho a guarantee fee equal to 0.50 percent per annum of the outstanding principal amount of indebtedness under the Guaranteed SMS Facility. The Guaranteed SMS Facility will be available for a single drawdown on the Effective Date, with any amount undrawn at that time to be automatically canceled, and will mature on the seventh anniversary of the Effective Date. In addition to customary fees payable to the arrangers and administrative agent of the Guaranteed SMS Facility, SMS will pay to the administrative agent for the account of the lenders a ticking fee of 25 basis points per annum (which increases to 37.5 basis points per annum on May 1, 1998) on the full amount of commitments under the Guaranteed SMS Facility for the period from February 27, 1998 until the date of funding under the Guaranteed SMS Facility. The amount outstanding under the Guaranteed SMS Facility will bear interest at a rate per annum equal, at the election of SMS, to either (i) a base rate, which is the higher of Morgan Guaranty's prime rate and 0.50 percent per annum over the federal funds rate, and (ii) LIBOR plus a margin, which ranges from 112.5 to 35 basis points depending on Sodexho's senior unsecured debt rating, but which is fixed at 45 basis points until the first anniversary of the funding date. Depending on market conditions prior to the closing of the Transactions, Sodexho may, instead of drawing under the Guaranteed SMS Facility, raise funds through an offering of debt securities of SMS under Rule 144A and Regulation S under the Securities Act (the "Rule 144A Securities"). Such debt issuance would be expected to consist of $620 million 7-year and 10-year fixed rate senior notes guaranteed by Sodexho. Interest Rate Hedging SMS expects that it, or the Special Purpose Subsidiary, will enter into interest rate hedging arrangements with respect to a portion of the debt under the Secured SMS Facility and, if it is drawn, the Guaranteed SMS Facility. Covenants The Secured SMS Facility and the Guaranteed SMS Facility (or, if applicable, the Rule 144A Securities) will contain certain affirmative and restrictive covenants. The Secured SMS Facility will impose limitations (subject to certain exceptions) on SMS and its subsidiaries with respect to: (i) the incurrence of indebtedness, liens, operating leases and guarantees; (ii) mergers, consolidations and sales of businesses or fixed or capital assets; (iii) formation of subsidiaries; (iv) liquidation and dissolution; (v) dividends in certain circumstances; (vi) investments, loans and advances; (vii) capital expenditures in excess of a specified amount; (viii) transactions with affiliates; (ix) changes in lines of business; (x) amendments to agreements with Sodexho; (xi) changes in fiscal year; and (xii) negative pledge clauses. The Guaranteed SMS Facility will impose some, but not all, of these limitations on SMS. Under the Secured SMS Facility, the Special Purpose Subsidiary will also be required to satisfy financial covenants measured on the basis of consolidated balance sheet and income statement information derived from SMS's financial statements consisting of minimum fixed charge coverage and interest coverage ratios, a minimum adjusted net worth and a maximum ratio of debt to EBITDA (as defined in the Secured SMS Facility). Under the Guaranteed SMS Facility, SMS will be required to satisfy financial covenants consisting of a minimum interest coverage ratio and a maximum ratio of debt to EBITDA (as defined in the Guaranteed SMS Facility), while Sodexho will be required to satisfy financial covenants consisting of a maximum ratio of net debt to equity and a minimum ratio of earnings before interest and taxes to interest expense. Events of Default The Secured SMS Facility will contain customary events of default, including nonpayment of principal or interest when due, material inaccuracy of representations and warranties, violation of covenants, cross default to other indebtedness of SMS or its subsidiaries and insolvency or bankruptcy of SMS or its subsidiaries. The Guaranteed SMS Facility will contain similar events of default relating to SMS and its subsidiaries and, to a lesser extent, Sodexho and its subsidiaries. In addition, under both the Secured SMS Facility and the Guaranteed SMS Facility, it is an event of default if Sodexho ceases to hold at least 40.01 percent of the voting stock of SMS, or if any party other than Sodexho and its subsidiaries and affiliates acquires control of more than 50 percent of the voting stock of SMS. 122 Sodexho and SMS have agreed that if (i) the conditions set forth in the Transaction Documents to the performance by Sodexho of its obligations on the Effective Date are otherwise satisfied, (ii) the Replacement SMS Debt is not arranged and available for the Acquisition and refinancing and (iii) the closing of the Transactions fails to occur (other than because of a breach by any Company Party of any Transaction Documents), the Sodexho Parties will be in material breach of the Restructuring Agreements and the Company, New Marriott and Merger Sub will have the remedies set forth in the Restructuring Agreements. See "THE TRANSACTIONS--Termination Fees; Expenses." NEW MARRIOTT CREDIT FACILITY New Marriott has obtained commitments for a $1.5 billion multicurrency revolving credit facility with a $500 million letter of credit sublimit (the "New Marriott Facility") from a group of commercial banks for its use after the Transactions. Citibank, N.A. will serve as Administrative Agent; Citicorp Securities, Inc. will serve as Arranger; The Bank of Nova Scotia will serve as Documentation Agent and Letter of Credit Agent; and The Chase Manhattan Bank and The First National Bank of Chicago will serve as Managing Agents. The New Marriott Facility will not be secured and any borrowings thereunder will be senior indebtedness on a parity with other senior indebtedness of New Marriott. The lenders' commitments will be for a five-year term. Advances will bear interest at a rate per annum equal, at the option of New Marriott, to a "base rate" equal to Citibank, N.A.'s publicly announced base rate (or if higher, 0.5 percent above a recent average of certificate of deposit rates or 0.5 percent above the overnight federal funds rate), or LIBOR plus a margin, which ranges from 45 to 13.5 basis points, depending on New Marriott's senior unsecured debt ratings. A facility fee on the unused commitment will be charged to New Marriott, ranging from 22.5 basis points to 7.5 basis points, depending on New Marriott's senior unsecured debt ratings. The New Marriott Facility will be evidenced by a loan agreement to which each participating lender will be a party. The loan agreement is expected to contain certain covenants, including covenants that will (i) limit the incurrence of indebtedness for borrowed money and guarantees of indebtedness and (ii) limit the amount of mortgages or other liens securing indebtedness for borrowed money. The Company expects that any indebtedness outstanding under the New Marriott Facility and/or any remaining commitment under the New Marriott Facility will become due and payable or canceled should certain events of default occur, including a failure to pay interest and principal or commitment fees when due, certain insolvency events, including a filing for protection under bankruptcy laws, a failure to comply with the various covenants noted above or the occurrence of certain events of default under other loan agreements to which New Marriott may be subject. Such indebtedness is also expected to be prepayable in full at the election of the lenders upon a change in control of New Marriott. 123 CERTAIN FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSEQUENCES OF THE TRANSACTIONS TO THE COMPANY AND ITS STOCKHOLDERS The following summary of the federal income tax consequences of the Spinoff and the Acquisition is for general reference only and does not purport to cover all federal income tax consequences that may apply to all categories of stockholders. The treatment applicable to a stockholder may vary depending upon the stockholder's particular situation, and certain stockholders (including insurance companies, tax-exempt organizations, financial institutions or broker-dealers, and persons who are not citizens or residents of, or organized in, the United States) may be subject to special rules not discussed below. EACH STOCKHOLDER IS URGED TO CONSULT HIS OR HER OWN TAX ADVISOR AS TO THE PARTICULAR TAX CONSEQUENCES TO HIM OR HER OF THE TRANSACTIONS DESCRIBED HEREIN, INCLUDING THE APPLICABILITY AND EFFECT OF ANY STATE, LOCAL OR FOREIGN TAX LAWS, AND OF CHANGES IN APPLICABLE TAX LAWS. CONSEQUENCES OF THE SPINOFF The Company has conditioned the Spinoff, which itself is a condition to the Acquisition, on the receipt of a satisfactory private letter ruling from the IRS. See "RISK FACTORS--Certain Tax Considerations." The Company has requested a ruling from the IRS to the effect that the Spinoff will qualify as a tax- free reorganization under Section 368(a)(1)(D) of the Code and a tax-free distribution under Section 355 of the Code, and therefore that, among other things: (1) No gain or loss will be recognized by (and no amount will be included in the income of) a holder of Company Common Stock upon the receipt of New Marriott Common Stock in the Spinoff. (2) No gain or loss will be recognized by the Company upon its distribution of New Marriott Common Stock in the Spinoff. (3) The aggregate basis of the Company Common Stock and the New MAR Common Stock and New MAR-A Common Stock in the hands of the stockholders of the Company immediately after the Spinoff will be the same as the aggregate basis of the Company Common Stock held immediately before the Spinoff, allocated in proportion to the fair market value of each. (4) The holding period of the New MAR Common Stock and New MAR-A Common Stock received by the stockholders of the Company will include the holding period of the Company Common Stock with respect to which the Spinoff will be made, provided that such stockholder held the Company Common Stock as a capital asset on the Effective Date. Even if such a ruling is obtained, it should be noted that private letter rulings, while generally binding upon the IRS, are subject to certain factual representations and assumptions. If such factual representations and assumptions were incorrect in any material respect, the ability to rely on such a ruling would be jeopardized. The Company is not aware of any facts or circumstances that would cause such representations and assumptions to be untrue. The Company, New Marriott and Sodexho have agreed to certain restrictions on their future actions to provide further assurances that the Spinoff will have Tax-Free Status. See "THE TRANSACTIONS--Arrangements Between SMS and New Marriott--Tax Sharing Agreement." Although the Company believes that the rulings it has requested are consistent with the Code and the authorities thereunder, it is not certain whether the IRS will issue a tax ruling that is satisfactory to the Company, Sodexho and New Marriott. The Company Board has the discretion, which may be exercised with the consent of Sodexho, to waive the requirements for the receipt of the tax ruling as a condition to the Company's obligations to proceed with the Transactions. In such event, the Company will resolicit stockholders to disclose the waiver of this condition and provide stockholders with all relevant disclosure related thereto. For a description of the tax consequences of the Spinoff to the Company, New Marriott, and the stockholders if the transaction were not to qualify as tax- free, see "RISK FACTORS--Certain Tax Considerations." For a description of the Tax Sharing Agreement pursuant to which the Company, New 124 Marriott, and Sodexho have provided for various tax matters, see "THE TRANSACTIONS--Arrangements Between SMS and New Marriott--Tax Sharing Agreement." CONSEQUENCES OF THE ACQUISITION Pursuant to the Acquisition Agreement, the Company will acquire Sodexho North America, and Sodexho will pay $304 million to the Company, in exchange for approximately 49 percent of the outstanding stock of the Company. For federal income tax purposes no gain or loss will be recognized by the Company as a result of the Acquisition in exchange for shares of the Company. No ruling or opinion has been sought with respect to any aspect of the Acquisition. CONSEQUENCES OF SMS REVERSE STOCK SPLIT The receipt of shares of SMS Common Stock in the SMS Reverse Stock Split will be a nontaxable transaction to the holders of Company Common Stock under the Code for federal income tax purposes. Consequently, a stockholder receiving shares of SMS Common Stock will not recognize either gain or loss, or any other type of income, with respect to whole shares of SMS Common Stock received as a result of the SMS Reverse Stock Split. In addition, the aggregate tax basis of such stockholder's shares of Company Common Stock prior to the SMS Reverse Stock Split will carry over as the tax basis of the stockholder's shares of SMS Common Stock. Each stockholder will be required to allocate such stockholder's basis in such stockholder's shares of Company Common Stock ratably among the total number of shares of SMS Common Stock owned following the SMS Reverse Stock Split. The holding period of the shares of SMS Common Stock will also include the holding period during which the stockholder held the Company Common Stock, provided that such Company Common Stock was held by the stockholder as a capital asset on the Effective Date. The receipt by an SMS stockholder of cash in lieu of a fractional share of SMS Common Stock pursuant to the SMS Reverse Stock Split will be a taxable transaction for federal income tax purposes. The receipt of cash in lieu of fractional shares of SMS Common Stock will generally result in gain or loss (rather than dividend income) measured by the difference between the amount of cash received and the adjusted basis of the fractional share assuming, as the Company believes, that such cash distribution is undertaken solely for the purpose of saving the Company the expense and inconvenience of issuing and transferring fractional shares of SMS Common Stock. Holders of fractional shares of SMS should consult their own tax advisors about the treatment of capital gain or loss. Based on certain exceptions contained in regulations issued by the IRS, the Company does not believe that it or holders of fractional shares of SMS will be subject to backup withholding or information reporting with respect to the cash distributed to such holders, and therefore does not intend to backup withhold or provide information reports with respect to the cash so distributed. 125 MARKETS AND MARKET PRICES The Company Common Stock is listed under the symbol "MAR" on the NYSE and certain other U.S. exchanges. On January 28, 1998, there were 50,758 holders of record of Company Common Stock. On September 30, 1997, the last trading date prior to the joint public announcement by the Company and Sodexho of the signing of the Restructuring Agreements, the last reported sale price on the NYSE Composite Tape was $71 /1/8/ per share of Company Common Stock. On February 11, 1998, the last reported sale price on the NYSE Composite Tape was $72/11/16/ per share of Company Common Stock. Application will be made by New Marriott to list the New MAR Common Stock and the New MAR-A Common Stock on the NYSE and other U.S. exchanges. No assurance can be given that the New MAR Common Stock or the New MAR-A Common Stock will satisfy the listing criteria of the NYSE or another national securities exchange. It is expected that the SMS Common Stock will continue to be listed on the NYSE and other U.S exchanges. No assurance can be given that the SMS Common Stock will continue to satisfy the listing criteria of the NYSE or such other exchanges. Unless orderly markets in New Marriott Common Stock and SMS Common Stock develop, the trading prices of such securities may fluctuate significantly. The following table sets forth, for the fiscal quarters indicated, the range of high and low sale prices of, and dividends declared per share for, the Company Common Stock as reported on the NYSE Composite Tape.
STOCK PRICE DIVIDENDS --------------- DECLARED DATE HIGH LOW PER SHARE ---- ------- ------- --------- First Quarter 1996............................. $52 5/8 37 1/4 0.08 Second Quarter 1996............................ 50 44 1/4 0.08 Third Quarter 1996............................. 57 3/8 48 3/8 0.08 Fourth Quarter 1996............................ 59 7/8 51 3/8 0.08 First Quarter 1997............................. 57 1/4 49 5/8 0.08 Second Quarter 1997............................ 64 1/8 49 5/8 0.09 Third Quarter 1997............................. 71 3/4 60 0.09 Fourth Quarter 1997............................ 76 3/4 65 1/8 0.09
STOCKHOLDERS ARE URGED TO OBTAIN CURRENT MARKET QUOTATIONS FOR COMPANY COMMON STOCK. 126 SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF THE COMPANY AND SMS The following table sets forth information as to the shares of Company Common Stock beneficially owned (or deemed to be beneficially owned pursuant to the rules of the SEC) as of October 15, 1997, by each current director of the Company, each person who will be a director of SMS after the Effective Date, each of the executive officers of the Company in the Summary Compensation Table included elsewhere herein (the "Named Executive Officers"), directors and executive officers of the Company as a group, directors of SMS as a group, and beneficial holders of five percent or more of outstanding Common Stock of the Company and, after the Effective Date, of SMS. Share information following consummation of the Transactions takes into account the one-for-four SMS Reverse Stock Split.
PRIOR TO TRANSACTIONS-- THE COMPANY FOLLOWING TRANSACTIONS--SMS -------------------------------- --------------------------------- SHARES OF COMPANY PERCENT OF SHARES OF SMS PERCENT OF COMMON STOCK COMMON COMMON STOCK COMMON BENEFICIALLY STOCK BENEFICIALLY STOCK NAME OWNED OUTSTANDING(1) OWNED OUTSTANDING(1) - ---- ------------ -------------- ------------- -------------- COMPANY DIRECTORS: J.W. Marriott, Jr...... 13,481,733(2)(3) 10.5 3,370,433(2)(3) 5.4 Richard E. Marriott.... 12,963,096(2)(4) 10.2 3,240,774(2)(4) 5.2 Dr. Henry Cheng Kar- Shun.................. 1,300 * 325 * Gilbert M. Grosvenor... 2,100 * 525 * Floretta Dukes McKenzie.............. 435 * 108 * Harry J. Pearce........ 5,000 * 1,250 * W. Mitt Romney......... 5,000 * 1,250 * Roger W. Sant.......... 10,000 * 2,500 * William J. Shaw........ 624,762(5) * 156,190(5) * Lawrence M. Small...... 42,500(6) * 10,625(6) * COMPANY NAMED EXECUTIVE OFFICERS: Joseph Ryan............ 59,819(5) * 14,954(5) * Michael A. Stein....... 101,427(5) * 25,356(5) * William R. Tiefel...... 440,601(5)(7) * 110,150(5)(7) * ALL COMPANY DIRECTORS AND EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AS A GROUP (21 INCLUDING THE FOREGOING)............. 24,207,398(2)(8) 19.0 6,051,849(2)(8) 9.8 SMS DIRECTORS: William J. Shaw........ 624,762(5) * 156,190(5) * Charles D. O'Dell...... 96,805(5) * 24,201 Pierre Bellon.......... -- -- 29,711,665(9) 48.2 Bernard Carton......... -- -- -- -- Edouard de Royere...... -- -- -- -- John W. Marriott III... 247,175(10) * 61,793 * Daniel J. Altobello.... 16,000(11) * 4,000 * Doctor R. Crants....... -- * -- * ALL SMS DIRECTORS AS A GROUP.................. 984,742 * 246,185 * OTHER BENEFICIAL OWNERS OF MORE THAN 5% OF THE OUTSTANDING COMPANY OR SMS STOCK: Sodexho Alliance, S.A.(12).............. -- -- 29,711,665 48.2
- -------- *Less than 1 percent 127 (1) Based on the number of shares outstanding at, plus the number of shares acquirable by the specified person(s) within 60 days of, October 15, 1997. Share ownership of SMS following the Transactions reflects the issuance to Sodexho of 29,711,665 shares, after taking into account the one-for-four SMS Reverse Stock Split. Share ownership by directors and officers does not give effect to conversion of employee stock options and other stock awards, which will depend on the trading prices of the Company Common Stock immediately prior to, and the trading prices of the New Marriott Common Stock and the SMS Common Stock immediately following, the Spinoff. Note: Share amounts in footnotes 2-10 do not give effect to the SMS Reverse Stock Split. (2) Includes: 1,575,020 shares held by J.W. Marriott, Jr. and Richard E. Marriott as co-trustees of 16 trusts for the benefit of their children and 2,536,787 shares owned by The J. Willard Marriott Foundation, a charitable foundation in which J.W. Marriott, Jr., Richard E. Marriott and their mother serve as co-trustees. These shares are reported as beneficially owned by both J.W. Marriott, Jr. and Richard E. Marriott, but are included only once in reporting the number of shares owned by all directors, nominees and executive officers as a group. The shares included herein do not include: (i) 1,964,630 shares owned and controlled by certain other members of the Marriott family, (ii) 1,667,385 shares held by a charitable annuity trust, created by the will of J. Willard Marriott, in which J.W. Marriott, Jr. and Richard E. Marriott have a remainder interest and in which their mother is trustee, or (iii) 125,401 shares held by the adult children of J.W. Marriott, Jr. and Richard E. Marriott, as trustees of 25 trusts established for the benefit of the grandchildren of J.W. Marriott, Jr. and Richard E. Marriott. (3) Includes, in addition to the shares referred to in footnote (2): (i) 954,250 shares subject to options exercisable within 60 days, (ii) 402,430 shares held as trustee of two trusts for the benefit of Richard E. Marriott, (iii) 68,213 shares owned by J.W. Marriott, Jr.'s wife (Mr. Marriott disclaims beneficial ownership of such shares), (iv) 670,267 shares owned by four trusts for the benefit of J.W. Marriott, Jr.'s children, in which his wife serves as a co-trustee, (v) 21,559 shares owned by six trusts for the benefit of J.W. Marriott, Jr.'s grandchildren, in which his wife serves as a co-trustee, (vi) 80,000 shares owned by JWM Associates Limited Partnership, whose general partner is J.W. Marriott, Jr. and (vii) 2,707,590 shares owned by Family Enterprises whose general partner is a corporation in which J.W. Marriott, Jr. is a controlling stockholder. (4) Includes, in addition to the shares referred to in footnote (2): (i) 55,700 shares subject to options exercisable within 60 days, (ii) 299,689 shares held as trustee of two trusts established for the benefit of J.W. Marriott, Jr., (iii) 68,006 shares owned by Richard E. Marriott's wife, (iv) 603,828 shares owned by four trusts for the benefit of Richard E. Marriott's children, in which his wife serves as a co-trustee, and (v) 2,302,729 shares owned by First Media Limited Partners, whose general partner is a corporation in which Richard E. Marriott is the controlling stockholder. (5) Includes shares of unvested restricted stock awarded under the Company Stock Plans, as follows: Mr. Ryan: 32,000 shares; Mr. Stein: 15,000 shares; Mr. Shaw: 27,000 shares; Mr. Tiefel: 24,000 shares; and Mr. O'Dell: 7,000 shares. Shares of restricted stock are voted by the holder thereof. (6) Includes 2,000 shares held by two trusts for the benefit of non-family members in which Mr. Small is trustee and 500 shares held by Mr. Small as custodian for a non-family member minor child. Mr. Small disclaims beneficial ownership of all such shares. (7) Includes 10,000 shares held by Mr. Tiefel's wife. Mr. Tiefel disclaims beneficial ownership of such shares. (8) All directors, nominees and executive officers as a group (other than J.W. Marriott, Jr. and Richard E. Marriott) beneficially owned an aggregate of 1,874,376 shares or 1.5 percent of Company Common Stock outstanding as of October 15, 1997. (9) Represents shares of SMS Common Stock to be issued to Sodexho upon consummation of the Transactions. Bellon S.A., a privately held corporation, beneficially owns approximately 42 percent of Sodexho. Mr. Bellon and members of his family beneficially own approximately 68 percent of Bellon S.A., and subsidiaries of Sodexho beneficially own approximately 19 percent of Bellon S.A. (10) Includes: (i) 7,850 shares subject to options exercisable within 60 days, and (ii) 10,380 shares held by three trusts for the benefit of John Marriott's children, in which his wife and Mrs. J.W. Marriott, Jr. serve as co-trustees. These shares are reported as beneficially owned by both John Marriott and J.W. Marriott, Jr., but are included only once in reporting the number of shares owned by all directors, nominees and executive officers as a group. The shares do not include 365,420 shares held by J.W. Marriott, Jr. and Mrs. J.W. Marriott, Jr., as co-trustees of two trusts established for the benefit of John Marriott (such shares are included in footnotes (2) and (3)). (11) Includes 1,600 shares held by Mr. Altobello's wife. Mr. Altobello disclaims beneficial ownership of such shares. (12) Represents approximate number of shares of SMS Common Stock to be issued to Sodexho upon consummation of the Transactions based upon shares outstanding at October 15, 1997. Sodexho's address is 3, avenue Newton, 78180 Montigny-Le-Brettoneux, France. For information on the beneficial ownership of Sodexho, see Note 9 above. 128 DESCRIPTION OF THE SMS CAPITAL STOCK The following description of the capital stock of SMS is based on the SMS Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation (the "SMS Charter") and its Amended and Restated Bylaws (the "SMS Bylaws"), which are to be in effect as of the Effective Date. The SMS Charter will replace the Company's restated certificate of incorporation and the SMS Bylaws will replace the Company's restated bylaws (the "Company Charter" and "Company Bylaws," respectively). The following description is qualified in its entirety by reference to the SMS Charter (attached hereto as Appendix H) and the SMS Bylaws (attached hereto as Appendix I). GENERAL As of the Effective Date, the SMS Charter will authorize the issuance of 300 million shares of SMS Common Stock, and 1 million shares of preferred stock, without par value ("SMS Preferred Stock"). As of the Special Meeting Record Date, approximately 125.4 million shares of Company Common Stock were issued and outstanding, which represents approximately 31.4 million shares of SMS Common Stock after giving effect to the proposed SMS Reverse Stock Split. Based on share information as of the Special Meeting Record Date, SMS expects to issue approximately 29.2 million shares of SMS Common Stock to Sodexho in connection with the Acquisition, after giving effect to the proposed SMS Reverse Stock Split. Upon consummation of the Transactions, after giving effect to the issuance of SMS Common Stock to Sodexho and the SMS Reverse Stock Split, approximately 60.5 million shares of SMS Common Stock will be outstanding. All outstanding shares of SMS Common Stock are, and such shares when issued to Sodexho will be, fully paid and non-assessable. COMMON STOCK Voting Rights Holders of SMS Common Stock will be entitled to one vote per share on all matters voted on generally by the stockholders, including the election of directors, and except as otherwise required by law or except as provided with respect to any series of SMS Preferred Stock, the holders of such shares will possess all voting power. Because the SMS Charter will not provide for cumulative voting rights, the holders of a plurality of the voting power of the then outstanding shares of capital stock entitled to be voted generally in the election of directors represented at a meeting will be able to elect all the directors standing for election at such meeting. Dividend Rights; Rights Upon Liquidation Subject to any preferential rights of holders of any SMS Preferred Stock that may be outstanding, holders of shares of SMS Common Stock will be entitled to receive dividends on such stock out of assets legally available for distribution when, as and if authorized and declared by the SMS Board and to share ratably in the assets of SMS legally available for distribution to its stockholders in the event of its liquidation, dissolution or winding-up. Transfer Restriction The SMS Charter will contain a restriction on the transfer or issuance of SMS Common Stock. Such restriction will provide that, during the three-year period following the Spinoff, any transfer or issuance of equity securities of SMS (including SMS Common Stock) that would result in any person or persons acting pursuant to a plan (or a series of related transactions) having beneficial ownership of 50 percent or more of the outstanding equity securities of SMS will be void ab initio. The purpose of such restriction is to protect the Tax-Free Status of the Spinoff. Such restriction will not apply to any such transfer or issuance if the SMS Board receives a ruling from the IRS satisfactory to the SMS Board, or an opinion of counsel satisfactory to the SMS Board and New Marriott, that such transfer or issuance will not adversely effect the Tax-Free Status of the Spinoff. Miscellaneous Holders of SMS Common Stock will have no preferences or preemptive, conversion or exchange rights. Shares of SMS Common Stock will not be liable for further calls or assessments by SMS, and the holders of 129 SMS Common Stock will not be liable for any liabilities of SMS. First Chicago Trust Company of New York will act as Transfer Agent and registrar for the SMS Common Stock. Rights Plan For a description of the preferred stock purchase rights that attach to each outstanding share of SMS Common Stock, see "CERTAIN ANTITAKEOVER PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO SMS." PREFERRED STOCK The SMS Charter will authorize the SMS Board to provide for the issuance, from time to time, of SMS Preferred Stock in series, and to fix the designations, powers, preferences and rights of the shares of each such series and any qualifications, limitations or restrictions thereon. Because the SMS Board will have the power to establish the preferences and rights of the shares of any such series of SMS Preferred Stock, it may afford holders of any SMS Preferred Stock voting rights and preferences, powers and rights senior to the rights of SMS Common Stock, which could adversely affect the rights of holders of SMS Common Stock. No shares of SMS Preferred Stock will be outstanding directly following the Transactions. As of the Effective Date, however, 300,000 shares of Series A Junior Participating Preferred Stock of SMS ("SMS Junior Preferred Stock") will have been authorized and reserved for issuance in connection with the Company Rights Plan. COMPARISON OF STOCKHOLDERS' RIGHTS UPON AMENDMENT OF THE COMPANY CHARTER AND COMPANY BYLAWS Proposal One relates in part to approval of the amendment and restatement of the Company Charter and Company Bylaws. The rights of the Company's stockholders are currently governed by the DGCL, the Company Charter and the Company Bylaws. In the event the Transactions are approved by the Company's stockholders, at the Effective Date the rights of the Company's stockholders will be governed by the DGCL, the SMS Charter and the SMS Bylaws. Set forth below is a summary of the material changes in the SMS Charter and SMS Bylaws from the Company Charter and Company Bylaws. This summary does not purport to be complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the relevant provisions of the DGCL, the Company Charter, the Company Bylaws, the SMS Charter and the SMS Bylaws. Copies of the SMS Charter and the SMS Bylaws are attached hereto as Appendix H and Appendix I, respectively, and are incorporated by reference herein. Copies of the Company Charter and the Company Bylaws are available for inspection at the principal office of the Company and will be sent to stockholders upon request. Name of the Company The name of the Company will be changed to "Sodexho Marriott Services, Inc." Capitalization The Company Charter authorizes the issuance of 300 million shares of common stock and 1 million shares of preferred stock. The SMS Charter will provide for the SMS Reverse Stock Split. See "--SMS Reverse Stock Split." The SMS Reverse Stock Split will not affect the number of authorized shares. Board of Directors The Company Bylaws provide that the number of directors will be fixed from time to time by the Company Board, but will not be less than three. The Company currently has ten directors, divided into classes consisting of three, three and four directors, respectively, with terms expiring at the annual meetings of stockholders to be held in 1998, 1999 and 2000, respectively. Thereafter directors hold office for a term expiring at the third succeeding annual meeting of stockholders after their election. The SMS Bylaws will provide that the number of directors will be fixed from time to time by the SMS Board, but will not be less than three nor more than nine. The Stockholder Agreement, however, provides that for the first three years after the Effective Date the SMS Board will have eight members. Under the SMS Bylaws, all directors will be elected each year at the annual 130 meeting of stockholders. Pursuant to the Stockholder Agreement, Sodexho will have the right to nominate three directors to the SMS Board. See "THE TRANSACTIONS--Arrangements between Sodexho and SMS--Stockholder Agreement." The Company Charter and Company Bylaws provide that directors may be removed, with or without cause, only with the approval of the holders of at least 66 2/3 percent of the voting power of the shares entitled to vote for election of directors (the "voting stock"), voting together as a single class. Under the SMS Bylaws, a majority of the voting stock will be sufficient to effect such removal. Meetings of Directors The Company Bylaws provide that special meetings of the Company Board may be called by the Chairman of the Company Board, the President or the Secretary on the written request of any two directors. Forty-eight hours' notice is required if delivered by mail; twenty-four hours' notice if delivered by telephone; or shorter notice if deemed appropriate. The SMS Bylaws will provide that special meetings of the SMS Board may be called by the Chairman of the SMS Board or the President, and will be called by the Chairman of the SMS Board, the President or the Secretary on the written request of three directors. Three days' notice will be required. Under the Company Bylaws, a number of directors that is not less than one- third of the total number of the full board nor less than two constitutes a quorum for the transaction of business. Under the SMS Bylaws, a majority of the total number of directors will constitute a quorum. Committees The Company Bylaws and the SMS Bylaws each provide generally for the creation of committees by majority vote of the Board. Committees of the Company must consist of two or more directors; committees of SMS will require one or more directors. In addition, the SMS Bylaws will specifically provide for the creation of a compensation committee and an audit committee. Special Meetings of Stockholders The Company Charter provides that special meetings of stockholders may be called only by the Company Board pursuant to a resolution approved by a majority of the entire Company Board. The SMS Bylaws will provide that special meetings of stockholders may be called by the SMS Board or the Chairman of the SMS Board, and will be called by the Secretary at the request in writing of holders of record of a majority of the outstanding capital stock of SMS entitled to vote. Action of Stockholders The Company Charter provides that any action by stockholders must be effected at an annual or special meeting of stockholders and may not be effected by written consent. The SMS Bylaws will provide that stockholders may act by written consent provided that such consent is signed by stockholders having not less than the minimum number of votes that would be necessary to take such action at a meeting at which all shares entitled to vote thereon were present and voted. Advance Notice of Stockholder-Proposed Business The Company Bylaws provide that a stockholder must give timely written notice to the Secretary of the Company if the stockholder intends to bring any business before a meeting of stockholders or to make nominations for the Company Board. The Company's advance notice provisions require stockholders to give such written notice not later than (i) 120 days before an annual meeting (or 90 days, in the case of nominations) or (ii) seven days following the date on which notice of a special meeting is first given to stockholders, as applicable. The advance notice provisions in the SMS Bylaws require stockholders to give such written notice 131 not less than 90 days nor more than 120 days prior to a stockholder meeting (or, if less than 100 days' notice is given of a stockholder meeting, 10 days after the notice of such meeting). Special Approval for Certain Transactions The Company Charter contains a provision requiring approval by the holders of 66 2/3 percent of the voting stock for mergers and certain other business combinations involving the Company and any holder of more than 25 percent of such voting power unless the transaction (i) is approved by a majority of the members of the Company Board who are not affiliated with such stockholder and who were directors before such stockholder held more than 25 percent of the voting stock of the Company or (ii) meets certain minimum price and procedural requirements. The SMS Charter will not contain such a provision. As a result, to the extent stockholder approval is required under applicable law, such actions will be able to be taken by the affirmative vote of a majority of the outstanding stock entitled to vote thereon in accordance with the DGCL. The Company Charter requires the approval of shares representing at least 66 2/3 percent of the Company's voting power for any proposal for the Company to reorganize, merge or consolidate with any other corporation, or sell, lease or exchange substantially all of its assets or business. The SMS Charter will not contain such a requirement. As a result, to the extent stockholder approval is required under applicable law, such actions will be able to be taken by the affirmative vote of a majority of the outstanding stock entitled to vote thereon in accordance with the DGCL. Restriction on Transfer The SMS Charter will contain a restriction on the transfer or issuance of SMS Common Stock. Such restriction will provide that, during the three-year period following the Spinoff, any transfer or issuance of equity securities of SMS (including SMS Common Stock) that would result in any Person or Persons acting pursuant to a plan (or a series of related transactions) having beneficial ownership of 50 percent or more of the outstanding equity securities of SMS will be void ab initio. The purpose of such restriction is to protect the tax-free status of the Spinoff. Such restriction will not apply to any such transfer or issuance if the SMS Board receives a ruling from the IRS satisfactory to the SMS Board, or an opinion of counsel satisfactory to the SMS Board and New Marriott, that such transfer or issuance will not adversely effect the tax-free status of the Spinoff. The Company Charter does not contain such a restriction. Amendments of Governing Documents The Company Charter requires the approval of 66 2/3 percent of the voting stock to amend or repeal, or adopt provisions inconsistent with, certain provisions of the Company Charter. These provisions relate to the election of directors, actions by stockholders, 66 2/3 percent supermajority voting requirements to amend the Company Bylaws, business combinations with holders of more than 25 percent of the voting stock of the Company, and approval of mergers and asset sales. The SMS Charter will provide that, except as provided below, the SMS Charter may be amended in accordance with the DGCL, and as a result any amendment to the SMS Charter will be able to be adopted, upon proposal by the SMS Board, by a majority of the outstanding stock entitled to vote thereon. For a period of three years following the Spinoff, the provisions of the SMS Charter containing restrictions on transfer may only be amended upon the affirmative vote of two-thirds of the members of the full SMS Board and holders of two-thirds of the outstanding shares of SMS Common Stock. The Company Charter and the Company Bylaws require the approval of 66 2/3 percent of the voting stock to amend or repeal, or adopt provisions inconsistent with, certain provisions of the Company Bylaws. These provisions relate to election of directors, vacancies, nomination of directors, notices, amendments to the Company Bylaws, prohibition on stockholder action by written consent and limitations on the calling of special stockholder meetings. The SMS Charter and SMS Bylaws will permit amendment of the SMS Bylaws by either the affirmative vote of a majority of the SMS Board or by the affirmative vote of a majority of the stockholders entitled to vote thereon. 132 SMS REVERSE STOCK SPLIT General The Company Board has determined that it would be advisable in connection with the Transactions to effect the SMS Reverse Stock Split. If the SMS Charter, which provides for the SMS Reverse Stock Split, is approved by the stockholders, each four shares of Company Common Stock outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Date will be converted automatically into one share of SMS Common Stock. To avoid the existence of fractional shares of SMS Common Stock, stockholders who would otherwise be entitled to receive fractional shares of SMS Common Stock ("Fractional SMS Stockholders") will receive payment in cash in lieu thereof. See "THE TRANSACTIONS--Manner of Effecting the Transactions; Book-Entry System." Background of and Reasons for the SMS Reverse Stock Split On February 5, 1998, the Company Board adopted resolutions approving the amendment and restatement of the Company Charter, including the SMS Reverse Stock Split, and directing that the amendment and restatement of the Company Charter be placed on the agenda for the consideration of the stockholders at the Special Meeting to approve the Transactions. On February 11, 1998, the closing price per share of Company Common Stock on the NYSE was $72/1//1///1//6/. This price is based on the market perception of the value of all the Company's businesses, including the New Marriott Business which will be distributed to the holders of Company Common Stock in the Spinoff. The Company Board believes that after the Spinoff the market prices of SMS Common Stock will be at a reduced level that may impair the acceptability of SMS Common Stock by portions of the financial community and the investing public. Many investors look upon low priced stock as unduly speculative in nature and, as a matter of policy, avoid investment in such stocks. The Company Board also believes that a significantly reduced per share price of SMS Common Stock will reduce the effective marketability of the shares because of the reluctance of many leading brokerage firms to recommend low priced stock to their clients. Further, various brokerage house policies and practices tend to discourage individual brokers from dealing in low priced stocks. Some of those policies and practices pertain to the payment of brokers' commissions and to time-consuming procedures which function to make the handling of low priced stocks unattractive to brokers from an economic standpoint. Additionally, several institutional investors have policies prohibiting them from holding low priced stock in their own portfolios. In addition, the structure of trading commissions also tends to have an adverse impact upon holders of low priced stock because the brokerage commission on a sale of low priced stock generally represents a higher percentage of the sales price than the commission on higher priced issues. The Company Board believes that the decrease in the number of shares of SMS Common Stock outstanding as a consequence of the SMS Reverse Stock Split and the resulting anticipated increased price level will result in greater interest in the SMS Common Stock by the financial community and the investing public than if the SMS Reverse Stock Split were not effected. There can be no assurance, however, that the foregoing will occur or that the market prices of the SMS Common Stock immediately after implementation of the SMS Reverse Stock Split will increase, and if they increase, there can be no assurance that such increases can be maintained for any period of time, or that such market price will approximate four times the market price before the SMS Reverse Stock Split. Dissenting stockholders have no appraisal rights under the DGCL or under the Company Charter or Company Bylaws in connection with SMS Reverse Stock Split. Effects of the SMS Reverse Stock Split General Effects. The principal effect of the SMS Reverse Stock Split will be to decrease the number of outstanding shares of SMS Common Stock from 125,415,165 shares to approximately 31,353,791 shares based 133 on share information as of January 28, 1998. Assuming that approximately 29,174,763 shares of SMS Common Stock are issued to Sodexho after giving effect to the SMS Reverse Stock Split, the total number of shares outstanding after giving effect to the SMS Reserve Stock Split and the Transactions would be 60,528,554 shares, based on share information as of January 28, 1998. The SMS Reverse Stock Split would not affect the proportionate equity interest in SMS of any holder of SMS Common Stock, except as may result from the provisions for the elimination of fractional shares as described below. The SMS Reverse Stock Split will not affect the registration of the SMS Common Stock under the Exchange Act or the application for continued listing of the SMS Common Stock on the NYSE. In order that SMS may avoid the expense and inconvenience of issuing and transferring fractional shares of SMS Common Stock, fractional shares will be aggregated and sold on behalf of Fractional SMS Stockholders, who will receive payment in cash in lieu of receiving fractional shares of SMS Common Stock. See "THE TRANSACTIONS--Manner of Effecting the Transactions; Book-Entry System." The SMS Reverse Stock Split may leave certain stockholders with one or more "odd lots" of SMS Common Stock, (i.e., stock in amounts of less than 100 shares). These odd lots may be more difficult to sell, or require greater transactions cost per share to sell, than shares in even multiples of 100. Effect on SMS Stock Plans All of the outstanding options and other awards under the SMS Stock Plans will be subject to adjustment in the number of shares covered thereby, and the exercise price thereof, in the event of the SMS Reverse Stock Split by appropriate action of the Company Compensation Policy Committee. If the SMS Reverse Stock Split is approved and effected, each of the outstanding options will thereafter evidence the right to purchase one-fourth of the number of shares of SMS Common Stock previously covered thereby and the exercise price per share will be approximately four times the previous exercise price. Each of the outstanding grants of shares would thereafter evidence the contingent obligation to deliver one-fourth of the number of shares of SMS Common Stock previously covered thereby. As of the Effective Date, 10.0 million shares of SMS Common Stock will be available for the issuance of awards under the SMS Stock Plans for conversion awards and future awards for SMS Employees after (i) giving effect to the Spinoff and the SMS Reverse Stock Split and (ii) cancellation of awards to persons other than SMS Employees as a result of the Spinoff. See "MANAGEMENT OF SMS--SMS Stock Plans." Effect on LYONs. Pursuant to the LYONs Allocation Agreement, holders of LYONs that exercise their conversion rights after the Effective Date will be entitled to receive 8.76 shares of New MAR Common Stock, 8.76 shares of New MAR-A Common Stock and 8.76 shares of SMS Common Stock in exchange for each $1,000 face amount of LYONs. See "THE TRANSACTIONS--Arrangements between SMS and New Marriott--LYONs Allocation Agreement and Supplemental Indenture." If the SMS Reverse Stock Split is effected, holders of LYONs will be entitled to receive 2.19 shares of SMS Common Stock rather than 8.76 shares of SMS Common Stock. Changes in Stockholders' Equity. As an additional result of the SMS Reverse Stock Split, SMS's stated capital (which consists of the par value per share of SMS Common Stock multiplied by the number of shares of SMS Common Stock issued) based on pro forma information as of September 12, 1997 will be reduced by approximately $186 million to approximately $62 million on the Effective Date, after giving effect to the issuance of SMS Common Stock to Sodexho. Following the SMS Reverse Stock Split, the stated capital will be decreased because the number of shares of SMS Common Stock issued and outstanding will be reduced. Correspondingly, SMS's capital in excess of par value, which consists of the difference between the SMS's stated capital and the aggregate amount paid to SMS upon the issuance by SMS of all currently outstanding SMS Common Stock, will be increased by approximately $186 million. 134 Using share data from January 28, 1998, the following table illustrates the principal effects of the SMS Reverse Stock Split discussed in the preceding paragraphs, in each case assuming 29,174,763 shares of SMS Common Stock are issued to Sodexho after giving effect to the SMS Reverse Stock Split.
PRIOR TO SMS REVERSE AFTER SMS REVERSE SPLIT AND AMENDMENT SPLIT AND AMENDMENT NUMBER OF SHARES OF SMS COMMON STOCK TO SMS CHARTER TO SMS CHARTER ------------------------------------ -------------------- ------------------- Authorized......................... 300,000,000 300,000,000 Outstanding, prior to issuance to Sodexho........................... 125,415,165 31,353,791 Shares issued to Sodexho........... 116,699,052 29,174,763(1) Reserved for issuance under the SMS Stock Plans(2).................... 40,000,000 10,000,000 Reserved for issuance upon conversion of the LYONs........... 4,732,688 1,183,172 Available for future issuance by action of the SMS Board (after giving effect to the above reservations)..................... 13,153,095 228,288,274
- -------- (1) Shares to be issued to Sodexho will be on a post-SMS Reverse Stock Split basis. (2) Reflects the conversion and redenomination of stock options and other awards under the SMS Stock Plans and the limitation on available shares imposed by the Company Board as of the Effective Date. See "MANAGEMENT OF SMS--SMS Stock Plans." Assuming the SMS Charter, which includes the amendment effecting the SMS Reverse Stock Split, is approved, the SMS Charter will be filed with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware on the Effective Date in connection with the consummation of the Transactions. The SMS Charter and the proposed SMS Reverse Stock Split would become effective upon such filing. Reservation of Rights The Company Board reserves the right to abandon the SMS Reverse Stock Split without further action by the stockholders at any time before the filing of the SMS Charter with the Secretary of State of Delaware, notwithstanding authorization of the SMS Reverse Stock Split by the stockholders. FOR THE REASONS STATED ABOVE, THE COMPANY BOARD UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS THAT ALL STOCKHOLDERS VOTE FOR THE APPROVAL OF THE SMS CHARTER AND SMS BYLAWS. Certain members of the Company Board, however, may be deemed to have conflicts of interest in connection with the Transactions. See "CONFLICTS OF INTEREST." 135 CERTAIN ANTITAKEOVER PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO SMS GENERAL Certain of the provisions of the SMS Charter, the SMS Bylaws, Section 203 of the DGCL and the Company Rights Plan (after the Effective Date, the "SMS Rights Plan") may have the effect of impeding the acquisition of control of SMS by means of a tender offer, a proxy fight, open market purchases or otherwise in a transaction not approved by the SMS Board. These provisions are designed to reduce, or have the effect of reducing, the vulnerability of SMS to an unsolicited proposal for the restructuring or sale of all or substantially all the assets of SMS or an unsolicited takeover attempt which is unfair to SMS stockholders. CHARTER AND BYLAW PROVISIONS Preferred Stock Under the SMS Charter, the SMS Board will have the authority, without further stockholder approval, to issue SMS Preferred Stock in series, and to fix the designations, powers, preferences and rights of the shares of each such series and any qualifications, limitations or restrictions thereon. Pursuant to this authority, the SMS Board could create and issue a series of SMS Preferred Stock with rights, preferences or restrictions having the effect of discriminating against an existing or prospective holder of such securities as a result of such holder beneficially owning or commencing a tender offer for a substantial amount of SMS Common Stock. One of the effects of authorized but unissued and unreserved shares of capital stock may be to render more difficult or discourage an attempt by a potential acquiror to obtain control of SMS by means of a merger, tender offer, proxy contest or otherwise, and thereby protect the continuity of SMS's management. The issuance of such shares of capital stock may have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a change in control of SMS without any further action by the stockholders of SMS. Transfer Restriction The SMS Charter will contain a restriction on the transfer or issuance of SMS equity securities, as described under "DESCRIPTION OF THE SMS CAPITAL STOCK--Common Stock--Transfer Restriction." The purpose of such restriction is to protect the Tax-Free Status of the Spinoff. An additional effect of such restriction, however, is to prevent any person or persons from owning 50 percent or more of the outstanding equity securities of SMS for the three-year period following the Spinoff, unless such person or persons can provide the SMS Board with a satisfactory IRS ruling or a legal opinion satisfactory to New Marriott and the SMS Board. SECTION 203 OF THE DGCL Section 203 of the DGCL prohibits a corporation which has voting stock traded on a national securities exchange, designated on The NASDAQ Stock Market or held of record by more than 2,000 stockholders from engaging in certain business combinations, including a merger, sale of substantial assets, loan or substantial issuance of stock, with an interested stockholder (defined as the owner of 15 percent or more of the corporation's voting stock), or an interested stockholder's affiliates or associates, for a three-year period beginning on the date the interested stockholder acquires 15 percent or more of the outstanding voting stock of the corporation. The restrictions on business combinations do not apply if (i) prior to such date, the board of directors gives prior approval to the business combination or the transaction in which the 15 percent ownership level is exceeded, (ii) the interested stockholder acquires, in the transaction pursuant to which the interested stockholder becomes the owner of 15 percent or more of the outstanding stock, 85 percent of the corporation's stock (excluding those shares owned by persons who are directors and also officers as well as employee stock plans in which employees do not have a confidential right to determine whether shares held subject to the plan will be tendered in a tender or exchange offer) or (iii) the business combination is approved by the board of directors and authorized at a meeting of stockholders by the holders of at least two-thirds of the outstanding voting stock, excluding shares 136 owned by the interested stockholder. A Delaware corporation may elect, pursuant to its certificate of incorporation or bylaws, not to be governed by this provision; neither the SMS Charter nor the SMS Bylaws will contain such an election. Because the Company Board gave prior approval to the Transactions, including the issuance of shares of SMS Common Stock to Sodexho, the provisions of Section 203 of the DGCL do not apply to Sodexho. SMS RIGHTS PLAN The Company Rights Plan will continue in effect after the Transactions and is referred to thereafter as the "SMS Rights Plan". Pursuant to the SMS Rights Plan, each share of SMS Common Stock after the SMS Reverse Stock Split will also represent four rights ("SMS Rights"). Following the occurrence of certain events and except as described below, each SMS Right will entitle the registered holder thereof to purchase from SMS one one-thousandth of a share (an "SMS Unit") of SMS Junior Preferred Stock at a price (the "SMS Right's Purchase Price") of $150 per SMS Unit. The SMS Rights are not exercisable until the SMS Occurrence Date (defined below). The SMS Rights will expire on September 26, 2003, unless earlier exercised in connection with a transaction of the type described below or redeemed by SMS. Until an SMS Right is exercised, the holder thereof, as such, will have no rights as a stockholder of SMS, including, without limitation, the right to vote or to receive dividends. Initially, the SMS Rights attached to all Company Common Stock certificates representing shares then outstanding, and no separate certificates representing the SMS Rights (the "SMS Rights Certificates") were distributed. On the Effective Date, as a result of the SMS Reverse Stock Split, each share of SMS Common Stock will also represent four SMS Rights. Until the SMS Occurrence Date (or earlier redemption or expiration of SMS Rights), the SMS Rights are transferrable only with the SMS Common Stock, and the surrender or transfer of any certificate of the SMS Common Stock also constitutes the transfer of the SMS Rights associated with the SMS Common Stock represented by such certificate. The SMS Rights will separate from the SMS Common Stock upon the earlier of (i) ten days following the date (an "SMS Stock Acquisition Date") of a public announcement that a person or group of affiliated or associated persons (an "SMS Acquiring Person") has acquired, or obtained the right to acquire, beneficial ownership of 20 percent or more of the outstanding shares of SMS Common Stock or (ii) ten business days following the commencement of a tender offer or exchange offer, the consummation of which would result in a person or group becoming the beneficial owner of 30 percent or more of such outstanding shares of SMS Common Stock (such date being called the "SMS Occurrence Date"). For purposes of the SMS Rights Plan, a Person is not deemed to beneficially own "Exempt Shares," which include (i) shares of SMS Common Stock beneficially owned on September 27, 1993 and held continuously thereafter, (ii) shares of SMS Common Stock acquired by such person by gift, bequest and certain other transfers, which shares were Exempt Shares immediately prior to such transfer and were held by such person continuously thereafter and (iii) shares acquired by such person in connection with certain distributions of SMS Common Stock with respect to Exempt Shares which were held by such person continuously thereafter. As soon as practicable following a SMS Occurrence Date, SMS Rights Certificates will be mailed to holders of record of SMS Common Stock as of the close of business on the SMS Occurrence Date. After such time, such separate SMS Rights Certificates alone will evidence the SMS Rights and may trade independently from the SMS Common Stock. In the event (i) SMS is the surviving corporation in a merger with an SMS Acquiring Person and the SMS Common Stock is not changed or exchanged, or (ii) any person becomes the beneficial owner of 30 percent or more of the then outstanding shares of SMS Common Stock (except pursuant to an offer for all outstanding shares of SMS Common Stock which the SMS Board determines to be fair to and otherwise in the best interests of SMS and its stockholders), each holder of an SMS Right will, in lieu of the right to receive one one- thousandth 137 of a share of SMS Junior Preferred Stock, thereafter have the right to receive, upon exercise, SMS Common Stock (or, in certain circumstances, cash, property or other securities of SMS) having a value equal to two times the exercise price of the SMS Right. Notwithstanding any of the foregoing, following the occurrence of either of the events set forth in this paragraph, all SMS Rights that are (or, under certain circumstances specified in the SMS Rights Plan, were) beneficially owned by any SMS Acquiring Person will be null and void. In the event that, at any time following the SMS Stock Acquisition Date, (i) SMS is acquired in a merger or other business combination transaction in which SMS is not the surviving corporation or shares of SMS Common Stock are changed into or exchanged for stock, cash or other property, or (ii) 50 percent or more of SMS's assets or earning power is sold or transferred, each holder of an SMS Right (except SMS Rights which previously have been voided as set forth above) will thereafter have the right to receive, upon exercise, common stock of the acquiring company having a value equal to two times the exercise price of the SMS Right. In general, SMS may redeem the SMS Rights in whole, but not in part, at any time until ten days following the SMS Stock Acquisition Date, at a price of $.01 per SMS Right. The decision to redeem requires the concurrence of a majority of Specified SMS Directors. The term "Specified SMS Directors" means those directors of the SMS Board who are not (i) officers of SMS or its affiliates; (ii) certain family members of J. Willard Marriott, Sr., (iii) an SMS Acquiring Person or its affiliate or associate, or (iv) any person or its affiliate or associate who has made a tender or exchange offer for 30 percent or more of the SMS Common Stock. Immediately upon the action of the SMS Board ordering redemption of the SMS Rights, the SMS Rights will terminate and the only right of the holders of SMS Rights will be to receive the $.01 per SMS Right redemption price. The purchase price payable and the number of shares of SMS Junior Preferred Stock or other securities or property issuable upon exercise of the SMS Rights are subject to adjustment upon the occurrence of certain events with respect to SMS, including stock dividends, subdivisions, combination, reclassifications, rights or warrants offerings of the SMS Junior Preferred Stock at less than the then-current market price and certain distributions of property or evidences of indebtedness of SMS to holders of the SMS Junior Preferred Stock, all as set forth in the SMS Rights Plan. The SMS Rights Plan may have certain antitakeover effects. The SMS Rights will cause substantial dilution to a person or group that attempts to acquire, or merge with, SMS without conditioning the offer on the SMS Rights being rendered inapplicable. The SMS Rights do not prevent the SMS Board from approving any merger or other business combination since the SMS Rights may be redeemed by the SMS Board as described above. The SMS Rights Plan has been amended such that the SMS Rights are not and will not become exercisable as a result of the Transactions. 138 SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF NEW MARRIOTT The following table sets forth information as to the shares of New Marriott Common Stock that would have been beneficially owned (or deemed to be beneficially owned pursuant to the rules of the SEC) as of October 15, 1997, by each director of New Marriott, each of the executive officers of New Marriott named in the Summary Compensation Table included elsewhere herein, all directors and executive officers of New Marriott as a group, and beneficial holders of five percent or more of outstanding New Marriott Common Stock, in each case based on beneficial ownership of Company Common Stock as of October 15, 1997, and after giving effect to the issuance of one share of New MAR Common Stock and one share of New MAR-A Common Stock for each share of Company Common Stock as a result of the Spinoff. Shares of New MAR Common Stock and New MAR-A Common Stock are aggregated for purposes of the table.
SHARES OF NEW MARRIOTT PERCENT OF COMMON STOCK COMMON STOCK NAME BENEFICIALLY OWNED(1) OUTSTANDING - ---- ---------------------- ------------ DIRECTORS: J.W. Marriott, Jr........................ 26,963,466(2)(3) 10.4 Richard E. Marriott...................... 26,196,192(2)(4) 10.2 Dr. Henry Cheng Kar-Shun................. 2,600 * Gilbert M. Grosvenor..................... 4,200 * Floretta Dukes McKenzie.................. 870 * Harry J. Pearce.......................... 10,000 * W. Mitt Romney........................... 10,000 * Roger W. Sant............................ 20,000 * William J. Shaw.......................... 1,249,524(5) * Lawrence M. Small........................ 85,000(6) * NAMED EXECUTIVE OFFICERS: Joseph Ryan.............................. 119,638(5) * Michael A. Stein......................... 202,854(5) * William R. Tiefel........................ 881,202(5)(7) * ALL DIRECTORS AND EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AS A GROUP (20 INCLUDING THE FOREGOING)....... 48,414,796(2)(8) 19.0
- -------- * Less than 1 percent (1) Based on the number of shares outstanding at, plus the number of shares acquirable by the specified person(s) within 60 days of, October 15, 1997. Does not give effect to conversion of employee stock options and other stock awards as a result of the Spinoff, which will depend on the trading prices of the Company Common Stock immediately prior to, and the New Marriott Common Stock immediately following, the Spinoff. (2) Includes: 3,150,040 shares held by J.W. Marriott, Jr. and Richard E. Marriott as co-trustees of 16 trusts for the benefit of their children and 5,073,574 shares owned by The J. Willard Marriott Foundation, a charitable foundation in which J.W. Marriott, Jr., Richard E. Marriott and their mother serve as co-trustees. These shares are reported as beneficially owned by both J.W. Marriott, Jr. and Richard E. Marriott, but are included only once in reporting the number of shares owned by all directors, nominees and executive officers as a group. The shares included herein do not include: (i) 3,929,260 shares owned and controlled by certain other members of the Marriott family, (ii) 3,334,770 shares held by a charitable annuity trust, created by the will of J. Willard Marriott, in which J.W. Marriott, Jr. and Richard E. Marriott have a remainder interest and in which their mother is trustee, or (iii) 250,802 shares held by the adult children of J.W. Marriott, Jr. and Richard E. Marriott, as trustees of 25 trusts established for the benefit of the grandchildren of J.W. Marriott, Jr. and Richard E. Marriott. (3) Includes, in addition to the shares referred to in footnote (2): (i) 1,908,500 shares subject to options exercisable within 60 days, (ii) 804,860 shares held as trustee of two trusts for the benefit of Richard E. Marriott, (iii) 136,426 shares owned by J.W. Marriott, Jr.'s wife (Mr. Marriott disclaims beneficial 139 ownership of such shares), (iv) 1,340,534 shares owned by four trusts for the benefit of J.W. Marriott, Jr.'s children, in which his wife serves as a co-trustee, (v) 43,118 shares owned by six trusts for the benefit of J.W. Marriott, Jr.'s grandchildren, in which his wife serves as a co-trustee, (vi) 160,000 shares, owned by JWM Associates Limited Partnership, whose general partner is J.W. Marriott, Jr. and (vii) 5,415,180 shares owned by Family Enterprises, whose general partner is a corporation in which J.W. Marriott, Jr. is a controlling stockholder. (4) Includes, in addition to the shares referred to in footnote (2): (i) 111,400 shares subject to options exercisable within 60 days, (ii) 599,378 shares held as trustee of two trusts established for the benefit of J.W. Marriott, Jr., (iii) 136,012 shares owned by Richard E. Marriott's wife, (iv) 1,207,656 shares owned by four trusts for the benefit of Richard E. Marriott's children, in which his wife serves as a co-trustee, and (v) 4,605,458 shares owned by First Media Limited Partners, whose general partner is a corporation in which Richard E. Marriott is the controlling stockholder. (5) Includes shares of unvested restricted stock awarded under the Company 1993 Stock Plan and the Company 1996 Stock Plan as follows: Mr. Ryan: 64,000 shares; Mr. Stein: 30,000 shares; Mr. Shaw: 54,000 shares; and Mr. Tiefel: 48,000 shares. Shares of restricted stock are voted by the holder thereof. See "MANAGEMENT OF NEW MARRIOTT--Executive Officer Compensation-- Summary of Compensation." (6) Includes 4,000 shares held by two trusts for the benefit of non-family members in which Mr. Small is trustee and 1,000 shares held by Mr. Small as custodian for a non-family member minor child. Mr. Small disclaims beneficial ownership of all such shares. (7) Includes 20,000 shares held by Mr. Tiefel's wife. Mr. Tiefel disclaims beneficial ownership of such shares. (8) All directors, nominees and executive officers as a group (other than J.W. Marriott, Jr. and Richard E. Marriott) would have beneficially owned an aggregate of 3,748,752 shares or 1.5 percent of New Marriott Common Stock outstanding as of October 15, 1997, based on the number of shares of Company Common Stock beneficially owned by such persons of such date. 140 DESCRIPTION OF THE NEW MARRIOTT CAPITAL STOCK GENERAL New Marriott's authorized capital stock consists of 100 shares of common stock, no par value, of which 100 shares are issued and outstanding and are owned by the Company. Prior to the Effective Date, New Marriott's Certificate of Incorporation will be amended by the New Marriott Board and by the Company, as sole stockholder of New Marriott (the "New Marriott Certificate"). Under the New Marriott Certificate, which will be substantially in the form set forth in Appendix I to this Proxy Statement, the total number of shares of all classes of stock that New Marriott will have authority to issue will be 810,000,000, of which (i) 10,000,000 will be shares of preferred stock, without par value, (ii) 500,000,000 will be shares of New MAR Common Stock and (iii) 300,000,000 will be shares of New MAR-A Common Stock. The New MAR Common Stock and New MAR-A Common Stock are sometimes referred to together herein as "New Marriott Common Stock." Based on the number of shares of Company Common Stock outstanding at January 28, 1998, (i) approximately 125.4 million shares of New MAR Common Stock, constituting approximately 41.8 percent of the authorized New MAR Common Stock and (ii) approximately 125.4 million shares of New MAR-A Common Stock, constituting approximately 25 percent of the authorized New MAR-A Common Stock, will be issued to the Company and distributed to stockholders of the Company in the Spinoff. All of the shares of New Marriott Common Stock issued in the Spinoff will be validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable. COMMON STOCK New Marriott will have two classes of New Marriott Common Stock--New MAR Common Stock and New MAR-A Common Stock. The New MAR Common Stock and the New MAR-A Common Stock have different terms, which are described below. Voting Rights Each holder of New MAR Common Stock will be entitled to one vote for each share registered in his or her name on the books of New Marriott on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders. Subject to the Minority Rights Protection Provision (as defined below), each holder of New MAR-A Common Stock will be entitled to ten votes for each share registered in his or her name on the books of New Marriott on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders. Except as otherwise provided by law, the holders of New MAR Common Stock and New MAR-A Common Stock will vote as one class. The shares of New MAR Common Stock and New MAR-A Common Stock will not have cumulative voting rights. As a result, subject to the voting rights, if any, of the holders of any shares of New Marriott's preferred stock which may at the time be outstanding, the holders of New MAR Common Stock and New MAR-A Common Stock entitled to exercise more than 50 percent of the voting rights in an election of directors will be able to elect 100 percent of the directors to be elected if they choose to do so. In such event, the holders of the remaining New MAR Common Stock and New MAR-A Common Stock voting for the election of directors will not be able to elect any persons to the New Marriott Board. The New Marriott Certificate will provide that the New Marriott Board will be classified into three classes, each serving a three-year term, with one class to be elected in each of three consecutive years. Dividend Rights Under the New Marriott Certificate, each share of New MAR Common Stock and New MAR-A Common Stock will have identical rights with respect to dividends and distributions, subject to the following: (i) the New Marriott Board may declare a Regular Cash Dividend (as defined below) on each share of New MAR Common Stock, on an annual basis, equal to up to 125 percent (one hundred and twenty-five percent) (rounded up to the nearest penny) of the per share Regular Cash Dividend declared on each share of New MAR-A Common Stock, but in no case will the Regular Cash Dividend on each share of New MAR Common Stock be less than the equivalent Regular Cash Dividend per share of New MAR-A Common Stock; (ii) if the New Marriott Board decides, in its discretion, to declare a Special Dividend (as defined below), such dividend will be paid in equal amounts per share of New MAR Common Stock and New MAR-A Common Stock; and (iii) if the New Marriott 141 Board decides, in its discretion, to declare a dividend payable in shares of New MAR Common Stock or New MAR-A Common Stock, the dividend will be paid in equal amounts per share of New MAR Common Stock and New MAR-A Common Stock, except that, at the discretion of the New Marriott Board, the dividend may be paid to the holders of New MAR Common Stock in either New MAR Common Stock or in New MAR-A Common Stock and the dividend may be paid to the holders of New MAR-A Common Stock in either New MAR-A Common Stock or in New MAR Common Stock. As used herein, the term "Regular Cash Dividend" means dividends of New Marriott payable quarterly in cash consistent with practices employed in the past by the Company Board, subject to change at the discretion of the New Marriott Board; and the term "Special Dividend" means any dividend of cash or other property or assets (including securities), other than a Regular Cash Dividend. Mergers and Consolidations; Dissolution and Liquidation In the event of a merger, consolidation or combination of New Marriott with another entity (whether or not New Marriott is the surviving entity) or in the event of dissolution or liquidation of New Marriott, the holders of shares of New MAR Common Stock and the holders of New MAR-A Common Stock will each be entitled to receive the same per share consideration. Convertibility At the discretion of the New Marriott Board, all, but not less than all, of the then outstanding shares of New MAR Common Stock may be converted into New MAR-A Common Stock on a share-for-share basis. In addition, if the New MAR Common Stock becomes ineligible for trading on a national securities exchange or the National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation System, the New MAR Common Stock will be converted automatically into New MAR-A Common Stock on a share-for-share basis. Minority Rights Protection Provision After the Spinoff, New Marriott stockholder voting rights disproportionate to equity ownership could be acquired through acquisitions of New MAR-A Common Stock without corresponding purchases of New MAR Common Stock. In order to reduce somewhat the likelihood of New MAR-A Common Stock and New MAR Common Stock trading at significantly different market prices and to give holders of New MAR Common Stock the opportunity to participate in any premium paid in the future relating to the acquisition of 15 percent or more of the New MAR-A Common Stock by a buyer who has not acquired a proportionate number of shares of New MAR Common Stock, the New Marriott Certificate includes a "Minority Rights Protection Provision" as described below. The Minority Rights Protection Provision might have an anti-takeover effect by making New Marriott a less attractive target for a takeover bid. As described below, there can be no assurance that New Marriott will in all instances be able to identify readily persons whose holdings subject them to the Minority Rights Protection Provision. Certain Definitions. For purposes of the Minority Rights Protection Provision, the following definitions apply: "Affiliate" of any Person means any other Person directly or indirectly controlling or controlled by or under direct or indirect common control with such Person. For purposes of this definition, control when used with respect to any specified Person means the possession of the power to direct the management and policies of such Person, directly or indirectly, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by contract or otherwise; and the terms controlling and controlled have meanings correlative to the foregoing. "Person" means any individual, partnership, joint venture, limited liability company, corporation, association, trust, incorporated organization, government or governmental department or agency or any other entity. 142 The following shares of New MAR-A Common Stock will be excluded for the purpose of determining the shares of New MAR-A Common Stock beneficially owned or acquired by any Person or group but not for purpose of determining shares outstanding: (i) shares beneficially owned by such Person or group (or, in the case of a group, shares beneficially owned by Persons that are members of such group) immediately after the Spinoff; (ii) shares acquired by will or by the laws of descent and distribution, or by gift that is made in good faith and not for the purpose of circumventing the Minority Rights Protection Provision, or by termination or revocation of a trust or similar arrangement or by a distribution from a trust or similar arrangement if such trust or similar arrangement was created, and such termination, revocation or distribution occurred or was effected, in good faith and not for the purpose of circumventing the Minority Rights Protection Provision, or by reason of the ability of a secured party (following a default) to exercise voting rights with respect to, or to dispose of, shares that had been pledged in good faith as security for a bona fide loan, or by foreclosure of a bona fide pledge which secures a bona fide loan; (iii) shares acquired upon issuance or sale by New Marriott; (iv) shares acquired by operation of law (including a merger or consolidation effected for the purpose of recapitalizing such Person or reincorporating such Person in another jurisdiction but excluding a merger or consolidation effected for the purpose of acquiring another Person); (v) shares acquired in exchange for New MAR Common Stock by a holder of New MAR Common Stock (or by a parent, lineal descendant or donee of such holder of New MAR Common Stock who received such New MAR Common Stock from such holder) if the New MAR Common Stock so exchanged was acquired by such holder directly from the corporation as a dividend on shares of New MAR-A Common Stock; (vi) shares acquired by a plan of New Marriott qualified under Section 401(a) of the Code, or any successor provision thereto, or acquired by reason of a distribution from such a plan; (vii) shares beneficially owned by a Person or group immediately after the Spinoff which are thereafter acquired by an Affiliate of such Person or group (or by the members of the immediate family (or trusts for the benefit thereof) of any such Person or Affiliate) or by a group which includes such Person or group or any such Affiliate; and (viii) shares acquired indirectly through the acquisition of securities, or all or substantially all of the assets, of a Person that has a class of its equity securities registered under Section 12 (or any successor provision) of the Exchange Act. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in the Minority Rights Protection Provision, no Person (and no group including such Person) will be deemed to have acquired after the Spinoff beneficial ownership of any shares of New MAR-A Common Stock owned by any other Person solely by reason of such Person being or becoming an officer, director, executive, trustee, executor, custodian, guardian, and/or other similar fiduciary or employee of or for such other Person under circumstances not intended to circumvent the Minority Rights Protection Provision. For purposes of calculating the number of shares of New MAR Common Stock beneficially owned or acquired by any Person or group, shares of New MAR Common Stock acquired by gift will be deemed to be beneficially owned by such Person or member of a group if such gift was made in good faith and not for the purpose of circumventing the Minority Rights Protection Provision; and only shares of New MAR Common Stock owned of record by such Person or member of a group or held by others as nominees of such Person or member of a group and identified as such to New Marriott will be deemed to be beneficially owned by such Person or group (provided that shares of New MAR Common Stock with respect to which such Person or member of a group has sole investment and voting power will be deemed to be beneficially owned thereby). Subject to the other definitional provisions applicable to the Minority Rights Protection Provision, "beneficial ownership" will be determined pursuant to Rule 13d-3 (as in effect on the date on which the New 143 Marriott Certificate becomes effective) promulgated under the Exchange Act, and the formation or existence of a "group" will be determined pursuant to Rule 13d-5(b) (as in effect on the date on which the New Marriott Certificate becomes effective) promulgated under the Exchange Act, in each case subject to the following additional qualifications: (i) relationships by blood or marriage between or among any Persons will not constitute any of such Persons as a member of a group with any such other Person(s), absent affirmative attributes of concerted action; and (ii) any Person acting in his official capacity as a director or officer of New Marriott will not be deemed to beneficially own shares when such ownership exists solely by virtue of such Person's status as a trustee (or similar position) with respect to shares held by plans or trusts for the general benefit of employees or former employees of New Marriott, and actions taken or agreed to be taken by a Person in such Person's official capacity as an officer or director of New Marriott will not cause such Person to become a member of a group with any other Person. Description of Minority Rights Protection Provision. If any Person or group acquires after the Spinoff beneficial ownership of 15 percent or more of the then outstanding New MAR-A Common Stock, and such Person or group (a "Significant New Marriott Stockholder") does not then own an equal or greater percentage of all then outstanding shares of New MAR Common Stock, the Minority Rights Protection Provision requires that such Significant New Marriott Stockholder must commence within a 90-day period beginning the day after becoming a Significant New Marriott Stockholder a public cash tender offer to acquire additional shares of New MAR Common Stock, as described below (a "Minority Rights Protection Transaction") or the Significant New Marriott Stockholder will not be permitted to vote the recently acquired New MAR-A Common Stock. The 15 percent ownership threshold of the number of shares of New MAR-A Common Stock which triggers a Minority Rights Protection Transaction may not be waived by the New Marriott Board, nor may this threshold be amended without stockholder approval, including a majority vote of the outstanding New MAR Common Stock voting separately as a class. In a Minority Rights Protection Transaction, the Significant New Marriott Stockholder must make a public cash tender offer to acquire from the holders of New MAR Common Stock at least that number of additional shares of New MAR Common Stock determined by (i) multiplying (x) the percentage of the number of shares of outstanding New MAR-A Common Stock that are beneficially owned by such Significant New Marriott Stockholder, and were acquired after the Spinoff, by (y) the total number of the shares of New MAR Common Stock outstanding on the date such Person or group became a Significant New Marriott Stockholder, and (ii) subtracting therefrom the excess (if any) of the number of shares of New MAR Common Stock beneficially owned by such Significant New Marriott Stockholder at such time over the number of shares of New MAR Common Stock beneficially owned by such Person or group at the Spinoff. Such number of shares of New MAR Common Stock is referred to as the "New MAR Common Stock Shortfall." The Significant New Marriott Stockholder must acquire all shares of New MAR Common Stock validly tendered or, if the number of such shares tendered exceeds the number determined pursuant to such formula, a pro-rata number from each tendering holder (based on the number of shares tendered by each tendering stockholder). For example, if a stockholder owns 4 percent of the outstanding shares of New MAR-A Common Stock and 4 percent of the New MAR Common Stock immediately after the Spinoff and thereafter acquires an additional 16 percent of the outstanding shares of New MAR-A Common Stock without acquiring any additional shares of New MAR Common Stock, such stockholder must either commence a tender offer for an additional 16 percent of the New MAR Common Stock at the prescribed price or such stockholder will not be allowed to vote the 16 percent of the New MAR-A Common Stock acquired after the Spinoff. Alternatively, such stockholder could sell 2 percent of the outstanding New MAR-A Common Stock, thus dropping the net amount of the New MAR-A Common Shares acquired after the Spinoff to 14 percent, leaving the stockholder with an aggregate of 18 percent of the New MAR-A Common Shares, all of which could be voted. 144 The offer price for any shares required to be purchased by the Significant New Marriott Stockholder pursuant to this provision would be the greater of: (i) the highest price per share paid by the Significant New Marriott Stockholder for any share of New MAR-A Common Stock in the six-month period ending on the date such person or group became a Significant New Marriott Stockholder; and (ii) the highest reported sale price for a share of New MAR-A Common Stock on the NYSE on the business day preceding the date the Significant New Marriott Stockholder commences the required tender offer. If a Significant New Marriott Stockholder fails to undertake a Minority Rights Protection Transaction within the time provided therefor, the voting rights of shares of New MAR-A Common Stock beneficially owned by such Significant New Marriott Stockholder equal to the New MAR Common Stock Shortfall would be automatically suspended until such time that such Significant New Marriott Stockholder either completes the requisite Minority Rights Protection Transaction or divests the excess New MAR-A Common Stock that triggered such requirement. PREFERRED STOCK The New Marriott Certificate will specify that the New Marriott Board is authorized to provide for the issuance of shares of preferred stock, from time to time, in one or more series, and to fix any voting powers, full or limited or none, and the designations, preferences and relative, participating, optional or other special rights, applicable to the shares to be included in any such series and any qualifications, limitations or restrictions thereon. No shares of preferred stock of New Marriott will be outstanding immediately following the Spinoff. However, as of the Effective Date, 800,000 shares of the New Marriott Series A Junior Participating Preferred Stock (the "New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock") will have been authorized and reserved for issuance in connection with the New Marriott stockholder rights plan described in "--Rights Plan and Junior Preferred Stock." RIGHTS PLAN AND JUNIOR PREFERRED STOCK If the Transaction Proposals are approved by the Company's stockholders and the Spinoff is consummated, the New Marriott Board will adopt a stockholder rights plan and cause to be issued, with each share of New Marriott Common Stock issued to the Company's stockholders in the Spinoff, one New Marriott Right. The New Marriott Rights will be governed by a rights agreement (the "New Marriott Rights Plan") to be entered into between New Marriott and an independent third party acting as right agent. The following is a summary of the anticipated material terms of the New Marriott Rights Plan. New Marriott Rights Following the occurrence of the New Marriott Occurrence Date (as defined below) and except as described below, each New Marriott Right will entitle the registered holder thereof to purchase from New Marriott one one-thousandth of a share (a "New Marriott Unit") of New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock at a fixed price (the "New Marriott Right's Purchase Price") to be established by the Company Board prior to the Spinoff, subject to adjustment. The New Marriott Rights are not exercisable until the New Marriott Occurrence Date. The New Marriott Rights will expire on the tenth anniversary of the adoption of the New Marriott Rights Plan, unless exercised in connection with a transaction of the type described below or unless earlier redeemed by New Marriott. Until a New Marriott Right is exercised, the holder thereof, as such will have no rights as a stockholder of New Marriott, including, without limitation, the right to vote or to receive dividends. Initially, ownership of the New Marriott Rights will be attached to all New Marriott Common Stock certificates representing shares then outstanding, and no separate certificates representing the New Marriott Rights (the "New Marriott Rights Certificates") will be distributed. Until the New Marriott Occurrence Date (or earlier redemption or expiration of New Marriott Rights), the New Marriott Rights will be transferable only with the New Marriott Common Stock, and the surrender or transfer of any certificate of New Marriott Common Stock 145 will also constitute the transfer of the New Marriott Rights associated with the New Marriott Common Stock represented by such certificate. The New Marriott Rights will separate from the New Marriott Common Stock and a New Marriott Occurrence Date will occur upon the earlier of (i) 10 days following the date (a "New Marriott Stock Acquisition Date") of a public announcement that a person or group of affiliates or associated persons (a "New Marriott Acquiring Person") has acquired, or obtained the right to acquire, beneficial ownership of 15 percent or more of the outstanding shares of either New MAR Common Stock or New MAR-A Common Stock or (ii) 10 business days following the commencement of or announcement of an intention to make a tender offer or exchange offer, the consummation of which would result in the New Marriott Acquiring Person becoming the beneficial owner of 15 percent or more of the outstanding shares of either New MAR Common Stock or New MAR-A Common Stock (the "New Marriott Occurrence Date"). For purposes of the New Marriott Rights Plan, a person or entity will not be deemed to beneficially own "Exempt Shares," which include (i) shares of New Marriott Common Stock acquired by such person or entity in the Spinoff and held continuously thereafter (including those shares of New Marriott Common Stock to be received by the Marriott family), (ii) shares of New Marriott Common Stock acquired by such person or entity by gift, bequest and certain other transfers, which shares were Exempt Shares immediately prior to such transfer and were held by such person or entity continuously thereafter, and (iii) shares acquired by such person or entity in connection with certain distributions of New Marriott Common Stock with respect to Exempt Shares which were held by such person or entity continuously thereafter. As soon as practicable following a New Marriott Occurrence Date, New Marriott Rights Certificates will be mailed to holders of record of New Marriott Common Stock as of the close of business on the New Marriott Occurrence Date. After such time, such separate New Marriott Rights Certificates alone will evidence the New Marriott Rights and could trade independently from the New Marriott Common Stock. In the event (i) New Marriott is the surviving corporation in a merger with a New Marriott Acquiring Person and the New Marriott Common Stock is not changed or exchanged, or (ii) a New Marriott Acquiring Person becomes the beneficial owner of 15 percent or more of the then-outstanding shares of either New MAR Common Stock or New MAR-A Common Stock (except pursuant to an offer for all outstanding shares of New Marriott Common Stock that the New Marriott Board determines to be fair to and otherwise in the best interests of New Marriott and its stockholders), each holder of a New Marriott Right will, in lieu of the right to receive one one-thousandth of a share of New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock, thereafter have the right to receive, upon exercise, New MAR Common Stock (or, in certain circumstances, cash, property or other securities of New Marriott) having a value equal to two times the exercise price of the New Marriott Right. Notwithstanding any of the foregoing, following the occurrence of any of the events set forth in this paragraph, all New Marriott Rights that are (or, under certain circumstances specified in the New Marriott Rights Plan, were) beneficially owned by any New Marriott Acquiring Person will be null and void. However, New Marriott Rights are not exercisable following the occurrence of either of the events set forth above until such time as the New Marriott Rights are no longer redeemable by New Marriott as set forth below. For example, each New Marriott Right not owned by a New Marriott Acquiring Person (or by certain related parties) following an event set forth in the preceding paragraph would entitle its holder to purchase, for the New Marriott Right's Purchase Price, New MAR Common Stock (or other consideration, as noted above) with a value of twice the New Marriott Right's Purchase Price. In the event that, at any time following the New Marriott Stock Acquisition Date, (i) New Marriott is acquired in a merger or other business combination transaction in which New Marriott is not the surviving corporation (other than a merger described in the second preceding paragraph or a merger which follows an offer described in the second preceding paragraph), or (ii) 50 percent or more of New Marriott's assets or earning power is sold or transferred, each holder of a New Marriott Right (except New Marriott Rights which previously 146 have been voided as set forth above) will thereafter have the right to receive, upon exercise, common stock of the acquiring person or entity having a value equal to two times the exercise price of the New Marriott Right. In general, the New Marriott Board may redeem the New Marriott Rights in whole, but not in part, at any time until 10 days following the New Marriott Stock Acquisition Date, at a price of $.01 per New Marriott Right. After the redemption period has expired, the New Marriott right of redemption may be reinstated if a New Marriott Acquiring Person reduces its beneficial ownership to 10 percent or less of the outstanding shares of New Marriott Common Stock in a transaction or series of transactions not involving New Marriott. Immediately upon the action of the New Marriott Board ordering redemption of the New Marriott Rights, the New Marriott Rights will terminate and the only right of the holders of New Marriott Rights will be to receive the $.01 per New Marriott Right redemption price. The purchase price payable, and the number of shares of New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock or other securities or property issuable upon exercise of the New Marriott Rights are subject to adjustment upon the occurrence of certain events with respect to New Marriott, including stock dividends, subdivisions, combinations, reclassifications, rights or warrants offerings of New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock at less than the then-current market price and certain distributions of property or evidences of indebtedness of New Marriott to holders of New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock, all as set forth in the New Marriott Rights Plan. The New Marriott Rights have certain antitakeover effects. The New Marriott Rights may cause substantial dilution to a person or group that attempts to acquire New Marriott on terms not approved by the New Marriott Board, except pursuant to an offer conditioned on a substantial number of New Marriott Rights being acquired. The New Marriott Rights should not interfere with any merger or other business combination approved by the New Marriott Board since the New Marriott Rights may be redeemed by New Marriott as set forth above. New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock In connection with the New Marriott Rights Plan, 800,000 shares of New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock will be authorized and reserved for issuance by the New Marriott Board. No shares of New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock will be outstanding as of the Effective Date. The following statements with respect to the New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock are subject to the detailed provisions of the New Marriott Certificate and the certificate of designation relating to the New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock (the "New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock Certificate of Designation"). These statements do not purport to be complete and are subject to, and are qualified in their entirety by reference to, the terms of the New Marriott Certificate and the New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock Certificate of Designation. Subject to the prior payment of cumulative dividends on any class of preferred stock ranking senior to the New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock, a holder of New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock will be entitled to cumulative dividends out of funds legally available therefor, when, as and if declared by the New Marriott Board, at a quarterly rate per share of New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock equal to the greater of (a) $10.00 or (b) 1000 times (subject to adjustment upon certain dilutive events) the aggregate per share amount of all cash dividends and 1000 times (subject to adjustment upon certain dilutive events) the aggregate per share amount (payable in kind) of all noncash dividends or other distributions (other than dividends payable in New Marriott Common Stock or a subdivision of the outstanding shares of New Marriott Common Stock) declared on New MAR Common Stock since the immediately preceding quarterly dividend payment date for the New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock (or since the date of issuance of the New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock if no such dividend payment date has occurred). A holder of New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock will be entitled to 1000 votes (subject to adjustment upon certain dilutive events) per share of New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders of New Marriott. Such holders will vote together with the holders of New Marriott Common Stock as a single class on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders of New Marriott. 147 In the event of a merger or consolidation of New Marriott that results in New Marriott Common Stock being exchanged or changed for other stock, securities, cash or other property, the shares of New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock will similarly be exchanged or changed in an amount per share equal to 1000 times (subject to adjustment upon certain dilutive events) the aggregate amount of stock, securities, cash or other property, as the case may be, into which each share of New Marriott Common Stock has been exchanged or changed. In the event of liquidation, dissolution or winding up of New Marriott, a holder of New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock will be entitled to receive $1000 per share, plus accrued and unpaid dividends and distributions thereon, before any distribution may be made to holders of shares of stock of New Marriott ranking junior to the New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock, and the holders of New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock are entitled to receive an aggregate amount per share equal to 1000 times (subject to adjustment upon certain dilutive events) the aggregate amount to be distributed per share to holders of New Marriott Common Stock. The New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock is not subject to redemption. The terms of the New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock will provide that New Marriott is subject to certain restrictions with respect to dividends and distributions on and redemptions and purchases of shares of stock of New Marriott ranking junior to or on a parity with the New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock in the event that payment of dividends or other distributions payable on the New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock are in arrears. REASONS FOR THE PROPOSED DUAL CLASS CAPITALIZATION OF NEW MARRIOTT The Company and New Marriott believe that the issuance of two classes of New Marriott common stock with different voting rights (the "Dual Class Capitalization") is in the best interest of New Marriott and its stockholders. The Company Board believes that the Dual Class Capitalization will (a) provide New Marriott with greater flexibility in financing its growth, (b) promote continuity in the leadership, involvement and substantial voting interests of the Marriott family, (c) provide additional liquidity to stockholders, (d) help foster the maintenance of long-term business relationships with hotel and senior living community owners, franchisees and other third parties, and (e) enhance New Marriott's ability to attract and retain highly qualified key employees. The material advantages of the Dual Class Capitalization considered by the Company Board are described below, and the material disadvantages of such Dual Class Capitalization are set forth in "--Certain Potential Disadvantages of the Dual Class Capitalization." Financing Flexibility New Marriott plans aggressively to grow its businesses through the addition of new management contracts and franchises, internal development of new hotels and senior living communities and strategic acquisitions. The Company has a history of acquiring businesses which open up new markets, increase market share or broaden its service offerings, and New Marriott plans actively to seek opportunities created by the current consolidation trends in the lodging and senior living service industries. By permitting New Marriott to issue shares of either high-voting or low- voting common stock, the Dual Class Capitalization will provide New Marriott with increased flexibility to issue common stock (i) to raise equity capital (either through direct issuances of stock or through issuances of convertible securities) for a variety of corporate purposes, including to finance future capital expenditures, (ii) as consideration for future acquisitions and (iii) in connection with employee stock plans as a means of attracting, compensating and retaining key employees, without significantly diluting the voting power of the Company's existing stockholders (who will be New Marriott's initial stockholders). By providing New Marriott with the ability to issue low-voting New MAR Common Stock as described above, the Dual Class Capitalization would help mitigate any reluctance Marriott family members and senior management of New Marriott might otherwise have to support the issuance of significant additional shares of authorized common stock of New Marriott because of the voting dilution such issuance would entail. For a description of the interests in the Company held by Marriott family members and senior management of New Marriott, see "SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF NEW MARRIOTT." 148 Continuity The Company Board believes that the Marriott name and family association are key attributes of New Marriott, which travelers and others associate with high quality, service, consistency and integrity. These key attributes are largely attributable to the leadership and commitment of the Marriott family to the business since its inception. The Company's history of growth, profitability and financial strength over a period of many years is due in large part to the continuous, stable leadership provided by Marriott family members, including their emphasis on long-term results and their ability to forge strategic relationships with business partners. The Dual Class Capitalization is expected to reduce the risk of disruption in the continuity of New Marriott's current operating policies and long-range strategy that might otherwise result if members of the Marriott family were to dispose of a significant percentage of their equity interest in New Marriott for estate tax, diversification or other reasons, or if an unsolicited takeover bid forced an abrupt change of control and management of New Marriott. Approval of the Proposals, including ratification of the Dual Class Capitalization, would enable New Marriott to issue shares of New MAR Common Stock for financing, acquisition and compensation purposes without significantly diluting the voting power of New Marriott's initial stockholders, including the interests of the Marriott family and senior management of New Marriott, although their economic interests would be diluted by any such share issuance. Members of the Marriott family have informed the Company and New Marriott that they have no current plans or arrangements to sell or otherwise dispose of the New MAR Common Stock. However, the Dual Class Capitalization would permit any initial group of stockholders that would hold substantial voting power of New Marriott (such as members of the Marriott family if they were to vote as a group) to retain such voting power even if such persons substantially reduced their equity positions in New Marriott. Stockholders' Flexibility and Liquidity Stockholders who receive New MAR-A Common Stock and who desire to maintain their voting positions will be able to do so even if they decide to sell or otherwise dispose of up to nearly one-half of their equity interest in New Marriott. The Dual Class Capitalization thus would give all stockholders as of the Spinoff Record Date, including members of the Marriott family and senior management of New Marriott, increased flexibility to dispose of a substantial portion of their equity interest in New Marriott without affecting their relative voting power. In addition, because stockholders who are interested in maintaining their voting interest in New Marriott may be more willing to sell shares of New Marriott if such sale does not result in a decrease in their relative voting power, the Dual Class Capitalization may result in increased trading of equity securities of New Marriott, thereby increasing liquidity. It is anticipated that both the New MAR-A Common Stock and the New MAR Common Stock will be listed on the NYSE as well as other U.S. exchanges. Furthermore, the presence of two classes of common stock with different voting rights may allow holders of New MAR Common Stock, including members of the Marriott family, to increase voting power without increasing equity investment by selling shares of New MAR Common Stock and buying shares of New MAR-A Common Stock with the proceeds (subject to minority protection provisions). Any such sales of New MAR Common Stock would be taxable events. See "DESCRIPTION OF THE NEW MARRIOTT CAPITAL STOCK--Common Stock--Minority Rights Protection Provision." Business Relationships To the extent that hotel and senior living community owners, franchisees and other third parties with significant long-term business relationships with New Marriott may have concerns about potential changes in the continued leadership and involvement of the Marriott family, the implementation of the Dual Class Capitalization may, by promoting stability and continuity, encourage and strengthen such business relationships. Key Employees The Dual Class Capitalization may enhance New Marriott's ability to attract and retain highly qualified key employees by providing added assurance as to the continued leadership and involvement of the Marriott family 149 and the high standards of service and quality which they have instilled in the Company since its inception. In addition, by enabling New Marriott to issue New MAR Common Stock as part of its equity-based compensation plans, such as the 1998 New Marriott Stock Plan, New Marriott will have the flexibility to allow key employees to continue to participate in the growth of New Marriott without materially diluting the voting power of existing stockholders. CERTAIN POTENTIAL DISADVANTAGES OF THE DUAL CLASS CAPITALIZATION While the Company Board has determined that implementation of the Dual Class Capitalization is in the best interests of New Marriott and its stockholders, the Dual Class Capitalization may also be considered to have certain disadvantages, including those set forth below. Change of Control Impact Members of the Marriott family currently own approximately 19.7 percent of the existing Company Common Stock and therefore, immediately after the Spinoff will own approximately 19.7 percent of New MAR Common Stock and 19.7 percent of New MAR-A Common Stock. While members of the Marriott family have informed the Company and New Marriott that there are no agreements among them to act in concert, if those persons were to vote together, they could exercise that degree of voting power over New Marriott. In the event that the Dual Class Capitalization is implemented, the Marriott family members, acting in concert, could retain substantially all of such voting power even if some or all of their members chose to reduce their total equity position by 50 percent. Because such persons could dispose of a substantial portion of their economic interest in New Marriott without significantly reducing their voting interests, implementation of the Dual Class Capitalization may limit the future circumstances in which a sale or transfer of equity by members of the Marriott family could subsequently lead to a merger proposal or tender offer or to a proxy contest for the removal of incumbent directors, since such voting interests could be exercised in opposition to any such action. Consequently the Dual Class Capitalization may deprive stockholders of New Marriott of an opportunity to sell their shares at a premium over prevailing market prices and may also make it more difficult to replace the New Marriott Board and management of New Marriott. Security For Credit The Company and New Marriott do not expect that the adoption of the Dual Class Capitalization will affect the ability of stockholders to use either the New MAR Common Stock or the New MAR-A Common Stock as security for the extension of credit by financial institutions, securities brokers or dealers. Investment By Institutions Implementation of the Dual Class Capitalization may affect the decision of certain institutional investors, possibly including institutional investors that currently hold Company Common Stock, that would otherwise consider investing in and retaining shares of New Marriott Common Stock. The holding of comparatively low voting shares may not be permitted by the investment policies of certain institutional investors or may be less attractive to managers of certain institutional investors. The Company and New Marriott cannot predict the effect, if any, the Dual Class Capitalization will have on the continued holdings of those institutional investors who currently own Company Common Stock. 150 CERTAIN ANTITAKEOVER PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO NEW MARRIOTT Before the Effective Date, the New Marriott Certificate and the Bylaws of New Marriott (the "New Marriott Bylaws") will be amended by the Company, as sole stockholder of New Marriott, to make the New Marriott Certificate and New Marriott Bylaws substantially similar to the Company Certificate and Company Bylaws as currently in effect. Certain provisions of the New Marriott Certificate and New Marriott Bylaws, as well as the New Marriott Rights Plan and certain provisions of the DGCL, may have an antitakeover effect with respect to New Marriott. The preferred stock of New Marriott, if issued, could also have an antitakeover effect. See "DESCRIPTION OF THE NEW MARRIOTT CAPITAL STOCK--Preferred Stock." GENERAL There has been a history of the accumulation of substantial stock holdings in public companies by third parties as a prelude to proposing a takeover or a restructuring or sale of all or part of the target company or another similar extraordinary corporate action. Such actions are often undertaken by the third party without advance notice to, or consultation with, the management or board of directors of the target company. In many cases, the purchaser seeks representation on the company's board of directors in order to increase the likelihood that its proposal will be implemented by the company. If the company resists the efforts of the purchaser to obtain representation on the company's board, the purchaser may commence a proxy contest to have its nominees elected to the board in place of certain directors or the entire board. In some cases, the purchaser may not truly be interested in taking over the company, but may use the threat of a proxy fight and/or a bid to take over the company as a means of forcing the company to repurchase its equity position at a substantial premium over market price. The Company and New Marriott believe that the imminent threat of removal of New Marriott's management or the New Marriott Board in such situations would severely curtail the ability of management or the New Marriott Board to negotiate effectively with such persons or entities. The management or the New Marriott Board would be deprived of the time and information necessary to evaluate the takeover proposal, to study alternative proposals and to help ensure that the best price is obtained in any transaction involving New Marriott which may ultimately be undertaken. If the real purpose of a takeover bid were to force New Marriott to repurchase an accumulated stock interest at a premium price, management or the New Marriott Board would face the risk that, if it did not repurchase the stock interest of such person or entity, New Marriott's business and management would be disrupted, perhaps irreparably. Certain provisions of the New Marriott Certificate and Bylaws, in the view of the Company and New Marriott, together with the New Marriott Rights Plan, will help ensure that the New Marriott Board, if confronted by a surprise proposal from a third party that has acquired or proposes to acquire a block of stock, will have sufficient time to review the proposal and appropriate alternatives to the proposal and to act in what it believes to be the best interests of the stockholders. In addition, certain other provisions of the New Marriott Certificate are designed to prevent a purchaser from utilizing two-tier pricing and similar inequitable tactics in the event of an attempt to take over New Marriott. These provisions, individually and collectively, will make difficult and may discourage a merger, tender offer or proxy fight, even if such transaction or occurrence may be favorable to the interest of the stockholders and may delay or frustrate the assumption of control by a holder of a large block of New Marriott and the removal of incumbent management, even if such removal might be beneficial to the stockholders. Furthermore, these provisions may deter or could be utilized to frustrate a future takeover attempt which is not approved by the incumbent New Marriott Board, but which the holders of a majority of the shares may deem to be in their best interest or in which stockholders may receive a substantial premium for their stock over prevailing market prices of such stock. By discouraging takeover attempts, these provisions might have the incidental effect of inhibiting certain changes in management (some or all of the members of which might be replaced in the course of a change of control) and also the temporary fluctuations in the market price of the stock which often result from actual or rumored takeover attempts. 151 NEW MARRIOTT CERTIFICATE AND BYLAWS The New Marriott Certificate will contain several provisions that will make difficult an acquisition of control of New Marriott, by means of a tender offer, open market purchases, a proxy contest or otherwise, that is not approved by the New Marriott Board. The New Marriott Bylaws will also contain provisions that could have an antitakeover effect. The purposes of the relevant provisions of the New Marriott Certificate and the New Marriott Bylaws are to discourage certain types of transactions, described above, which may involve an actual or threatened change of control of New Marriott and to encourage persons or entities seeking to acquire control of New Marriott to consult first with the New Marriott Board to negotiate the terms of any proposed business combination or offer. The provisions are designed to reduce the vulnerability of New Marriott to an unsolicited proposal for a takeover that does not contemplate the acquisition of all outstanding shares or is otherwise unfair to stockholders of New Marriott or an unsolicited proposal for the restructuring or sale of all or part of New Marriott. The Company and New Marriott believe that, as a general rule, such proposals would not be in the best interests of New Marriott and its stockholders. Set forth below is a description of such provisions in the New Marriott Certificate and Bylaws. Such description is intended as a summary only and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the New Marriott Certificate and New Marriott Bylaws, the forms of which are attached to this Proxy Statement as Appendix J and Appendix K, respectively. Classified Board of Directors The New Marriott Certificate provides for the New Marriott Board to be divided into three classes serving staggered terms so that directors' initial terms will expire either at the 1998, 1999 or 2000 annual meeting of stockholders. Starting with the 1998 annual meeting of New Marriott stockholders, one class of directors will be elected each year for three-year terms. See "MANAGEMENT OF NEW MARRIOTT--New Marriott Board of Directors." The classification of directors will have the effect of making it more difficult for stockholders to change the composition of the New Marriott Board in a relatively short period of time. At least two annual meetings of stockholders, instead of one, will generally be required to effect a change in a majority of the New Marriott Board. Such a delay may help ensure that the New Marriott Board, if confronted by a holder attempting to force a stock repurchase at a premium above prices, a proxy contest, or an extraordinary corporate transaction, will have sufficient time to review the proposal and appropriate alternatives to the proposal and to act in what it believes are the best interest of the stockholders. The classified board provision could have the effect of discouraging a third party from making a tender offer or otherwise attempting to obtain control of New Marriott, even though such an attempt might be beneficial to New Marriott and its stockholders. The classified board provision could thus increase the likelihood that incumbent directors will retain their positions. In addition, since the classified board provision is designed to discourage accumulations of large blocks of New Marriott's stock by purchasers whose objective is to have such stock repurchased by New Marriott at a premium, the classified board provision could tend to reduce the temporary fluctuations in the market price of New Marriott's stock that could be caused by accumulations of large blocks of such stock. Accordingly, stockholders could be deprived of certain opportunities to sell their stock at a temporarily higher market price. The Company and New Marriott believe that a classified board of directors will help to assure the continuity and stability of the New Marriott's business strategies and policies as determined by the Board, because generally a majority of the directors at any given time will have had prior experience as directors of New Marriott. The classified board provision will also help assure that the New Marriott Board, if confronted with an unsolicited proposal from a third party that has acquired a block of the voting stock of New Marriott, will have sufficient time to review the proposal and appropriate alternatives and to seek the best available result for all stockholders. 152 Removal; Filling Vacancies The New Marriott Certificate provides that, subject to any rights of the holders of preferred stock, only a majority of the New Marriott Board then in office will have the authority to fill any vacancies on the New Marriott Board, including vacancies created by an increase in the number of directors. In addition, the New Marriott Certificate provides that a new director elected to fill a vacancy on the New Marriott Board will serve for the remainder of the full term of his or her class and that no decrease in the number of directors will shorten the term of an incumbent. Moreover, the New Marriott Certificate provides that directors may be removed with or without cause only by the affirmative vote of holders of at least 66 2/3 percent of the voting power of the shares entitled to vote at the election of directors, voting together as a single class. These provisions relating to removal and filing of vacancies on the New Marriott Board will preclude stockholders from enlarging the New Marriott Board or removing incumbent directors and filing the vacancies with their own nominees. Limitations on Stockholder Action by Written Consent; Special Meetings The New Marriott Certificate and New Marriott Bylaws provide that stockholder action can be taken only at an annual or special meeting of stockholders and prohibit stockholder action by written consent in lieu of a meeting. The New Marriott Certificate and New Marriott Bylaws provide that, subject to the rights of holders of any series of preferred stock, special meetings of stockholders can be called only by a majority of the entire New Marriott Board. Stockholders are not permitted to call a special meeting or to require that the New Marriott Board call a special meeting of stockholders. Moreover, the business permitted to be conducted at any special meeting of stockholders is limited to the business brought before the meeting by or at the direction of the New Marriott Board. The provisions of the New Marriott Certificate and New Marriott Bylaws restricting stockholder action by written consent may have the effect of delaying consideration of a stockholder proposal until the next annual meeting unless a special meeting is called by a majority of the entire New Marriott Board. These provisions would also prevent the holders of a majority of the voting power of the voting stock from using the written consent procedure to take stockholder action and from taking action by consent without giving all the stockholders of New Marriott entitled to vote on a proposed action the opportunity to participate in determining such proposed action. Moreover, a stockholder could not force stockholder consideration of a proposal over the opposition of the New Marriott Board by calling a special meaning of stockholders prior to the time the New Marriott Board believed such consideration to be appropriate. The Company and New Marriott believe that such limitations on stockholder action will help to assure the continuity and stability of the New Marriott Board and New Marriott's business strategies and policies as determined by the New Marriott Board, to the benefit of all of New Marriott's stockholders. If conformed with an unsolicited proposal from stockholders in New Marriott, the New Marriott Board will have sufficient time to review such proposal and to seek the best available result for all stockholders, before such proposal is approved by such stockholders by written consent in lieu of a meeting or through a special meeting of stockholders. Nominations of Directors and Stockholders Proposals The New Marriott Bylaws establish an advance notice procedure with regard to the nomination other than by or at the direction of the New Marriott Board of candidates for election as directors (the "Nomination Procedure") and with regard to stockholder proposals to be brought before an annual or special meeting of stockholders (the "Business Procedure"). The Nomination Procedure provides that only persons who are nominated by or at the direction of the New Marriott Board, or by a stockholder who has given timely prior written notice to the Secretary of New Marriott prior to the meeting at which directors are to be elected, will be eligible for election as directors. The Business Procedure provides that stockholders proposals must be submitted in writing in a timely manner in order to be considered at any annual or special meeting. To be timely, notice must be received by New Marriott (i) in the case of an annual meeting, not less than 90 days prior to the first anniversary of the prior year's annual meeting; 153 provided, that in the event that the date of the annual meeting is advanced more than 30 days or delayed more than 60 days from such anniversary date, such notice must be delivered not later than the close of business on the seventh day following the day on which notice of such meeting is first given to stockholders, or (ii) in the case of a special meeting not later than the seventh day following the day on which notice of such meeting is first given to stockholders for both a director nomination and a stockholder proposal. Under the Nomination Procedure, notice to New Marriott from a stockholder who proposes to nominate a person at a meeting for election as a director must contain certain information about the person, including age, business and residence addresses, principal occupation, the class and number of shares of New Marriott stock beneficially owned, the consent to be nominated and such other information as would be required to be included in a proxy statement soliciting proxies for the election of the proposed nominee, and certain information about the stockholder proposing to nominate that person. Under the Business Procedure, notice relating to a stockholder proposal must contain certain information about such proposal and about the stockholder who proposes to bring the proposal before the meeting, including the class and number of shares of New Marriott Common Stock beneficially owned by such stockholder. If the Chairman or other officer presiding at a meeting determines that a person was not nominated in accordance with the Nomination Procedure, such person will not be eligible for election as a director, or if he or she determines that the stockholder proposal was not properly brought before such meeting, such proposal will not be introduced at such meeting. Nothing in the Nomination Procedure or the Business Procedure will preclude discussion by any stockholder of any nomination or proposal properly made or brought before an annual or special meeting in accordance with the above-mentioned procedures. The purpose of the Nomination Procedure is, by requiring advance notice of nomination by stockholders, to afford the New Marriott Board a meaningful opportunity to consider the qualification of the proposed nominees and, to the extent deemed necessary or desirable by the New Marriott Board, to inform stockholders about such qualifications. The purpose of the Business Procedure is, by requiring advance notice of stockholder proposals, to provide a more orderly procedure for conducting annual meetings of stockholders and, to the extent deemed necessary or desirable by the New Marriott Board, to provide the New Marriott Board with a meaningful opportunity to inform stockholders, prior to such meetings, of any proposal to be introduced at such meetings, together with any recommendation as to the New Marriott Board's position or belief as to action to be taken with respect to such proposal, so as to enable stockholders better to determine whether they desire to attend such meeting or grant a proxy to the New Marriott Board as to the disposition of any such proposal. Although the New Marriott Bylaws do not give the New Marriott Board any power to approve or disapprove stockholder nomination for the election of directors or of any other proposal submitted by stockholders, the New Marriott Bylaws may have the effect of precluding a nomination for the election of directors or precluding the conducting of business at a particular stockholder meeting if the proper procedures are not followed, and may discourage or deter a third party from conducting a solicitation of proxies to elect its own slate of directors or otherwise attempting to obtain control of New Marriott, even if the conduct of such solicitation or such attempt might be beneficial to New Marriott and its stockholders. Fair Price Provision Article Fifteen of the New Marriott Certificate (the "Fair Price Provision") requires the approval by the holders of 66 2/3 percent of the voting power of the outstanding capital stock of New Marriott entitled to vote generally in the election of directors (the "New Marriott Voting Stock") as a condition for mergers and certain other business combinations ("Business Combinations") involving New Marriott and any holder of more than 25 percent of such voting power (a "Substantial New Marriott Stockholder") unless (i) the transaction is approved by a majority of the members of the New Marriott Board who are not affiliated with the Substantial New Marriott Stockholder and who were directors before the Substantial New Marriott Stockholder became a Substantial New Marriott Stockholder (the "Disinterested Directors") or (ii) certain minimum price and procedural requirements are met. The Fair Price Provision is designed to prevent a third party from utilizing two-tier pricing and similar inequitable tactics in a takeover attempt. The Fair Price Provision is not designed to prevent or discourage tender 154 offers for New Marriott. It does not impede an offer for at least 66 2/3 percent of the New Marriott Voting Stock in which each stockholder receives substantially the same price for his or her shares as each other stockholder or which the New Marriott Board has approved in the manner described herein. Nor does the Fair Price Provision preclude a third party from making a tender offer for some of the shares of New Marriott Voting Stock without proposing a Business Combination in which the remaining shares of New Marriott Voting Stock are purchased. Except for the restrictions on Business Combinations, the Fair Price Provision will not prevent a Substantial New Marriott Stockholder having a controlling interest of the New Marriott Voting Stock from exercising control over New Marriott or increasing its interest in New Marriott. Moreover, a Substantial New Marriott Stockholder could increase its ownership to 66 2/3 percent and avoid application of the Fair Price Provision. However, the separate provisions contained in the New Marriott Certificate and the Bylaws relating to "Classified Board of Directors" discussed above will, as therein indicated, curtail a Substantial New Marriott Stockholder's ability to exercise control in several respects, including that stockholder's ability to change incumbent directors who may oppose a Business Combination or to implement a Business Combination by written consent without a stockholder meeting. The Fair Price Provision would, however, discourage some takeover attempts by persons or entities intending to acquire New Marriott in two steps and to eliminate remaining stockholder interests by means of a business combination involving less value per share than the acquiring person would propose to pay for its initial interest in New Marriott. In addition, acquisitions of stock by persons or entities attempting to acquire control through market purchases may cause the market price of the stock to reach levels which are higher than would otherwise be the case. The Fair Price Provision may thereby deprive some holders of the New Marriott Common Stock of an opportunity to sell their shares at a temporarily higher market price. Although the Fair Price Provision is designed to help assure fair treatment of all stockholders vis-a-vis other stockholders in the event of a takeover, it is not the purpose of the Fair Price Provision to assure that stockholders will receive a premium price for their shares in a takeover. Accordingly, the New Marriott Board is of the view that the adoption of the Fair Price Provision would not preclude the New Marriott Board's opposition to any future takeover proposal that it believes would not be in the best interests of New Marriott and its stockholders, whether or not such a proposal satisfies the minimum price criteria and procedural requirements of the Fair Price Amendment. Amendment of the New Marriott Certificate and Bylaws The New Marriott Certificate contains provisions requiring the affirmative vote of the holders of at least 66 2/3 percent of the voting power of the stock entitled to vote generally in the election of directors to amend certain provisions of the New Marriott Certificate and New Marriott Bylaws (including the provisions discussed above). These provisions will make it more difficult for stockholders to make changes in the New Marriott Certificate or New Marriott Bylaws, including changes designed to facilitate the exercise of control over New Marriott. In addition, the requirement for approval by at least a 66 2/3 percent stockholder vote will enable the holders of a minority of New Marriott's capital stock to prevent holders of a less-than-66 2/3 percent majority from amending such provisions of the New Marriott Certificate or Bylaws. Dual Class Stock New Marriott will have two classes of common stock. New MAR Common Stock and New MAR-A Common Stock. The existence of two classes of New Marriott Common Stock may have certain antitakover effects. See "DESCRIPTION OF THE NEW MARRIOTT CAPITAL STOCK--Certain Potential Disadvantages of the Dual Class Capitalization." NEW MARRIOTT RIGHTS PLAN The New Marriott Rights Plan has certain antitakover effects that are described in "DESCRIPTION OF THE NEW MARRIOTT CAPITAL STOCK--Rights Plan and Junior Preferred Stock." 155 SECTION 203 OF THE DGCL Under Section 203 of the DGCL as applicable to New Marriott, certain "business combinations" (defined generally to include (i) mergers or consolidations between a Delaware corporation and an interested stockholder (as defined below) and (ii) transactions between a Delaware corporation and an interested stockholder involving the assets or stock of such corporation or its majority-owned subsidiaries, including transactions which increase the interested stockholder's percentage ownership of stock) between a Delaware corporation, whose stock generally is publicly traded or held of record by more than 2,000 stockholders, and an interested stockholder (defined generally as those stockholders, who, on or after December 23, 1987, become beneficial owner of 15 percent or more of a Delaware corporation's voting stock) are prohibited for a three-year period following the date that such stockholder became an interested stockholder, unless (i) prior to the date such stockholder became an interested stockholder, the board of directors of the corporation approved either the business combination or the transaction which resulted in the stockholder becoming an interested stockholder, (ii) upon consummation of the transaction that made such stockholder an interested stockholder, the interested stockholder owned at least 85 percent of the voting stock of the corporation outstanding at the time the transaction commenced (excluding voting stock owned by officers who are also directors and voting stock held in employee benefit plans in which the employees do not have a confidential right to tender or vote stock held by the plan), or (iii) the business combination was approved by the board of directors of the corporation and ratified by two-thirds of the voting stock which the interested stockholder did not own. The three-year prohibition also does not apply to certain business combinations proposed by an interested stockholder following the announcement or notification of certain extraordinary transactions involving the corporation and a person who had been an interested stockholder during the previous three years or who became an interested stockholder with the approval of a majority of the corporation's directors. Prior to effecting the Spinoff, the New Marriott Board will take action to preapprove the acquisition of shares of New Marriott Common Stock as a result of the Spinoff by certain stockholders in the Company, such that stockholders in the Company who are not subject to the restriction contained in Section 203 of the DGCL prior to the Spinoff with respect to business combinations with the Company will not, as a result of the receipt of New Marriott Common Stock in the Spinoff, become subject to Section 203 restrictions subsequent to the Spinoff with respect to a business combination with New Marriott. Such preapproval will not apply to stockholders in the Company who are "interested stockholders" in the Company under Section 203 prior to the Spinoff and who are subject to Section 203 restrictions with respect to business combinations with the Company, such that such interested stockholders will continue to subject to Section 203 restriction with respect to a business combination with New Marriott upon receipt of New Marriott Common Stock in the Spinoff. The Company believes that there are not any stockholders that currently constitute "interested stockholders" under Section 203; however, any stockholder who became the beneficial owner of 15 percent or more of the Company Common Stock between the date hereof and the Effective Date would become an interested stockholder in the Company and also in New Marriott upon consummation of the Spinoff. 156 LIABILITY AND INDEMNIFICATION OF DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS OF NEW MARRIOTT Articles Eleventh and Sixteenth of the New Marriott Certificate and Section 7.7 of the New Marriott Bylaws (the "New Marriott Director Liability and Indemnification Provisions") limit the personal liability of New Marriott directors to the company or its stockholders for monetary damages for breach of fiduciary duty. The New Marriott Director Liability and Indemnification Provisions are substantially identical to comparable provisions contained in the Company Certificate and the Company Bylaws. The New Marriott Director Liability and Indemnification Provisions define and clarify the rights of certain individuals, including New Marriott directors and officers, to indemnification by New Marriott in the event of personal liability or expenses incurred by them as a result of certain litigation against them. Such provisions are consistent with Section 102(b)(7) of the DGCL, which is designed, among other things, to encourage qualified individuals to serve as directors of Delaware corporations by permitting Delaware corporations to include in their certificates of incorporation a provision limiting or eliminating directors' liability for monetary damages and with other existing DGCL provisions permitting indemnification of certain individuals, including directors and officers. The limitations of liability in the New Marriott Director Liability and Indemnification Provisions may not affect claims arising under the federal securities laws. In performing their duties, directors of a Delaware corporation are obligated as fiduciaries to exercise their business judgment and act in what they reasonably determine in good faith, after appropriate consideration, to be the best interests of the corporation and its stockholders. Decisions made on that basis are protected by the so-called "business judgment rule." The business judgment rule is designed to protect directors from personal liability to the corporation or its stockholders when business decisions are subsequently challenged. However, the expense of defending lawsuits, the frequency with which unwarranted litigation is brought against directors and the inevitable uncertainties with respect to the outcome of applying the business judgment rule to particular facts and circumstances mean that, as a practical matter, directors and officers of a corporation rely on indemnity from, and insurance procured by, the corporation that serves as a financial backstop in the event of such expenses or unforeseen liability. The Delaware legislature has recognized that adequate insurance and indemnity provisions are often a condition of an individual's willingness to serve as director of a Delaware corporation. The DGCL has for some time specifically permitted corporations to provide indemnity and procure insurance for its directors and officers. The Company maintains directors' and officers' insurance coverage which it believes to be comparable to that maintained by companies of similar size in similar lines of business. The New Marriott Director Liability and Indemnification Provisions will be approved, along with the rest of the New Marriott Certificate and the New Marriott Bylaws, by the Company, as sole stockholder of New Marriott before the Effective Date. Set forth below is a description of the New Marriott Director Liability and Indemnification Provisions. Such description is intended as a summary only and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the New Marriott Certificate and the New Marriott Bylaws. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY FOR DIRECTORS Article Sixteenth of the New Marriott Certificate protects directors against monetary damages for breaches of their fiduciary duty of care, except as set forth below. Under the DGCL, absent Article Sixteenth, directors could generally be held liable for gross negligence for decisions made in the performance of their duty of care but not for simple negligence. Article Sixteenth eliminates director liability for negligence in the performance of their duties, including gross negligence. In a context not involving a decision by the directors (i.e., a suit alleging loss to the company due to the directors' inattention to a particular matter) a simple negligence standard might apply. Directors remain liable for breaches of their duty of loyalty to the company and its stockholders, as well 157 as acts or omissions not in good faith or which involve intentional misconduct or a knowing violation of law and transactions from which a director derives improper personal benefit. Article Sixteenth does not eliminate director liability under Section 174 of the DGCL, which makes directors personally liable for unlawful dividends or unlawful stock repurchases or redemptions and expressly sets forth a negligence standard with respect to such liability. While Article Sixteenth provides directors with protection from awards of monetary damages for breaches of the duty of care, it does not eliminate the directors' duty of care. Accordingly, Article Sixteenth will have no effect on the availability of equitable remedies such as an injunction or rescission based upon a director's breach of the duty of care. The provisions of Article Sixteenth that eliminate liability as described above will apply to officers of New Marriott only if they are directors of New Marriott and are acting in their capacity as directors, and will not apply to officers of the New Marriott who are not directors. The elimination of liability of directors for monetary damages in the circumstances described above may deter persons from bringing third-party or derivative actions against directors to the extent those actions seek monetary damages. INDEMNIFICATION OF DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS Under Section 145 of the DGCL, directors and officers as well as other employees and individuals may be indemnified against expenses (including attorneys' fees), judgments, fines and amounts paid in settlement in connection with specified actions, suits or proceedings, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative (other than an action by or in the right of the corporation--a "derivative action") if they acted in good faith and in a manner they reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of New Marriott, and with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, had no reasonable cause to believe their conduct was unlawful. A similar standard of care is applicable in the case of derivative actions, except that indemnification only extends to expenses (including attorneys' fees) incurred in connection with defense or settlement of such an action and the DGCL requires court approval before there can be any indemnification where the person seeking indemnification has been found liable to New Marriott. Section 7.7 of the New Marriott Bylaws provides that New Marriott will indemnify any person to whom, and to the extent, indemnification may be granted pursuant to Section 145 of the DGCL. Article Eleventh of the New Marriott Certificate provides that each person who was or is made a party to, or is otherwise involved in any action, suit or proceeding by reason of the fact that he or she is or was a director, officer or employee of New Marriott or is or was serving at the request of New Marriott as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation or of a partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, including service with respect to an employee benefit plan (an "indemnitee"), whether the basis of such proceeding is alleged activity in an official capacity as a director, officer, employee or agent or in any other capacity while serving as a director, officer, employee or agent, shall be indemnified and held harmless by New Marriott to the fullest extent authorized by the DGCL, as the same exists or may be amended (but, in the case of any such amendment, only to the extent that such amendment permits New Marriott to provide broader indemnification rights than permitted prior thereto), against all expense, liability and loss (including attorneys' fees, judgments, fines, ERISA excise taxes or penalties and amounts paid in settlement) reasonably incurred or suffered by such indemnitee in connection therewith and such indemnification shall continue as to an indemnitee who has ceased to be a director, officer or employee and shall inure to the benefit of the indemnitee's heirs, executors and administrators; provided that except with respect to proceedings to enforce rights to indemnification, New Marriott shall indemnify any such indemnitee in connection with a proceeding (or part thereof) initiated by such indemnitee only if such proceeding (or part thereof) was authorized by the board of directors. Article Eleven also provides that the right of indemnification will be in addition to and not exclusive of all other rights to which that director, officer or employee may be entitled. 158 APPOINTMENT OF INDEPENDENT AUDITORS APPOINTMENT OF PRICE WATERHOUSE LLP AS SMS'S INDEPENDENT AUDITORS Subject to stockholder approval, the Company Board, in accordance with the terms of the Acquisition Agreement, has appointed Price Waterhouse LLP, a firm of independent public accountants, as independent auditors, to examine and report to stockholders on the consolidated financial statements of SMS and its subsidiaries for fiscal year 1998, which appointment would become effective from and after the consummation of the Transactions. Price Waterhouse LLP would replace Arthur Andersen LLP, the Company's independent auditors for fiscal 1997. Representatives of Price Waterhouse LLP will be present at the Special Meeting and will be given an opportunity to make a statement. They will be available to respond to appropriate questions. The action of the Company Board in appointing Price Waterhouse LLP as SMS's independent auditors for fiscal year 1998, effective from and after the consummation of the Transactions, is subject to ratification by an affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of shares of Company Common Stock present in person or represented by proxy at the Special Meeting. THE COMPANY BOARD UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS A VOTE FOR APPROVAL OF PRICE WATERHOUSE LLP AS THE COMPANY'S INDEPENDENT AUDITORS. APPOINTMENT OF ARTHUR ANDERSEN LLP AS NEW MARRIOTT'S INDEPENDENT AUDITORS Subject to stockholder approval, the Company, as sole stockholder of New Marriott, has appointed Arthur Andersen LLP, a firm of independent public accountants, as independent auditors, to examine and report to stockholders on the consolidated financial statements of New Marriott and its subsidiaries for fiscal year 1998. Representatives of Arthur Andersen LLP will be present at the Special Meeting and will be given an opportunity to make a statement. They will be available to respond to appropriate questions. The action of the Company in appointing Arthur Andersen LLP as New Marriott's independent auditors for fiscal year 1998 is subject to ratification by an affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of shares of Company Common Stock present in person or represented by proxy at the Special Meeting. THE COMPANY BOARD UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS A VOTE FOR APPROVAL OF ARTHUR ANDERSEN LLP AS NEW MARRIOTT'S INDEPENDENT AUDITORS. SUBMISSION OF STOCKHOLDER PROPOSALS If the Transactions are consummated, SMS will convene an annual meeting of stockholders currently expected to be held in May, 1998. After the Effective Date, however, the SMS Board may consider adopting a new fiscal year-end more appropriate to the food services and facilities management business. In that event, the SMS Board may decide to reschedule the 1998 annual stockholders meeting as appropriate. If such a decision is made, SMS will promptly make a public announcement and file a Form 8-K with the SEC. Any stockholder wishing to submit a proposal for inclusion in the Proxy Statement for the 1998 Sodexho Marriott Services, Inc. Annual Meeting under the stockholder proposal rules of the Commission must have submitted the proposal so that it was received by the Company at its principal executive offices no later than November 24, 1997 in order for it to be considered for inclusion in the SMS 1998 Proxy Statement. In the event that the SMS Board decides to reschedule the 1998 annual stockholder meeting, it will also announce a revised date by which stockholder proposals must be submitted. If the Transactions are consummated, New Marriott will convene an annual meeting of stockholders currently expected to be held in May 1998. Stockholder proposals intended to be included in the Proxy Statement for the 1998 New Marriott Annual Meeting under the stockholder proposal rules of the Commission must have been received at New Marriott's principal executive offices no later than November 24, 1997 in order to be considered for inclusion in the New Marriott 1998 Proxy Statement. If for any reason the Transactions are not consummated, stockholder proposals intended to be presented at the Company's 1998 Annual Meeting of Stockholders must have been received at New Marriott's principal executive offices no later than November 24, 1997. 159 INCORPORATION OF CERTAIN INFORMATION BY REFERENCE THIS PROXY STATEMENT INCORPORATES BY REFERENCE DOCUMENTS NOT INCLUDED HEREIN OR DELIVERED HEREWITH. THOSE DOCUMENTS (EXCLUDING EXHIBITS UNLESS SPECIFICALLY INCORPORATED HEREIN) ARE AVAILABLE WITHOUT CHARGE UPON WRITTEN REQUEST TO THE SECRETARY, CORPORATE LEGAL DEPARTMENT, MARRIOTT INTERNATIONAL, INC., 10400 FERNWOOD ROAD, BETHESDA, MARYLAND 20817. TELEPHONE REQUESTS MAY BE DIRECTED TO (301) 380-3000. IN ORDER TO ENSURE TIMELY DELIVERY OF THE DOCUMENTS, ANY REQUEST SHOULD BE MADE BY MARCH 1, 1998. The following documents filed with the Commission by the Company (File No. 1-12188) are incorporated herein by reference: 1. Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 3, 1997 (containing audited financial statements). 2. Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarters ended March 28, 1997, June 20, 1997 and September 12, 1997. 3. Current Reports on Form 8-K dated March 18, 1997, June 21, 1997, September 18, 1997 and October 1, 1997, Form 8-K/A dated June 21, 1997 and Form 8-A/A filed on October 15, 1997. The following sections are not set forth in this Proxy Statement but instead incorporate by reference the equivalent sections in the Annual Report on Form 10-K of the Company for the fiscal year ended January 3, 1997 and the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of the Company for the fiscal quarter ended September 12, 1997: "Selected Financial Data of the Company," "Supplementary Financial Information of the Company" and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Conditions and Results of Operations--The Company." The Company's Consolidated Financial Statements are incorporated herein by reference to the Annual Report on Form 10-K of the Company for the fiscal year ended January 3, 1997. All documents filed by the Company under Section 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act subsequent to the date hereof and prior to the date of the Special Meeting will be deemed to be incorporated herein by reference and to be a part hereof from the date of such filing. Any statement contained herein or in a document incorporated or deemed to be incorporated herein by reference will be deemed to be modified or superseded for purposes hereof to the extent that a statement contained herein or in any other subsequently filed document which also is, or is deemed to be, incorporated herein by reference modifies or supersedes such statement. Any such statement so modified or superseded will not be deemed to constitute a part hereof, except as so modified or superseded. FORM 10-K ANNUAL REPORT Any stockholder who desires a copy of the Company's 1996 Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the SEC, may obtain a copy (excluding exhibits) without charge by addressing a request to the Secretary, Marriott International, Inc., Marriott Drive, Dept. 52/862, Washington, D.C. 20058. A charge equal to the reproduction cost will be made if the exhibits are requested. By Order of the Board of Directors /s/ W. David Mann ----------------- W. David Mann Secretary 160 INDEX OF DEFINED TERMS
PAGE TERM NUMBER - ---- ------ Acquisition.............................................................. 5 Acquisition Agreement.................................................... 17 Acquisition Proposal..................................................... 39 Affiliate................................................................ 142 Amendment Agreement...................................................... 35 American Appraisal....................................................... 8 approved retiree......................................................... 99 broker non-votes......................................................... 21 Business Combinations.................................................... 154 Business Procedure....................................................... 153 CAGR..................................................................... 28 CCA...................................................................... 95 Code..................................................................... 16 Combined Business Material Adverse Effect................................ 41 Combined Fee............................................................. 49 Company.................................................................. 1 Company Board............................................................ 5 Company Bylaws........................................................... 129 Company Charter.......................................................... 129 Company Common Stock..................................................... 5 Company Deferred Compensation Plan....................................... 44 Company Forecast......................................................... 26 Company Guarantees....................................................... 118 Company 1995 Directors Plan.............................................. 45 Company 1993 Stock Plan.................................................. 45 Company 1996 Stock Plan.................................................. 45 Company Parties.......................................................... 40 Company Profit Sharing Plan.............................................. 44 Company Rights Plan...................................................... 43 Company Senior Note Amount............................................... 37 Company Senior Notes..................................................... 37 Company Senior Notes Indenture........................................... 37 Company Stock Plans...................................................... 45 Comparable Acquisitions.................................................. 30 Contract Services Comparables............................................ 29 Core MMS Business........................................................ 46 Corporate Tax............................................................ 16 Covered Claims........................................................... 47 derivative action........................................................ 158 Designated Directors..................................................... 48 DGCL..................................................................... 9 Disinterested Directors.................................................. 154 Distribution Agreement................................................... 19 DRS...................................................................... 50 Dual Class Capitalization................................................ 148 EBIT..................................................................... 27 EBITDA................................................................... 27 Effective Date........................................................... 7 Employee Benefits Allocation Agreement................................... 44 EPS...................................................................... 27
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PAGE TERM NUMBER - ---- ------ Excess Shares........................................................... 52 Exchange Act............................................................ 39 Executive Officer Incentive Plan........................................ 109 Exempt Shares........................................................... 137 Existing Bank Facility.................................................. 6 Existing Bank Facility Amount........................................... 38 Fairness Opinion........................................................ 26 Fair Price Provision.................................................... 154 Family Enterprises...................................................... 117 Fiduciary Termination................................................... 39 Financial Performance Data.............................................. 27 Financial Projections................................................... 33 First Call.............................................................. 27 Former Employees........................................................ 44 Forum Group............................................................. 25 Fractional SMS Stockholders............................................. 133 FY...................................................................... 27 Gardner Merchant........................................................ 53 Gardner Merchant Acquisition............................................ 53 Guaranteed SMS Facility................................................. 121 Headquarters............................................................ 48 Host Marriott........................................................... 85 Host Marriott Common Stock.............................................. 111 Host Marriott Option.................................................... 111 Host Marriott Credit Agreement.......................................... 118 Host Marriott Distribution.............................................. 111 Host Marriott Services.................................................. 111 Host Marriott Services Distribution..................................... 111 Host Marriott Lodging Management Agreements............................. 118 Host Marriott Senior Living Management Agreements....................... 118 HSR Act................................................................. 41 I/B/E/S................................................................. 27 ICC..................................................................... 5 ICC Conversion Options.................................................. 101 ICC Stock Option Plan................................................... 99 Indemnitee.............................................................. 158 Individual Performance Plan............................................. 109 Interested Stockholders................................................. 156 IRS..................................................................... 8 LIBOR................................................................... 121 Lodging Comparables..................................................... 27 LTM..................................................................... 27 LYONs................................................................... 38 LYONs Allocation Agreement.............................................. 38 LYONs Amount............................................................ 38 LYONs Indenture......................................................... 38 Marriott Corp. Stock Plan............................................... 111 Marriott International Option........................................... 111 McIntosh Mill........................................................... 117 MCS..................................................................... 55 MDS..................................................................... 47
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PAGE TERM NUMBER - ---- ------ Merger Sub.............................................................. 17 Merrill Lynch........................................................... 8 MES..................................................................... 55 Minority Rights Protection Provision.................................... 142 Minority Rights Protection Transaction.................................. 144 MHCS.................................................................... 55 MMS..................................................................... 10 MMS Business............................................................ 6 MMS Canada.............................................................. 36 MMS UK.................................................................. 55 Morgan Guaranty......................................................... 121 MORI.................................................................... 117 MSS..................................................................... 55 MVCI.................................................................... 80 MWC..................................................................... 36 Named Executive Officers................................................ 127 New MAR Common Stock.................................................... 7 New MAR Common Stock Shortfall.......................................... 144 New MAR-A Common Stock.................................................. 7 New Marriott............................................................ 1 New Marriott Acquiring Person........................................... 146 New Marriott Board...................................................... 102 New Marriott Business................................................... 6 New Marriott Bylaws..................................................... 151 New Marriott Certificate................................................ 141 New Marriott Common Stock............................................... 7 New Marriott Compensation Committee..................................... 112 New Marriott Director Liability and Indemnification Provisions.......... 157 New Marriott Employees.................................................. 44 New Marriott Facility................................................... 123 New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock..................................... 145 New Marriott Junior Preferred Stock Certificate of Designation.......... 147 New Marriott Occurrence Date............................................ 146 New Marriott Profit Sharing Plan........................................ 44 New Marriott Rights Certificates........................................ 145 New Marriott Rights Plan................................................ 145 New Marriott Rights' Purchase Price..................................... 145 New Marriott Stock Acquisition Date..................................... 146 New Marriott Stock Plan................................................. 112 New Marriott Unit....................................................... 145 New Marriott Voting Stock............................................... 154 New World Development................................................... 103 Noncompetition Agreement................................................ 46 Nomination Procedure.................................................... 153 NYSE.................................................................... 7 old certificates........................................................ 51 Omnibus Agreement....................................................... 35 Operating Agreements.................................................... 58 Person.................................................................. 142 Philadelphia Mortgage................................................... 118
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PAGE TERM NUMBER - ---- ------ Proposal Five........................................................... 20 Proposal Four........................................................... 20 Proposal One............................................................ 19 Proposal Six............................................................ 20 Proposal Three.......................................................... 20 Proposal Two............................................................ 19 Proposals............................................................... 5 Regular Cash Dividend................................................... 142 Replacement SMS Debt.................................................... 6 Reporting Persons....................................................... 116 Request for Physical Certificates....................................... 51 Restructuring Agreements................................................ 35 Revolving SMS Facility.................................................. 121 REVPAR.................................................................. 22 RHG..................................................................... 22 RHG Finance............................................................. 6 RHG Senior Note Amount.................................................. 38 RHG Senior Notes........................................................ 37 RHG Senior Notes Indenture.............................................. 37 Rule 144A Securities.................................................... 122 SEC..................................................................... 50 Secured SMS Facility.................................................... 121 Securities Act.......................................................... 41 Selected Balance Sheet, Cash Flow and Credit Data....................... 27 Significant New Marriott Stockholder.................................... 144 Services Agreements..................................................... 118 SMS..................................................................... 1 SMS Acquiring Person.................................................... 137 SMS Allocable Portion................................................... 46 SMS Board............................................................... 9 SMS Business............................................................ 44 SMS Bylaws.............................................................. 129 SMS Charter............................................................. 129 SMS Common Stock........................................................ 5 SMS Compensation Committee.............................................. 99 SMS Deferred Compensation Plan.......................................... 44 SMS Employees........................................................... 44 SMS Junior Preferred Stock.............................................. 130 SMS 1993 Stock Plan..................................................... 98 SMS 1998 Stock Plan..................................................... 98 SMS Occurrence Date..................................................... 137 SMS Preferred Stock..................................................... 129 SMS Profit Sharing Plan................................................. 44 SMS Reverse Stock Split................................................. 35 SMS Rights.............................................................. 137 SMS Rights Plan......................................................... 136 SMS Rights Certificates................................................. 137 SMS Right's Purchase Price.............................................. 137 SMS Stock Acquisition Date.............................................. 137
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PAGE TERM NUMBER - ---- ------ SMS Stock Plans......................................................... 98 SMS Unit................................................................ 137 SMS Allocable Portion................................................... 46 Sodexho................................................................. 2 Sodexho Canada.......................................................... 5 Sodexho North America................................................... 5 Sodexho North America Businesses........................................ 22 Sodexho North America Forecasts......................................... 27 Sodexho Parties......................................................... 40 Solvency Opinion........................................................ 32 Special Dividend........................................................ 142 Special Meeting......................................................... 5 Special Meeting Record Date............................................. 6 Special Purpose Subsidiary.............................................. 121 Specified SMS Directors................................................. 138 Spinoff................................................................. 5 Spinoff Record Date..................................................... 36 Subsidiary Guarantors................................................... 121 Substantial New Marriott Stockholder.................................... 154 Superior Proposal....................................................... 37 Synergies............................................................... 27 Tax-Free Status......................................................... 16 Tax Sharing Agreement................................................... 13 Term SMS Facility....................................................... 121 Trademark License Agreement............................................. 45 Transaction Documents................................................... 35 Transactions............................................................ 5 Transfer Agent.......................................................... 21 voting stock............................................................ 131
165 INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS NEW MARRIOTT MI, INC. REPORT OF INDEPENDENT PUBLIC ACCOUNTANTS................................... F-2 COMBINED STATEMENT OF INCOME............................................... F-3 COMBINED BALANCE SHEET..................................................... F-5 COMBINED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS........................................... F-6 NOTES TO COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS..................................... F-8 SODEXHO NORTH AMERICA REPORT OF INDEPENDENT PUBLIC ACCOUNTANTS................................... F-22 COMBINED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET........................................ F-23 COMBINED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS.............................. F-24 COMBINED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS.............................. F-26 COMBINED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDER'S EQUITY.................... F-28 NOTES TO COMBINED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS........................ F-29
F-1 REPORT OF INDEPENDENT PUBLIC ACCOUNTANTS To the Stockholders of Marriott International, Inc.: We have audited the accompanying combined balance sheet of New Marriott MI, Inc. ("New Marriott") as of January 3, 1997 and December 29, 1995, and the related combined statements of income and cash flows for each of the three fiscal years in the period ended January 3, 1997. These financial statements are the responsibility of New Marriott's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform an audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of New Marriott as of January 3, 1997 and December 29, 1995, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three fiscal years in the period ended January 3, 1997, in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. Arthur Andersen LLP Washington, D.C. October 28, 1997 F-2 NEW MARRIOTT MI, INC. COMBINED STATEMENT OF INCOME THIRTY-SIX WEEKS ENDED SEPTEMBER 12, 1997 AND SEPTEMBER 6, 1996 (UNAUDITED) (IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS)
1997 1996 ------ ------ SALES Lodging Rooms...................................................... $2,950 $2,473 Food and beverage.......................................... 1,027 901 Other...................................................... 791 588 ------ ------ 4,768 3,962 Contract Services............................................ 1,409 888 ------ ------ 6,177 4,850 ------ ------ OPERATING COSTS AND EXPENSES Lodging Departmental direct costs Rooms..................................................... 656 571 Food and beverage......................................... 780 690 Remittances to hotel owners (including $437 and $287, respectively, to related parties) 1,041 863 Other operating expenses................................... 1,896 1,528 ------ ------ 4,373 3,652 Contract Services............................................ 1,374 853 ------ ------ 5,747 4,505 ------ ------ OPERATING PROFIT Lodging...................................................... 395 310 Contract Services............................................ 35 35 ------ ------ Operating profit before corporate expenses and interest.... 430 345 Corporate expenses........................................... (60) (44) Interest expense............................................. (18) (27) Interest income.............................................. 19 25 ------ ------ INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES................................... 371 299 Provision for income taxes................................... 145 114 ------ ------ NET INCOME................................................... $ 226 $ 185 ====== ====== EARNINGS PER SHARE Pro Forma Primary Earnings per Share........................... $ .85 $ .69 ====== ====== Pro Forma Primary Shares....................................... 267.4 269.2 ====== ====== Net Income for Pro Forma Fully Diluted Earnings per Share...... $ 232 $ 188 ====== ====== Pro Forma Fully Diluted Earnings per Share..................... $ .83 $ .68 ====== ====== Pro Forma Fully Diluted Shares................................. 278.1 276.4 ====== ======
See Notes to Combined Financial Statements F-3 NEW MARRIOTT MI, INC. COMBINED STATEMENT OF INCOME FISCAL YEARS ENDED JANUARY 3, 1997, DECEMBER 29, 1995 AND DECEMBER 30, 1994 (IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS)
1996 1995 1994 ------ ------ ------ SALES Lodging Rooms.............................................. $3,619 $3,273 $3,036 Food and beverage.................................. 1,361 1,289 1,210 Other.............................................. 874 765 703 ------ ------ ------ 5,854 5,327 4,949 Contract Services.................................... 1,413 928 797 ------ ------ ------ 7,267 6,255 5,746 ------ ------ ------ OPERATING COSTS AND EXPENSES Lodging Departmental direct costs Rooms............................................. 843 772 727 Food and beverage................................. 1,038 973 922 Remittances to hotel owners (including $438, $300 and $243, respectively, to related parties)...... 1,256 1,120 999 Other operating expenses........................... 2,265 2,102 1,999 ------ ------ ------ 5,402 4,967 4,647 Contract Services.................................... 1,357 898 783 ------ ------ ------ 6,759 5,865 5,430 ------ ------ ------ OPERATING PROFIT Lodging.............................................. 452 360 302 Contract Services.................................... 56 30 14 ------ ------ ------ Operating profit before corporate expenses and interest.......................................... 508 390 316 Corporate expenses................................... (73) (59) (63) Interest expense..................................... (37) (9) (7) Interest income...................................... 37 39 29 ------ ------ ------ INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES........................... 435 361 275 Provision for income taxes........................... 165 142 113 ------ ------ ------ NET INCOME........................................... $ 270 $ 219 $ 162 ====== ====== ====== EARNINGS PER SHARE Pro Forma Primary Earnings per Share (Unaudited)....... $ 1.00 $ .83 $ .61 ====== ====== ====== Pro Forma Primary Shares (Unaudited)................... 269.7 263.0 263.8 ====== ====== ====== Net Income for Pro Forma Fully Diluted Earnings per Share................................................. $ 276 $ 219 $ 162 ====== ====== ====== Pro Forma Fully Diluted Earnings per Share (Unaudited)........................................... $ .99 $ .83 $ .61 ====== ====== ====== Pro Forma Fully Diluted Shares (Unaudited)............. 277.6 263.9 263.8 ====== ====== ======
See Notes to Combined Financial Statements F-4 NEW MARRIOTT MI, INC. COMBINED BALANCE SHEET SEPTEMBER 12, 1997, JANUARY 3, 1997 AND DECEMBER 29, 1995 (IN MILLIONS)
SEPTEMBER 12, JANUARY 3, DECEMBER 29, 1997 1997 1995 ------------- ---------- ------------ (UNAUDITED) ASSETS Current assets Cash and equivalents................... $ 339 $ 239 $ 198 Accounts and notes receivable.......... 731 426 424 Inventories, at lower of average cost or market............................. 130 124 136 Prepaid taxes.......................... 182 149 160 Other.................................. 61 46 47 ------ ------ ------ 1,443 984 965 ------ ------ ------ Property and equipment................... 1,427 1,824 984 Intangible assets........................ 1,471 333 126 Investments in affiliates................ 532 491 538 Notes and other receivable............... 355 292 334 Other assets............................. 253 274 232 ------ ------ ------ $5,481 $4,198 $3,179 ====== ====== ====== LIABILITIES AND EQUITY Current liabilities Accounts payable....................... $ 825 $ 716 $ 634 Accrued payroll and benefits........... 339 264 216 Self-insurance......................... 49 50 58 Other payables and accruals............ 551 374 287 ------ ------ ------ 1,764 1,404 1,195 ------ ------ ------ Long-term debt........................... 107 384 180 Self-insurance........................... 212 191 182 Other long-term liabilities.............. 686 478 371 Convertible subordinated debt............ 306 297 - Equity Investments and net advances from Marriott International, Inc........... 2,406 1,444 1,251 ------ ------ ------ $5,481 $4,198 $3,179 ====== ====== ======
See Notes to Combined Financial Statements F-5 NEW MARRIOTT MI, INC. COMBINED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS THIRTY-SIX WEEKS ENDED SEPTEMBER 12, 1997 AND SEPTEMBER 6, 1996 (UNAUDITED) (IN MILLIONS)
THIRTY-SIX WEEKS ENDED ------------ 1997 1996 ----- ----- OPERATING ACTIVITIES Net income...................................................... $ 226 $ 185 Adjustments to reconcile to cash provided by operations: Depreciation and amortization................................. 85 56 Income taxes.................................................. 83 62 Timeshare activity, net....................................... (45) (27) Other......................................................... 81 65 Working capital changes....................................... 35 112 ----- ----- Cash provided by operations..................................... 465 453 ----- ----- INVESTING ACTIVITIES Capital expenditures............................................ (328) (157) Acquisitions.................................................... (856) (294) Dispositions.................................................... 437 55 Loan advances................................................... (63) (79) Loan collections and sales...................................... 29 94 Other........................................................... (120) (81) ----- ----- Cash used in investing activities............................... (901) (462) ----- ----- FINANCING ACTIVITIES Issuances of long-term debt..................................... 10 3 Repayments of long-term debt.................................... (9) (90) Issuance of convertible subordinated debt....................... - 288 Advances from (to) Marriott International, Inc.................. 535 (43) ----- ----- Cash provided by financing activities........................... 536 158 ----- ----- INCREASE IN CASH AND EQUIVALENTS.................................. 100 149 CASH AND EQUIVALENTS, beginning of period......................... 239 198 ----- ----- CASH AND EQUIVALENTS, end of period............................... $ 339 $ 347 ===== =====
See Notes to Combined Financial Statements F-6 NEW MARRIOTT MI, INC. COMBINED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS FISCAL YEARS ENDED JANUARY 3, 1997, DECEMBER 29, 1995 AND DECEMBER 30, 1994 (IN MILLIONS)
FISCAL YEARS ENDED ---------------------- 1996 1995 1994 ------ ------ ------ OPERATING ACTIVITIES Net income........................................... $ 270 $ 219 $ 162 Adjustments to reconcile to cash provided by operations: Depreciation and amortization...................... 89 67 56 Income taxes....................................... 69 61 30 Timeshare activity, net............................ (95) (192) (44) Other.............................................. 61 46 71 Working capital changes: Accounts receivable................................ (30) (31) (23) Inventories........................................ 13 (6) 1 Other current assets............................... 2 (8) (8) Accounts payable and accruals...................... 125 125 55 ------ ------ ------ Cash provided by operations.......................... 504 281 300 ------ ------ ------ INVESTING ACTIVITIES Capital expenditures................................. (293) (127) (86) Acquisitions......................................... (307) (210) - Dispositions of property and equipment............... 65 42 - Loans to Host Marriott Corporation................... (16) (210) (48) Loan repayments from Host Marriott Corporation....... 141 250 30 Other loan advances.................................. (73) (143) (64) Other loan collections and sales..................... 155 37 15 Other................................................ (158) (120) 13 ------ ------ ------ Cash used in investing activities.................... (486) (481) (140) ------ ------ ------ FINANCING ACTIVITIES Issuances of long-term debt.......................... - 11 12 Repayments of long-term debt......................... (133) (14) (33) Issuance of convertible subordinated debt............ 288 - - Advances (to) from Marriott International, Inc....... (132) 215 (176) ------ ------ ------ Cash provided by (used in) financing activities...... 23 212 (197) ------ ------ ------ INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND EQUIVALENTS............ 41 12 (37) CASH AND EQUIVALENTS, beginning of year................ 198 186 223 ------ ------ ------ CASH AND EQUIVALENTS, end of year...................... $ 239 $ 198 $ 186 ====== ====== ======
See Notes to Combined Financial Statements F-7 NEW MARRIOTT MI, INC. NOTES TO COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES Basis of Presentation In September 1997, the Board of Directors of Marriott International, Inc. (the "Company") approved a special distribution (the "Spinoff") to holders of the Company's common stock of all outstanding shares of common stock of New Marriott MI, Inc. ("New Marriott"). The Spinoff is subject to stockholder approval, receipt of a favorable ruling from the Internal Revenue Service and receipt of other customary regulatory approvals. Prior to the Spinoff, the Company will transfer to New Marriott all of the assets and liabilities used in conducting the business of owning, developing, managing, operating and franchising hotels, timeshare operations and senior living facilities, and conducting the business of wholesale food distribution. New Marriott is expected to be renamed "Marriott International, Inc." and will be publicly traded subsequent to the Spinoff. For each share of common stock in the Company, shareholders will receive one share of Common Stock in New Marriott and one share of Class A Common Stock in New Marriott. The Company's name after the Spinoff will be Sodexho Marriott Services, Inc. ("SMS"). For the purposes of governing certain of the ongoing relationships between New Marriott and SMS after the Spinoff and to provide for orderly transition, New Marriott and SMS will enter into various agreements including the Distribution Agreement, Employee Benefits Allocation Agreement, Liquid Yield Option Notes ("LYONs") Allocation Agreement, Tax Sharing Agreement, Trademark and Trade Name License Agreement, Noncompetition Agreement, Benefit Services Agreement, Procurement Services Agreement, Distribution Services Agreement and other transitional services agreements. Effective as of the Spinoff date, these agreements will provide, among other things, that New Marriott will assume sponsorship of certain of the Company's employee benefit plans and insurance programs as well as succeed to the Company's liability to LYONs holders under the LYONs Indenture, a portion of which will be allocated back to SMS. These combined financial statements present the financial position, results of operations and cash flows of New Marriott as if it were a separate entity for all periods presented. The Company's historical basis in the assets and liabilities of New Marriott has been carried over. All material intercompany transactions and balances between entities included in these combined financial statements have been eliminated. Sales by New Marriott to the Company, of $406 million in 1996, $325 million in 1995 and $292 million in 1994 have not been eliminated. Changes in Investment and Net Advances from Marriott International, Inc. represent the net income of New Marriott plus the net change in cash transferred between New Marriott and the Company and certain non-cash items. New Marriott has operated as a unit of the Company, utilizing the Company's centralized systems for cash management, payroll, purchasing and distribution, employee benefit plans, insurance and administrative services. As a result, substantially all cash received by New Marriott was deposited in and commingled with the Company's general corporate funds. Similarly, operating expenses, capital expenditures and other cash requirements of New Marriott were paid by the Company and charged directly or allocated to New Marriott. Certain assets and liabilities related to New Marriott's operations are managed and controlled by the Company on a centralized basis. Such assets and liabilities have been allocated to New Marriott based on New Marriott's use of, or interest in, those assets and liabilities. In the opinion of management, the Company's methods for allocating costs, assets and liabilities are believed to be reasonable. After the Spinoff, New Marriott intends to perform these functions independently and expects that the costs incurred will not be materially different from those currently allocated. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of sales and expenses during the reporting period. Accordingly, ultimate results could differ from those estimates. F-8 NEW MARRIOTT MI, INC. NOTES TO COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS--(CONTINUED) Pro Forma Fully Diluted Earnings Per Share (Unaudited) The number of shares used to compute pro forma fully diluted earnings per share is based on (i) the common shares to be issued in the Spinoff, adjusted for issuances and purchases of common shares by the Company (ii) the dilutive impact of common equivalent shares issuable to New Marriott employees, and (iii) the dilutive impact of the LYONs. Net income for pro forma fully diluted earnings per share represents net income plus the after-tax amount of interest on the LYONs. Fiscal Year New Marriott's fiscal year ends on the Friday nearest to December 31. The 1996 fiscal year includes 53 weeks, while 1995 and 1994 fiscal years include 52 weeks. Interim Period Financial Statements The combined interim financial statements have been prepared without audit. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted. New Marriott believes the disclosures made are adequate to make the interim financial information presented not misleading. In the opinion of management, the accompanying combined interim financial statements reflect all adjustments (which include only normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly the financial position of New Marriott as of September 12, 1997, and the results of operations and cash flows for the 36 week periods ended September 12, 1997 and September 6, 1996. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of fiscal year performance because of seasonal and short-term variations. Managed Hotel Operations As of January 3, 1997, New Marriott operated 506 hotels under long-term management agreements whereby remittances to owners, of $1,045 million, $958 million and $820 million in 1996, 1995 and 1994, respectively, were based primarily on hotel profits. Working capital and operating results of managed hotels operated with New Marriott's employees are consolidated because the operating responsibilities associated with such hotels are substantially the same as if the hotels were owned. The combined financial statements include the following related to managed hotels: current assets and current liabilities of $320 million at January 3, 1997, and $337 million at December 29, 1995; sales of $4,506 million in 1996, $3,993 million in 1995 and $3,763 million in 1994; and operating expenses, including remittances to owners, of $4,219 million in 1996, $3,759 million in 1995 and $3,556 million in 1994. International Operations The combined statement of income includes the following related to international operations: sales of $224 million in 1996, $189 million in 1995 and $179 million in 1994; and income of $54 million in 1996, $39 million in 1995 and $35 million in 1994. Profit Sharing Plans New Marriott contributes to profit sharing and other defined contribution plans for the benefit of employees meeting certain eligibility requirements and electing participation in the plans. Contributions are determined annually by the Board of Directors. The cost of these plans was charged to New Marriott based on salaries and wages of participating employees and totaled $29 million for 1996, $22 million for 1995 and $16 million for 1994. Self-Insurance Programs The Company is self-insured for various levels of general liability, workers' compensation, and employee medical coverage. Estimated costs of these self-insurance programs are accrued at present values of projected settlements for known and anticipated claims. F-9 NEW MARRIOTT MI, INC. NOTES TO COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS--(CONTINUED) General and Administrative Expenses The Company provided certain corporate general and administrative services to New Marriott and the cost of those services was allocated to New Marriott based on the services provided. Interest Expense The interest expense reflected in the combined statement of income is based upon the historical debt of New Marriott. Cash and Equivalents New Marriott considers all highly liquid investments with a maturity of three months or less at date of purchase to be cash equivalents. The Company uses drafts in its cash management system. At January 3, 1997 and December 29, 1995, outstanding drafts of the Company allocated to New Marriott are included in accounts payable and totaled $124 million and $106 million, respectively. At January 3, 1997 and December 29, 1995, cash included $133 million and $94 million, respectively, related to managed properties. The Company's centralized cash has been allocated to New Marriott. Derivative Financial Instruments Derivative financial instruments are used by New Marriott only to hedge interest rate and foreign exchange risks. New Accounting Standards New Marriott adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards ("FAS") No. 121, "Accounting for the Impairment of Long-Lived Assets and for Long-Lived Assets to Be Disposed Of" and FAS No. 122, "Accounting for Mortgage Servicing Rights" in the first quarter of 1996, with no material effect on its combined financial statements. New Marriott adopted FAS No. 123, "Accounting for Stock- Based Compensation," in the fourth quarter of 1996 by increasing disclosures about the effect of the Company stock compensation plans on New Marriott. FAS No. 125, "Accounting for Transfers and Servicing of Financial Assets and Extinguishments of Liabilities" was adopted during the first quarter of 1997, with no material effect on the combined financial statements. New Marriott will adopt FAS No. 128, "Earnings Per Share" and FAS No. 129, "Disclosure of Information about Capital Structure" in the fourth quarter of 1997, and FAS No. 130, "Reporting Comprehensive Income" and FAS No. 131, "Disclosures about Segments of an Enterprise and Related Information" during 1998. These statements are not expected to have a material effect on New Marriott's financial statements. On November 20, 1997, the Emerging Issues Task Force of the Financial Accounting Standards Board reached a consensus on EITF 97-2 "Application of FASB Statement No. 94 and APB Opinion No. 16 to Physician Practice Management Entities and Certain Other Entities with Contractual Management Arrangements." EITF 97-2 addresses the circumstances in which a management entity may include the revenues and expenses of a managed entity in its financial statements. The Company is assessing the impact of EITF 97-2 on its long-standing policy of including in its financial statements the working capital, revenues and operating expenses of managed hotels and retirement communities operated with New Marriott's employees. If the Company concludes that EITF 97-2 should be applied to its management agreements, it would no longer include in its financial statements the working capital and operating results of those managed operations. Application of EITF 97-2 to New Marriott's financial statements as of and for the 53 weeks ended January 3, 1997, would have reduced each of revenues and operating expenses by approximately $4.2 billion, and each of current assets and current liabilities by approximately $320 million, and have no impact on operating profit, net income, earnings per share or shareholders' equity. F-10 NEW MARRIOTT MI, INC. NOTES TO COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS--(CONTINUED) RELATIONSHIP WITH HOST MARRIOTT The Company, New Marriott and Host Marriott Corporation ("Host Marriott") have entered into agreements which provide, among other things, for (i) New Marriott to manage lodging properties owned or leased by Host Marriott (the "Host Marriott Lodging Management Agreements"), (ii) New Marriott to manage senior living communities owned by Host Marriott (the "Host Marriott Senior Living Management Agreements"), (iii) the Company to advance up to $225 million to Host Marriott under a line of credit which matures in 1998 (the "Host Marriott Credit Agreement"), (iv) the Company to guarantee Host Marriott's performance in connection with certain loans or other obligations (the "Company Guarantees") and (v) New Marriott to provide Host Marriott with various administrative and consulting services and a sublease of office space (the "Service Agreements"). The $225 million secured credit facility under the Host Marriott Credit Agreement was terminated by mutual consent on June 19, 1997. Upon consummation of the Spinoff, New Marriott will replace the Company under these agreements and guarantees. The Company has the right to purchase up to 20 percent of the voting stock of Host Marriott if certain events involving a change of control occur. This right will be assigned to New Marriott upon consummation of the Spinoff. The Host Marriott Lodging Management Agreements provide for New Marriott to manage Marriott hotels, Courtyard hotels and Residence Inns owned or leased by Host Marriott. Each Host Marriott Lodging Management Agreement, when entered into, reflects market terms and conditions and is substantially similar to the terms of management agreements with third-party owners regarding lodging facilities of a similar type. New Marriott recognized sales of $1,787 million, $1,274 million and $937 million and operating profit (before corporate expenses and interest) of $95 million, $59 million and $35 million during 1996, 1995 and 1994, respectively, from the lodging properties owned or leased by Host Marriott. Additionally, Host Marriott is a general partner in several unconsolidated partnerships that own lodging properties operated by New Marriott under long-term agreements. New Marriott recognized sales of $1,769 million, $1,878 million and $1,805 million and operating profit (before corporate expenses and interest) of $121 million, $115 million and $101 million in 1996, 1995 and 1994, respectively, from the lodging properties owned by these unconsolidated partnerships. New Marriott also leases land to certain of these partnerships and recognized land rent income of $22 million, $21 million and $20 million in 1996, 1995 and 1994, respectively. The Host Marriott Senior Living Management Agreements provide for New Marriott to manage independent full-service senior living communities owned by Host Marriott. These agreements, entered into on June 21, 1997, reflect market terms and conditions and are substantially similar to the terms of management agreements with third-party owners regarding senior living communities of a similar type. At December 29, 1995, advances of $22 million were outstanding under the Host Marriott Credit Agreement and are included in investments in affiliates. There were no outstanding balances under this agreement at January 3, 1997. Under this agreement, interest on outstanding balances up to $112.5 million accrues at the London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR") plus three percent, and interest on outstanding balances from $112.5 million to $225 million accrues at LIBOR plus four percent. In December 1996, Host Marriott repaid to New Marriott the $109 million first mortgage loan on the Philadelphia Marriott Hotel. New Marriott recognized $17 million, $23 million and $24 million in 1996, 1995 and 1994, respectively, in interest and fee income under this and other credit agreements with Host Marriott. New Marriott has provided, and expects to provide in the future, financing to Host Marriott for a portion of the cost of acquiring properties to be operated or franchised by New Marriott. In this regard, New Marriott invested an aggregate of $80 million in 1995, principally in the form of mortgage loans. In 1996, New Marriott invested $57 million in connection with Host Marriott's acquisition of a controlling interest in two hotels (over 900 rooms) in Mexico City, Mexico, both of which are now operated by New Marriott. In the aggregate, from the beginning of 1994, through the end of 1996, Host Marriott acquired and converted 12 full-service hotels (5,000 rooms) to the Marriott brand and completed construction of two full-service hotels (1,600 rooms) operated by New Marriott. F-11 NEW MARRIOTT MI, INC. NOTES TO COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS--(CONTINUED) Under the Company Guarantees, the Company has guaranteed Host Marriott's performance to lenders and other third parties. At January 3, 1997, these guarantees were limited to $126 million applicable to guarantees by or debt obligations of Host Marriott and debt obligations of Host Marriott affiliates. No payments have been made by the Company pursuant to these guarantees. On December 29, 1995, Host Marriott distributed to its shareholders through a special dividend all of the outstanding shares of common stock of Host Marriott Services Corporation ("HM Services"), which owns and operates food, beverage and merchandise concessions at airports, on toll roads and at arenas and other tourist attractions. New Marriott provides certain administrative and data processing services to HM Services for which New Marriott charged $11 million in 1996. In addition, New Marriott provides and distributes food and supplies to HM Services, for which New Marriott charged $77 million in 1996, and (prior to the special dividend) $65 million in 1995 and $65 million in 1994. New Marriott also provides certain administrative services to Host Marriott (including the services provided to HM Services prior to the special dividend) for which New Marriott charged $19 million in 1996, $25 million in 1995 and $28 million in 1994, including reimbursements, pursuant to the Services Agreements. PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT
1996 1995 ------ ------ (IN MILLIONS) Land....................................................... $ 433 $ 330 Buildings and leasehold improvements....................... 847 380 Furniture and equipment.................................... 323 265 Timeshare properties....................................... 335 218 Construction in progress................................... 183 44 ------ ------ 2,121 1,237 Accumulated depreciation and amortization.................. (297) (253) ------ ------ $1,824 $ 984 ====== ======
Property and equipment is recorded at cost, including interest, rent and real estate taxes incurred during development and construction. Interest capitalized as a cost of property and equipment totaled $9 million in 1996, $8 million in 1995 and $4 million in 1994. Replacements and improvements that extend the useful life of property and equipment are capitalized. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of the asset life or lease term. Land with an aggregate book value of $264 million at January 3, 1997 is leased to certain partnerships affiliated with Host Marriott. Most of this land has been pledged to secure debt of these lessees. New Marriott has agreed to defer receipt of rentals on this land, if necessary, to permit the lessees to meet their debt service requirements. F-12 NEW MARRIOTT MI, INC. NOTES TO COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS--(CONTINUED) ACQUISITIONS AND DISPOSITIONS Renaissance Hotel Group N.V. On March 29, 1997, New Marriott acquired substantially all of the outstanding common stock of Renaissance Hotel Group N.V. ("RHG"), an operator and franchisor of 150 hotels in 38 countries under the Renaissance, New World and Ramada International brands. The purchase cost, of approximately $937 million, was funded by the Company. The acquisition has been accounted for using the purchase method of accounting. The purchase cost has been allocated to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on estimated fair values, as follows;
IN MILLIONS ----------- Current assets................................................. $ 144 Hotel management, franchise and license agreements............. 380 Other assets................................................... 7 Current liabilities............................................ (117) Long-term debt................................................. (140) Other long-term liabilities.................................... (123) Goodwill....................................................... 786 ----- Purchase cost.................................................. $ 937 =====
Goodwill is being amortized on a straight-line basis over 40 years. Amounts allocated to management and license agreements are being amortized on a straight-line basis over the lives of the agreements. New Marriott's reported results of operations include RHG's operating results from the date of acquisition. Summarized below are the unaudited pro forma combined results of operations of New Marriott, as if RHG had been acquired at the beginning of the respective periods (in millions).
THIRTY-SIX THIRTY-SIX FIFTY-THREE WEEKS ENDED WEEKS ENDED WEEKS ENDED SEPTEMBER 12, SEPTEMBER 6, JANUARY 3, 1997 1996 1997 ------------- ------------ ----------- Sales............................... $6,376 $5,430 $8,123 ====== ====== ====== Net income.......................... $ 222 $ 170 $ 242 ====== ====== ======
Pro forma net income includes an adjustment for interest expense of $12 million, $37 million and $53 million for the 36 weeks ended September 12, 1997, 36 weeks ended September 6, 1996 and 53 weeks ended January 3, 1997 respectively as if the acquisition borrowings had been incurred by New Marriott. Amortization expense reflects the impact of the excess of the purchase price over the net tangible assets acquired. The unaudited pro forma combined results of operations do not reflect New Marriott's expected future results of operations. Dr. Henry Cheng Kar-Shun is the Managing Director of New World Development Company Limited ("New World Development") and, together with his family and affiliated corporations, owns or otherwise controls approximately 35 percent of New World Development's common stock. Effective June 1, 1997, Dr. Cheng was appointed to the Company's Board of Directors. Dr. Cheng, New World and their affiliates own all or a portion of 87 hotels that are operated by New Marriott and, prior to New Marriott's acquisition of RHG, owned a majority of RHG common stock. New World Development and other affiliates of Dr. Cheng have indemnified RHG, its subsidiaries and New Marriott for certain lease, debt, guarantee and other obligations in connection with the formation of RHG as a hotel management company in 1995. F-13 NEW MARRIOTT MI, INC. NOTES TO COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS--(CONTINUED) Certain Property Sales During 1996, New Marriott sold and leased back four senior living communities. The excess of the sales price over the net book value of $9 million will be recognized as a reduction of rent expense over the 20-year initial lease terms. On April 3, 1997, New Marriott agreed to sell and leaseback, under long- term, limited-recourse leases, 14 limited service hotels for approximately $149 million in cash. Concurrently, New Marriott agreed to pay security deposits of $15 million, which will be refunded upon expiration of the leases. These operating leases have initial terms of 17 years, and are renewable at the option of New Marriott. By September 12, 1997, sales of 10 of these hotels had closed, resulting in an $18 million excess of the sales price over the net book value, which will be recognized as a reduction of rent expense over the 17-year initial lease terms. On October 10, 1997, New Marriott agreed to, in the future, sell and leaseback, under long-term limited-recourse leases, another nine limited service hotels for approximately $129 million in cash. Concurrently, the Company agreed to pay security deposits of $13 million, which will be refunded upon expiration of the leases. These operating leases have initial terms of 15 years and are renewable at the option of New Marriott. Upon closing of the sales of these hotels, any excess of the sales price over the net book value will be recognized as a reduction of rent expense over the 15-year initial lease terms. On April 11, 1997, New Marriott sold five senior living communities for cash consideration of approximately $79 million. On September 12, 1997, New Marriott agreed to sell another seven senior living communities for cash consideration of approximately $93 million. The sales of two of these properties closed on September 12, 1997. New Marriott will continue to operate all of these communities under long-term management agreements. Forum Group, Inc. On March 25, 1996, New Marriott acquired all of the outstanding shares of common stock of Forum Group, Inc. ("Forum"), an operator of 43 senior living communities, 34 of which were owned or partially owned by Forum, for total cash consideration of approximately $303 million. The acquisition by New Marriott was funded by the Company, and has been accounted for using the purchase method of accounting. The purchase cost has been allocated to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on estimated fair values, as follows;
IN MILLIONS ----------- Current assets................................................ $ 40 Property and equipment........................................ 531 Other assets.................................................. 29 Current liabilities........................................... (45) Long-term debt................................................ (363) Other long-term liabilities................................... (58) Goodwill...................................................... 169 ----- Purchase cost................................................. $ 303 =====
The excess of New Marriott's investment in Forum over the fair value of Forum's identifiable net tangible and intangible assets of approximately $169 million is being amortized over 35 years. New Marriott's results of operations include Forum from the date of acquisition. Unaudited pro forma sales of New Marriott for 1996 and 1995, as if Forum had been acquired at the beginning of the respective fiscal years were $7,316 million and $6,444 million. Unaudited pro forma net income of New Marriott for 1996 and 1995, as if Forum had been acquired at the beginning of the respective fiscal years was $267 million and $215 million. Pro forma net income includes an adjustment for interest expense of $4 million and $25 million for 1996 and 1995, respectively, as if the acquisition had been funded with New Marriott borrowings. Depreciation and amortization expense, included in pro forma net income, reflects the impact of the revaluation of property, plant and equipment to its estimated fair value and the excess of the purchase price over the net tangible assets acquired. F-14 NEW MARRIOTT MI, INC. NOTES TO COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS--(CONTINUED) On June 21, 1997, New Marriott sold 29 retirement communities acquired as part of the Forum acquisition, to Host Marriott for approximately $550 million, including approximately $87 million to be received as expansions at certain communities are completed resulting in no gain or loss. The $463 million received at closing, which is subject to adjustment based on finalization of working capital levels at the properties, was comprised of $205 million in cash, $187 million of outstanding debt, $50 million of notes receivable due in 12 months, and $21 million of notes receivable due January 1, 2001. The notes receivable from Host Marriott bear interest at nine percent. Under the terms of sale, Host Marriott purchased all of the common stock of Forum which, at the time of the sale, included the 29 communities, certain working capital and associated debt. New Marriott will continue to operate these communities under long-term management agreements. The Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company LLC On April 24, 1995, New Marriott acquired a 49 percent beneficial ownership interest in The Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company LLC, which owns the management agreements on the Ritz-Carlton hotels and resorts, the licenses for the Ritz- Carlton trademarks and trade name as well as miscellaneous assets. The investment was acquired for a total consideration of approximately $200 million. New Marriott expects to acquire the remaining 51 percent over the next several years. The investment in The Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company LLC is accounted for using the equity method of accounting. The excess of New Marriott's investment in The Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company LLC over its share of the net tangible assets is being amortized over 25 years. New Marriott's income from The Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company LLC is included in lodging operating profit in the accompanying combined statement of income. New Marriott received distributions of $20 million and $6 million in 1996 and 1995, respectively, from its investment in The Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company LLC. Such amounts were based upon an annual, cumulative preferred return on invested capital. Note Sales New Marriott periodically sells, with limited recourse, notes receivable originated by Marriott Vacation Club International in connection with the sale of timesharing intervals. Net proceeds from these transactions totaled $148 million in 1996 and $83 million in 1994. At January 3, 1997 the unpaid balance of all timeshare notes sold with limited recourse was $244 million. Additionally, during 1996, New Marriott sold, without recourse, $113 million of first mortgage loans on Marriott lodging and senior living properties. INTANGIBLE ASSETS
1996 1995 ------ ------ (IN MILLIONS) Hotel management and franchise agreements.................... $ 178 $ 149 Goodwill..................................................... 184 16 Other........................................................ 30 8 ------ ------ 392 173 Accumulated amortization..................................... (59) (47) ------ ------ $ 333 $ 126 ====== ======
Intangible assets increased by $1,138 million in the 36 weeks ended September 12, 1997, principally as a result of the acquisition of RHG. Intangible assets are amortized on a straight-line basis over periods of three to 40 years. Amortization expense totaled $12 million in 1996, $6 million in 1995 and $5 million in 1994. F-15 NEW MARRIOTT MI, INC. NOTES TO COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS--(CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Total deferred tax assets and liabilities as of January 3, 1997 and December 29, 1995, were as follows:
1996 1995 ------ ------ (IN MILLIONS) Gross deferred tax assets.................................... $ 389 $ 336 Valuation allowance.......................................... (12) - ------ ------ Net deferred tax assets...................................... 377 336 Deferred tax liabilities..................................... (292) (237) ------ ------ Net deferred taxes........................................... $ 85 $ 99 ====== ======
The tax effect of each type of temporary difference and carryforward that gives rise to a significant portion of deferred tax assets and liabilities as of January 3, 1997 and December 29, 1995 follows:
1996 1995 ------- ------ (IN MILLIONS) Self-insurance............................................. $ 103 $ 104 Employee benefits.......................................... 106 106 Deferred income............................................ 15 16 Other reserves............................................. 25 20 Frequent stay programs..................................... 78 63 Partnership interests...................................... (37) (32) Property and equipment..................................... (118) (88) Finance leases............................................. (25) (18) Other, net................................................. (62) (72) ------- ------ Net deferred taxes......................................... $ 85 $ 99 ======= ======
New Marriott utilized $19 million of alternative minimum tax credit carryforwards during 1995. No provision for U.S. income taxes, or additional foreign taxes, has been made on the cumulative unremitted earnings of non-U.S. subsidiaries ($38 million as of January 3, 1997) because management considers these earnings to be permanently invested. These earnings could become subject to additional taxes if remitted as dividends, loaned to New Marriott or a U.S. affiliate, or if New Marriott sells its interests in the affiliates. It is not practicable to estimate the amount of additional taxes which might be payable on the unremitted earnings. The provision for income taxes consists of:
1996 1995 1994 ---- ---- ---- (IN MILLIONS) Current--Federal............................................ $102 $ 46 $ 43 --State.................................................. 21 16 20 --Foreign................................................ 13 15 15 ---- ---- ---- 136 77 78 ---- ---- ---- Deferred--Federal........................................... 24 57 34 --State.................................................. 4 10 1 --Foreign................................................ 1 (2) - ---- ---- ---- 29 65 35 ---- ---- ---- $165 $142 $113 ==== ==== ====
F-16 NEW MARRIOTT MI, INC. NOTES TO COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS--(CONTINUED) The current tax provision does not reflect the benefit attributable to New Marriott relating to the exercise of employee stock options of the Company of $27 million in 1996, $20 million in 1995 and $16 million in 1994. A reconciliation of the U.S. statutory tax rate to New Marriott's effective income tax rate follows:
1996 1995 1994 ---- ---- ---- U.S. statutory tax rate.................................... 35.0% 35.0% 35.0% State income taxes, net of U.S. tax benefit................ 4.0 4.8 4.8 Corporate-owned life insurance............................. (0.8) (1.3) - Tax credits................................................ (2.2) (1.5) (0.7) Goodwill amortization...................................... 0.6 0.2 0.3 Other, net................................................. 1.4 2.2 1.7 ---- ---- ---- Effective rate........................................... 38.0% 39.4% 41.1% ==== ==== ====
Cash paid for income taxes, net of refunds, was $131 million in 1996, $123 million in 1995 and $119 million in 1994. As part of the Spinoff, SMS and New Marriott will enter into a tax sharing agreement which reflects each party's rights and obligations with respect to deficiencies and refunds, if any, of federal, state or other taxes relating to the business of the Company and New Marriott prior to the Spinoff. The tax sharing agreement also will express each party's intention with respect to certain tax attributes of New Marriott after the Spinoff. New Marriott is included in the consolidated federal income tax return of the Company. The income tax provision reflects the portion of the Company's historical income tax provision attributable to the operations of New Marriott. Management believes the income tax provision, as reflected, is comparable to what the income tax provision would have been if New Marriott had filed a separate return during the periods presented. LEASES Summarized below are New Marriott's future obligations under leases at January 3, 1997:
CAPITAL OPERATING FISCAL YEAR LEASES LEASES ----------- ------- --------- (IN MILLIONS) 1997....................................................... $ 4 $ 110 1998....................................................... 3 108 1999....................................................... 2 105 2000....................................................... 2 102 2001....................................................... 1 99 Thereafter................................................. 14 1,016 --- ------ Total minimum lease payments............................... 26 $1,540 ====== Less amount representing interest.......................... 13 --- Present value of minimum lease payments.................... $13 ===
Most leases contain one or more renewal options, generally for five or 10 year periods. Rent expense consists of:
1996 1995 1994 ---- ---- ---- (IN MILLIONS) Minimum rentals............................................... $110 $102 $101 Additional rentals............................................ 133 102 131 ---- ---- ---- $243 $204 $232 ==== ==== ====
F-17 NEW MARRIOTT MI, INC. NOTES TO COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS--(CONTINUED) LONG-TERM DEBT Long-term debt at January 3, 1997 and December 29, 1995, consisted of the following:
1996 1995 ------ ------ (IN MILLIONS) Secured debt, average interest rate of 7.2% at January 3, 1997 maturing through 2020................................. $ 283 $ 82 Unsecured debt: Endowment deposits (non-interest bearing)................. 107 98 Other..................................................... 1 2 Capital lease obligations................................... 13 9 ------ ------ 404 191 Less current portion........................................ 20 11 ------ ------ $ 384 $ 180 ====== ======
Subsequent to the Spinoff, New Marriott expects to enter into a bank revolving credit facility in the range of $1.5 billion under commercially competitive terms. The 1996 combined statement of cash flows excludes $363 million of Forum debt (including capital leases) at the date of acquisition by New Marriott. Non-recourse debt assumed in 1995 of $77 million and retired in 1996 of $29 million, is not reflected in the statement of cash flows. Assets with a net book value of $377 million have been pledged or mortgaged to secure debt of New Marriott. Aggregate debt maturities, excluding capital lease obligations, are: 1997-- $16 million; 1998--$72 million; 1999--$39 million; 2000--$56 million; 2001-- $13 million and $196 million thereafter. Cash paid for interest was $19 million in 1996, $2 million in 1995 and $3 million in 1994. CONVERTIBLE SUBORDINATED DEBT On March 25, 1996, $540 million (principal amount at maturity) of zero coupon convertible subordinated debt in the form of LYONs due 2011 was issued. Each $1,000 LYON is convertible at any time, at the option of the holder, into 8.76 shares of the Company's common stock. The LYONs were issued at a discount representing a yield to maturity of 4.25 percent. New Marriott records the LYONs at the discounted amount with accretion recorded as interest expense. Gross proceeds from the LYONs issuance were $288 million. At the option of the holder, New Marriott may be required to repurchase each LYON on March 25, 1999, or March 25, 2006, for $603.71 or $810.36 per LYON, respectively. In such event, New Marriott may elect to purchase the LYONs for cash, common stock, or any combination thereof. The LYONs are redeemable by the obligor at any time on or after March 25, 1999, for cash equal to the issue price plus accrued original issue discount. The LYONs are expressly subordinated to the Company's $1.1 billion of Senior Indebtedness, including guarantees, as defined in the indenture governing the LYONs. Upon consummation of the Spinoff, each LYON will be convertible into 8.76 shares of New Marriott's Common Stock, 8.76 shares of New Marriott's Class A Common Stock and 2.19 shares of SMS's common stock (after giving effect to a one-for-four reverse stock split). F-18 NEW MARRIOTT MI, INC. NOTES TO COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS--(CONTINUED) INVESTMENTS AND NET ADVANCES FROM MARRIOTT INTERNATIONAL, INC. The following is an analysis of the Company's investment in New Marriott.
(IN MILLIONS) ---------------------------------- SEPTEMBER 12, 1997 1996 1995 1994 ------------- ------ ------ ----- (UNAUDITED) Balance at beginning of year or period..... $1,444 $1,251 $ 763 $ 715 Net income................................. 226 270 219 162 Net cash transactions with the Company..... 535 (132) 215 (176) Employee stock plan issuance and other..... 201 55 54 62 ------ ------ ------ ----- Balance at end of year or period........... $2,406 $1,444 $1,251 $ 763 ====== ====== ====== =====
EMPLOYEE STOCK PLANS Under the Company's 1996 comprehensive stock plan ("Comprehensive Plan"), the Company may award to participating New Marriott employees (i) options to purchase the Company's common stock ("Stock Option Program"), (ii) deferred shares of the Company's common stock and (iii) restricted shares of the Company's common stock. In addition, the Company has an employee stock purchase plan ("Stock Purchase Plan") in which New Marriott employees may participate. In accordance with the provisions of Opinion No. 25 of the Accounting Principles Board, no compensation cost is recognized for the Stock Option Program or the Stock Purchase Plan. Deferred shares granted to officers and key employees under the Comprehensive Plan generally vest over 10 years in annual installments commencing one year after the date of grant. Certain employees may elect to defer receipt of shares until termination or retirement. New Marriott accrues compensation expense for the fair market value of the shares on the date of grant, less estimated forfeitures. During 1996, the Company awarded 359,549 deferred shares to New Marriott employees under this plan. Compensation cost recognized during 1996 was $8 million. Restricted shares under the Comprehensive Plan are issued to officers and key employees and distributed over a number of years in annual installments, subject to certain prescribed conditions including continued employment. New Marriott recognizes compensation expense for the restricted shares over the restriction period equal to the fair market value of the shares on the date of issuance. During 1996, the Company awarded 168,500 deferred shares to New Marriott employees under this plan. Compensation cost recognized during 1996 was $2 million. Under the Stock Purchase Plan, eligible employees may purchase Company common stock through payroll deductions at the lower of market value at the beginning or end of each plan year. Employee stock options may be granted to officers and key employees at not less than fair market value on the date of grant. Nonqualified options expire up to 15 years after the date of grant. Most options are exercisable in cumulative installments of one-fourth at the end of each of the first four years following the date of grant. For purposes of the following disclosures required by FAS No. 123, "Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation", the fair value of each option granted has been estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model, with the following assumptions used for grants in 1996 and 1995: annual dividends consistent with the Company's current dividend policy, which resulted in payments of $0.32 in 1996 and $0.28 in 1995; expected volatility of 25 percent in 1996 and 26 percent in 1995; risk-free interest rate of 6.1 percent in 1996 and 5.9 percent in 1995; and expected life of seven years. The weighted-average fair value of each option granted during 1996 was $19. Pro forma compensation cost for 1996 and 1995 awards under the Stock Option F-19 NEW MARRIOTT MI, INC. NOTES TO COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS--(CONTINUED) Program and 1996 and 1995 employee purchases pursuant to the Stock Purchase Plan, recognized in accordance with FAS No. 123, would reduce New Marriott's net income from $270 million to $261 million in 1996, and from $219 million to $216 million in 1995. Since the pro forma compensation cost for the Stock Option Program is recognized over the four-year vesting period, the foregoing pro forma reductions in New Marriott's net income are not representative of anticipated amounts in future years. FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS The fair values of noncurrent financial assets and liabilities and other financial instruments are shown below. The fair values of current assets and current liabilities are assumed to be equal to their reported carrying amounts.
1996 1995 -------------- -------------- CARRYING FAIR CARRYING FAIR AMOUNT VALUE AMOUNT VALUE -------- ----- -------- ----- (IN MILLIONS) Notes and other receivable...................... $479 $479 $519 $520 Long-term debt, convertible subordinated debt and other long-term liabilities................ 674 631 111 64
Notes and other receivable are valued based on the expected future cash flows discounted at risk adjusted rates. Valuations for long-term debt, convertible subordinated debt and other long-term liabilities are determined based on quoted market prices or expected future payments discounted at risk adjusted rates. The Company has guaranteed to lenders and other third parties the performance of certain affiliates in connection with financing transactions and other obligations. These guarantees are limited, in the aggregate, to $331 million and $205 million (including the Company Guarantees of $193 million and $126 million) at January 3, 1997 and September 12, 1997, respectively, with expected funding of zero. As of January 3, 1997 and September 12, 1997, the Company's unfunded mortgage loan commitments to unaffiliated owners of lodging and senior living properties aggregated approximately $141 million and $132 million, respectively. Letters of credit outstanding at January 3, 1997 and September 12, 1997, totaled $153 million and $138 million, respectively. New World and another affiliate of Dr. Cheng have severally indemnified the Company for loan guarantees with a maximum funding of $18 million and guarantees by RHG of leases with minimum annual payments of approximately $59 million. The fair values of such guarantees, letters of credit and commitments are immaterial. Upon consummation of the Spinoff, New Marriott will replace SMS as guarantor or obligor under these guarantees and commitments, or will indemnify SMS in respect of them. F-20 NEW MARRIOTT MI, INC. NOTES TO COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS--(CONTINUED) BUSINESS SEGMENTS
1996 1995 1994 ------ ------ ------ (IN MILLIONS) Identifiable assets Lodging................................................. $2,414 $2,329 $1,595 Contract Services....................................... 1,279 377 305 Corporate............................................... 505 473 501 ------ ------ ------ $4,198 $3,179 $2,401 ====== ====== ====== Capital expenditures Lodging................................................. $ 158 $ 76 $ 40 Contract Services....................................... 122 44 40 Corporate............................................... 13 7 6 ------ ------ ------ $ 293 $ 127 $ 86 ====== ====== ====== Depreciation and amortization Lodging................................................. $ 55 $ 45 $ 37 Contract Services....................................... 24 11 10 Corporate............................................... 10 11 9 ------ ------ ------ $ 89 $ 67 $ 56 ====== ====== ======
New Marriott is a diversified hospitality company with operations in two business segments: Lodging, which operates and franchises lodging properties under ten brand names, and operates vacation timesharing resorts; and Contract Services, consisting of the development, ownership and operation of senior living communities and wholesale food distribution. The results of operations of New Marriott's business segments are reported in the combined statement of income. Segment operating expenses include selling, general and administrative expenses directly related to the operations of the businesses, aggregating $446 million in 1996, $380 million in 1995 and $339 million in 1994. F-21 REPORT OF INDEPENDENT PUBLIC ACCOUNTANTS To the Board of Directors and Stockholder of International Catering Corporation and Sodexho Financiere du Canada, Inc.: In our opinion, the accompanying combined consolidated balance sheet and the related combined consolidated statements of operations, of cash flows and of stockholder's equity present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of International Catering Corporation ("ICC") and Sodexho Financiere du Canada, Inc. ("Sodexho Canada") and their subsidiaries (collectively, "Sodexho North America") at August 31, 1997 and 1996, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended August 31, 1997, in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. These financial statements are the responsibility of Sodexho North America's management; our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit. We conducted our audits of these statements in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards, which require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for the opinion expressed above. Price Waterhouse LLP Boston, Massachusetts October 15, 1997 F-22 SODEXHO NORTH AMERICA (WHOLLY OWNED SUBSIDIARIES OF SODEXHO ALLIANCE, S.A.) COMBINED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET (IN THOUSANDS)
THREE MONTHS YEAR ENDED AUGUST ENDED 31, NOVEMBER 30, ------------------ 1997 1997 1996 ------------ -------- -------- (UNAUDITED) ASSETS Current assets: Cash and cash equivalents................... $ 21,845 $ 22,809 $ 21,086 Accounts and notes receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $2,847, $2,420 and $2,403, respectively............ 113,350 84,423 74,432 Inventories................................. 14,548 14,478 12,320 Deferred taxes.............................. 6,836 6,793 7,947 Other....................................... 3,026 2,964 3,662 -------- -------- -------- Total current assets...................... 159,605 131,467 119,447 Property and equipment........................ 24,357 24,352 25,957 Intangible assets............................. 93,788 96,782 104,616 Deferred taxes................................ 678 681 - Other assets.................................. 29,509 26,105 14,584 -------- -------- -------- $307,937 $279,387 $264,604 ======== ======== ======== LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDER'S EQUITY Current liabilities: Current portion of long-term debt........... $ 14,710 $ 14,711 $ 12,769 Line of credit.............................. 1,000 6,000 - Accounts payable............................ 80,519 59,100 54,101 Accrued payroll and benefits................ 26,550 25,064 20,673 Accrued insurance........................... 5,304 6,244 4,662 Other payables and accruals................. 33,665 26,324 22,431 -------- -------- -------- Total current liabilities................. 161,748 137,443 114,636 Long-term debt................................ 66,387 66,714 81,427 Accrued insurance............................. 7,028 8,337 8,646 Deferred taxes................................ - - 309 -------- -------- -------- Total liabilities......................... 235,163 212,494 205,018 Commitments and contingencies Stockholder's equity: Common stock................................ 6,838 6,838 6,838 Additional paid-in capital.................. 53,844 53,844 53,844 Cumulative foreign currency translation..... (288) (186) (90) Retained earnings (accumulated deficit)..... 12,380 6,397 (1,006) -------- -------- -------- Total stockholder's equity................ 72,774 66,893 59,586 -------- -------- -------- $307,937 $279,387 $264,604 ======== ======== ========
F-23 SODEXHO NORTH AMERICA (WHOLLY OWNED SUBSIDIARIES OF SODEXHO ALLIANCE, S.A.) COMBINED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS (IN THOUSANDS)
YEAR ENDED AUGUST 31, ---------------------------- 1997 1996 1995 -------- -------- -------- Revenues.......................................... $881,925 $834,003 $598,533 Operating expenses Cost of sales and operating expenses............ 751,184 705,453 523,633 Selling, general and administrative expenses.... 91,639 92,993 55,745 Depreciation and amortization................... 19,068 19,864 13,801 -------- -------- -------- 861,891 818,310 593,179 -------- -------- -------- Operating income.................................. 20,034 15,693 5,354 Interest expense.................................. (7,187) (7,438) (5,373) Other income...................................... 295 214 269 -------- -------- -------- Income before income taxes........................ 13,142 8,469 250 Provision for income taxes........................ (5,739) (3,632) (643) -------- -------- -------- Net income (loss)................................. $ 7,403 $ 4,837 $ (393) ======== ======== ========
F-24 SODEXHO NORTH AMERICA (WHOLLY OWNED SUBSIDIARIES OF SODEXHO ALLIANCE, S.A.) COMBINED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED) (IN THOUSANDS)
THREE MONTHS ENDED NOVEMBER 30, -------------------- 1997 1996 --------- --------- Revenues.................................................. $264,794 $240,263 Operating expenses Cost of sales and operating expenses.................... 220,913 201,914 Selling, general and administrative expenses............ 26,469 23,130 Depreciation and amortization........................... 5,931 4,842 --------- --------- 253,313 229,886 --------- --------- Operating income.......................................... 11,481 10,377 Interest expense.......................................... (1,659) (1,790) Other income.............................................. 631 468 --------- --------- Income before income taxes................................ 10,453 9,055 Provision for income taxes................................ (4,470) (3,866) --------- --------- Net income ............................................... $ 5,983 $ 5,189 ========= =========
F-25 SODEXHO NORTH AMERICA (WHOLLY OWNED SUBSIDIARIES OF SODEXHO ALLIANCE, S.A.) COMBINED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS (IN THOUSANDS)
YEAR ENDED AUGUST 31, ---------------------------- 1997 1996 1995 -------- --------- ------- Operating activities: Net income (loss).............................. $ 7,403 $ 4,837 $ (393) Adjustments to reconcile to cash provided by operations: Depreciation and amortization.............. 19,068 19,864 13,801 (Gain) loss on sale of property and equipment................................. (228) (112) 99 Deferred income taxes...................... 151 (442) (2,312) Working capital changes: Accounts and notes receivable.................. (9,105) (15,028) (943) Inventories.................................... (2,176) (222) 131 Other assets................................... (15,604) (4,281) (909) Accounts payable and accrued expenses.......... 14,650 12,957 6,978 -------- --------- ------- Cash provided by operating activities............ 14,159 17,573 16,452 -------- --------- ------- Investing activities: Capital expenditures........................... (6,594) (9,191) (6,975) Dispositions of property and equipment......... 943 2,070 315 Cash and cash equivalents acquired during the period........................................ - - 7,435 -------- --------- ------- Cash (used by) provided by investing activities.................................... (5,651) (7,121) 775 -------- --------- ------- Financing activities: Dividends paid................................. - (3,200) (2,150) Advance on line of credit...................... 6,000 - - Issuances of long-term debt.................... - 102,202 - Repayments of long-term debt................... (12,768) (113,126) (5,237) -------- --------- ------- Cash used by financing activities.............. (6,768) (14,124) (7,387) -------- --------- ------- Effect of exchange rate changes on cash.......... (17) (11) - Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents..................................... 1,723 (3,683) 9,840 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period.......................................... 21,086 24,769 14,929 -------- --------- ------- Cash and cash equivalents at end of period....... $ 22,809 $ 21,086 $24,769 ======== ========= ======= Supplemental cash flow information: Cash paid during the period for: Interest..................................... $ 7,153 $ 10,803 $ 1,840 Income taxes, net of refund.................. $ 5,375 $ 1,715 $ 2,957
F-26 SODEXHO NORTH AMERICA (WHOLLY OWNED SUBSIDIARIES OF SODEXHO ALLIANCE, S.A.) COMBINED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED) (IN THOUSANDS)
THREE MONTHS ENDED NOVEMBER 30, -------------------- 1997 1996 --------- --------- Operating activities: Net income............................................. $ 5,983 $ 5,189 Adjustments to reconcile to cash provided by operations: Depreciation and amortization...................... 5,930 4,842 Gain on sale of property and equipment............. (3) (99) Working capital changes: Accounts and notes receivable.......................... (28,916) (33,502) Inventories............................................ (98) (2,136) Other assets........................................... (4,810) (3,841) Accounts payable and accrued expenses.................. 28,136 61,961 --------- --------- Cash provided by operating activities.................... 6,222 32,414 --------- --------- Investing activities: Capital expenditures................................... (1,975) (479) Dispositions of property and equipment................. 135 260 --------- --------- Cash used by investing activities...................... (1,840) (219) --------- --------- Financing activities: Payments on line of credit............................. (5,000) - Repayments of long-term debt........................... (324) (334) --------- --------- Cash used by financing activities...................... (5,324) (334) --------- --------- Effect of exchange rate changes on cash.................. (22) 3 Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents..... (964) 31,864 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period......... 22,809 19,959 --------- --------- Cash and cash equivalents at end of period............... $ 21,845 $ 51,823 ========= ========= Supplemental cash flow information: Cash paid during the period for: Interest............................................. $ 355 $ - Income taxes, net of refund.......................... $ 839 $ 133
F-27 SODEXHO NORTH AMERICA (WHOLLY OWNED SUBSIDIARIES OF SODEXHO ALLIANCE, S.A.) COMBINED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDER'S EQUITY (IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT FOR SHARE INFORMATION)
COMMON STOCK RETAINED CUMULATIVE ------------------ EARNINGS FOREIGN TOTAL OUTSTANDING PAR PAID-IN (ACCUMULATED CURRENCY STOCKHOLDER'S SHARES VALUE CAPITAL DEFICIT) TRANSLATION EQUITY ----------- ------ ------- ------------ ----------- ------------- ICC Balance, August 31, 1994................... 10,417,000 $ - $30,781 $ 2,062 $ - $32,843 Contributed capital..... - - 22,840 - - 22,840 Cash dividend declared.. - - - (2,150) - (2,150) Net loss................ - - - (819) - (819) ---------- ------ ------- ------- ----- ------- Balance, August 31, 1995................... 10,417,000 - 53,621 (907) - 52,714 ---------- ------ ------- ------- ----- ------- SODEXHO CANADA Balance, August 31, 1994................... 90,238 6,838 223 (2,162) (58) 4,841 Cumulative foreign currency translation gain................... - - - - 368 368 Net income.............. - - - 426 - 426 ---------- ------ ------- ------- ----- ------- Balance, August 31, 1995................... 90,238 6,838 223 (1,736) 310 5,635 ---------- ------ ------- ------- ----- ------- Combined balances, August 31, 1995........ 10,507,238 $6,838 $53,844 $(2,643) $ 310 $58,349 ========== ====== ======= ======= ===== ======= ICC Balance, August 31, 1995................... 10,417,000 - 53,621 (907) - 52,714 Cash dividend declared.. - - - (3,200) - (3,200) Net income.............. - - - 4,508 - 4,508 ---------- ------ ------- ------- ----- ------- Balance, August 31, 1996................... 10,417,000 - 53,621 401 - 54,022 ---------- ------ ------- ------- ----- ------- SODEXHO CANADA Balance, August 31, 1995................... 90,238 6,838 223 (1,736) 310 5,635 Cumulative foreign currency translation loss................... - - - - (400) (400) Net income.............. - - - 329 - 329 ---------- ------ ------- ------- ----- ------- Balance, August 31, 1996................... 90,238 6,838 223 (1,407) (90) 5,564 ---------- ------ ------- ------- ----- ------- Combined balances, August 31, 1996........ 10,507,238 $6,838 $53,844 $(1,006) $ (90) $59,586 ========== ====== ======= ======= ===== ======= ICC Balance, August 31, 1996................... 10,417,000 - 53,621 401 - 54,022 Net income.............. 7,125 7,125 ---------- ------ ------- ------- ----- ------- Balance, August 31, 1997................... 10,417,000 - 53,621 7,526 - 61,147 ---------- ------ ------- ------- ----- ------- SODEXHO CANADA Balance, August 31, 1996................... 90,238 6,838 223 (1,407) (90) 5,564 Cumulative foreign currency translation loss................... - - - - (96) (96) Net income.............. - - - 278 278 ---------- ------ ------- ------- ----- ------- Balance, August 31, 1997................... 90,238 6,838 223 (1,129) (186) 5,746 ---------- ------ ------- ------- ----- ------- Combined balances, August 31, 1997........ 10,507,238 $6,838 $53,844 $ 6,397 $(186) $66,893 ========== ====== ======= ======= ===== ======= ICC Balance, August 31, 1997................... 10,417,000 - 53,621 7,526 - 61,147 Net income.............. - - - 5,694 - 5,694 ---------- ------ ------- ------- ----- ------- Balance, November 30, 1997................... 10,417,000 - 53,621 13,220 - 66,841 ---------- ------ ------- ------- ----- ------- SODEXHO CANADA Balance, August 31, 1997................... 90,238 6,838 223 (1,129) (186) 5,746 Cumulative foreign currency translation loss................... - - - - (102) (102) Net income.............. - - - 289 289 ---------- ------ ------- ------- ----- ------- Balance, November 30, 1997................... 90,238 6,838 223 (840) (288) 5,933 ---------- ------ ------- ------- ----- ------- Combined balances, November 30, 1997...... 10,507,238 $6,838 $53,844 $12,380 $(288) $72,774 ========== ====== ======= ======= ===== =======
F-28 SODEXHO NORTH AMERICA (WHOLLY OWNED SUBSIDIARIES OF SODEXHO ALLIANCE, S.A.) NOTES TO COMBINED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND OPERATIONS Description of Operations and Principles of Combination and Consolidation The combined consolidated financial statements include the consolidated accounts of ICC and subsidiaries and Sodexho Canada and subsidiaries, which are wholly owned by Sodexho Alliance, S.A. ("Sodexho"). All material intercompany accounts and transactions between the entities in Sodexho North America have been eliminated in combination and consolidation. Sodexho North America is primarily engaged in providing contract food, catering and housekeeping services in health care, educational, business and industrial facilities throughout the United States and Canada. Interim Period Financial Statements The combined consolidated interim financial statements are unaudited. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted. Sodexho North America believes the disclosures made are adequate to make the interim financial information presented not misleading. In the opinion of management, the accompanying combined consolidated interim financial statements reflect all adjustments (which include only normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly the financial position of Sodexho North America as of November 30, 1997 and the results of operations and cash flows for the three months ended November 30, 1997 and 1996. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of fiscal year performance because of seasonal and short-term variations. Use of Estimates The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Acquisition of Gardner Merchant Holdings, Inc. and its Subsidiaries In September 1995, Sodexho transferred 100 percent of the outstanding shares of Gardner Merchant Holdings, Inc. and its subsidiaries ("GMH") to ICC. The transaction has been accounted for by ICC as a purchase as of February 1, 1995, the date of Sodexho's acquisition of the worldwide operations of Gardner Merchant, of which GMH was a wholly owned subsidiary. Accordingly, the assets acquired and liabilities assumed were recorded at their estimated fair values at that date. The purchase price of GMH was approximately $123.1 million, comprised of $71.0 million of debt with Sodexho, $29.3 million of debt with a bank, and $22.8 million of contributed capital. These financial statements reflect the operations of GMH from the date of acquisition. The following unaudited pro forma amounts (in thousands) summarize the effect of the business acquired as if the acquisition had occurred on September 1, 1994. This pro forma information is presented for informational purposes only. It is derived from historical information and does not purport to represent the actual results that may have occurred, nor is it necessarily indicative of future results of operations of the combined enterprises. F-29 SODEXHO NORTH AMERICA NOTES TO COMBINED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS--(CONTINUED)
AUGUST 31, 1995 --------------- (UNAUDITED) Pro forma revenue.......................................... $781,940 Pro forma net income....................................... $ 849
Cash and Cash Equivalents Sodexho North America considers all highly liquid investments with a maturity of 90 days or less at the time of purchase to be cash equivalents. Cash equivalents of $684,000 and $4,874,000 at August 31, 1997 and 1996, respectively, consist primarily of overnight and term deposits. Included in accounts payable at August 31, 1997 and 1996 are amounts of $31,261,000 and $14,062,000, respectively, relating to cash book overdrafts. Inventories Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. The cost for the inventories was determined using the first-in, first-out ("FIFO") method. Client Investments Included in other assets are client investments, which represent amounts provided to clients at contract inception for the purchase of property and equipment pertaining to the contract and are amortized over the life of the related contract. When a contract terminates prior to its scheduled termination date, any unamortized client investment balance generally must be repaid by the customer to Sodexho North America. Property and Equipment Property and equipment are stated at cost and are depreciated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets. Buildings are depreciated over their estimated useful life of 20 years. Equipment, furniture and fixtures are depreciated over their estimated useful lives ranging from 3 to 8 years. Leasehold improvements are amortized on a straight- line basis over the lesser of their estimated useful life, or lease term. Expenditures for maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred. Intangibles Intangibles consist primarily of customer contracts, noncompete contracts, and goodwill. Customer contracts and noncompete contracts are amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated remaining lives of the customer relationships ranging from 5 to 19 years. Goodwill represents the excess cost over the fair value of businesses acquired and is amortized on a straight-line basis over thirty years. The carrying value of goodwill and other intangibles is evaluated periodically as it relates to the operating performance and future undiscounted cash flows of each operating business acquired. Adjustments are made if the sum of expected future net cash flows is less than the net book value. Self Insurance Sodexho North America is self-insured for workers' compensation costs up to predetermined amounts above which third-party insurance applies. The self- insurance liability for workers' compensation totaling $11,358,000 and $11,035,000 at August 31, 1997 and 1996, respectively, was determined based on estimates of the ultimate settlement value of reported claims and of costs related to claims incurred but not reported. F-30 SODEXHO NORTH AMERICA NOTES TO COMBINED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS--(CONTINUED) Interest-Rate Swap Agreements Sodexho North America has entered into interest-rate swap agreements in order to manage its exposure to interest-rate fluctuations. The swap agreements are contracts to exchange floating rate for fixed-rate interest payments periodically over the life of the agreements without the exchange of the underlying notional amounts. The notional amounts of interest-rate agreements are used to measure interest to be paid or received and do not represent the amount of exposure to credit loss. In the unlikely event that a counterparty fails to meet the terms of an interest-rate swap agreement, Sodexho North America's exposure is limited to the interest rate differential on the notional amount. Sodexho North America does not anticipate nonperformance by any of the counterparties. The notional amounts are reduced as principal payments on the underlying debt are made. Net interest differentials to be paid or received related to interest-rate swap agreements are accrued and ultimately recognized as an adjustment to interest expense over the life of the agreements. The fair values of interest rate swap agreements are the estimated amounts that Sodexho North America would receive or pay to terminate the agreements at the reporting date, taking into account current interest rates and the current creditworthiness of the counterparties. Common Stock During February 1996, ICC's Board of Directors approved an increase in the authorized common stock from 1,000 shares of common stock, no par value, to 10,820,000 shares of common stock, no par value, to enable ICC to effect a 10,417-for-1 stock split. All share data, including the 1996 stock option plan information, is stated to reflect the split. As described in the Stock Option Plans note, as of August 31, 1997, there were 403,000 shares reserved for issuance under the 1996 Stock Option Plan. Revenues Revenues are recognized at the time services are rendered or products delivered. Revenues include reimbursements for food and payroll costs incurred on behalf of customers under contracts in which Sodexho North America manages food service programs for a fee. Losses, if any, are provided for at the time management determines the cost will ultimately exceed contract revenue for the duration of the contract. Income Taxes Sodexho North America accounts for certain income and expense items differently for financial reporting and income tax purposes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the difference between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities applying enacted statutory tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. Foreign Currency Translation In accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 52. "Foreign Currency Translation," the financial statements of Sodexho Canada are translated into U.S. dollars as follows: assets and liabilities at year-end exchange rates; income, expenses and cash flows at average exchange rates; and shareholders' equity at historical exchange rates. The resulting translation adjustment is recorded as a component of stockholders' equity. Fair Value of Financial Instruments The carrying amount of cash, cash equivalents, accounts receivable, line of credit, accounts payable, accrued payroll and benefits, accrued insurance and other payables and accruals approximates their fair value because of the short maturity of these financial instruments. The fair value of long-term instruments is estimated based on market values for similar instruments and approximates their carrying values at August 31, 1997 and 1996. F-31 SODEXHO NORTH AMERICA NOTES TO COMBINED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS--(CONTINUED) Concentration of Credit Risk Concentrations of credit risk with respect to accounts receivable are limited because a large number of customers make up Sodexho North America's customer base, thus spreading trade credit risk. In addition, Sodexho North America performs ongoing evaluations of customers' financial position. Sodexho North America does not require collateral and maintains reserves for potential uncollectible amounts which, in the aggregate, have not exceeded management expectations. Reclassifications Certain amounts in the prior year financial statements have been reclassified to conform with the current year's presentation. Stock-Based Compensation ICC applies Accounting Principles Board Opinion No. 25 and related Interpretations in accounting for its stock option plans. Compensation expense determined under the methodology of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 123, "Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation" (FAS 123), for awards made during fiscal 1997 and 1996, is substantially the same as that recorded. Property and Equipment The components of property and equipment are summarized as follows:
AUGUST 31, --------------- 1997 1996 ------- ------- (IN THOUSANDS) Land...................................................... $ 4,683 $ 4,748 Buildings and improvements................................ 10,133 10,290 Equipment, furniture and fixtures......................... 42,370 40,439 ------- ------- 57,186 55,477 Less--accumulated depreciation............................ 32,834 29,520 ------- ------- $24,352 $25,957 ======= =======
Depreciation expense totaled $7,426,000, $7,684,000 and $4,861,000 for fiscal years 1997, 1996 and 1995, respectively. Intangible Assets The components of intangible assets are summarized as follows:
AUGUST 31, ----------------- 1997 1996 -------- -------- (IN THOUSANDS) Customer contracts...................................... $ 98,316 $ 98,316 Goodwill................................................ 51,592 51,618 Non-compete agreements.................................. 509 509 -------- -------- 150,417 150,443 Less--accumulated amortization.......................... 53,635 45,827 -------- -------- $ 96,782 $104,616 ======== ========
F-32 SODEXHO NORTH AMERICA NOTES TO COMBINED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS--(CONTINUED) Amortization expense of intangible assets totaled $7,827,000, $8,311,000 and $6,276,000 for fiscal years 1997, 1996 and 1995, respectively. Client Investments Included in other assets are client investments as follows:
AUGUST 31, ----------------- 1997 1996 -------- ------- (IN THOUSANDS) Client investments...................................... $ 35,771 $21,562 Accumulated amortization................................ (11,557) (9,511) -------- ------- $ 24,214 $12,051 ======== =======
Amortization expense of client investments totaled $3,815,000, $3,869,000 and $2,664,000 for fiscal years 1997, 1996 and 1995, respectively. Borrowings and Letter of Credit Arrangements Borrowings are summarized as follows:
AUGUST 31, --------------- 1997 1996 ------- ------- (IN THOUSANDS) ICC term loan, secured by accounts receivable of ICC, in the original principal amount of $5 million, bearing interest at a fixed rate of 7.21%, with principal payments of $312.50 plus interest due quarterly through January 1, 1999.......... $ 1,875 $ 3,125 ICC term debt unsecured, in the original principal amount of $100.3 million, guaranteed by Sodexho, bearing interest at an adjusted LIBOR rate (6.38% and 6.84% at August 31, 1997 and 1996, respectively) with principal payments of varying amounts plus interest due in semi-annual installments through February 26, 2002............................................ 79,399 90,801 Other......................................................... 151 270 ------- ------- 81,425 94,196 Less--current portion......................................... 14,711 12,769 ------- ------- $66,714 $81,427 ======= =======
During fiscal 1996, ICC, through Sodexho, refinanced debt totaling $100.3 million assumed in 1995 in connection with the acquisition of GMH. ICC used the proceeds to pay the amount of principal and interest outstanding on ICC's debt with a bank and Sodexho. For the three months ended November 30, 1997 and during fiscal 1997 and 1996, ICC had a $30.0 million, $30.0 million and $10.0 million revolving line of credit, respectively, available with a bank which matures on April 30, 1998 and provides for interest on advances charged, as designated by ICC at the time of an advance, at either the bank's prime rate or an adjusted LIBOR rate (6.24 percent and 6.58 percent at November 30 and August 31, 1997, respectively). Variable interest on prime rate advances is payable monthly, while interest on LIBOR advances is payable at the end of a fixed interest rate period of one, two or three months as selected by ICC at the time of an advance. A quarterly commitment fee of 0.125 percent of the unused portion of the line of credit is payable during the term of the line of credit. The credit facility is secured by qualified accounts F-33 SODEXHO NORTH AMERICA NOTES TO COMBINED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS--(CONTINUED) receivable of ICC and contains various covenants which, among other things, require that ICC meet certain financial requirements in relation to net income. ICC had $0.3 million, $0.3 million and $6.3 million of outstanding letters of credit issued against the $30.0 million, $30.0 million and $10.0 million revolving line of credit at November 30, 1997, August 31, 1997 and 1996, respectively. The letters of credit are provided as collateral in connection with ICC's workers' compensation, insurance and performance bonds for certain governmental customers' contracts. The letters of credit agreement provides for a fee equal to 0.5 percent of the aggregated principal amount of each letter of credit per year. Of the remaining amounts available under the revolving line of credit of $29.7 million, $29.7 million and $3.7 million at November 30, 1997, August 31, 1997 and 1996, respectively, ICC had outstanding borrowings of $1.0 million at November 30, 1997, $6.0 million at August 31, 1997 and no outstanding borrowings at August 31, 1996. For the three months ended November 30, 1997 and during fiscal 1997 and 1996, ICC had an additional $18.0 million, $15.0 million and $10.0 million revolving line of credit, respectively, available with a bank. Under the terms of the agreement, the line of credit is to be used exclusively for the purpose of issuing letters of credit as collateral in connection with ICC's workers compensation insurance and performance bonds for certain governmental customers' contracts. The agreement provides for a fee equal to 0.45 percent of the aggregate principal amount of each letter of credit per year. The agreement is a continuing agreement that remains in effect until terminated by ICC or the bank. ICC had $13.2 million, $14.7 million and $7.6 million of outstanding letters of credit issued against the $18.0 million, $15.0 million and $10.0 million revolving line of credit at November 30, 1997, August 31, 1997 and 1996, respectively. During the three months ended November 30, 1997 and during fiscal 1997 and 1996, Sodexho Canada had available $1.4 million, $1.4 million and $0.4 million revolving lines of credit with two banks, which provide for interest on advances charged at the banks' prime rate plus 0.25 percent. The $1.4 million credit facility is secured by a guarantee from Sodexho. There were no outstanding balances on these lines of credit at November 30, 1997, August 31, 1997 and 1996. During the three months ended November 30, 1997 and during fiscal 1997 and 1996, Sodexho Canada had an additional $4.3 million revolving line of credit available with a bank. Under the terms of the agreement, the line of credit is to be used exclusively for the purpose of issuing letters of credit as collateral on performance bonds for certain customer contracts. The agreement provides for a fee equal to 0.5 percent of the aggregate principal amount of each letter of credit per year. Sodexho Canada had $3.6 million of outstanding letters of credit issued against the $4.3 million revolving line of credit at November 30, 1997, August 31, 1997 and 1996, respectively. As of August 31, 1996, ICC has exchanged its floating rate obligations on a $45.5 million notional principal amount for a fixed-rate payment obligation of 5.86 percent per annum for the one-year period ending August 31, 1997 and on a $45.4 million notional principal amount for a fixed-rate payment obligation of 5.86 percent per annum for the one-year period ending August 31, 1997. ICC charged $193,000 and $316,000 to interest expense related to these agreements for fiscal 1997 and 1996, respectively. As of August 31, 1996, ICC estimates it would have received $124,000 to terminate the agreements. These agreements terminated on August 31, 1997. Aggregate maturities of long-term borrowings at August 31, 1997 (in thousands) are as follows: 1998............................................................... $14,709 1999............................................................... 22,040 2000............................................................... 21,396 2001............................................................... 18,496 2002............................................................... 4,784 ------- Total............................................................ $81,425 =======
F-34 SODEXHO NORTH AMERICA NOTES TO COMBINED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS--(CONTINUED) Income Taxes The provision for income taxes is comprised of the following:
AUGUST 31, ----------------------- 1997 1996 1995 ------ ------ ------- (IN THOUSANDS) Current: Federal........................................ $4,200 $2,700 $ 1,645 State.......................................... 1,230 1,050 919 Foreign........................................ 158 324 391 ------ ------ ------- Total current................................ 5,588 4,074 2,955 ------ ------ ------- Deferred: Federal........................................ 145 (298) (1,596) State.......................................... 37 (76) (614) Foreign........................................ (31) (68) (102) ------ ------ ------- Total deferred............................... 151 (442) (2,312) ------ ------ ------- Provision for income taxes....................... $5,739 $3,632 $ 643 ====== ====== =======
For the seven-month period ended August 31, 1995, ICC filed a separate tax return for GMH. Beginning in fiscal year 1996, ICC included GMH in its consolidated returns. As of August 31, 1997, ICC had net operating loss carryforwards from GMH for tax purposes, expiring at various dates through August 31, 2010, the use of which is subject to certain restrictions. The following is a reconciliation of the effective tax rate with the federal statutory income tax rate:
AUGUST 31, ------------------ 1997 1996 1995 ---- ---- ----- Federal statutory income tax rate...................... 34.0% 34.0% 34.0% State taxes, net of federal benefit.................... 6.4% 7.6% 80.5% Permanent differences between book and tax............. 3.7% 0.7% 96.7% Other.................................................. (0.4%) 0.6% 46.0% ---- ---- ----- Effective income tax rate.............................. 43.7% 42.9% 257.2% ==== ==== =====
Permanent differences between financial and tax reporting amounts consist primarily of nondeductible goodwill and the nondeductible portion of meals and entertainment expense. F-35 SODEXHO NORTH AMERICA NOTES TO COMBINED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS--(CONTINUED) Deferred tax assets (liabilities) consist of the following:
AUGUST 31, ---------------- 1997 1996 ------- ------- (IN THOUSANDS) Deferred tax assets: Self-insurance......................................... $ 5,822 $ 5,440 Accruals............................................... 1,766 2,466 Allowance for doubtful accounts........................ 1,017 1,009 Deferred income........................................ 858 1,308 Net operating loss carryforwards....................... 293 270 Property and equipment................................. 346 - Other.................................................. 2,754 1,712 ------- ------- Gross deferred tax assets.............................. 12,856 12,205 ------- ------- Deferred tax liabilities: Intangible assets...................................... (5,382) (4,551) Other.................................................. - (16) ------- ------- Gross deferred tax liabilities......................... (5,382) (4,567) ------- ------- Net deferred tax assets................................ $ 7,474 $ 7,638 ======= =======
A valuation allowance has not been established against the net deferred tax asset as management expects that it is more likely than not that the net deferred tax assets will be realized. The federal income tax returns of GMH for the years ended January 31, 1993, 1994 and 1995 and the seven-month period ended August 31, 1995 are currently under audit by the U.S. Internal Revenue Service. Retirement Plans During fiscal 1996, ICC maintained the defined contribution plan of GMH. This plan was intended to qualify under Internal Revenue Code Section 401(k). Under the terms of the plan, certain employees were eligible for participation. Amounts charged to expense under this plan were $491,000 and $513,000 for fiscal 1996 and 1995, respectively. Effective March 1, 1996, this plan was merged with ICC's noncontributory defined contribution plan. During fiscal 1997, ICC also maintained GMH's nonqualified supplemental retirement plan for management and certain officers. Amounts charged to expense under this plan were $185,000, $214,000 and $132,000 for fiscal 1997, 1996 and 1995, respectively. ICC's noncontributory defined contribution pension plan includes a deferred arrangement that is intended to qualify under Internal Revenue Code Section 401(k). Under the terms of this plan, certain employees are eligible for participation. Effective March 1, 1996, the 401(k) plan of GMH was merged into this plan. Amounts charged to expense under this plan were $2,768,000, $1,830,000 and $1,901,000 for fiscal 1997, 1996 and 1995, respectively. ICC also maintains a nonqualified supplemental retirement plan for certain officers. Amounts charged to expense under this plan were $120,000, $47,000 and $39,000 for fiscal 1997, 1996 and 1995, respectively. F-36 SODEXHO NORTH AMERICA NOTES TO COMBINED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS--(CONTINUED) Stock Option Plans Effective September 1, 1992, ICC established a long-term incentive plan (the "1992 ICC Plan") which provided that certain officers and key employees be granted up to 399,000 phantom stock units. The 1992 ICC Plan was amended on December 23, 1993. The amended plan entitled holders of units at the end of the five-year performance period (August 31, 1997) to a lump-sum cash payment for each unit equal to the difference between the unit value at such time and the base unit value. Effective August 31, 1995, ICC terminated the 1992 ICC Plan. The amount charged to compensation expense under this plan, including a settlement payment to the optionees made as a result of the termination of the 1992 ICC Plan, whereupon all outstanding units were redeemed, was $1.4 million for fiscal 1995. Effective March 1, 1996, ICC established the 1996 Stock Option Plan (the "1996 ICC Plan") which provides for up to 403,000 incentive stock options. Under the 1996 Plan, options may be granted to certain officers and key employees at the discretion of the Board of Directors of ICC, which also has authority to determine the price at which options will be granted and the vesting period. Transactions under the 1996 ICC Plan during the years ended August 31, 1997 and 1996 are summarized as follows:
YEAR ENDED AUGUST 31, ----------------------------------- 1997 1996 ----------------- ----------------- EXERCISE EXERCISE SHARES PRICE SHARES PRICE ------- -------- ------- -------- Outstanding at beginning of period.... 373,500 $10.00 - - Granted............................... 5,500 $13.30 386,800 $10.00 Forfeited............................. (16,800) $10.00 (13,300) $10.00 ------- ------- Outstanding at period end............. 362,200 373,500 ======= ======= Options available for future grants... 40,800 29,500 ======= =======
No options are exercisable at August 31, 1997 and 1996. The following table summarizes information about employee options outstanding at August 31, 1997:
WEIGHTED AVERAGE REMAINING CONTRACTUAL RANGE OF EXERCISE PRICES NUMBER OUTSTANDING LIFE (YEARS) ------------------------ ------------------ --------------------- $10.00 - $13.30 362,200 9
The options vest two and one-half years from the date of grant. The 1996 ICC Plan incorporates a put feature exercisable by the optionee with respect to any shares issued on any exercise of the option, during the one-year period subsequent to the end of the vesting period (the "Put Period"). A call feature is exercisable by ICC with respect to any shares issued on any exercise of the option during the one-year period subsequent to the end of the Put Period. Options granted to employees who terminate their employment with ICC prior to becoming fully vested in the plan are forfeited. The put and call features terminate in the event of an initial public offering by ICC. Compensation expense is measured as the difference between the exercise price at the date of the grant and the formula price to be paid by ICC upon repurchase and is recognized over the vesting period. Changes, either increases or decreases, in the formula price between the date of grant and measurement date results in a change in the measure of compensation, which is recognized over the remaining vesting period. The amounts charged to compensation expense under this plan for fiscal 1997 and 1996 were $1,745,000 and F-37 SODEXHO NORTH AMERICA NOTES TO COMBINED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS--(CONTINUED) $265,000, respectively. In the event of a "change in control" as defined in the 1996 ICC Plan, ICC may, under certain circumstances, be required to record a charge to earnings at the time such event takes place, for an amount significantly in excess of that recorded prior to the change. Common Stock Common stock consists of the following:
AUGUST 31, ------------- 1997 1996 ------ ------ (IN THOUSANDS) ICC Common Stock; no par value, 10,820,000 shares authorized, 10,417,000 shares issued and outstanding at August 31, 1997 and 1996.................................. $ - $ - Sodexho Canada Common Stock; $76 par value, 90,238 shares issued and outstanding.................................... 6,838 6,838 ------ ------ Combined consolidated.................................... $6,838 $6,838 ====== ======
Related Party Transactions Revenues for fiscal 1997, 1996 and 1995 include $163,000, $347,000 and $781,000, respectively, related to technical and marketing services provided to various affiliates. Operating expenses include $4,050,000, $3,310,000 and $2,668,000, respectively, of charges from affiliates for fiscal 1997, 1996 and 1995, respectively. Accounts receivable and payable from affiliates are insignificant at August 31, 1997 and 1996. Lease Commitments Sodexho North America leases certain facilities and equipment under operating lease contracts. Future minimum rental commitments under noncancelable leases are summarized (in thousands) as follows: 1998............................................................... $ 4,100 1999............................................................... 2,925 2000............................................................... 1,814 2001............................................................... 1,384 2002............................................................... 1,181 Thereafter......................................................... 948 ------- Total............................................................ $12,352 =======
Rent expense from operating lease agreements was approximately $4,223,000, $2,968,000 and $1,682,000 for fiscal 1997, 1996 and 1995, respectively. Litigation Sodexho North America is involved in various legal proceedings arising in the normal course of business. Management believes that the resolution of these matters will not have a material effect on the combined consolidated financial statements. F-38 SODEXHO NORTH AMERICA NOTES TO COMBINED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS--(CONTINUED) Subsequent Event On September 30, 1997, Sodexho entered into a definitive agreement with Marriott International, Inc. (the "Company") to combine its food service businesses in North America with the Company's food service and facilities management business in North America into a separate public entity to be named "Sodexho Marriott Services, Inc." ("SMS"). Subsequent to the combination, which is anticipated in early 1998, Sodexho will own approximately 49 percent of SMS and the current Company stockholders will own approximately 51 percent. The combination is subject to the satisfactory outcome of certain conditions, including among others, certain stockholder approvals. F-39 APPENDIX A--DISTRIBUTION AGREEMENT DISTRIBUTION AGREEMENT BETWEEN MARRIOTT INTERNATIONAL, INC. (TO BE RENAMED "SODEXHO MARRIOTT SERVICES, INC.") AND NEW MARRIOTT MI, INC. (TO BE RENAMED "MARRIOTT INTERNATIONAL, INC.") DATED AS OF SEPTEMBER 30, 1997 TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE ---- ARTICLE I Definitions............................................................ 2 Section 1.1. General................................................... 2 Section 1.2. Interpretation............................................ 13 ARTICLE II Restructuring and Related Transactions................................. 13 Section 2.1. Issuance of Spinco Stock.................................. 13 Section 2.2. Transfer of Assets to Spinco.............................. 13 Section 2.3. Assumption and Satisfaction of Liabilities................ 13 Section 2.4. Transfers Not Effected Prior to the Distribution.......... 13 Section 2.5. Certain Contracts......................................... 14 Section 2.6. No Representations or Warranties; Consents................ 14 Section 2.7. Conveyancing and Assumption Instruments................... 15 Section 2.8. Financing and Net Tangible Assets......................... 15 Section 2.9. MMS UK.................................................... 18 ARTICLE III The Distribution....................................................... 19 Section 3.1. Cooperation Prior to the Distribution..................... 19 Section 3.2. Conditions Precedent to the Distribution.................. 19 Section 3.3. The Distribution.......................................... 20 ARTICLE IV Indemnification........................................................ 20 Section 4.1. Indemnification by Parent................................. 20 Section 4.2. Indemnification by Spinco................................. 20 Section 4.3. Environmental Indemnification by Spinco................... 21 Section 4.4. Insurance Proceeds; Tax Benefits; Mitigation.............. 21 Section 4.5. Procedure for Indemnification............................. 22 Section 4.6. Joint and Several Liability for Certain Employment Claims. 23 Section 4.7. Remedies Cumulative....................................... 23 Section 4.8. Survival of Indemnities................................... 24 ARTICLE V Certain Additional Matters............................................. 24 Section 5.1. Spinco Board.............................................. 24 Section 5.2. Resignations; Parent Board................................ 24 Section 5.3. Certificate and Bylaws.................................... 24 Section 5.4. Compliance with IRS Ruling Undertakings................... 24 Section 5.5. Name...................................................... 24 ARTICLE VI Access to Information and Services..................................... 24 Section 6.1. Provision of Corporate Records............................ 24 Section 6.2. Access to Information..................................... 25
A-i
PAGE ---- Section 6.3. Production of Witnesses................................... 25 Section 6.4. Reimbursement............................................. 25 Section 6.5. Retention of Records...................................... 25 Section 6.6. Confidentiality........................................... 26 Section 6.7. Privileged Matters........................................ 26 ARTICLE VII Insurance................................................................ 27 Section 7.1. Policies and Rights Included Within the Spinco Assets..... 27 Section 7.2. Policies and Rights Included Within the Parent Assets..... 27 Section 7.3. Post-Distribution Date Claims............................. 27 Section 7.4. Insurance Administration.................................. 28 Section 7.5. Existing Insurance Programs............................... 28 Section 7.6. Existing Self Insurance Programs.......................... 29 Section 7.7. Surety Bonds and Letters of Credit........................ 29 Section 7.8. Directors and Officers Policy............................. 29 ARTICLE VIII Miscellaneous............................................................ 30 Section 8.1. Complete Agreement: Construction.......................... 30 Section 8.2. Expenses.................................................. 30 Section 8.3. Governing Law............................................. 30 Section 8.4. Notices................................................... 30 Section 8.5. Amendments................................................ 31 Section 8.6. Successors and Assigns.................................... 31 Section 8.7. Termination............................................... 31 Section 8.8. Subsidiaries.............................................. 31 Section 8.9. No Third-Party Beneficiaries.............................. 31 Section 8.10. Titles and headings....................................... 31 Section 8.11. Exhibits and Schedules.................................... 31 Section 8.12. Legal Enforceability...................................... 31 Section 8.13. Consent to Jurisdiction; Waiver of Jury Trial............. 32
A-ii DISTRIBUTION AGREEMENT This DISTRIBUTION AGREEMENT is made as of this 30th day of September, 1997 between MARRIOTT INTERNATIONAL, INC., a Delaware corporation to be renamed "Sodexho Marriott Services, Inc." ("PARENT"), and NEW MARRIOTT MI, INC., a Delaware corporation to be renamed "Marriott International, Inc." and (prior to the Distribution referred to below) a wholly-owned subsidiary of Parent ("SPINCO"). Recitals WHEREAS, Parent, directly and through subsidiaries, conducts both the Retained Business (as hereinafter defined) and the Spinco Business (as hereinafter defined); WHEREAS, International Catering Corporation, a Delaware corporation ("COMPANY"), holds and engages in the U.S. food and facilities management services operations of Sodexho Alliance, S.A., a societe anonyme organized and existing under the laws of France ("SELLER"); WHEREAS, Sodexho Financiere du Canada Inc., a Canadian corporation ("SODEXHO CANADA"), holds the Canadian food and facilities management services operation of Seller; WHEREAS, the Board of Directors of Parent has determined that it is in the best interests of Parent and the stockholders of Parent to acquire Company and Sodexho Canada and to combine the operations of Company and Sodexho Canada with the Retained Business, and thereby to achieve certain anticipated synergies and efficiencies of such a combined operation; WHEREAS, as a condition to the acquisition of Company and Sodexho Canada and subject to the terms and conditions hereof, Parent has agreed with Seller to distribute the shares of Spinco capital stock to the shareholders of Parent and to restructure its existing debt in a series of transactions that will separate the Retained Business from the Spinco Business, pursuant to the following: (1) Parent will transfer (the "ASSET TRANSFER"), as a capital contribution, all of the assets and liabilities of the Spinco Business (other than corporate debt except to the extent it is legally required to be transferred), to Spinco, a newly formed subsidiary of Parent, in a transaction intended to qualify as a tax-free reorganization under Section 368(a)(1)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the "CODE"); (2) Parent will cause Marriott Worldwide Corporation to distribute to it the capital stock of Marriott Corporation of Canada, Ltd. ("MMS CANADA"), which, together with its Subsidiaries, holds substantially all of the Retained Business conducted in Canada; (3) Parent will distribute (the "DISTRIBUTION") all of the outstanding shares of capital stock of Spinco to the holders of Parent common stock, in a transaction intended to qualify as a tax-free distribution under Section 355 of the Code; (4) each issue of corporate debt of Parent and RHG Finance (as hereinafter defined) will, subject to and in accordance with the terms and conditions hereof, either (i) remain obligations of Parent, which may be refinanced by Parent in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby, (ii) become obligations of Spinco, in which case Parent will incur additional corporate debt the proceeds of which will be contributed to Spinco in such amounts as are necessary to place Spinco in the same financial position Spinco would have been in had the corporate debt remained the obligations of Parent, as contemplated in clause (i) above, or (iii) be treated partly as contemplated by clause (i) and partly as contemplated by clause (ii); and (5) pursuant to the Agreement and Plan of Merger (the "MERGER AGREEMENT") dated as of even date herewith by and among Parent, Marriott-ICC Merger Corp., a Delaware corporation ("ACQUISITION"), Spinco, Seller and Company, Parent will acquire 100% of the stock of Company (the "MERGER") and 100% of the stock of Sodexho Canada in exchange for approximately 49% of the outstanding stock of Parent; A-1 WHEREAS, in connection with the foregoing, Parent and Spinco have determined that it is necessary and desirable to set forth the principal corporate transactions required to effect the Asset Transfer and the Distribution, and to set forth the agreements that will govern certain matters following the transactions contemplated hereby. NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the mutual agreements, provisions and covenants contained in this Agreement, the parties hereby agree as follows: ARTICLE I Definitions Section 1.1. General. As used in this Agreement, the following terms shall have the following meanings: "ACQUISITION" has the meaning specified in the Recitals hereto. "ACTION" means any action, claim, suit, arbitration, inquiry, proceeding or investigation by or before any court, any governmental or other regulatory or administrative agency or commission or any arbitration tribunal. "ADJUSTED NET TANGIBLE ASSETS" means, with respect to the Retained Business, the amount by which "stockholders equity" exceeds "intangible assets" as reflected on a consolidated balance sheet for the Retained Business prepared in accordance with the Agreed Accounting Procedures as of immediately prior to and without giving effect to the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the Transaction Documents (including the Distribution, the Merger and the transactions referred to in Section 2.8 hereof), adjusted by (x) subtracting therefrom (I) the aggregate tender premiums, consent premiums and other costs actually incurred and not yet paid in connection with the Parent Tender Offers and the related Supplemental Indentures, (II) accrued and unpaid interest through the Distribution Date on the Revolving Credit Facility and on all Parent Senior Notes purchased in the Parent Tender Offers or retained by Parent, and (III) to the extent not already reflected on such balance sheet the amount of the Liability of the Retained Business with respect to any deferred cash payments pursuant to Section 2.05(d)(ii) of the Benefits Allocation Agreement, (y) adding thereto (I) a tax benefit adjustment in an amount equal to the product of 40% and the amount described in clauses (x) (I) and (x) (III) above, (II) the Final UK Adjusted Net Tangible Assets, and (III) the amount of the Estimated Adjusted Net Tangible Assets Payment and (z) eliminating from such balance sheet, to the extent otherwise included thereon, (I) any Liability for accrued and currently payable income taxes (it being understood that such accrued taxes as of the Distribution Date are dealt with in the Tax Sharing Agreement), (II) any Liability for expenses which are to be borne by Parent pursuant to Section 4 of the Omnibus Agreement, (III) any Spinco Assets or Spinco Liabilities, and (IV) any Liability, or any reserve for any Liability, that Spinco has agreed to bear pursuant to the Transaction Documents (including any such Liabilities with respect to Retained Individuals (i) for Assumed Deferred Compensation Liabilities, (ii) related to claims incurred in connection with the Parent Medical/Dental Plans, (iii) in respect of the Marriott International, Inc. Short-Term Disability Plan or (iv) relating to Post-retirement Medical/Dental Benefits to which Parent Terminees have become entitled as of the Cut-off Date (as each such capitalized term set forth in this parenthetical is defined in the Benefits Allocation Agreement)). For the avoidance of doubt, it is further understood and agreed that there shall be eliminated from the calculation of Adjusted Net Tangible Assets (to the extent otherwise present in such calculation) (a) any Liability in respect of funded debt evidenced by the LYONs, the Parent Senior Notes, the RHG Senior Notes, the Revolving Credit Facility and the indebtedness incurred to refinance any of the foregoing, except to the extent expressly set forth in clause (x) (II) above and (b) any Liability of Parent arising under or pursuant to any Transaction Document to be executed after the date hereof with respect to obligations thereunder performed by or on behalf of Spinco on or before the Distribution Date. "AFFILIATE" means, with respect to any specified Person, any other Person directly or indirectly controlling or controlled by, or under direct or indirect common control with, such specified Person. For purposes of this A-2 definition, "control," when used with respect to any Person, means the power to direct the management and policies of such Person, directly or indirectly, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by contract or otherwise; and the terms "controlling" and "controlled" shall have meanings correlative to the foregoing. Notwithstanding the foregoing, (i) the Affiliates of Parent shall not include Spinco, the Spinco Subsidiaries or any other Person which would be an Affiliate of Parent solely by reason of Parent's ownership of the capital stock of Spinco prior to the Distribution or the fact that any officer or director of Spinco or any of the Spinco Subsidiaries shall also serve as an officer or director of Parent or any of the Retained Subsidiaries, and (ii) the Affiliates of Spinco shall not include Parent, the Retained Subsidiaries or any other Person which would be an Affiliate of Spinco solely by reason of Parent's ownership of the capital stock of Spinco prior to the Distribution or the fact that any officer or director of Spinco or any of the Spinco Subsidiaries shall also serve as an officer or director of Parent or any of the Retained Subsidiaries. "AGENT" means the distribution agent appointed by Parent to distribute the Spinco Capital Stock pursuant to the Distribution. "AGREED ACCOUNTING PROCEDURES" means the accounting methodologies, policies, practices, assumptions and procedures used by Parent in the preparation of the consolidated balance sheet for the Retained Business at January 3, 1997, as articulated and/or modified (x) in accordance with Schedule 1.1(a) hereto and (y) if and to the extent necessary (and only if and to the extent necessary) (I) to correct any material discrepancy between such methodologies, policies, practices and procedures and GAAP and (II) properly to reflect, consistent with GAAP and with such Agreed Accounting Procedures, events, facts or circumstances occurring subsequent to January 3, 1997 and not already reflected in such consolidated balance sheet. "AGREEMENT" means this Distribution Agreement, together with all exhibits and schedules hereto, as the same may be amended from time to time in accordance with the terms hereof. "ASSET" means, with respect to any party, except as otherwise provided herein, such party's right, title and interest in and to the rights, properties, assets, claims, contracts and businesses of every kind, character and description, whether real, personal or mixed, whether accrued, contingent or otherwise, and wherever located, owned or used primarily by such party and its subsidiaries, including the following: (i) all cash, cash equivalents, notes and accounts receivable (whether current or non-current); (ii) all certificates of deposit, banker's acceptances and other investment securities; (iii) each of the following, in each case throughout the world: all registered and unregistered trademarks, service marks, service names, trade styles and trade names (including trade dress and other names, marks and slogans) and all associated goodwill; all registered and unregistered copyrights; all patents; all applications for any of the foregoing together with all rights to use all of the foregoing and all other rights in, to, and under the foregoing; all know-how, inventions, discoveries, improvements, processes, formulae (secret or otherwise), specifications, trade secrets, whether patentable or not, licenses and other similar agreements, confidential information, and all drawings, records, books or other indicia, however evidenced, of the foregoing; (iv) all rights existing under all contracts and other business arrangements; (v) all real estate and all plants, buildings and other improvements thereon; (vi) all leasehold improvements and all machinery, equipment (including all transportation and office equipment), fixtures, trade fixtures and furniture; (vii) all office supplies, production supplies, spare parts, other miscellaneous supplies and other tangible property of any kind; (viii) all raw materials, work-in-process, finished goods, consigned goods and other inventories; (ix) all computer hardware, software, computer programs and systems and documentation relating thereto; all databases and reference and resource materials; (x) all prepayments or prepaid expenses; (xi) all claims, causes of action, choices in action, rights of recovery and rights of set-off of any kind; (xii) the right to receive mail, accounts receivable payments and other communications; (xiii) all customer lists and records pertaining to customers and accounts, personnel records, all lists and records pertaining to suppliers and agents, and all books, ledgers, files and business records of every kind; (xiv) all advertising materials and all other printed or written materials; (xv) all permits, licenses, approvals and authorizations of governmental authorities or third parties relating to the ownership, possession or operation of the Assets; (xvi) all capital stock, partnership interests and other equity or ownership interests or rights, directly or indirectly, in any subsidiary or other entity; (xvii) all A-3 goodwill as a going concern and all other intangible properties; and (xviii) all employee contracts, including the right thereunder to restrict the employee from competing in certain respects. "ASSET TRANSFER" has the meaning specified in the Recitals hereto. "BENEFITS ALLOCATION AGREEMENT" means the Employee Benefits and Other Employment Matters Allocation Agreement by and between Parent and Spinco, which agreement shall be entered into on the date hereof in the form attached as Exhibit B hereto. "BUSINESS DAY" means any calendar day which is not a Saturday, Sunday or bank holiday under the laws of New York or Maryland. "CLAIMS ADMINISTRATION" means the processing of pre-Distribution claims made under the Policies (including Self Insurance Programs), including the reporting of claims to the insurance carrier, management and defense of claims and providing for appropriate releases upon settlement of claims under the Casualty Claims Administration Agreement. "CODE" has the meaning specified in the Recitals hereto. "COMMISSION" means the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. "COMPANY" has the meaning specified in the Recitals hereto. "CONSENTS" has the meaning specified in Section 3.1. "CONTRACT" means any agreement, arrangement, note, bond, mortgage, indenture, or other evidence of indebtedness, commitment, franchise, concession, contract, indemnity, indenture, instrument, lease (including any real estate lease), license or understanding, whether or not in writing. "CONVEYANCING AND ASSUMPTION INSTRUMENTS" means, collectively, the various agreements, instruments and other documents to be entered into to effect the Asset Transfer and the assumption of Liabilities in the manner contemplated by this Agreement and the Transaction Documents. "DISTRIBUTION" has the meaning specified in the Recitals hereto. "DISTRIBUTION DATE" means the date on which the Distribution shall be effected as determined by the Parent Board, subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement. "DISTRIBUTION DATE STATEMENT" has the meaning set forth in Section 2.8(f). "DISTRIBUTION RECORD DATE" means the date established by the Parent Board as the date for taking a record of the Holders of Parent Common Stock entitled to participate in the Distribution, subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement. "ESTIMATED ADJUSTED NET TANGIBLE ASSETS PAYMENT" has the meaning specified at Section 2.b. of the Omnibus Agreement. "ESTIMATED SECTION 2.8(E) PAYMENT" has the meaning specified at Section 2.b. of the Omnibus Agreement. "EXCHANGE ACT" means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. "EXISTING ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS" has the meaning set forth in Section 4.3(a). "FINAL UK ADJUSTED NET TANGIBLE ASSETS" has the meaning specified in the UK Stock Purchase Agreement. A-4 "FINANCING OBLIGATIONS" means all (i) indebtedness for borrowed money, (ii) obligations evidenced by bonds, notes, debentures or similar instruments, (iii) obligations under capitalized leases and deferred purchase arrangements, (iv) forward commitments, (vi) reimbursement or other obligations relating to letters of credit or similar arrangements, and (v) obligations to guarantee, directly or indirectly, any of the foregoing types of obligations on behalf of others. "FORM 10" means the registration statement on Form 10 to be filed by Spinco with the Commission to effect the registration of the Spinco Capital Stock pursuant to the Exchange Act. "FRANCHISE AGREEMENTS" means all agreements to which Parent or any of its Subsidiaries is a party pursuant to which Parent (either directly or through any such Subsidiary) has granted franchise rights with respect to the operation of lodging properties, and all other franchise rights either granted or received by Parent or any of its Subsidiaries relating to the Spinco Business. For the avoidance of doubt, the foregoing shall exclude any interest of the NANA Joint Venture as franchisee. "GAAP" means generally accepted accounting principles in the United States. "GARDNER MERCHANT" means Sodexho-Gardner Merchant Alliance Ltd., a company registered in England, and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Seller. "GOVERNMENTAL ENTITY" means any United States or any foreign, federal, state or local government, court, administrative agency or commission or other governmental or regulatory body or authority. "HOLDERS" means the holders of record of Parent Common Stock as of the Distribution Record Date. "INDEMNIFIABLE LOSSES" has the meaning specified in Section 4.2. "INDEMNIFYING PARTY" has the meaning specified in Section 4.4. "INDEMNITEE" has the meaning specified in Section 4.4. "INFORMATION" has the meaning specified in Section 6.2. "INSURANCE ADMINISTRATION" means, with respect to each Policy (including Self Insurance Programs), the accounting for premiums, retrospectively rated premiums, defense costs, adjuster's fees, indemnity payments, deductibles and retentions as appropriate under the terms and conditions of each of the Policies; and the reporting to excess insurance carriers of any losses or claims in accordance with Policy provisions, and the distribution of Insurance Proceeds as contemplated by this Agreement. "INSURANCE PROCEEDS" means those moneys (i) received by an insured from an insurance carrier or (ii) paid by an insurance carrier on behalf of the insured, in either case net of any applicable premium adjustment, retrospectively-rated premium, deductible, retention, cost or reserve paid or held by or for the benefit of such insured. "INSURED CLAIMS" means those Liabilities that, individually or in the aggregate, are covered within the terms and conditions of any of the Policies (including Self Insurance Programs), whether or not subject to deductibles, co-insurance, uncollectibility or retrospectively rated premium adjustments, but only to the extent that such Liabilities are within applicable Policy limits, including aggregate limits. "INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY" means all registered and unregistered trademarks, service marks, service names, trade styles and trade names (including trade dress and other names, marks and slogans) and all associated goodwill, all registered and unregistered copyrights, all patents, all applications for any of the foregoing together with all rights to use all of the foregoing and all other rights in, to, and under the foregoing, all know-how, inventions, discoveries, improvements, processes, formulae (secret or otherwise), specifications, trade secrets, A-5 whether patentable or not, licenses and other similar agreements, confidential information, and all drawings, records, books or other indicia, however evidenced, of the foregoing, in each such case, throughout the world. "IRS" means the Internal Revenue Service. "IRS RULING" means the letter ruling issued by the IRS in response to the Ruling Request. "LAW" means any statute, law, constitutional provision, code, regulation, ordinance, rule, judgment, order, decree, permit, concession, grant, franchise, license, agreement, directive, binding guideline or policy or rule of common law, requirement of, or other governmental restriction of or determination by, or any interpretation of any of the foregoing by, in each case whether now or hereafter in existence, any Governmental Entity. "LIABILITIES" means any and all debts, liabilities and obligations, absolute or contingent, matured or unmatured, liquidated or unliquidated, accrued or unaccrued, known or unknown, whenever arising, including all costs and expenses relating thereto, and including those debts, liabilities and obligations arising under any law, rule, regulation, Action, threatened Action, order or consent decree of any governmental entity or any award of any arbitrator of any kind, and those arising under any contract, commitment or undertaking. "LIEN" means any mortgage, pledge, lien, encumbrance, charge, adverse claim (whether pending or, to the knowledge of the Person against whom the adverse claim is being asserted, threatened), defect of title or restriction of any nature whatsoever on any property or property interest (regardless of whether such property or property interest is real or personal, tangible or intangible, or otherwise), or a security interest of any kind, including any conditional sale or other title retention agreement, any third party option or other agreement to sell and any filing of or agreement to give, any financing statement under the Uniform Commercial Code (or equivalent statute) of any jurisdiction (other than a financing statement which is filed or given solely to protect the interest of a lessor). "LOCS" has the meaning specified in Section 7.7. "LYONS" means the Liquid Yield Option(TM) Notes due 2011 of Parent issued under the LYONs Indenture. "LYONS ALLOCATION AGREEMENT" means the LYONs Allocation Agreement between Parent and Spinco, which shall be entered into on or prior to the Distribution Date substantially on the terms described in Exhibit C-1 hereto. "LYONS AMOUNT" means the Issue Price plus Original Issue Discount (each such term as defined in the LYONs Indenture) accrued to the Distribution Date on the share of the LYONs allocated to Parent pursuant to the LYONs Allocation Agreement. "LYONS INDENTURE" means the Indenture dated as of March 25, 1996 between Parent and the LYONs Trustee, together with all supplemental indentures executed thereunder. "LYONS SUPPLEMENTAL INDENTURE" means the LYONs Supplemental Indenture, which shall be entered into on or prior to the Distribution Date substantially on the terms described in Exhibit C-2 hereto. "LYONS TRUSTEE" means The Bank of New York, as trustee under the LYONs Indenture. "MEETING RECORD DATE" means the record date established by the Parent Board for determining stockholders of Parent entitled to vote at the Special Meeting. "MERGER AGREEMENT" has the meaning specified in the Recitals hereto. "MMS" means Marriott Management Services Corp., a New York corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Parent. A-6 "MMS CANADA" has the meaning specified in the Recitals hereto. "MMS UK" means Marriott Management Services (U.K.) Ltd., a company registered in England and a wholly owned subsidiary of MMS. "NANA JOINT VENTURES" means the joint ventures between Nana Development Corporation and MMS pursuant to (i) the Second Amended and Restated Joint Venture Agreement dated as of November 1, 1993 and any amendments thereto, (ii) the Limited Liability Company Agreement of NANA-Marriott Properties, LLC dated as of June 14, 1996, and (iii) the Limited Liability Company Agreement of NANA-Marriott Properties II, LLC dated as of May 23, 1997. "NONCOMPETITION AGREEMENT" means the Noncompetition Agreement between Parent and Spinco, which agreement shall be entered into on or prior to the Distribution Date substantially in the form of Exhibit D attached hereto, pursuant to which Spinco and Parent will establish certain noncompetition arrangements. "NYSE" means the New York Stock Exchange. "OMNIBUS AGREEMENT" means the Omnibus Restructuring Agreement dated as of even date herewith by and among Spinco, Parent, Acquisition, Seller and Company. "ORDER" means any decree, judgment, injunction or other order (whether temporary, preliminary or permanent) of any Governmental Entity. "PARENT" has the meaning specified in introductory paragraph hereto. "PARENT ASSIGNMENT SUPPLEMENTAL INDENTURE" has the meaning set forth in Section 2.8(a). "PARENT BOARD" means the Board of Directors of Parent. "PARENT BOOKS AND RECORDS" means the books and records (including computerized records) of Parent and the Retained Subsidiaries and all books and records owned by Parent and its Subsidiaries which relate primarily to the Retained Business, are necessary to operate the Retained Business, or are required by law to be retained by Parent, including all such books and records relating to Retained Employees, all files relating to any Action pertaining to the Retained Liabilities, original corporate minute books, stock ledgers and certificates and corporate seals, and all licenses, leases, agreements and filings, relating to Parent, the Retained Subsidiaries or the Retained Business (but not including the Spinco Books and Records, provided that Parent shall have access to, and shall have the right to obtain duplicate copies of, the Spinco Books and Records in accordance with the provisions of Article VI). "PARENT COMMON STOCK" means the common stock, par value $1.00 per share, of Parent. "PARENT CONSENT SOLICITATION" has the meaning set forth in Section 2.8(a). "PARENT GROUP" means Parent and the Retained Subsidiaries, collectively. "PARENT INDEMNIFIABLE LOSS" has the meaning specified in Section 4.2. "PARENT INDEMNITEES" has the meaning specified in Section 4.2. "PARENT RIGHTS PLAN" means the Rights Agreement between Parent and The Bank of New York, as Rights Agent, dated October 8, 1993, as amended. "PARENT SENIOR NOTE AMOUNT" means the sum of (i) the principal amount of the Parent Senior Notes purchased in the Parent Tender Offers, (ii) the amount of cash contributed by Parent to Spinco in respect of Parent Senior Notes assumed by Spinco pursuant to Section 2.8(a)(ii)(B), and (iii) the principal amount of Parent Senior Notes retained by Parent in accordance with Section 2.8(a)(ii)(A). A-7 "PARENT SENIOR NOTES" means the following four series of notes issued pursuant to the Parent Senior Note Indenture: (i) the Series A Senior Notes due December 15, 2003 ($150 million aggregate principal amount outstanding), issued under a supplemental indenture dated as of December 9, 1993, (ii) the Series B Senior Notes due April 15, 2005 ($200 million aggregate principal amount outstanding), issued under a supplemental indenture dated as of April 19, 1995, (iii) the Series C Senior Notes due June 1, 2007 ($150 million aggregate principal amount outstanding), issued under a supplemental indenture dated as of May 31, 1995, and (iv) the Series D Senior Notes due December 1, 1999 ($100 million aggregate principal amount outstanding), issued under a supplemental indenture dated as of December 6, 1996. "PARENT SENIOR NOTES INDENTURE" means the Indenture dated as of December 1, 1993 between Parent and the Parent Senior Notes Trustee, together with all supplemental indentures executed thereunder. "PARENT SENIOR NOTES TRUSTEE" means Chemical Bank, as trustee under the Parent Senior Notes Indenture. "PARENT TENDER OFFER" has the meaning set forth in Section 2.8(a). "PARENT TENDER OFFER STATEMENT" has the meaning set forth in Section 2.8(a). "PARENT TENDER SUPPLEMENTAL INDENTURE" has the meaning set forth in Section 2.8(a). "PERSON" means any individual, corporation, partnership, association, trust, estate or other entity or organization, including any governmental entity or authority. "PHASE I INSURANCE PERIOD" refers to the period from October 1, 1987 through October 8, 1993. "PHASE II INSURANCE PERIOD" refers to the period from October 9, 1993 through the Distribution Date. "POLICIES" means insurance policies and insurance contracts of any kind relating to the Spinco Business or the Retained Business as conducted prior to the Distribution Date, including primary and excess policies, comprehensive general liability policies, automobile, aircraft and workers' compensation insurance policies, and self-insurance and captive insurance company arrangements, including any "fronted policies" with respect to Self Insurance Programs, together with the rights, benefits and privileges thereunder. "PRIVILEGED INFORMATION" means all Information (whether written or oral) as to which Parent, Spinco or any of their Subsidiaries are entitled to assert the protection of a Privilege. "PRIVILEGES" means all privileges that may be asserted under applicable law including privileges arising under or relating to the attorney-client relationship (including the attorney-client and work product privileges), the accountant-client privilege and privileges relating to internal evaluative processes. "PROXY STATEMENT" means the proxy statement to be provided to the holders of Parent Common Stock as of the Meeting Record Date in connection with the Special Meeting. "RELATED AGREEMENTS" means the following: the Merger Agreement, the Conveyancing and Assumption Instruments, the Benefits Allocation Agreement, the Trademark License Agreement, the Noncompetition Agreement, the Omnibus Agreement, the Transitional Services Agreements and the LYONs Allocation Agreement. "RETAINED ASSETS" means (i) the capital stock of the Retained Subsidiaries, (ii) the Retained Real Property, (iii) Assets relating to the Retained Business, determined on a basis consistent with the Retained Business Financial Statements, (iv) all of the Assets expressly allocated to Parent or any of the Retained Subsidiaries under this Agreement or the Transaction Documents, (v) any intercompany receivable from MMS UK to Parent or any of its Subsidiaries, (vi) all stock, options and warrants of CorporateFamily Solutions, Inc. owned by MMS and all agreements between MMS and CorporateFamily Solutions, Inc., and (vii) any other Assets of Parent and its Affiliates relating primarily to the Retained Business. A-8 "RETAINED BUSINESS" means the businesses conducted by Parent and its Affiliates which consist of (i) providing food and facilities management services to businesses and industrial operations, health care facilities, schools and universities, (ii) providing commercial laundry services, (iii) managing the Retained Conference Centers, and (iv) business undertaken pursuant to the NANA Joint Ventures, each of the foregoing as and to the extent conducted through Parent's Marriott Management Services strategic business unit. "RETAINED BUSINESS FINANCIAL STATEMENTS" means the audited consolidated balance sheet for the Retained Business as at January 3, 1997 and the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in stockholder's equity and changes in financial position or cash flow for the 53 week period ended January 3, 1997, previously delivered to Seller. "RETAINED CONFERENCE CENTERS" means each of the conference centers identified on Schedule 1.1(b). "RETAINED EMPLOYEES" has the meaning specified in the Benefits Allocation Agreement. "RETAINED EMPLOYMENT LIABILITIES" has the meaning specified in the Benefits Allocation Agreement. "RETAINED LIABILITIES" means (i) all Liabilities or portions of Liabilities arising primarily out of or in connection with the Retained Assets or the Retained Business determined on a basis consistent with the Retained Business Financial Statements, (ii) all Liabilities under Contracts included in the Retained Assets, whether such Liabilities arise before, upon or after the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and including any Liabilities under such Contracts resulting from the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement (including actions, claims or proceedings relating thereto), (iii) all Liabilities of Parent or any Retained Subsidiary under, or to be retained or assumed by Parent or any of the Retained Subsidiaries pursuant to, this Agreement or any of the Transaction Documents, including the Retained Employment Liabilities, (iv) all Financing Obligations of Parent or any Retained Subsidiary, except to the extent otherwise provided in Section 2.8, (v) the Retained Self Insurance Liabilities, and (vi) all Liabilities for the payment of outstanding drafts and checks of Parent to the extent attributable to the Retained Business existing as of the Distribution Date. "RETAINED POLICIES" means all Policies, current or past, which are owned or maintained by or on behalf of any member of the Parent Group (or any of its predecessors) which relate to the Retained Business but do not relate in whole or in part to the Spinco Business. "RETAINED REAL PROPERTY" means the ownership interests of Parent and its Affiliates in the real property and real estate development projects identified on Schedule 1.1(c). "RETAINED SELF INSURANCE LIABILITIES" has the meaning specified in Section 7.6. "RETAINED SUBSIDIARIES" means the direct or indirect Subsidiaries of Parent identified on Schedule 4.1(b) to the Merger Agreement. "REVOLVING CREDIT FACILITY" means the Credit Agreement dated as of March 27, 1997 among Parent, the Banks named therein and the Agents thereunder. "REVOLVING CREDIT FACILITY AMOUNT" means the sum of (i) the principal amount of indebtedness for borrowed money under the Revolving Credit Facility outstanding immediately prior to the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby and repaid on the Closing Date as contemplated by Section 2.8(d) and (ii) the principal amount of indebtedness for borrowed money, if any, outstanding immediately prior to the transactions contemplated hereby that remains outstanding under the Revolving Credit Facility after giving effect to the repayment contemplated by clause (i) above. "RHG" means Renaissance Hotel Group N.V., a Netherlands corporation. "RHG ASSIGNMENT SUPPLEMENTAL INDENTURE" has the meaning set forth in Section 2.8(b). "RHG FINANCE" means RHG Finance Corporation, a Delaware corporation. A-9 "RHG SENIOR NOTE AMOUNT" means the amount of cash contributed by Parent to Spinco pursuant to Section 2.8(b)(ii). "RHG SENIOR NOTES INDENTURE" means the Indenture dated as of October 1, 1995 among RHG Finance, as Issuer, RHG, as Guarantor, Parent, as Additional Guarantor and the RHG Senior Notes Trustee, together with all supplemental indentures executed thereunder. "RHG SENIOR NOTES TRUSTEE" means The First National Bank of Chicago, as trustee under the RHG Senior Notes Indenture. "RHG SENIOR NOTES" means the RHG Finance 8 7/8% Guaranteed Notes due October 1, 2005 ($120 million aggregate principal amount outstanding), issued under the RHG Senior Notes Indenture. "RHG TENDER OFFER" has the meaning set forth in Section 2.8(b). "RHG TENDER OFFER STATEMENT" has the meaning set forth in Section 2.8(b). "RULING REQUEST" means the private letter ruling request to be filed by Parent with the Internal Revenue Service, as supplemented and amended from time to time, with respect to certain tax matters relating to the Asset Transfer, the Distribution and the Merger. "SECURITIES ACT" means the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. "SELF INSURANCE PROGRAMS" means those self-insured programs (such as programs that utilize "fronted policies") administered by Parent for the benefit of its employees, properties and operating businesses, including, prior to the Distribution, the employees, properties and operating businesses of Spinco. "SELLER" has the meaning specified in the Recitals hereto. "SHARED POLICIES" means all Policies, current or past, which are owned or maintained by or on behalf of Parent or any of its Subsidiaries or their respective predecessors which relate to both the Retained Business and the Spinco Business, and all other Policies not constituting Spinco Policies or Retained Policies. Without limiting the foregoing, Shared Policies include all workers compensation Policies, all general liability Policies, all automobile liability Policies, all property Policies, the Texas workers compensation benefit plans, the Texas workers compensation liability Policies, the Fiduciary Insurance Policy of Parent and the directors and officers Policy of Parent. "SODEXHO CANADA" has the meaning specified in the Recitals hereto. "SPECIAL MEETING" means the Special Meeting of the stockholders of Parent at which the Distribution and certain other matters relating to the Distribution and the Merger are to be ratified and approved. "SPINCO" has the meaning specified in the introductory paragraph hereto. "SPINCO ASSETS" has the meaning specified in Section 2.2. "SPINCO BOARD" means the Board of Directors of Spinco. "SPINCO BOOKS AND RECORDS" means the books and records (including computerized records) of Spinco and the Spinco Subsidiaries and all books and records owned by Parent and its Subsidiaries which relate primarily to the Spinco Business or are necessary to operate the Spinco business including all such books and records relating to Spinco Employees, all files relating to any Action being assumed by Spinco as part of the Spinco Liabilities, original corporate minute books, stock ledgers and certificates and corporate seals, and all licenses, leases, agreements and filings, relating to Spinco, the Spinco Subsidiaries or the Spinco Business (but not including the Parent Books and Records, provided that Spinco shall have access to, and have the right to obtain duplicate copies of,the Parent Books and Records in accordance with the provisions of Article VI). A-10 "SPINCO BUSINESS" means all businesses conducted by Parent and its Subsidiaries (including Spinco and the Spinco Subsidiaries) other than the Retained Business, including (i) the ownership, development, management, operation and franchising of hotels and conference centers (other than the Retained Conference Centers), including all hotels in the "Marriott," "Courtyard by Marriott," "Residence Inns by Marriott," "Fairfield Inns by Marriott," "Fairfield Suites," "Marriott Executive Residences," "TownPlace Suites by Marriott," "Renaissance," "New World," "Ramada," "Ramada International," and "Ritz-Carlton" hotel chains, (ii) the ownership, development, management, franchising and operation of senior living facilities, (iii) the ownership, development, management and operation of vacation timeshare programs, as conducted primarily by Marriott Ownership Resorts, Inc. and its Subsidiaries, (iv) the distribution services business conducted through Parent's Distribution Services division, (v) the provision of home housekeeping and related repair, maintenance and upkeep services through Marriott Home Solutions, Inc. or otherwise, (vi) the provision of event management services through Marquis Events International or otherwise, and (vii) all businesses, ventures and enterprises under consideration or development by the New Ventures Division of Parent on or prior to the Effective Time. "SPINCO BYLAWS" means the Bylaws of Spinco, substantially in the form attached as an exhibit to the Form 10. "SPINCO CAPITAL STOCK" means each class of the capital stock of Spinco (together with any rights issued pursuant to any shareholder rights plan described in the Form 10). "SPINCO CERTIFICATE" means the Restated Certificate of Incorporation of Spinco, substantially in the form attached as an exhibit to the Form 10. "SPINCO EMPLOYEES" has the meaning specified in the Benefits Allocation Agreement. "SPINCO EMPLOYMENT LIABILITIES" has the meaning specified in the Benefits Allocation Agreement. "SPINCO GROUP" means Spinco and the Spinco Subsidiaries, collectively. "SPINCO INDEMNIFIABLE LOSS" has the meaning specified in Section 4.1. "SPINCO INDEMNITEES" has the meaning specified in Section 4.1. "SPINCO LIABILITIES" means all Liabilities of Parent and its Subsidiaries other than the Retained Liabilities, including (i) all of the Liabilities of the Spinco Group under, or to be retained or assumed by Spinco or any of the Spinco Subsidiaries pursuant to, this Agreement or any of the Transaction Documents, including the Spinco Employment Liabilities and the Financing Obligations that are to be assumed by Spinco pursuant to Section 2.8, (ii) all Liabilities under Contracts included in the Spinco Assets, whether such Liabilities arise before, upon or after the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and including any Liabilities under such Contracts resulting from the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement (including actions, claims or proceedings relating thereto), (iii) all Liabilities for payment of outstanding drafts of Parent to the extent attributable to the Spinco Business existing as of the Distribution Date, (iv) the Spinco Self Insurance Liabilities, and (v) any Liabilities arising out of actions, claims, or proceedings relating to the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement and this Agreement (other than Retained Liabilities and those Liabilities relating to Taxes which shall be allocated pursuant to the Tax Sharing Agreement). "SPINCO OPERATING AGREEMENTS" means the existing management, operating, lease, franchise or license agreements that relate to the Spinco Business. "SPINCO POLICIES" means all Policies, current or past, which are owned or maintained by or on behalf of Parent or any of its Affiliates or predecessors, which relate to the Spinco Business but do not relate to the Retained Business, and which Policies are either maintained by the Spinco Group or assignable to the Spinco Group. A-11 "SPINCO SELF INSURANCE LIABILITIES" has the meaning specified in Section 7.6. "SPINCO SUBSIDIARIES" means the Transferred Subsidiaries and all Subsidiaries of Spinco or the Transferred Subsidiaries at the time of the Distribution. "SUBSIDIARY" means, with respect to any Person, (a) any corporation of which at least a majority in interest of the outstanding voting stock (having by the terms thereof voting power under ordinary circumstances to elect a majority of the directors of such corporation, irrespective of whether or not at the time stock of any other class or classes of such corporation shall have or might have voting power by reason of the happening of any contingency) is at the time, directly or indirectly, owned or controlled by such Person, by one or more Subsidiaries of such Person, or by such Person and one or more of its Subsidiaries, or (b) any non-corporate entity in which such Person, one or more Subsidiaries of such Person, or such Person and one or more Subsidiaries of such Person, directly or indirectly, at the date of determination thereof, has at least majority ownership interest. "SURETY BONDS" has the meaning specified in Section 7.7. "TAX SHARING AGREEMENT" means the Tax Sharing and Indemnification Agreement by and among Spinco, Seller and Parent, which agreement shall be entered into on or prior to the Distribution Date pursuant to the Merger Agreement. "THIRD-PARTY CLAIM" has the meaning specified in Section 4.5. "TRADEMARK LICENSE AGREEMENT" means the Trademark and Trade Name License Agreement between Parent and Spinco, pursuant to which Spinco will license certain intellectual property rights to Parent, which agreement shall be entered into on or prior to the Distribution Date in substantially the form of Exhibit A attached hereto. "TRANSACTION DOCUMENTS" has the meaning set forth in the Merger Agreement. "TRANSFERRED LEASED LAND" means the land specified on Schedule 1.1(d) which is owned by Parent and leased to certain partnerships owning hotels used in connection with the Spinco Business. "TRANSFERRED SUBSIDIARIES" means the Subsidiaries identified on Schedule 1.1(g). "TRANSFERRED SUBSIDIARY STOCK" means all of the issued and outstanding capital stock of the Transferred Subsidiaries. "TRANSITIONAL SERVICES AGREEMENTS" means the agreements to be entered into between Parent and Spinco on or prior to the Distribution Date, providing for furnishing of certain services by Spinco or Parent or their respective Subsidiaries, after the Distribution Date, in substantially the forms of the following exhibits (or, in case of exhibits in the form of term sheets, incorporating the terms set forth therein): Employee Benefits Transition Administration Services Agreement.............................. Exhibit E-1 Procurement Services Agreement.................................. Exhibit E-2 MARRPAY(R) Services Agreement................................... Exhibit E-3 MDS Distribution Services Agreement............................. Exhibit E-4 Casualty Claims Administration Agreement........................ Exhibit E-5 Risk Management Consulting Agreement............................ Exhibit E-6 Headquarters Sublease........................................... Exhibit E-7 Information Systems and Telecommunications Agreement............ Exhibit E-8 Miscellaneous Services Agreement................................ Exhibit E-9 Headquarters Management Services Agreements..................... Exhibit E-10 Employee Relocation Services Agreement.......................... Exhibit E-11
A-12 "UK STOCK PURCHASE AGREEMENT" means the Stock Purchase Agreement dated as of even date herewith by and among Parent, MMS, Seller, Marriott Worldwide Corporation, MMS UK and Gardner Merchant pursuant to which MMS agrees to sell the capital stock of MMS UK to Gardner Merchant. Section 1.2. Interpretation. The descriptive headings herein are inserted for convenience of reference only and are not intended to be part of or to affect the meaning or interpretation of this Agreement. For all purposes of this Agreement, except as otherwise expressly provided, (i) the enumeration of one or more items following the term "including" shall not be interpreted as excluding any items not so enumerated, (ii) defined terms shall include the plural as well as the singular, (iii) all references to "Articles," "Sections" or other subdivisions are to designated Articles, Sections and other subdivisions of the body of this Agreement, (iv) pronouns of either gender or neuter shall include, as appropriate, the other pronoun forms, and (v) the words "herein," "hereof" and "hereunder" and other words of similar import refer to this Agreement as a whole and not to any particular Article, Section or other subdivision. ARTICLE II Restructuring and Related Transactions Section 2.1. Issuance of Spinco Stock. Prior to the Distribution Date, Parent shall take all steps necessary so that, immediately prior to the Distribution Date, the number of shares of Spinco Capital Stock outstanding and held by Parent shall equal the number of shares necessary to effect the Distribution. The Distribution shall be effected as described in Article III. Section 2.2. Transfer of Assets to Spinco. Prior to the Distribution Date, Parent shall take or cause to be taken all actions necessary to cause the transfer, assignment, delivery and conveyance to Spinco of all of Parent's and its Subsidiaries' right, title and interest in the Spinco Assets. The "SPINCO ASSETS" means all Assets of Parent and its Subsidiaries other than the Retained Assets, and shall include the following Assets: (i) the Transferred Subsidiary Stock; (ii) all Intellectual Property owned by Parent and its Subsidiaries, other than Intellectual Property used exclusively in the Retained Business that does not include the word "Marriott" or variants thereof, "Mar" used as a prefix or "J.W."; (iii) the Spinco Operating Agreements; (iv) the Franchise Agreements; (v) the Spinco Books and Records; (vi) the Transferred Leased Land; (vii) the Assets identified on Schedule 2.2; (viii) All of the other Assets to be assigned to Spinco under this Agreement or the Transaction Documents; and (ix) all other Assets relating primarily to the Spinco Business. Section 2.3. Assumption and Satisfaction of Liabilities. Except as set forth in the Benefits Allocation Agreement, the Tax Sharing Agreement or other Transaction Documents effective as of and after the Distribution Date, (a) Spinco shall, and shall cause the Spinco Subsidiaries to, assume, pay, perform and discharge in due course all of the Spinco Liabilities and (b) Parent shall, and shall cause the Retained Subsidiaries to, pay, perform and discharge in due course all of the Retained Liabilities. Section 2.4. Transfers Not Effected Prior to the Distribution. To the extent that any transfers contemplated by this Article II shall not have been fully effected on the Distribution Date, the parties shall cooperate to effect such transfers as promptly as shall be practicable following the Distribution Date. Nothing A-13 herein shall be deemed to require the transfer of any Assets or the assumption of any Liabilities which by their terms or operation of law cannot be transferred or assumed; provided, however, that Parent and Spinco and their respective Subsidiaries and Affiliates shall cooperate in seeking to obtain any necessary consents or approvals for the transfer of all Assets and Liabilities contemplated to be transferred pursuant to this Article II. In the event that any such transfer of Assets or Liabilities has not been consummated effective as of the Distribution Date, the party retaining such Asset or Liability shall thereafter hold such Asset in trust for the use and benefit of the party entitled thereto (at the expense of the party entitled thereto) and retain such Liability for the account of the party by whom such Liability is to be assumed pursuant hereto, and take such other actions as may be reasonably required in order to place the parties, insofar as reasonably possible, in the same position as would have existed had such Asset been transferred or such Liability been assumed as contemplated hereby. As and when any such Asset or Liability becomes transferable, such transfer and assumption shall be effected forthwith. The parties agree that, except as set forth in this Section 2.4, as of the Distribution Date each party hereto shall be deemed to have acquired complete and sole beneficial ownership over all of the Assets, together with all rights, powers and privileges incidental thereto, and shall be deemed to have assumed in accordance with the terms of this Agreement all of the Liabilities, and all duties, obligations and responsibilities incidental thereto, which such party is entitled to acquire or required to assume pursuant to the terms of this Agreement. Section 2.5. Certain Contracts. Spinco and Parent each acknowledges that certain Contracts, including each of the Contracts identified on Schedule 2.5 hereto, may place obligations upon both Spinco (or the Spinco Subsidiaries) and Parent (or the Retained Subsidiaries) and/or may provide rights that benefit both the Spinco Business and the Retained Business. If any such Contract provides material benefits to both the Spinco Business and the Retained Business, then Spinco and Parent each agrees to use its commercially reasonable efforts to cause such Contracts to be amended or modified so that each of (i) Spinco or a Spinco Subsidiary and (ii) Parent or a Retained Subsidiary shall be able to enforce directly any rights or benefits material to it under such Contract. If a counterparty to such a Contract is not willing to enter into such an amendment or modification on terms and conditions reasonably acceptable to Spinco and Parent, then Spinco shall, and shall cause the Spinco Subsidiaries to, and Parent shall, and shall cause the Retained Subsidiaries to, at the request of the other party, take such steps as may be necessary to cause to be available to the other party the benefits which the other party would have been able to obtain had the other party received the right to enforce such contract pursuant to the preceding sentence. The party requesting such action shall reimburse the other party for all expenses reasonably incurred in taking such action. Section 2.6. No Representations or Warranties; Consents. Each of the parties hereto understands and agrees that no party hereto is representing or warranting in any way, in this Agreement or in any other agreement or document contemplated by this Agreement or otherwise, (i) as to the value or freedom from encumbrance of, or any other matter concerning, any Assets of such party or (ii) as to the legal sufficiency to convey title to any Asset transferred pursuant to this Agreement or any Transaction Document, including any Conveyancing or Assumption Instruments. It is also agreed and understood that there are no warranties, express or implied, as to the merchantability or fitness of any of the Assets either transferred to or retained by the parties, as the case may be, and all such Assets shall be "as is, where is" and "with all faults." The absence of warranties shall not affect the allocation of Liabilities under this Agreement. Similarly, each party hereto understands and agrees that no party hereto is representing or warranting in any way, in this Agreement or in any other agreement or document contemplated by this Agreement or otherwise, that the obtaining of any consents or approval, the execution and delivery of any amendatory agreements and the making of any filings or applications contemplated by this Agreement will satisfy the provisions of any or all applicable laws or judgments or other instruments or agreements relating to such Assets. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the parties shall use their good faith efforts to obtain all consents and approvals, to enter into all reasonable amendatory agreements and to make all filings and applications which may be reasonably required for the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, and shall take all such further actions as shall be reasonably necessary to preserve for each of the Spinco Group and the Parent Group, to the greatest extent feasible, the economic and operational benefits of the allocation of Assets and Liabilities provided for in this Agreement. In case at any time after the Distribution Date any further action is necessary or desirable to carry out the purposes of this Agreement, the proper officers and directors of each party to this Agreement shall take all such necessary or desirable action. A-14 Section 2.7. Conveyancing and Assumption Instruments. In connection with the Asset Transfer and the assumptions of Liabilities contemplated by this Agreement, the parties hereto agree that (a) the transfers of Assets contemplated hereby shall be effected by delivery by Spinco to Parent, and by Parent to Spinco, as the case may be, of (i) with respect to those Assets which are evidenced by capital stock certificates or similar instruments, certificates duly endorsed in blank or accompanied by stock powers or other instruments of assignment executed in blank, (ii) with respect to any real property interest and any improvements thereon, a quitclaim deed or the equivalent thereof in accordance with local practice, and (iii) with respect to all other Assets, such good and sufficient instruments of contribution, transfer and delivery, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Parent and Spinco as shall be necessary to vest in Parent or Spinco, as the case may be, all of the right, title and interest of Spinco or Parent, as the case may be, in and to any such Assets, and (b) the assumption of the Spinco Liabilities contemplated pursuant to Section 2.3 hereof shall be effected by delivery by Parent to Spinco of such good and sufficient instruments of assumption, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Parent and Spinco, as shall be necessary for the assumption by Spinco of the Spinco Liabilities. Each of the parties hereto also agrees to deliver to any other party hereto such other documents, instruments and writings as may be reasonably requested by such other parties hereto in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby. Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Agreement to the contrary, (x) the instruments of transfer or assumption referred to in this Section 2.7 shall not include any additional or separate representations and warranties, and (y) in the event and to the extent that there is any conflict between the provisions of this Agreement and the provisions of any of the instruments of transfer or assumption referred to in this Section 2.7, the provisions of this Agreement shall prevail and govern. Section 2.8. Financing and Net Tangible Assets. (a) Parent Senior Notes. It is the intent of Parent and Spinco that Parent remain directly obligated with respect to all indebtedness evidenced by the Parent Senior Notes. However, retaining such liabilities in Parent following the consummation of the Distribution and the transactions contemplated thereby may be deemed to require the consent of the holders of each series of the Parent Senior Notes. Therefore, Parent and Spinco agree to undertake the following transactions with respect to each series of the Parent Senior Notes: (i) Parent shall prepare a tender offer statement and consent solicitation (each, a "PARENT TENDER OFFER STATEMENT") with respect to each series of the Parent Senior Notes pursuant to which (x) Parent will offer to purchase all issued and outstanding Parent Senior Notes of such series (each, a "PARENT TENDER OFFER") and (y) Parent will solicit consents to a supplemental indenture with respect to such series (each, a "PARENT CONSENT SOLICITATION") containing such amendments to the pertinent Parent Senior Notes Indenture as may be determined by Parent in its sole discretion to be necessary or appropriate in connection with the Distribution and the retention by Parent of the obligations under such series (each, a "PARENT TENDER SUPPLEMENTAL INDENTURE"). The terms and conditions upon which Parent shall offer to purchase each series of Parent Senior Notes will be determined by Parent in its sole discretion. Parent shall comply with the applicable tender offer rules, including Rule 13e-4 under the Exchange Act, and any other applicable laws or regulations in connection with the Parent Tender Offers, the Parent Consent Solicitations and the Parent Tender Offer Statements. The timing of the commencement of the Parent Tender Offers will be determined by Parent in its reasonable judgment. Any provisions of this Agreement that conflict with such laws and regulations shall be deemed to be superseded by the provisions of such laws and regulations. (ii) Spinco and Parent agree to take the following actions, depending upon the extent to which holders of any series of Parent Senior Notes agree to tender their Parent Senior Notes and consent to the pertinent Parent Tender Supplemental Indenture: (A) If holders of a majority of a series of Parent Senior Notes execute and deliver consents to enter into the pertinent Parent Tender Supplemental Indenture, then (1) Parent and the Parent Senior Notes Trustee will execute and deliver the pertinent Parent Tender Supplemental Indenture, (2) Parent will consummate the Parent Tender Offer for such series in accordance with the terms of the pertinent Parent Tender Offer Statement and applicable law (including purchasing all Parent Senior Notes of such series that have been validly tendered and not withdrawn), (3) any Parent Senior Notes that were A-15 not validly tendered or were withdrawn will remain obligations of Parent, entitled to the benefits of the Parent Senior Notes Indenture, as amended by the Parent Tender Supplemental Indenture, and (4) all costs of the Parent Tender Offer and Parent Consent Solicitation (including the principal amount of the Parent Senior Notes purchased, any premiums paid in connection therewith and accrued and unpaid interest thereon) will be paid by Parent; and (B) If holders of a majority of a series of Parent Senior Notes do not execute and deliver consents to enter into the pertinent Parent Tender Supplemental Indenture, then (1) Parent, Spinco and the Parent Senior Notes Trustee will execute and deliver a supplemental indenture to the pertinent Parent Senior Notes Indenture pursuant to which Parent will assign to Spinco, and Spinco will assume from Parent, all rights and obligations of Parent under such Parent Senior Notes Indenture (each, a "PARENT ASSIGNMENT SUPPLEMENTAL INDENTURE"), as a result of which any Parent Senior Notes that were not validly tendered or were withdrawn will become obligations of Spinco, (2) Parent will consummate the Parent Tender Offer for such series in accordance with the terms of the pertinent Parent Tender Offer Statement and applicable law (including purchasing all Parent Senior Notes of such series that have been validly tendered and not withdrawn), (3) Parent will contribute to Spinco prior to the Distribution, in addition to any other assets to be contributed to Spinco by Parent in connection with the Distribution, cash in an amount equal to the principal amount of all Parent Senior Notes of such series not acquired by Parent pursuant to such Parent Tender Offer, and (4) all costs of the Parent Tender Offer and Parent Consent Solicitation (including the principal amount of any Parent Senior Notes purchased, any premiums paid in connection therewith and accrued and unpaid interest thereon) will be paid by Parent. (b) RHG Senior Notes. It is the intent of Parent and Spinco that the indebtedness evidenced by the RHG Senior Notes be refinanced. However, refinancing such indebtedness will require that Parent tender for such indebtedness. Therefore, Parent and Spinco agree to undertake the following transactions with respect to the RHG Senior Notes: (i) Parent, RHG and RHG Finance shall prepare a tender offer statement and any related consent solicitation (the "RHG TENDER OFFER STATEMENT") with respect to the RHG Senior Notes pursuant to which RHG Finance will offer to purchase all issued and outstanding RHG Senior Notes (the "RHG TENDER OFFER"). The terms and conditions upon which RHG shall offer to purchase the RHG Senior Notes will be determined by Parent in its sole discretion. Parent, RHG and RHG Finance shall comply with the applicable tender offer rules, including Rule 13e-4 under the Exchange Act, and any other applicable laws or regulations in connection with the RHG Tender Offer and the RHG Tender Offer Statement. The timing of the commencement of the RHG Tender Offer will be determined by Parent in its reasonable judgment. Any provisions of this Agreement that conflict with such laws and regulations shall be deemed to be superseded by the provisions of such laws and regulations. (ii) (1) Parent, RHG, RHG Finance, Spinco and the RHG Senior Notes Trustee will execute and deliver a supplemental indenture to the RHG Senior Notes Indenture pursuant to which Parent will assign to Spinco, and Spinco will assume from Parent, all rights and obligations of Parent under the RHG Senior Notes Indenture (the "RHG ASSIGNMENT SUPPLEMENTAL INDENTURE"), as a result of which any RHG Senior Notes that were not validly tendered or were withdrawn will remain obligations of RHG Finance that are guaranteed by RHG and Spinco, rather than being guaranteed by RHG and Parent, (2) RHG Finance will consummate the RHG Tender Offer in accordance with the terms of the RHG Tender Offer Statement and applicable law (including purchasing all RHG Senior Notes that have been validly tendered and not withdrawn), (3) Parent will contribute to Spinco prior to the Distribution, in addition to any other assets to be contributed to Spinco by Parent in connection with the Distribution, cash in an amount equal to the principal amount of all RHG Senior Notes (including the principal amount of any RHG Senior Notes acquired by RHG Finance pursuant to the RHG Tender Offer), and (4) costs of the RHG Tender Offer (including the principal amount of any RHG Senior Notes purchased, any premiums paid in connection therewith and accrued and unpaid interest thereon) will be paid by Spinco. A-16 (c) Liquid Yield Option Notes. It is the intent of Parent and Spinco that the rights of the holders evidenced by the LYONs issued by Parent be allocated between Parent and Spinco in the manner described in the LYONs Allocation Agreement and that, prior to the Distribution, Parent, Spinco and the LYONs Trustee will execute and deliver the LYONs Supplemental Indenture. (d) Credit Facility. It is the intent of Parent and Spinco that the indebtedness outstanding under the Revolving Credit Facility be retained by Parent. Therefore, on or prior to the Distribution, Parent will either obtain the consent of the lenders and the agent under the Revolving Credit Facility to the consummation of the Distribution and the transactions contemplated thereby or refinance the amounts outstanding thereunder. (e) Refinancing; Cash Contribution to Spinco. It is the intent of Parent and Spinco that Parent incur indebtedness the net proceeds of which are sufficient to finance the Parent Tender Offers, the RHG Tender Offer, the Parent Consent Solicitations, the refinancing of the Revolving Credit Facility (if necessary), the cash required to be contributed to Spinco to the extent that Spinco becomes obligated with respect to any indebtedness intended to be retained by Parent or refinanced as provided in Sections 2.8(a) and 2.8(b) and all fees and expenses incurred in connection therewith that are to be borne by Parent. Therefore, Parent shall use its reasonable efforts to borrow funds in such amounts as are necessary, together with the capital contributions to be made by Seller to the Company as contemplated by the Merger Agreement, to provide net proceeds to Parent sufficient to refinance the indebtedness of Parent and pay the other amounts described above. In connection with the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the Transaction Documents, either (I) Parent will transfer to Spinco cash in an amount equal to the excess of (x) $1,444,000,000, over (y) the sum of the Parent Senior Note Amount, the RHG Senior Note Amount, the Revolving Credit Facility Amount and the LYONs Amount, or (II) if the sum of the amounts set forth in clause (y) is greater than $1,444,000,000, Spinco will transfer to Parent cash in an amount equal to such excess (such payment, whether to be made by Parent or Spinco, the "SECTION 2.8(E) PAYMENT"). Pursuant to the Omnibus Agreement, either Parent or Spinco will make the Estimated Section 2.8(e) Payment on the Distribution Date. Within 5 Business Days following the Distribution Date, the parties shall confirm the amount of the Section 2.8(e) Payment. Within 2 Business Days of such confirmation, either Parent will pay to Spinco, or Spinco will pay to Parent, any difference between the Estimated Section 2.8(e) Payment and the Section 2.8(e) Payment, together with interest on such difference from the Distribution Date through and including the date of such payment at a rate per annum calculated as 6-month LIBOR (appearing on the Dow Jones/Telerate Monitor on Telerate Access Service Page 3750, determined at 11:00 AM London time on the Distribution Date and, if necessary, each 6-month anniversary thereof) plus one percent (1.00%), computed based upon a year of 360 days and actual days elapsed. Any such payment pursuant to this Section 2.8(e) will be made by wire transfer of immediately available funds in U.S. Dollars. (f) Net Tangible Assets Adjustment. (i) Within 60 days after the Distribution, Spinco will prepare and deliver or cause to be delivered to Parent a statement (the "DISTRIBUTION DATE STATEMENT") that includes a consolidated balance sheet of the Retained Business as of the moment immediately prior to the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the Transaction Documents, prepared in accordance with the Agreed Accounting Procedures, and a calculation, set forth in reasonable detail, of the Adjusted Net Tangible Assets of the Retained Business as of such time. The Distribution Date Statement shall be accompanied by a report of Spinco's independent public accountants stating, without qualification, that such balance sheet and such calculation have been prepared in accordance with this Section 2.8(f). Parent will assist Spinco in the preparation of the Distribution Date Statement by making available to Spinco and its representatives, upon reasonable notice and during normal business hours, (x) all information reasonably requested by Spinco, and (y) all employees and representatives of Parent as may be reasonably requested by Spinco. Spinco will afford Parent's representatives reasonable access, upon reasonable notice and during reasonable hours, to Spinco's records and information during the preparation of the Distribution Date Statement and a reasonable opportunity to participate in the preparation thereof. (ii) Parent and Spinco acknowledge and agree that the purpose of the procedures and adjustments contemplated by this Section 2.8(f) is to ensure that the Adjusted Net Tangible Assets of the Retained A-17 Business, determined as provided herein and in accordance with the Agreed Accounting Procedures, is equal to $103.2 million, as hereinafter provided. For the avoidance of doubt, it is expressly agreed that no objection may be raised and no adjustment may be proposed to any entry or item contained in the Distribution Date Statement except on grounds that such item or entry is not in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement or the Agreed Accounting Procedures consistently applied; without prejudice, however, to a party's right to challenge or propose adjustment to items or entries on grounds that such items or entries are not so in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement and the Agreed Accounting Procedures, consistently applied. (iii) Following the delivery of the Distribution Date Statement to Parent, Parent will have the right to review the Distribution Date Statement to determine whether it was prepared in accordance with this Agreement and the Agreed Accounting Procedures. Spinco will permit Parent and its independent public accountants access at all reasonable times to all of the working papers, analyses and schedules of Spinco utilized or prepared in connection with the preparation of the Distribution Date Statement. Within the 30-day period after receipt of the Distribution Date Statement, Parent will, in a written notice to Spinco, either accept the Distribution Date Statement or describe in reasonable detail any proposed adjustments to such Distribution Date Statement and the reasons therefor, in which case Parent's notice will include a special report of Parent's independent public accountants stating that such adjustments are required in accordance with this Section 2.8(f). If Spinco has not received such notice of proposed adjustments within such 30-day period, Parent will be deemed irrevocably to have accepted the Distribution Date Statement. (iv) Parent and Spinco will negotiate in good faith to resolve any disputes over any proposed adjustments to the Distribution Date Statement. However, if any such dispute is not resolved within 30 days following the receipt by Spinco of the proposed adjustments, Parent and Spinco jointly will engage KPMG Peat Marwick to resolve such disputes in accordance with the standards set forth in this Section 2.8(f), which resolution will be final and binding. Each party will bear a portion of the fees and expenses of such accounting firm equal to the proportion to the disputed amount determined in favor of the other party. (v) Upon the acceptance of the Distribution Date Statement by Parent or the resolution in writing of any disputes arising out of any proposed adjustments, (A) if the Adjusted Net Tangible Assets of the Retained Business as set forth on the Distribution Date Statement as so accepted or as modified to resolve such disputes is greater than $103.2 million, Parent will promptly (but in no event more than five days thereafter) pay to Spinco the amount of such excess, together with interest as computed below, or (B) if the Adjusted Net Tangible Assets of the Retained Business as set forth on the Distribution Date Statement as so accepted or as modified to resolve such disputes is less than $103.2 million, Spinco will promptly (but in no event more than five days thereafter) pay to Parent the amount of such difference, together with interest as computed below. Interest will be payable on the amounts set forth above from the Distribution Date through and including the date of such payment at a rate per annum calculated as 6-month LIBOR (appearing on the Dow Jones/Telerate Monitor on Telerate Access Service Page 3750, determined at 11:00 AM London time on the Distribution Date and, if necessary, each 6-month anniversary thereof) plus one percent (1.00%), computed based upon a year of 360 days and actual days elapsed. Any such payment pursuant to this Section 2.8(f) will be made by wire transfer of immediately available funds in U.S. Dollars. Section 2.9. MMS UK. Prior to the closing of the sale of MMS UK to Gardner Merchant under the UK Stock Purchase Agreement, MMS UK and its Subsidiaries shall be deemed to be included within the Retained Assets, the Retained Business, the Retained Liabilities, and the Retained Subsidiaries for purposes of this Agreement and the Transaction Documents. Following the closing under the UK Stock Purchase Agreement, MMS UK and its Subsidiaries shall be deemed to be excluded from the Retained Assets, the Retained Business, the Retained Liabilities and the Retained Subsidiaries. MMS UK and its Subsidiaries shall not be deemed at any time or for any purpose to be included within the Spinco Assets, the Spinco Business, the Spinco Liabilities or the Spinco Subsidiaries for purposes of this Agreement and the Transaction Documents. A-18 ARTICLE III The Distribution Section 3.1. Cooperation Prior to the Distribution. (a) Parent shall prepare the Proxy Statement (which shall set forth appropriate disclosure concerning Spinco and the Spinco Subsidiaries, the Spinco Business, the Distribution, the Merger and certain other matters) and Spinco shall file with the Commission the Form 10 (which shall include or incorporate by reference the Proxy Statement). Parent and Spinco shall use their respective reasonable efforts to cause the Form 10 to be declared effective under the Exchange Act or, if either Parent or Spinco reasonably determines that the Distribution may not be effected without registering the Spinco Capital Stock pursuant to the Securities Act, Parent shall use its reasonable efforts to cause the Spinco Capital Stock to be registered pursuant to the Securities Act and thereafter effect the Distribution in accordance with the terms of this Agreement, including by preparing and filing on an appropriate form of registration statement under the Securities Act covering the Spinco Capital Stock and using its reasonable efforts to cause such registration statement to be declared effective. (b) Parent and Spinco shall cooperate in preparing, filing with the Commission and causing to become effective any registration statements or amendments thereof which are appropriate to reflect the establishment of, or amendments to, any employee benefit plans and other plans contemplated by the Benefits Allocation Agreement and the obligations assumed by Spinco under the LYONs Allocation Agreement. (c) Parent and Spinco shall take all such action as may be necessary or appropriate under state securities or "blue sky" laws in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the Transaction Documents. (d) Parent and Spinco shall prepare, and Spinco shall file and seek to make effective, an application to permit listing of the Spinco Capital Stock either on the NYSE or any other national securities exchange or national market system as may be selected by Spinco in its sole discretion (to the extent permitted pursuant to the listing requirements of such exchange or national market system). (e) Parent and Spinco shall use all reasonable efforts to obtain any consents and approvals of, and to make any notices to and filings with, any Governmental Entity or any other Person or entity necessary or desirable in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby. (f) Parent and Spinco will use all reasonable efforts to take, or cause to be taken, all actions, and to do, or cause to be done, all things necessary or desirable under applicable law, to consummate the transactions contemplated under this Agreement. Section 3.2. Conditions Precedent to the Distribution. The obligations of Parent to effect the Distribution shall be subject to the satisfaction of the following conditions: (i) the transactions contemplated by Sections 2.2 and 2.3 shall have been consummated in all material respects; (ii) the Spinco Board, comprised as contemplated by Section 5.1, shall have been elected by Parent, as sole stockholder of Spinco, and the Spinco Certificate and Spinco Bylaws shall have been adopted and shall be in effect; (iii) the Ruling Request shall have been granted in form and substance satisfactory to the Parent Board, in its sole discretion; (iv) Parent shall have received the opinion of American Appraisal Associates, Inc. or other appraisal or valuation experts selected by Parent, in form and substance satisfactory to Parent, as to the solvency of Parent and Spinco after giving effect to the transactions contemplated hereby and by the Merger Agreement, and such opinion shall not have been withdrawn; A-19 (v) each condition to the Closing under the Merger Agreement set forth in Article VII thereof, other than the condition set forth in Section 7.3(f) as to the consummation of the Distribution, shall have been fulfilled or waived by the party for whose benefit such condition exists; (vi) the Distribution Record Date shall have been set by the Parent Board; (vii) the Form 10 (or the registration statement referred to in Section 3.1(a) hereof) shall have been declared effective by the Commission; (viii) the Distribution and the Merger shall have been approved by the stockholders of Parent at the Special Meeting; and (ix) the Spinco Capital Stock shall have been accepted for listing or quotation in accordance with Section 3.1(d) hereof. provided, however, that any such condition may be waived by the Parent Board in its sole discretion if Seller shall have consented thereto. Section 3.3. The Distribution. On the Distribution Date, subject to the conditions and rights of termination set forth in this Agreement, Parent shall deliver to the Agent a share certificate representing all of the then outstanding shares of Spinco Capital Stock owned by Parent and shall instruct the Agent to distribute, on or as soon as practicable following the Distribution Date, such Spinco Capital Stock to the Holders. Spinco agrees to provide all share certificates that the Agent shall require in order to effect the Distribution. ARTICLE IV INDEMNIFICATION Section 4.1. Indemnification by Parent. Except as otherwise expressly set forth in the Transaction Documents, Parent shall indemnify, defend and hold harmless Spinco and each of the Spinco Subsidiaries, and each of their respective directors, officers, employees, agents and Affiliates and each of the heirs, executors, successors and assigns of any of the foregoing (the "SPINCO INDEMNITEES") from and against the Retained Liabilities and any and all losses, Liabilities, damages, including the costs and expenses of any and all Actions, threatened Actions, demands, assessments, judgments, settlements and compromises relating thereto and attorneys' fees and any and all expenses whatsoever reasonably incurred in investigating, preparing or defending against any such Actions or threatened Actions (collectively, "SPINCO INDEMNIFIABLE LOSSES" and, individually, a "SPINCO INDEMNIFIABLE LOSS") of the Spinco Indemnitees arising out of or due to the failure or alleged failure of Parent or any of its Affiliates (i) to pay, perform or otherwise discharge in due course any of the Retained Liabilities, or (ii) comply with the provisions of Section 5.4(b). Section 4.2. Indemnification by Spinco. Except as otherwise expressly set forth in the Transaction Documents, Spinco shall indemnify, defend and hold harmless Parent and each of the Retained Subsidiaries, and each of their directors, officers, employees, agents and Affiliates and each of the heirs, executors, successors and assigns of any of the foregoing (the "PARENT INDEMNITEES") from and against the Spinco Liabilities and any and all losses, Liabilities, damages, including the costs and expenses of any and all Actions, threatened Actions, demands, assessments, judgments, settlements and compromises relating thereto and attorneys' fees and any and all expenses whatsoever reasonably incurred in investigating, preparing or defending against any such Actions or threatened Actions (collectively, "PARENT INDEMNIFIABLE LOSSES" and, individually, an "PARENT INDEMNIFIABLE LOSS") of the Parent Indemnitees arising out of or due to the failure or alleged failure of Spinco or any of its Affiliates to (i) pay, perform or otherwise discharge in due course any of the Spinco Liabilities or (ii) comply with the provisions of Section 5.4(a). The "Spinco Indemnifiable Losses" and the "Parent Indemnifiable Losses" are collectively referred to as the "INDEMNIFIABLE LOSSES." A-20 Section 4.3. Environmental Indemnification by Spinco. (a) Spinco shall indemnify, defend and hold harmless each of the Parent Indemnitees from and against any Parent Indemnifiable Losses of the Parent Indemnitees (i) arising out of or relating to Existing Environmental Laws and attributable to the accidental discharge of waste water from the Lohmar Laundry Facility of the Retained Business located in Santa Clara, California prior to the Distribution Date and (ii) arising out of, or relating to, the listing of the Marriott Tucson Linen facility located in Tucson, Arizona on the Arizona state clean-up or superfund list and on the Federal Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Information System list as a result of events, facts and circumstances prior to the Distribution Date, including any remedial, investigatory or cleanup costs and expenses incurred by any Parent Indemnitee in connection with such matter; provided, that (A) any costs and expenses forming the basis for any Parent Indemnifiable Losses are limited to those that are commercially reasonable in the absence of the indemnification set forth in this Section 4.3, and (B) Parent Indemnifiable Losses do not include costs attributable to the time or efforts of any Parent Indemnitee. As used herein, "EXISTING ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS" means those applicable provisions of any federal, state or local law, statute, ordinance, common law, rule, regulation, permit, directive, license, approval, guidance, interpretation, order, or other legal requirement relating to the protection of safety, human health or the environment, including any requirement pertaining to the manufacture, processing, distribution, use, treatment, storage, disposal, transportation, handling, reporting, licensing, permitting, investigation or remediation of materials that are or may constitute a threat to human health or the environment that are both in effect and required to be met on or prior to the Distribution Date. Without limiting the foregoing, each of the following is an Existing Environmental Law: the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (42 U.S.C. (S) 9601 et seq.), the Hazardous Material Transportation Act (49 U.S.C. (S) 1801 et seq.), the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (42 U.S.C. (S) 6901 et seq.), the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. (S) 1251 et seq.), the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. (S) 7401 et seq.), the Toxic Substances Control Act (15 U.S.C. (S) 2601 et seq.), the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. (S) 300f et seq.), the Occupational Safety and Health Act (29 U.S.C. (S) 651 et seq.), and the Atomic Energy Act (42 U.S.C.(S) 2011 et seq.), as such laws have been or are in the future, on or prior to the Distribution Date, amended or supplemented, and each similar federal, state or local statute, and each rule and regulation promulgated under such federal, state and local laws. (b) This Section 4.3 and the indemnification hereunder shall survive the Distribution Date and shall remain in effect for two years thereafter. Any matter as to which a claim has been asserted by notice to Spinco that is pending or unresolved at the end of any applicable limitation period shall continue to be covered by this Section 4.3 notwithstanding any applicable statute of limitations (which the parties hereby waive) until such matter is finally terminated or otherwise resolved by the parties under this Agreement or by a court of competent jurisdiction and any amounts payable hereunder are finally determined and paid. Section 4.4. Insurance Proceeds; Tax Benefits; Mitigation. The amount which any party (an "INDEMNIFYING PARTY") is or may be required to pay to any other Person (an "INDEMNITEE") pursuant to Sections 4.1, 4.2 or 4.3 shall be reduced (including retroactively) by (i) any Insurance Proceeds or other amounts actually recovered by or on behalf of such Indemnitee in reduction of the related Indemnifiable Loss and (ii) any Tax benefits realized or realizable by such Indemnitee based on the present value thereof by reason of such Loss and shall be increased by any Tax liability incurred by such Indemnitee based on such indemnity payment. If an Indemnitee shall have received the payment required by this Agreement from an Indemnifying Party in respect of an Indemnifiable Loss and shall subsequently actually receive Insurance Proceeds, Tax benefits or other amounts in respect of such Indemnifiable Loss as specified above, then such Indemnitee shall pay to such Indemnifying Party a sum equal to the amount of such Insurance Proceeds, Tax benefits or other amounts actually received. The Indemnitee shall take all reasonable steps to mitigate all Losses, including availing itself of any defenses, limitations, rights of contribution, claims against third parties and other rights at law (it being understood that any out-of-pocket costs paid to third parties in connection with such mitigation shall constitute Losses), and shall provide such evidence and documentation of the nature and extent of any Loss as may be reasonably requested by the Indemnifying Party. A-21 Section 4.5. Procedure for Indemnification. (a) Except as may be set forth in a Transaction Document, if an Indemnitee shall receive notice or otherwise learn of the assertion by a Person (including any governmental entity) who is not a party to this Agreement or to any of the Transaction Documents of any claim or of the commencement by any such Person of any Action (a "THIRD-PARTY CLAIM") with respect to which an Indemnifying Party may be obligated to provide indemnification pursuant to this Agreement, such Indemnitee shall give such Indemnifying Party written notice thereof promptly after becoming aware of such Third-Party Claim; provided, that the failure of any Indemnitee to give notice as required by this Section 4.5 shall not relieve the Indemnifying Party of its obligations under this Article IV, except to the extent that such Indemnifying Party is prejudiced by such failure to give notice. Such notice shall describe the Third-Party Claim in reasonable detail, and shall indicate the amount (estimated if necessary) of the Indemnifiable Loss that has been or may be sustained by such Indemnitee. (b) An Indemnifying Party may elect to defend or to seek to settle or compromise, at such Indemnifying Party's own expense and by such Indemnifying Party's own counsel, any Third-Party Claim, provided that the Indemnifying Party must confirm in writing that it agrees that the Indemnitee is entitled to indemnification hereunder in respect of such Third-Party Claim. Within 30 days of the receipt of notice from an Indemnitee in accordance with Section 4.5(a) (or sooner, if the nature of such Third-Party Claim so requires), the Indemnifying Party shall notify the Indemnitee of its election whether to assume responsibility for such Third-Party Claim (provided that if the Indemnifying Party does not so notify the Indemnitee of its election within 30 days after receipt of such notice from the Indemnitee, the Indemnifying Party shall be deemed to have elected not to assume responsibility for such Third- Party Claim), and such Indemnitee shall cooperate in the defense or settlement or compromise of such Third-Party Claim. After notice from an Indemnifying Party to an Indemnitee of its election to assume responsibility for a Third- Party Claim, such Indemnifying Party shall not be liable to such Indemnitee under this Article IV for any legal or other expenses (except expenses approved in advance by the Indemnifying Party) subsequently incurred by such Indemnitee in connection with the defense thereof; provided that if the defendants in any such claim include both the Indemnifying Party and one or more Indemnitees and in such Indemnitees' reasonable judgment a conflict of interest between such Indemnitees and such Indemnifying Party exists in respect of such claim, such Indemnitees shall have the right to employ separate counsel and in that event the reasonable fees and expenses of such separate counsel (but not more than one separate counsel reasonably satisfactory to the Indemnifying Party) shall be paid by such Indemnifying Party. If an Indemnifying Party elects not to assume responsibility for a Third-Party Claim (which election may be made only in the event of a good faith dispute that a claim was inappropriately tendered under Section 4.1, 4.2 or 4.3, as the case may be) such Indemnitee may defend or (subject to the following sentence) seek to compromise or settle such Third-Party Claim. Notwithstanding the foregoing, an Indemnitee may not settle or compromise any claim without prior written notice to the Indemnifying Party, which shall have the option within fifteen days following the receipt of such notice (i) to disapprove the settlement and assume all past and future responsibility for the claim, including reimbursing the Indemnitee for prior expenditures in connection with the claim, or (ii) to disapprove the settlement and continue to refrain from participation in the defense of the claim, in which event the Indemnifying Party shall have no further right to contest the amount or reasonableness of the settlement if the Indemnitee elects to proceed therewith, or (iii) to approve the amount of the settlement, reserving the Indemnifying Party's right to contest the Indemnitee's right to indemnity, or (iv) to approve and agree to pay the settlement. In the event the Indemnifying Party makes no response to such written notice from the Indemnitee, the Indemnifying Party shall be deemed to have elected option (ii). (c) If an Indemnifying Party chooses to defend or to seek to compromise any Third-Party Claim, the Indemnitee shall make available to such Indemnifying Party any personnel and any books, records or other documents within its control or which it otherwise has the ability to make available that are necessary or appropriate for such defense. (d) Notwithstanding anything else in this Section 4.5 to the contrary, an Indemnifying Party shall not settle or compromise any Third-Party Claim unless (i) such settlement or compromise contemplates as an unconditional term thereof the giving by such claimant or plaintiff to the Indemnitee of a written release from all liability in A-22 respect of such Third-Party Claim and (ii) such settlement does not provide for any non-monetary relief by Indemnitee unless Indemnitee consents thereto. In the event the Indemnitee shall notify the Indemnifying Party in writing that such Indemnitee declines to accept any such settlement or compromise, such Indemnitee may continue to contest such Third-Party Claim, free of any participation by such Indemnifying Party, at such Indemnitee's sole expense. In such event, the obligation of such Indemnifying Party to such Indemnitee with respect to such Third-Party Claim shall be equal to (i) the costs and expenses of such Indemnitee prior to the date such Indemnifying Party notifies such Indemnitee of the offer to settle or compromise (to the extent such costs and expenses are otherwise indemnifiable hereunder) plus (ii) the lesser of (A) the amount of any offer of settlement or compromise which such Indemnitee declined to accept and (B) the actual out-of-pocket amount such Indemnitee is obligated to pay subsequent to such date as a result of such Indemnitee's continuing to pursue such Third-Party Claim. (e) Any claim on account of an Indemnifiable Loss which does not result from a Third-Party Claim shall be asserted by written notice given by the Indemnitee to the applicable Indemnifying Party. Such Indemnifying Party shall have a period of 30 days after the receipt of such notice within which to respond thereto. If such Indemnifying Party does not respond within such 30- day period, such Indemnifying Party shall be deemed to have refused to accept responsibility to make payment. If such Indemnifying Party does not respond within such 30-day period or rejects such claim in whole or in part, such Indemnitee shall be free to pursue such remedies as may be available to such party under applicable law or under this Agreement. (f) In addition to any adjustments required pursuant to Section 4.4, if the amount of any Indemnifiable Loss shall, at any time subsequent to the payment required by this Agreement, be reduced by recovery, settlement or otherwise, the amount of such reduction, less any expenses incurred in connection therewith, shall promptly be repaid by the Indemnitee to the Indemnifying Party. (g) In the event of payment by an Indemnifying Party to any Indemnitee in connection with any Third-Party Claim, such Indemnifying Party shall be subrogated to and shall stand in the place of such Indemnitee as to any events or circumstances in respect of which such Indemnitee may have any right or claim relating to such Third-Party Claim against any claimant or plaintiff asserting such Third-Party Claim. Such Indemnitee shall cooperate with such Indemnifying Party in a reasonable manner, and at the cost and expense of such Indemnifying Party, in prosecuting any subrogated right or claim. Section 4.6. Joint and Several Liability for Certain Employment Claims. Where Employment Claims (as defined in the Benefits Allocation Agreement) alleging or involving joint and several liability asserted against Spinco and Parent are not separately traceable to liabilities relating to Spinco Individuals or Retained Individuals (as such terms are defined in the Benefits Allocation Agreement) or to employment by or with a Spinco Business or a Retained Business, any liability shall be apportioned between Spinco and Parent in accordance with the ratio that the aggregate wages of each party's employees bears to the aggregate wages of the employees of both parties for the most recent fiscal year of Parent ending before the Distribution Date as follows: The percentage of the liability assumed by Spinco shall equal the ratio of (i) the aggregate wages of Spinco Employees (as of the Distribution Date) as determined by reference to the federal income tax wage base on Internal Revenue Services Forms W-2 for the most recent fiscal year of Parent ended prior to the Distribution Date ("Forms W-2") to (ii) the combined aggregate wages of Spinco Employees and Retained Employees (each, as of the Distribution Date) on Forms W-2; and the percentage of the liability assumed by Parent shall equal the ratio of (i) the aggregate wages of Retained Employees (as of the Distribution Date) on Forms W-2 to (ii) the combined aggregate wages of Spinco Employees and Retained Employees (each, as of the Distribution Date) on Forms W-2. Each party will indemnify, defend and hold harmless the other to the extent of the indemnifying party's apportioned percentage determined in accordance with this Section 4.6. Section 4.7. Remedies Cumulative. The remedies provided in this Article IV shall be cumulative and shall not preclude assertion by any Indemnitee of any other rights or the seeking of any and all other remedies against any Indemnifying Party. A-23 Section 4.8. Survival of Indemnities. The obligations of each of Spinco and Parent under this Article IV shall survive the sale or other transfer by it of any Assets or businesses or the assignment by it of any Liabilities, with respect to any Indemnifiable Loss of the other related to such Assets, businesses or Liabilities. ARTICLE V Certain Additional Matters Section 5.1. Spinco Board. Spinco and Parent shall take all actions which may be required to constitute, effective as of the Distribution Date, the persons identified in the Form 10 as the directors of Spinco. Section 5.2. Resignations; Parent Board. (a) Spinco shall cause all of its directors and Spinco Employees to resign, effective as of the Distribution Date, from all boards of directors or similar governing bodies of Parent or any of its Retained Subsidiaries on which they serve, and from all positions as officers or employees of Parent or any of its Retained Subsidiaries in which they serve, except to the extent described in the Proxy Statement. Parent shall cause all of its directors and the Retained Employees to resign from all boards of directors or similar governing bodies of Spinco or any of its subsidiaries on which they serve, and from all positions as officers or employees of Spinco or any of its subsidiaries in which they serve, except to the extent specified in the preceding sentence. Section 5.3. Certificate and Bylaws. On or prior to the Distribution Date, Spinco shall adopt the Spinco Certificate and the Spinco Bylaws, and shall file the Spinco Certificate with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware. Section 5.4. Compliance with IRS Ruling Undertakings. (a) Spinco shall, and shall cause each of the Spinco Subsidiaries to, comply with each representation, covenant and statement made, or to be made, to any taxing authority in connection with the IRS Ruling or any other ruling obtained, or to be obtained, by Parent and Spinco acting together, from any such taxing authority with respect to any transaction contemplated by this Agreement. (b) Parent shall, and shall cause each of its Subsidiaries to, comply with each representation, covenant and statement made, or to be made, to any taxing authority in connection with the IRS Ruling or any other ruling obtained, by Parent and Spinco acting together, from any such taxing authority with respect to any transaction contemplated by this Agreement. Section 5.5. Name. Effective as of the Distribution Date, Parent shall change its corporate name to "Sodexho Marriott Services, Inc.," subject to the terms and conditions of the Trademark License Agreement. Immediately thereafter, Spinco shall change its corporate name to "Marriott International, Inc." Parent and Spinco agree to request in applications to the NYSE that the trading symbol for the Spinco Capital Stock shall be "MAR" and that the trading symbol for the Parent Common Stock shall be otherwise. All references to Parent and Spinco herein shall be references to such corporation both before and after such corporate name change. ARTICLE VI Access to Information and Services Section 6.1. Provision of Corporate Records. (a) Except as may otherwise be provided in a Transaction Document, Parent shall arrange as soon as practicable following the Distribution Date, to the extent not previously delivered in connection with the transactions contemplated in Article II, for the transportation (at Spinco's cost) to Spinco of the Spinco Books A-24 and Records in its possession, except to the extent such items are already in the possession of Spinco or a Spinco Subsidiary. Such Spinco Books and Records shall be the property of Spinco, but shall be available to Parent for review and duplication until Parent shall notify Spinco in writing that such records are no longer of use to Parent. (b) Except as may otherwise be provided in a Transaction Document, Spinco shall arrange as soon as practicable following the Distribution Date, to the extent not previously delivered in connection with the transactions contemplated in Article II, for the transportation (at Parent's cost) to Parent of the Parent Books and Records in its possession, except to the extent such items are already in the possession of Parent or a Retained Subsidiary. The Parent Books and Records shall be the property of Parent, but shall be available to Spinco for review and duplication until Spinco shall notify Parent in writing that such records are no longer of use to Spinco. Section 6.2. Access to Information. Except as may otherwise be provided in a Transaction Document, from and after the Distribution Date, Parent shall afford to Spinco and its authorized accountants, counsel and other designated representatives reasonable access (including using reasonable efforts to give access to persons or firms possessing information) and duplicating rights during normal business hours to all records, books, contracts, instruments, computer data and other data and information relating to pre-Distribution operations (collectively, "INFORMATION") within Parent's possession insofar as such access is reasonably required by Spinco for the conduct of its business, subject to appropriate restrictions for classified or Privileged Information. Similarly, except as otherwise provided in a Transaction Document, Spinco shall afford to Parent and its authorized accountants, counsel and other designated representatives reasonable access (including using reasonable efforts to give access to persons or firms possessing information) and duplicating rights during normal business hours to Information within Spinco's possession, insofar as such access is reasonably required by Parent for the conduct of its business, subject to appropriate restrictions for classified or Privileged Information. Information may be requested under this Article VI for the legitimate business purposes of either party, including audit, accounting, claims (including claims for indemnification hereunder), litigation and tax purposes, as well as for purposes of fulfilling disclosure and reporting obligations and for performing this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby. Section 6.3. Production of Witnesses. At all times from and after the Distribution Date, each of Spinco and Parent shall use reasonable efforts to make available to the other, upon written request, its and its subsidiaries' officers, directors, employees and agents as witnesses to the extent that such persons may reasonably be required in connection with any Action. Section 6.4. Reimbursement. Except to the extent otherwise contemplated in any Transaction Document, a party providing Information or witness services to the other party under this Article VI shall be entitled to receive from the recipient, upon the presentation of invoices therefor, payments of such amounts, relating to supplies, disbursements and other out-of-pocket expenses (at cost) and direct and indirect expenses of employees who are witnesses (including reasonable attorney's fees for individual counsel to such witnesses) or otherwise furnish assistance (at cost), as may be reasonably incurred in providing such Information or witness services. Section 6.5. Retention of Records. Except as otherwise required by law or agreed to in a Transaction Document or otherwise in writing, each of Parent and Spinco may destroy or otherwise dispose of any of the Information, which is material Information and is not contained in other Information retained by Parent or Spinco, as the case may be, at any time after the tenth anniversary of this Agreement, so long as, prior to such destruction or disposal, (a) it shall provide no less than 90 or more than 120 days prior written notice to the other, specifying in reasonable detail the Information proposed to be destroyed or disposed of and (b) if a recipient of such notice shall request in writing prior to the scheduled date for such destruction or disposal that any of the Information proposed to be destroyed or disposed of be delivered to such requesting party, the party proposing the destruction or disposal shall promptly arrange for the delivery of such of the Information as was requested at the expense of the party requesting such Information. A-25 Section 6.6. Confidentiality. Each of Parent and its Subsidiaries on the one hand, and Spinco and its Subsidiaries on the other hand, shall hold, and shall cause its consultants and advisors to hold, in strict confidence, all Information concerning the other in its possession or furnished by the other or the other's representatives pursuant to this Agreement (except to the extent that such Information has been (i) in the public domain through no fault of such party or (ii) later lawfully acquired from other sources or independently developed by such party), and each party shall not release or disclose such Information to any other Person, except its auditors, attorneys, financial advisors, rating agencies, bankers and other consultants and advisors, unless compelled to disclose by judicial or administrative process or, as reasonably advised by its counsel or by other requirements of law, or unless such Information is reasonably required to be disclosed in connection with (x) any litigation with any third-parties or litigation between the Parent Group and the Spinco Group, (y) any contractual agreement to which the Parent Group or the Spinco Group are currently parties, or (z) in exercise of either party's rights hereunder. Section 6.7. Privileged Matters. Parent and Spinco recognize that legal and other professional services that have been and will be provided prior to the Distribution Date have been and will be rendered for the benefit of both the Parent Group and the Spinco Group and that both the Parent Group and the Spinco Group should be deemed to be the client for the purposes of asserting all Privileges. To allocate the interests of each party in the Privileged Information, the parties agree as follows: (i) Parent shall be entitled, in perpetuity, to control the assertion or waiver of all Privilege in connection with Privileged Information which relates solely to the Retained Business, whether or not the Privileged Information is in the possession of or under the control of Parent or Spinco. Parent shall also be entitled, in perpetuity, to control the assertion or waiver of all Privileges in connection with Privileged Information that relates solely to the subject matter of any claims constituting Retained Liabilities, now pending or which may be asserted in the future, in any lawsuits or other proceedings initiated against or by Parent, whether or not the Privileged Information is in the possession of or under the control of Parent or Spinco. (ii) Spinco shall be entitled, in perpetuity, to control the assertion or waiver of all Privileges in connection with Privileged Information which relates solely to the Spinco Business, whether or not the Privileged Information is in the possession of or under the control of Parent or Spinco. Spinco shall also be entitled, in perpetuity, to control the assertion or waiver of all Privileges in connection with Privileged Information which relates solely to the subject matter of any claims constituting Spinco Liabilities, now pending or which may be asserted in the future, in any lawsuits or other proceedings initiated against or by Spinco, whether or not the Privileged Information is in the possession of Spinco or under the control of Parent or Spinco. (iii) Parent and Spinco agree that they shall have a shared Privilege, with equal right to assert or waive, subject to the restrictions in this Section 6.7, with respect to all Privileges not allocated pursuant to the terms of Sections 6.7(i) and 6.7(ii). All Privileges relating to any claims, proceedings, litigation, disputes, or other matters which involve both Parent and Spinco in respect of which Parent and Spinco retain any responsibility or liability under this Agreement, shall be subject to a shared Privilege. (iv) No party may waive any Privilege which could be asserted under any applicable law, and in which the other party has a shared Privilege, without the consent of the other party, except to the extent reasonably required in connection with any litigation with third-parties or as provided in Section 6.7(v). Consent shall be in writing, or shall be deemed to be granted unless written objection is made within twenty (20) days after notice upon the other party requesting such consent. (v) In the event of any litigation or dispute between a member of the Parent Group and a member of the Spinco Group, either party may waive a Privilege in which the other party has a shared Privilege, without obtaining the consent of the other party, although such waiver of a shared Privilege shall be effective only as to the use of Information with respect to the litigation or dispute between the Parent Group and the Spinco Group, and shall not operate as a waiver of the shared Privilege with respect to third-parties. A-26 (vi) If a dispute arises between the parties regarding whether a Privilege should be waived to protect or advance the interest of either party, each party agrees that it shall negotiate in good faith, shall endeavor to minimize any prejudice to the rights of the other party, and shall not unreasonably withhold consent to any request for waiver by the other party. Each party specifically agrees that it will not withhold consent to waiver for any purpose except to protect its own legitimate interests. (vii) Upon receipt by any party of any subpoena, discovery or other request which arguably calls for the production or disclosure of Information subject to a shared Privilege or as to which the other party has the sole right hereunder to assert a Privilege, or if any party obtains knowledge that any of its current or former directors, officers, agents or employees have received any subpoena, discovery or other requests which arguably calls for the production or disclosure of such Privileged Information, such party shall promptly notify the other party of the existence of the request and shall provide the other party a reasonable opportunity to review the Information and to assert any rights it may have under this Section 6.7 or otherwise to prevent the production or disclosure of such Privileged Information. (viii) The transfer of the Spinco Books and Records and the Parent Books and Records and other Information between Parent and its Subsidiaries and Spinco and its Subsidiaries, is made in reliance on the agreement of Parent and Spinco, as set forth in Sections 6.6 and 6.7, to maintain the confidentiality of Privileged Information and to assert and maintain all applicable Privileges. The access to information being granted pursuant to Sections 6.1 and 6.2 hereof, the agreement to provide witnesses and individuals pursuant to Section 6.3 hereof and the transfer of Privileged Information between Parent and its Subsidiaries and Spinco and its Subsidiaries pursuant to this Agreement shall not be deemed a waiver of any Privilege that has been or may be asserted under this Agreement or otherwise. ARTICLE VII Insurance Section 7.1. Policies and Rights Included Within the Spinco Assets. Without limiting the generality of the definition of the Spinco Assets, the Spinco Assets shall include (i) any and all rights of an insured party under each of the Shared Policies, specifically including rights of indemnity and the right to be defended by or at the expense of the insurer, with respect to all injuries, losses, liabilities, damages and expenses incurred or claimed to have been incurred on or prior to the Distribution Date by any party in or in connection with the conduct of the Spinco Business or, to the extent any claim is made against Spinco or any of its Subsidiaries, the Retained Business, and which injuries, losses, liabilities, damages and expenses may arise out of insured or insurable occurrences or events under one or more of the Shared Policies, (ii) all of the Shared Policies (including existing Self Insurance Programs), and (iii) the Spinco Policies. All Shared Policies, including Shared Policies that have previously expired, shall be transferred to Spinco. Section 7.2. Policies and Rights Included Within the Parent Assets. Without limiting the generality of the definition of the Retained Assets, the Retained Assets shall include (i) any and all rights of an insured party under each of the Shared Policies, specifically including rights of indemnity and the right to be defended by or at the expense of the insurer, with respect to all injuries, losses, liabilities, damages and expenses incurred or claimed to have been incurred on or prior to the Distribution Date by any party in or in connection with the conduct of the Retained Business or, to the extent any claim is made against Parent or any of its Subsidiaries, the Spinco Business, and which injuries, losses, liabilities, damages and expenses may arise out of insured or insurable occurrences or events under one or more of the Shared Policies (including Self-Insurance Programs), and (ii) the Retained Policies. Section 7.3. Post-Distribution Date Claims. If, subsequent to the Distribution Date, any Person shall assert a claim against Parent or any of its Subsidiaries with respect to any injury, loss, liability, damage or expense incurred or claimed to have been incurred prior to the Distribution Date and which injury, loss, liability, damage or expense may arise out of Insured Claims under one of the Shared Policies, Spinco shall at the time A-27 such claim is asserted be deemed to assign, without need of further documentation, to Parent any and all rights of an insured party under the applicable Shared Policy with respect to such asserted claim, specifically including rights of indemnity and the right to be defended by or at the expense of the insurer. Section 7.4. Insurance Administration. (a) Insurance and Claims Administration. Subject to any contrary provisions of the Risk Management Consulting Agreement or the Casualty Claims Administration Agreement, from and after the Distribution Date: (i) Spinco shall be responsible for the (A) Insurance Administration of the Shared Policies and the Spinco Policies, and (B) Claims Administration with respect to the Spinco Liabilities and Parent Liabilities; provided, that the administration of the Shared Policies and the Spinco Policies by Spinco is in no way intended to limit, inhibit or preclude any right to insurance coverage for any Insured Claim of a named insured under the Shared Policies and the Spinco Policies, including Parent, its Subsidiaries and any of their operations; and (ii) Spinco shall conduct for the benefit of the Parent Group (A) Insurance Administration of the Retained Policies under the Risk Management Consulting Agreement, and (B) Claims Administration with respect to the Retained Liabilities under the Casualty Claims Administration Agreement; provided, that the administration of the Retained Policies by Spinco is in no way intended to limit, inhibit or preclude any right to insurance coverage for any Insured Claim of a named insured under the Retained Policies, including Parent, its Subsidiaries and any of their operations. In connection with the foregoing, Parent will assign to Spinco, and Spinco will assume, all rights and obligations of Parent under the casualty claims administration agreement between Parent and Host Marriott Corporation dated as of October 8, 1993 and any other casualty claims administration agreements to which Parent is a party. (b) Insurance Premiums. Spinco shall pay the premiums and losses under insured deductible programs with respect to the Shared Policies and the Spinco Policies, as required under the terms and conditions of the respective Policies. Parent shall promptly reimburse Spinco for that portion of such premiums and losses under insured deductible programs paid by Spinco as are attributable to the Retained Liabilities. Any question as to whether premiums or losses are attributable to the Retained Liabilities shall be determined by Spinco's auditors, subject to review by Parent's auditors. Spinco shall have the right but not the obligation to pay the premiums and losses under insured deductible programs, to the extent that Parent does not pay premiums and losses under insured deductible programs with respect to Retained Liabilities (retrospectively-rated or otherwise), with respect to Retained Policies, as required under the terms and conditions of the respective Policies, whereupon Parent shall promptly reimburse Spinco for such premiums. (c) Allocation of Insurance Proceeds. Insurance Proceeds received with respect to claims, costs and expenses under the Policies shall be paid to Spinco with respect to the Spinco Liabilities and to Parent with respect to the Retained Liabilities. Payment of the allocable portions of indemnity costs of Insurance Proceeds resulting from the liability Policies will be made to the appropriate party upon receipt from the insurance carrier. In the event that the aggregate limits on any Shared Policies are exceeded, the parties agree to provide an equitable allocation of Insurance Proceeds received after the Distribution Date based upon their respective bona fide claims. The parties agree to use their best efforts to cooperate with respect to insurance matters. (d) Existing Risk Management Consulting Arrangements. All existing risk management consulting arrangements to which Parent or its Subsidiaries is a party will, prior to the Distribution, be assigned to and assumed by Spinco. Section 7.5. Existing Insurance Programs. In the event that Insured Claims of both Spinco and Parent exist relating to the same occurrence, Spinco and Parent agree to jointly defend and to waive any conflict of interest necessary to the conduct of that joint defense. Nothing in this Section 7.5 shall be construed to limit or otherwise alter in any way the indemnity obligations of the parties to this Agreement, including those created by this Agreement, by operation of law or otherwise. A-28 Section 7.6. Existing Self Insurance Programs. In addition to assuming all existing Self Insurance Programs of Parent prior to the Distribution, Spinco shall retain responsibility for satisfying all Liabilities under the existing Self Insurance Programs relating to the Spinco Business (the "SPINCO SELF INSURANCE LIABILITIES"). Parent shall retain all responsibility for all Liabilities under the existing Self Insurance Programs relating to the Retained Business (the "RETAINED SELF INSURANCE LIABILITIES"). Section 7.7. Surety Bonds and Letters of Credit. Schedule 7.7 sets forth the surety bonds posted by or on behalf of the Parent Group to secure obligations for self-insured workers' compensation losses as required by various state insurance departments (the "SURETY BONDS") and the letters of credit issued for the account of the Parent Group to insurance companies that front Parent's workers' compensation, general and automobile liability insurance ("LOCS"). The parties' respective obligations with respect to such Surety Bonds and LOCs shall be as follows: (i) with respect to LOCs for the Phase I Insurance Period (which are currently issued in the name of Host Marriott Corporation and its Subsidiaries for the account of Parent), (x) after the Distribution Spinco will provide, in the name of Host Marriott Corporation, LOCs to secure obligations relating to the Phase I Insurance Period for such time as may be required by law, (y) Parent will reimburse Spinco for the premiums and other costs of such LOCs attributable to the Retained Business, and (z) Parent and Spinco agree to provide to Host Marriott Corporation any security reasonably requested by Host Marriott Corporation with respect to such LOCs; (ii) with respect to LOCs for the Phase II Insurance Period, (x) Spinco shall keep such LOCs in place after the Distribution to secure obligations relating to the Phase II Insurance Period for such time as may be required by law, (y) Parent will promptly reimburse Spinco for the fees and other costs of such LOCs attributable to the Retained Business, and (z) Parent agrees to provide to Spinco any security reasonably requested by Spinco with respect to such LOCs; (iii) with respect to Surety Bonds (which are posted in the name of Parent), (w) Parent will assign to Spinco, and Spinco will assume, the rights and obligations under such Surety Bonds, (x) the parties shall keep such Surety Bonds in place after the Distribution to secure obligations relating to the period prior to the Distribution for such time as may be required by law, (y) Parent will promptly reimburse Spinco for the fees and other costs of such Surety Bonds attributable to the Retained Business, and (z) Parent agreed to provide to Spinco any security reasonably requested by Spinco with respect to such LOCs; (iv) with respect to LOCs, Surety Bonds or other collateral or security for the Phase I Insurance Period and Phase II Insurance Period procured or retained by Spinco attributable to the Retained Business, Parent will, in addition to any amounts reimbursed pursuant to clauses (i), (ii) and (iii) above, pay to Spinco a credit enhancement fee equal to 0.25% per annum of the amount of such collateral or security, payable quarterly; and (v) Seller shall execute a guarantee pursuant to which Seller will guarantee 100% of the obligations of Parent with respect to such Surety Bonds and LOCs. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Spinco shall be responsible for payment of (and shall indemnify Parent against) all obligations constituting Spinco Liabilities (and shall reimburse Parent for any payment made directly by Parent with respect to Spinco Liabilities) and Parent shall be responsible for payment of (and shall indemnify Spinco against) all obligations constituting Retained Liabilities (and shall reimburse Spinco for any payments made directly by Spinco on behalf of Retained Liabilities), consistent with the allocation of Spinco Liabilities and Retained Liabilities set forth herein. Section 7.8. Directors and Officers Policy. Parent's directors and officers Policy, which will be assigned to Spinco prior to the Distribution, will be endorsed so that such Policy will continue to cover acts and omissions of directors and officers of Parent prior to the Distribution. A-29 ARTICLE VIII Miscellaneous Section 8.1. Complete Agreement: Construction. This Agreement, including the Schedules and Exhibits and the Transaction Documents and other agreements and documents referred to herein, shall constitute the entire agreement between the parties with respect to the subject matter hereof and thereof and shall supersede all previous negotiations, commitments and writings with respect to such subject matter. Notwithstanding any other provisions in this Agreement to the contrary, in the event and to the extent that there shall be a conflict between the provisions of this Agreement and the provisions of the Transaction Documents, then the Transaction Documents shall control. Section 8.2. Expenses. Except as otherwise set forth in this Agreement or any Transaction Document, all costs and expenses in connection with the preparation, execution, delivery and implementation of this Agreement, the Distribution and with the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement shall be charged to Parent. Section 8.3. Governing Law. This Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of New York, without regard to the principles of conflicts of laws thereof. Section 8.4. Notices. All notices and other communications hereunder shall be in writing and shall be delivered by hand or mailed by registered or certified mail (return receipt requested) to the parties at the following addresses (or at such other addresses for a party as shall be specified by like notice) and shall be deemed given on the date on which such notice is received: To Spinco: New Marriott MI, Inc. (to be renamed "Marriott International, Inc.") 10400 Fernwood Road Bethesda, MD 20817 Attn: Chief Financial Officer Telecopy: 301/380-8150 with a copy to: New Marriott MI, Inc. (to be renamed "Marriott International, Inc.") 10400 Fernwood Road Bethesda, MD 20817 Attn: General Counsel Telecopy: 301/380-6727 and a copy to: O'Melveny & Myers LLP 555 13th Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20004-1109 Attn: Jeffrey J. Rosen Telecopy: 202/383-5414 A-30 To Parent: Marriott International, Inc. (to be renamed "Sodexho Marriott Services, Inc.") 10400 Fernwood Road Bethesda, MD 20817 Attn: Chief Financial Officer Telecopy: 301/380-8150 with a copy to: Marriott International, Inc. (to be renamed "Sodexho Marriott Services, Inc.") 10400 Fernwood Road Bethesda, MD 20817 Attn: General Counsel Telecopy: 301/380-6727 Section 8.5. Amendments. This Agreement may not be modified or amended except by an agreement in writing signed by the parties. Section 8.6. Successors and Assigns. This Agreement and all of the provisions hereof shall be binding upon and inure to the benefit of the parties and their respective successors and permitted assigns. Section 8.7. Termination. This Agreement shall terminate and the Distribution shall be abandoned upon termination of the Merger Agreement at any time prior to the Distribution Date. In the event of such termination, no party shall have any liability to any other party pursuant to this Agreement. Section 8.8. Subsidiaries. Each of the parties hereto shall cause to be performed, and hereby guarantees the performance of, all actions, agreements and obligations set forth herein to be performed by any Subsidiary of such party which is contemplated to be a Subsidiary of such party on and after the Distribution Date. Section 8.9. No Third-Party Beneficiaries. Except for the provisions of Article V relating to Indemnities, this Agreement is solely for the benefit of the parties hereto and their respective Subsidiaries and Affiliates and should not be deemed to confer upon third-parties any remedy, claim, Liability, reimbursement, claim of action or other right in excess of those existing without reference to this Agreement. Section 8.10. Titles and headings. Titles and headings to sections herein are inserted for the convenience of reference only and are not intended to be a part of or to affect the meaning or interpretation of this Agreement. Section 8.11. Exhibits and Schedules. The Exhibits and Schedules shall be construed with and as an integral part of this Agreement to the same extent as if the same had been set forth verbatim herein. Section 8.12. Legal Enforceability. Any provision of this Agreement which is prohibited or unenforceable in any jurisdiction shall, as to such jurisdiction, be ineffective to the extent of such prohibition or unenforceability without invalidating the remaining provisions hereof. Any such prohibition or unenforceability in any jurisdiction shall not invalidate or render unenforceable such provision in any other jurisdiction. Without prejudice to any rights or remedies otherwise available to any party hereto, each party hereto acknowledges that damages would be an inadequate remedy for any breach of the provisions of this Agreement and agrees that the obligations of the parties hereunder shall be specifically enforceable. A-31 Section 8.13. Consent to Jurisdiction; Waiver of Jury Trial. Each party irrevocably agrees that any legal action or proceeding arising out of or relating to this Agreement shall be instituted in any State or Federal court sitting in New York City, Borough of Manhattan (and each party agrees not to commence any legal action or proceeding except in such courts), and each party irrevocably submits to the jurisdiction of such courts in any such action or proceeding. Each party irrevocably consents to service of process in any such action or proceeding upon it by mail at its address set forth in Section 8.4 of this Agreement. The foregoing provisions shall not limit the right of any party to bring any such action or proceeding or to obtain execution on any judgment rendered in any such action or proceeding in any other appropriate jurisdiction or in any other manner. EACH PARTY HEREBY AGREES TO WAIVE ITS RESPECTIVE RIGHTS TO A JURY TRIAL OF ANY CLAIM OR CAUSE OF ACTION BASED UPON OR ARISING OUT OF THIS AGREEMENT. [THE REMAINDER OF THIS PAGE HAS BEEN LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY.] A-32 IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties have caused this Agreement to be duly executed as of the day and year first above written. Marriott International, Inc. (To Be Renamed "Sodexho Marriott Services, Inc.") /s/William J. Shaw By:William J. Shaw Title: President and Chief Operating Officer New Marriott MI, Inc. (To Be Renamed "Marriott International, Inc.") /s/William J. Shaw By:William J. Shaw Title: President and Chief Operating Officer A-33 APPENDIX B --ACQUISITION AGREEMENT AGREEMENT AND PLAN OF MERGER DATED AS OF SEPTEMBER 30, 1997 BY AND AMONG MARRIOTT INTERNATIONAL, INC. (TO BE RENAMED "SODEXHO MARRIOTT SERVICES, INC."), MARRIOTT-ICC MERGER CORP., NEW MARRIOTT MI, INC. (TO BE RENAMED "MARRIOTT INTERNATIONAL, INC."), SODEXHO ALLIANCE, S.A. AND INTERNATIONAL CATERING CORPORATION TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE ---- ARTICLE I The Distribution; Seller Contribution.................................. 1 Section 1.1. The Distribution......................................... 1 Section 1.2. The Seller Contribution and Canadian Transfer............ 2 ARTICLE II The Merger............................................................. 2 Section 2.1. The Merger............................................... 2 Section 2.2. Effective Time........................................... 2 Section 2.3. Effects of the Merger.................................... 2 Section 2.4. Certificate of Incorporation............................. 2 Section 2.5. By-Laws.................................................. 2 Section 2.6. Directors of Surviving Corporation....................... 2 Section 2.7. Officers................................................. 2 Section 2.8. Conversion of Company Shares and Company Options......... 2 Section 2.9. Conversion of Acquisition Shares......................... 3 Section 2.10. Closing.................................................. 4 ARTICLE III Representations and Warranties of Seller and Company................... 4 Section 3.1. Organization............................................. 4 Section 3.2. Capitalization........................................... 5 Section 3.3. Authority Relative to this Agreement..................... 6 Section 3.4. Consents and Approvals; No Violations.................... 6 Section 3.5. Absence of Certain Changes............................... 7 Section 3.6. No Undisclosed Liabilities............................... 7 Section 3.7. [Reserved]............................................... 7 Section 3.8. Financial Statements; Changes; Contingencies; Distributions........................................... 7 Section 3.9. Proxy Statement and Form 10.............................. 8 Section 3.10. No Default............................................... 8 Section 3.11. Litigation; Compliance with Law.......................... 8 Section 3.12. Employee Benefit Plans; ERISA............................ 9 Section 3.13. Assets; Intellectual Property............................ 10 Section 3.14. Contracts................................................ 11 Section 3.15. Taxes.................................................... 12 Section 3.16. Labor Matters............................................ 13 Section 3.17. Accounting Records; Internal Controls.................... 13 Section 3.18. Insurance................................................ 13 Section 3.19. Permits.................................................. 13 Section 3.20. Business Relationships................................... 13 Section 3.21. Environmental Compliance................................. 13 Section 3.22. Accounts Receivable...................................... 14 Section 3.23. Transactions with Certain Persons........................ 14 Section 3.24. Certain Fees............................................. 15 Section 3.25. Certain Operations....................................... 15 Section 3.26. Investment Representation................................ 15
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PAGE ---- ARTICLE IV Representations and Warranties of Parent and Acquisition............... 15 Section 4.1. Organization............................................. 15 Section 4.2. Capitalization........................................... 16 Section 4.3. Authority Relative to this Agreement..................... 17 Section 4.4. Consents and Approvals; No Violations.................... 18 Section 4.5. Absence of Certain Changes............................... 18 Section 4.6. No Undisclosed Liabilities............................... 18 Section 4.7. Reports.................................................. 18 Financial Statements; Changes; Contingencies; Section 4.8. Distributions............................................ 19 Section 4.9. Proxy Statement and Form 10.............................. 20 Section 4.10. No Default............................................... 20 Section 4.11. Litigation; Compliance with Law.......................... 20 Section 4.12. Employee Benefit Plans; ERISA............................ 20 Section 4.13. Assets; Intellectual Property............................ 22 Section 4.14. Contracts................................................ 23 Section 4.15. Taxes.................................................... 24 Section 4.16. Labor Matters............................................ 24 Section 4.17. Accounting Records; Internal Controls.................... 24 Section 4.18. Insurance................................................ 25 Section 4.19. Permits.................................................. 25 Section 4.20. Business Relationships................................... 25 Section 4.21. Environmental Compliance................................. 25 Section 4.22. Accounts Receivable...................................... 26 Section 4.23. Transactions with Certain Persons........................ 26 Section 4.24. Certain Fees............................................. 26 Section 4.25. Parent Rights Plan....................................... 26 ARTICLE V Representations and Warranties of Spinco............................... 26 Section 5.1. Organization............................................. 26 Section 5.2. Authority Relative to this Agreement..................... 26 Section 5.3. Consents and Approvals; No Violations.................... 27 ARTICLE VI Covenants.............................................................. 27 Section 6.1. Conduct of Business of Company........................... 27 Section 6.2. Conduct of Retained Business............................. 29 Section 6.3. Acquisition Proposals.................................... 30 Section 6.4. Access to Information.................................... 31 Section 6.5. Reasonable Efforts....................................... 32 Section 6.6. Consents................................................. 32 Section 6.7. Antitrust Filings........................................ 33 Section 6.8. Public Announcements..................................... 33 Section 6.9. Financial Statements..................................... 33 Section 6.10. Registration of Spinco Shares............................ 34 Section 6.11. Stockholders' Approval................................... 34 Section 6.12. Tax Ruling............................................... 34 Section 6.13. Tax Sharing Agreement.................................... 35
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PAGE ---- Section 6.14. Notices of Certain Events................................ 35 Section 6.15. Transaction Documents.................................... 35 Section 6.16. Retention of Auditors.................................... 36 Section 6.17. Termination or Redemption of Parent Rights Plan.......... 36 ARTICLE VII Conditions to Consummation of the Merger............................... 36 Section 7.1. Conditions to Each Party's Obligation to Effect the Merger.................................................. 36 Section 7.2. Conditions to the Obligation of Seller and Company to Effect the Merger....................................... 36 Section 7.3. Conditions to Obligations of Parent, Spinco and Acquisition to Effect the Merger........................ 38 ARTICLE VIII Termination; Amendment; Waiver......................................... 39 Section 8.1. Termination.............................................. 39 Section 8.2. Effect of Termination.................................... 40 Section 8.3. Amendment................................................ 40 Section 8.4. Extension; Waiver........................................ 40 ARTICLE IX Miscellaneous.......................................................... 40 Section 9.1. Survival................................................. 40 Section 9.2. Entire Agreement......................................... 40 Section 9.3. Governing Law............................................ 40 Section 9.4. Notices.................................................. 40 Section 9.5. Successors and Assigns; No Third Party Beneficiaries..... 41 Section 9.6. Counterparts............................................. 41 Section 9.7. Interpretation........................................... 41 Section 9.8. Schedules................................................ 42 Section 9.9. Legal Enforceability..................................... 42 Section 9.10. Specific Performance..................................... 42 Section 9.11. Consent to Jurisdiction; Waiver of Jury Trial............ 42 Section 9.12. Certain Expenses......................................... 42
B-iii TABLE OF DEFINED TERMS
TERM SECTION NO. - ---- ----------- Acquired Companies....................................... Recitals Acquired Company Material Contract....................... 3.14(a) Acquired Company Financial Statements.................... 3.6 Acquisition.............................................. Recitals Acquisition Proposal..................................... 6.3(c) Acquisition Share........................................ 2.10 Affiliate................................................ 3.2(b) Agreement................................................ Recitals Antitrust Authorities.................................... 6.7(a) Antitrust Law............................................ 6.7(a) Audit.................................................... 3.15(i) Benefits Allocation Agreement............................ Distribution Agreement Business Day............................................. 9.4 Canadian GAAP............................................ 3.12(f) Certificate of Merger.................................... 2.2 Closing.................................................. 2.10 Closing Date............................................. 2.10(c) Code..................................................... 2.8 Combined Business Material Adverse Effect................ 7.2(a) Commission............................................... 3.4(a) Company.................................................. Recitals Company Auditors......................................... 3.8(a) Company Business......................................... 3.13 Company Canadian Plans................................... 3.12(f) Company Material Adverse Effect.......................... 3.1(a) Company Options.......................................... 2.8(c) Company Plans............................................ 3.12(a) Company Share............................................ 2.9(a) Confidentiality Agreement................................ 6.4(c) Contract................................................. 3.4(b) Corporate Governance Arrangements........................ 6.13 DGCL..................................................... 2.1(b) Distribution............................................. Recitals Distribution Agreement................................... Recitals Effective Time........................................... 2.2 Encumbrance.............................................. 3.2(a) ERISA.................................................... 3.12(a) ERISA Affiliate.......................................... 3.12(a) Exchange Act............................................. 3.4(a) Form 10.................................................. Distribution Agreement GAAP..................................................... 3.8(a) Governmental Entity...................................... 3.4(a) HSR Act.................................................. 3.4(a) Intellectual Property.................................... 3.13 IRS...................................................... 3.12(a) Law...................................................... 3.4(b) LYONs.................................................... Distribution Agreement Merger................................................... 2.1 MMS...................................................... Recitals
B-iv
TERM SECTION NO. - ---- ----------- MMS Canada............................................... Distribution Agreement MMS UK................................................... Recitals Multiemployer Plan....................................... 3.12(b) OFT...................................................... 3.4(a) Omnibus Agreement........................................ 3.1(a) Parent................................................... Recitals Parent Auditors.......................................... 4.8(a) Parent Canadian Plans.................................... 4.12(h) Parent Common Stock...................................... 2.8(a) Parent Material Adverse Effect........................... 4.1 Parent Plans............................................. 4.12(a) Parent Rights Plan....................................... 4.25 Parent SEC Documents..................................... 4.7(a) Parent Share............................................. 2.9(a) Parent Stock Options..................................... 4.2 Parent Stockholder Approval.............................. 4.3 PBGC..................................................... 4.12(a) Permit................................................... 3.19 Person................................................... 2.8(a) Potential Acquiror....................................... 6.3 Proxy Statement.......................................... Distribution Agreement Required Regulatory Approvals............................ 3.4(a) Retained Business........................................ 4.1 Retained Business Financial Statements................... 4.6 Retained Employees....................................... Distribution Agreement Retained Subsidiaries.................................... 4.1 SEC...................................................... 4.7(a) Securities Act........................................... 3.4(a) Seller................................................... Recitals Seller Contribution...................................... Recitals Seller Material Adverse Effect........................... 3.1(a) Sodexho Canada........................................... Recitals Spinco................................................... Recitals Spinco Assets............................................ Distribution Agreement Spinco Material Adverse Effect........................... 5.1 Spinco Subsidiaries...................................... Distribution Agreement Subsidiary............................................... 2.8(a) Surviving Corporation.................................... 2.1 Surviving Corporation Shares............................. 2.10 Taxes.................................................... 3.15(i) Tax Returns.............................................. 3.15(i) Tax Sharing Agreement.................................... 6.13 Transaction Documents.................................... 3.1(a) UK Stock Purchase Agreement.............................. Recitals
B-v AGREEMENT AND PLAN OF MERGER THIS AGREEMENT AND PLAN OF MERGER, dated as of September 30, 1997 (this "AGREEMENT"), is among MARRIOTT INTERNATIONAL, INC., a Delaware corporation to be renamed "Sodexho Marriott Services, Inc." ("PARENT"), MARRIOTT-ICC MERGER CORP., a Delaware corporation and a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of Parent ("ACQUISITION"), NEW MARRIOTT MI, INC., a Delaware corporation and a wholly- owned subsidiary of Parent to be renamed "Marriott International, Inc." ("SPINCO"), SODEXHO ALLIANCE, S.A., a societe anonyme organized under the laws of France ("SELLER"), and INTERNATIONAL CATERING CORPORATION, a Delaware corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Seller ("COMPANY"). RECITALS WHEREAS, the Boards of Directors of Parent, Acquisition, Seller and Company deem it advisable and in the best interests of their respective stockholders to combine the businesses of Parent's management services division and Company on the terms and conditions hereinafter set forth; WHEREAS, pursuant to the terms of the Distribution Agreement dated as of the date hereof (the "DISTRIBUTION AGREEMENT") between Parent and Spinco, Parent will contribute the assets and certain of the liabilities of all of its businesses other than Parent's management services division to Spinco; WHEREAS, as provided in the Distribution Agreement, Parent will make a distribution (the "DISTRIBUTION") to its stockholders as of the Distribution Record Date (as hereinafter defined), on a pro rata basis, of 100% of the shares of capital stock of Spinco issued and outstanding immediately prior to such distribution; WHEREAS, as soon as reasonably possible following the date hereof Parent will cause its wholly-owned subsidiary, Marriott Management Services Corp., a New York corporation ("MMS"), to sell to Seller or its designee the businesses of Parent's management services division conducted in the United Kingdom through Marriott Management Services (U.K.) Ltd., a limited company registered in England ("MMS UK"), pursuant to a stock purchase agreement dated as of the date hereof (the "UK STOCK PURCHASE AGREEMENT"); WHEREAS, as provided herein, Seller will make a cash contribution to Company prior to the Merger (as defined herein) in an amount determined in accordance with the terms hereof (the "SELLER CONTRIBUTION"); and WHEREAS, immediately following the Distribution and the Seller Contribution, (i) Acquisition will merge with and into Company and Seller will transfer to Parent all of the outstanding capital stock of Sodexho Financiere du Canada Inc. ("SODEXHO CANADA" and, together with Company, "ACQUIRED COMPANIES"), in each case pursuant to the terms hereof, (ii) all of the issued and outstanding shares of Company common stock will be converted into common stock of Parent in such amounts as are determined herein, and (iii) all issued and outstanding shares of Acquisition will be converted into all the outstanding capital stock of the Surviving Corporation, as a result of which Company (as the Surviving Corporation in the merger) will become a wholly-owned subsidiary of Parent. NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the premises and the representations, warranties, covenants and agreements herein contained, and intending to be legally bound hereby, Parent, Acquisition, Spinco, Seller and Company hereby agree as follows: ARTICLE I The Distribution; Seller Contribution Section 1.1. The Distribution. Upon the terms and subject to the conditions of the Distribution Agreement, prior to the Effective Time, the parties thereto shall effect the transactions contemplated by the Distribution Agreement including, immediately prior to the Effective Time, the Distribution. B-1 Section 1.2. The Seller Contribution and Canadian Transfer. (a) Immediately prior to the Effective Time, Seller will make the Seller Contribution to Company in an amount equal to $304,000,000 in immediately available funds. Following the Effective Time, Seller will pay Parent, or Parent will pay Seller, as the case may be, any amounts determined in accordance with Exhibit A based on target Adjusted Net Tangible Assets for the Acquired Companies, on a combined basis, of $269,000,000. (b) Seller shall transfer to Parent all of the outstanding capital stock of Sodexho Canada, which contribution shall be made (and effective) at the Effective Time, by delivering to Parent the certificates evidencing such stock, properly endorsed for transfer to or accompanied by a duly executed stock power in favor of Parent or its nominee and otherwise in a form acceptable for transfer on the books of Sodexho Canada. ARTICLE II The Merger Section 2.1. The Merger. Upon the terms and subject to the conditions hereof, at the Effective Time in accordance with the Delaware General Corporation Law (the "DGCL"), Acquisition shall be merged (the "MERGER") with and into Company. From and after the Effective Time, Company shall continue as the surviving corporation (the "SURVIVING CORPORATION") and the separate corporate existence of Acquisition shall cease. Section 2.2. Effective Time. The Merger shall become effective at such time (the "EFFECTIVE TIME") as a certificate of merger in the form set forth as Exhibit B hereto (the "CERTIFICATE OF MERGER") is filed with the Delaware Secretary of State. Such filing shall be made simultaneously with or as soon as practicable after the closing of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement in accordance with Section 2.10. Section 2.3. Effects of the Merger. The Merger shall have the effects set forth in the DGCL. As of the Effective Time, Company shall be a wholly-owned subsidiary of Parent. Section 2.4. Certificate of Incorporation. The certificate of incorporation of Company in effect immediately prior to the Effective Time will be the certificate of incorporation of the Surviving Corporation after the Effective Time, and thereafter may be amended in accordance with its terms and as provided by the DGCL. Section 2.5. By-Laws. The by-laws of Company as in effect immediately prior to the Effective Time shall be the by-laws of the Surviving Corporation after the Effective Time, and thereafter may be amended in accordance with their terms and as provided by the certificate of incorporation of the Surviving Corporation and the DGCL. Section 2.6. Directors of Surviving Corporation. The individuals identified on Schedule 2.6 hereto shall be the initial directors of the Surviving Corporation and will hold office from the Effective Time until their respective successors are duly elected or appointed and qualify in the manner provided in the certificate of incorporation and by-laws of the Surviving Corporation, or as otherwise provided by the DGCL. Section 2.7. Officers. The individuals identified on Schedule 2.7 hereto shall be the initial officers of the Surviving Corporation and will hold office from the Effective Time until their respective successors are duly elected or appointed and qualify in the manner provided in the certificate of incorporation and by-laws of the Surviving Corporation, or as otherwise provided by the DGCL. Section 2.8. Conversion of Company Shares and Company Options At the Effective Time: (a) By virtue of the Merger and without any action on the part of Seller other than the transfer of the stock of Sodexho Canada to Parent, all shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, of Company (each, a "COMPANY SHARE") issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time (all of which are held by B-2 Seller) shall be converted into the right to receive, and become exchangeable for, a number of shares of validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable common stock of Parent, par value $1.00 per share (the "PARENT COMMON STOCK") (each such share, a "PARENT SHARE"), upon th